Page images

practice founded on the most received indications. The obfervations before us, which posthumous friendship has brought from the writer's desk to the press, will probably be thought to add little to the stock of knowlege already poffeffed on the subject, though they are manifeftly the product of an exact and judicious inquirer. He goes over the usual ground of hæmaptysis and its consequences; of the incipi. ent, the confirmed, and the final stages of consumption ; of the hectic fever, and the distinction between pus from fuppuration and from inflammatory exudation. Of consumption, he establishes two species; the inflammatory and the ulcerous. The first he supposes to be connected with a preternatural irritability of the arterial system ; for the removal of which he depends chiefly on antispasmodies and sedatives, the principal of which he reckons blisters, the Peruvian bark, and mineral acids. The inflammation itself of the lungs is to be treated by bleeding and the antiphlogistics, with a strict regimen. The ulcerous consumption Dr. White conders as of a putrescent nature; and he deems the medicines indicated to be those which are capable of supporting the tone of the fibres, with as little irritation as possible. The bark, mineral acids, and the action of cold, are most efficacious for this purpose. He seems also to expect much from impregnating the system with fixed air in various ways, and from applying it locally to the ulcers of the lungs by means of respiration. Remarks on diet, air, exercise, &c. close the work: but we do not think that any of them are sufficiently new and striking to be laid be. fore our Medical readers.

The profits of this publication being benevolently designed for the York Lunatic Asylum, an account of that very useful charity is fubjoined. Art. 35. A System of Midwifery: translated from the French of

Baudelocque. By John Heath, Surgeon in the Royal Navy, and Member of the Corporation of Surgeons of London. 8vo. 3 vols. il. is. Boards. Murray.

As we by no means hold it for an axiom that every part of medical practice has arrived at greater perfection in this island than elsewhere, we cannot but with well to every attempt at naturalizing respectable foreign publications in the different branches of the healing art. The subject of the work before us has, indeed, been treated by many of our countrymen with great ability; and perhaps, with respect to me. dical management, and to the regulation of the efforts of nature, little of importance can be added to what they have offered. The chief claims of the present performance are, a more accurate and minute account of the mechanism of labour, and of the various obstacles with which it meets, and more exact directions for aflisting by the hand and by inftruments, thau are found in moft systematic works on this art. The writer's favourite instrument is the forceps, made with long handles and broad blades, after the French mode. He offers various objeccions to the use of the lever; and entirely disapproves the fe&tion of the symphyfis. The work is intended as a complete fyftem of the art; with all its accessory branches ; such as theory of conception, the management of the woman and child, &c. It is illustrated by plates, chiefly representing the bones of the pelvis, and the mode of applying the forceps in different fituations of the head.

MISCELLANEOUS. Art. 36. Ambulator : or a Pocket Companion in a Tour round Lon

don, within the Circuit of Twenty-five Miles: describing whatever is most remarkable for Antiquity, Grandeur, Elegance, or Rural Beauty: including new Catalogues of Pictures, and illus. trated by Historical and Biographical Observations : to which are prefixed a concise Description of the Metropolis, and a Map of the Country described. The Sixth Edition corrected and improved. I 2mo. pp. 308. 35. 6d. Boards. Bew. 1793.

From the Auctuating nature of the subjects of this work, every new impression ought to undergo confiderable alterations and improvement. This appears to have been the case with the present fixih edition, in a degree which entitles it to particular notice ; and, though reviewers, in these busy times, have little leisure for perambulation, we inake no question that Mr. Bew's publication, in its present im proved itate, will be found a very useful and amusing companion to those who pay an occasional visit to the metropolis, and to its inbabitants in their country excursions. The articles, which are very nu. merous, are disposed in alphabetical order ; in the manner of Mr. Dodfey's larger work, entitled London and its Environs.' Art. 37. Letters and E Jays, Moral and Miscellaneous. By Mary Hays. 8vo. pp. 260. 55.

Boards. Knott. 1793. Every amateur is not an artist. The fair writer of these letters appears to be a great admirer of metaphysical and theological ques. cions; and has certainly the merit of having exercised her intellectual faculties with freedom, on important subjects not commonly studied by women :—but, in those parts of this volume which touch on these sub. jects, particularly materialism and necessity, the observations are flight and general; such as will scacely afford the inquirer after truth much information or latisfaction. They are, in short, nothing more than a faint echo from the Priestleyan school, in which Miss Hays appears to be a devoted disciple.-She is more successful in the field of polite literature. Several domestic tales are related, in the course of these letters, which will be read by young persons with pleasure, and which are adapted to awaken in juvenile minds a desire of mental improvement, to impress them with a sense of the value of religious principles, and at the same time to encourage in them the chafized and regulated exercise of the fancy and affections.

As a subaltern to Miss Wolftonecraft, the fair writer afferts the independance and dignity of her sex, in the following spirited apostrophe :

• Lovers of truth! be not partial in your researches. Men of sense and science! remember, by degrading our understandings, you incapacitate us for knowing your value, and make coxcombs take place of you in our esteem. The ignorant and the vulgar prove their cunning by levelling principles ; but you! how impolitic to throw a veil over our eyes, that we may not distinguith the radiance that surrounds you!

Objections are also made against the vindication of our rights, under the pretence, that by enlarging and ennobling our minds, we shall be undomesticated, and unfitted, (I suppose is meant) for mere household drudges. With the excellent Dr. Priestley, I repeat “ this is a sordid and debafing prejudice," of the fallacy of which I have been convinced both from experience and observation. Numberless women have I known whose itudies (incapable of the' “ epicurism of reason and religion”) have been confined to Mrs. Glalie's Art of Cookery, and whose whole time has been spent in the kitchen. altercating with and changing of servants, provoking them to dishonesty by mean cautions, and narrow diftruft; and immersed in unnecessary and dirty drudgery, have ruined their health, spoiic their tempers, ne. glected their persons, laid waste their minds, and sacrificed their friends; and after all these expensive forfeitures, have never attained the end; but have (to use a feminine phrase) muddled away their time and money in the disorderly management of hands without a head; been cheated by their dependents, because, neither feeling respect or attachment, they have gloried in outwitting them; and their acquaintance, turning with disgult from their expensive and laboured treats, have fighed for the plain dish, the cordial and hospitable manners,“ the feast of reason and the Aow of souls." Contrait with this the following picture from Firzosborne's charming Letters, “ Her refined sense, and excentive knowledge have not raised her above the necessary acquisitions of female science; they have only taught her to fill that part of her character with higher grace and dignity. She enters into all the domestic duties of her station with the most consummate fkill and prus dence; her economical deportment is calm and fteady; aud the prefides over her family like the intelligence of some planetary orb, condu&ting it in all its proper directions without violence, or disturbed effort.”

• But the vindicator of female rights is thought by some fagacious married men, to be incompetent to form any just opinion of the cares and duties of a conjugal ftate, from never having entered the matrimonial lifts, because perhaps she has not met with the man who knows how properly to value her, or having met, may, alas ! have lost. Wenderful free-masonry this ! and ridiculous as wonder. ful. To be sure those who are eagerly engaged in play, with all their self-interest up in arms, are much better judges of the game than the cool impartial looker on; and a West-India Planter mutt understand the juitice of the Slave-Trade far better than an English House of Cominons, to say nothing of the very superior and extraordinary political-svisdom necessarily belonging to the office of Prime Minifter, of which the profane vulgar can form no idea! What nonsense this ! Does it need a serious refutation? From such notions (moft devoutly I repeat a part of the liturgy) good Lord deliver us.'

Four small poetical pieces close the volume, which appear to hare been the first trembling excursions of an unfedged muse : they are written with ease and feeling, but they do not afford us great encou. ragement to expect, in future, any very elevated flights into the region of fancy

FAST-DAY 9 ERMONS and TRACTS, Feb. 28. Art. 38. Reasons for National Penitence, recommended for the Fast ap

pointed Feb. 28, 1794. 8vo. Robinfons. Thele Reasons are the fruit of an enlightened and elegant mind, and are exprefled with great force and beauty of language. Among other remarks on the appointment of the fast, and the end of this inftitution, the wricer observes that, if we imagine that we ought to enter Rsv. APRIL, 179+





our churches, to pour out our spleen and express our malice to our enemies, and to mingle execrations against them with our prayers for ourselves, we have grossly misunderstood its purpose and its principles.'

When we approach the altar of peace with our arms streaming with blood, and our hearts swelling with meditations of still more complete and bloody vengeance, we are only displaying to the world a disgusting alliance of the fiercest barbarity with the most abje& superstition.'

In the present war he considers us as contending against Nature herself; and hence his opinion of our political (cuation is replete with the most gloomy forebodings:-As a reply to which, we would repeat the words of the late Bishop of St. Afaph, in his intended speech at the commencement of the American war: “ We are inclined to believe and hope the best of English liberty; the may have a fickly countenance, but, we trust, a firm constitution."

Writers on both Gides have Niewn no moderation in their fears. This party believes the conftitution to be in the extremelt danger from French principles and French menaces; and that, from some feverities practiced at home, not altogether compatible perhaps with the spirit of a free government.

Our comfort is that the predictions of political seers obtain, at most, but a partial fulfillment. Art. 39. Preached before the Lords Spiritual and Temporal in the

Abbey Church of St. Peter, Westminster. By Charles Lord Bishop of Norwich


Faulder. This discourse represents the defence of our religion to be the principal object of the war; and, left the means should be thought ill adapted to the end, it instructs us that, in former times, the worlhip of the one true God has depended on the issue of a battle. What has been may be again. Hence our hope of success in the present bloudy contest with France; which the R. R. Preacher endeavours to justify on the ground that the political and mythological fyftem of the French are connected together. We shall not controvert positions thus promulgated from authority; yet we must freely acknowlege that to

“ Rend with tremendous sounds our ears asunder,

With gun, drum, trumpet, blunderbuss, and thunder," appears,to us a strange way of elucidating truth, and of promoting the puré faith of the gospel. Mohammed has often been condemned by Christian divines for propagating lis religion by the sword: but, according to the falhionable doctrines of the present day, could he have been much to blame? Art. 10. Preached before the Hon. House of Commons, at the

Church of St. Margaret, Weltminter. By Henry Bathurst, LL.D. 400. Is. Payne.

After having proved, from reason and revelation, that national prosperity, rightly understood, is the effect of a just sense of religion among those who compose the state, Dr. B. applies that argument to the purpose of the falt and to the times. He observes a visible decay of piety, and consequently expresses his fear that God will not go jorih with our armies:"—to banish this fear, however, he reminds us that the means of inclining the Divine Being to favour our cause are twithin our power, and that these means are repentance and virtue, 3


Inftead, therefore, of thinking to reform the church and the state, he
exhorts every man to reform himself.
Art. 41. Preached at the Chapel in Prince's-street, Westminster. By

Andrew Kippis, D.D. F. R. S. and S. A. 4to. 13. Robinsons.

This discourse may class with fast sermons of the best tendency. It does not attempt (as is too often the case in discourses of this kind,) to render the duty of loving our enemies more difficult of practice than it generally is, by exaggerated statements and by vehement invectives; nor, under an idea of displaying a zeal for the Christian re. ligion, to excite sentiments and passions the most unchristian : but, amid the horrid projects and details of war, it presents such topics of contemplation as will serve to tranquillize the mind, and to pierce with the rays of divine hope the dark cloud which at present hangs, with a very threatening aspect, over our political horizon.

From Psalm Ixviii. 10. Dr. Kippis shews in what respects the wrath
of man, or those events which proceed from the evil affections and ma-
lignant passions of mankind, and more especially wars, are over-
ruled to the praise of God, viz. by inflicting chastisement on finful
nations ;-by checking the vices and calling forth the virtues of public
focieties ;--by subserving the purposes of the Divine Providence and
Goodness ;-and by their terminating in effects diametrically opposite
to what was intended by them, in effects peculiarly favourable to the
interests of religion, virtue, and justice. These positions are illustrated
from the history of past times; while the Doctor leaves the reader to
make their application to the present.
Art. 42. Preached in the Church of the united Parishes of St. Vedast

Folter, and St. Michael-le-Quern, London. By Francis Wollaston,
Rector. 8vo. is. Wilkie.

With much ferious and practical matter, the politics of the day are
blended in this discourse from Luke, xxi. 36. Mr.W. reprobates the
conduct of the French, and thinks it impossible for us at present to
theathe the sword. In accounting for the infidelity of the French, he
takes occafion to state our advantages for religious knowlege, and to
congratulate his country on symptoms of returning faith. We are re-
joiced to hear the unpleasant tales of the growth of infidelity among
us contradicted by so respectable a preacher. ---For this we will not
faft, nor put on fackcloth and ashes.
Art. 43. Preached at the Tower of London. By the Rev. John

Grose, A. M. F.A.S. Svo. 6d. Rivingtons.
Mr. Grose exposes our profaneness and immorality as causes for
national humiliation; and, without entering into the field of politics,
he laudably inculcates the necessity of a general amendment of life.

SERMONS on Jan. 30.
Art. 44. Preached before the Lords Spiritual and Temporal in the

Abbey Church of St. Peter, Westminster, Jan. 30, 1794, being the
Anniversary of the Martyrdom of King Charles the Firit. By Ed.
ward, Lord Bishop of Carlisle. 4to. 1$. Faulder.

There is little either in the doctrine or the language of this fermon to entitle it to critical notice. It is a plain and temperate address, Kk 2


[ocr errors][ocr errors]
« PreviousContinue »