« PreviousContinue »
the legislation now in force in the United States and Canada, seemed preferable to again printing the new laws and amendments. In some cases the new laws are identical with the old, with the exception of a few unimportant words. Although but three years have elapsed since the first publication of Bulletin No. 69, it will be found that the present revised edition is materially different from the original compilation.
The importance of harmonizing the requirements of the several States becomes more important as food legislation in the various States receives greater attention. It is believed that this compilation will do much toward securing in the near future this desirable end. It will afford to the food dealers in the various States a means of comparing the laws of each State with those of others which it will be difficult to find in any other publication. The comparison will also be of great benefit to the manufacturers and consumers and will prove of special interest to those who in the future may be charged with the enactment of State and National legislation relating to food control.
H. W. WILEY,
Chief of Bureau.
FOODS AND FOOD CONTROL—I.
Revised to July 1, 1905.
I. Federal laws and laws of Alabama, Alaska, Arizona, Arkansas, California,
Colorado, and Connecticut. a
The United States laws relating to the food supply are enforced by the Department of Agriculture and the Treasury Department.
The Acts of Congress under which the Bureau of Chemistry works along these lines are the law of July 1, 1902, forbidding the misbranding of foods as to the State or Territory in which they are manufactured, and those sections of the annual acts making appropriations for the Department of Agriculture which define the control of imported and exported foods, the investigation of adulterations, the establishment of food standards, etc. The enforcement of the imported food law by the Bureau of Chemistry is accomplishing much in improving the character of the foods imported into this country, especially by regulating the labels under which the foods are imported. It has been found, however, that it is possible to import foods in hulk and bottle or put them up in smaller packages in this country, using then any label that is desired. This law, therefore, practically only applies to foods that are sold in the packages in which they are imported. The enactment of an interstate food law, giving the Department some control over the goods after they are imported, as well as control over foods that enter into interstate commerce, will be necessary to make the law thoroughly effective.
The work of the Bureau of Animal Industry relating to the supervision of food products is carried on under the act approved March 3, 1891, providing for the inspection of live stock slaughtered for human consumption and the carcasses and products thereof which are intended for export to foreign countries or which are the subjects of interstate
a In this compilation, the Statutes are followed literally, except as regards punctuation and capitalization.
commerce, as amended by the appropriation act approved March 2, 1895; under that portion of the act approved May 9, 1902, which provides for the sanitary inspection of all renovated or process butter factories, their products, and the materials going into the same, and for the marking of the product for identification on the market; and under the several appropriation acts which authorize the Secretary of Agriculture to construe the provisions of the act of March 3, 1891, as amended March 2, 1895, “to include dairy products intended for exportation to any foreign country.”
The Treasury Department, through the Bureau of Internal Revenue, is charged with the enforcement of certain fiscal laws and regulations which have to do with the purity of foods. These are as follows: The act of August 2, 1886, amended by the act of May 9, 1902, taxing oleomargarin, renovated butter, and adulterated butter; the act of June 6, 1896, taxing filled cheese; the act of June 13, 1898, taxing mixed flour; the act of October 1, 1890, allowing the use, free of tax, of grape brandy in the fortification of pure sweet wines, and the act of March 3, 1897, allowing the bottling of distilled spirits in bond.
INSPECTION OF EXPORTED AND IMPORTED FOODS.
CATTLE AND MEAT.a
SEC. 1. Salt pork and bacon for exportation; penalty for defacing stamps or certificates. The Secretary of Agriculture may cause to be made a careful inspection of salted pork and bacon intended for exportation, with a view to determining whether the same is wholesome, sound, and fit for human food whenever the laws, regulations, or orders of the government of any foreign country to which such pork or bacon is to be exported shall require inspection thereof relating to the importation thereof into such country, and also whenever any buyer, seller, or exporter of such meats intended for exportation shall request the inspection thereof.
Such inspection shall be made at the place where such meats are packed or boxed, and each package of such meats so inspected shall bear the marks, stamps, or other device for identification provided for in the last clause of this section: Prorided, That an inspection of such meats may also be made at the place of exportation if an inspection has not been made at the place of packing; or if, in the opinion of the Secretary of Agriculture, a reinspection becomes necessary. One copy of any certificate issued by any such inspector shall be filed in the Department of Agriculture; another copy shall be attached to the invoice of each separate shipment of such meat, and a third copy shall be delivered to the consignor or shipper of such meat as evidence that packages of salted pork and bacon have been inspected in accordance with the provisions of this act and found to be wholesome, sound, and fit for human food; and for the identification of the same such marks, stamps, or other devices as the Secretary of Agriculture may by regulation prescribe, shall be affixed to each of such packages.
Any person who shall forge, counterfeit, or knowingly and wrongfully alter, deface, or destroy any of the marks, stamps, or other devices provided for in this section on any package of any such meats, or who shall forge, counterfeit, or knowingly and wrongfully alter, deface, or destroy any certificate in reference to meats provided
a General provision in secs. 2-5.