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Art. 29. The Trial of Maurice Margarot, before the High Court of Jufticiary, at Edinburgh, on the 13th and 14th of January 1794, on an Indictment for feditious Practices. Taken in Short-hand by Mr. Ramfey. 8vo. pp. 186. 35. Ridgway. 1794
The pannel was a delegate, from an affociation denominated the Correfponding Society of London, to another affociation at Edinburgh originally called The General Convention of the Friends of the People, but who have lately affumed the appellation of the British Convention of the Delegates of the People, afjociated to obtain uniwerfal Suffrage and annual Parliaments. The indictment charges Mr. Margarot with having acted as chairman at thefe meetings, with having taken a diftinguifhed part in their proceedings, and with having, in the capacity of prefident, moved or feconded various feditious and inflammatory refolutions. Mr. M. conducted his own defence, and, in a fpeech which continued for four hours, difplayed great ingenuity and talent, with a degree of undaunted courage which, by fome readers, will be treated with a harsher appellation. The jury found him guilty, and the court unanimously fentenced him to transportation for fourteen years. Few are the perfons, we apprehend, who will concur with the Chief Juftice Clerk in thinking that this punishment is too mild for the tranfgreffion; fuch, however, was his lordship's opinion refpecting a man who appears to have been actuated by a warm, though it may be deemed an irregular, defire of benefiting his country.
Art. 30. The Trials of William Winterbotham, Afiftant Preacher at
How's-Lane, Plymouth; before the Hon. Baron Perryn, and a Special Jury, at Exeter; on the 25th and 26th of July 1793 for feditious Words. Taken in Short-hand by Mr. William Bowring. Svo. pp. 132. 2s. Ridgway. 1794.
Mr. Winterbotham was indicted for feditious expreffions contained in two fermons, one of which was preached on the 5th and the other on the 8th of November 1792, and an account of both thefe trials is given in the prefent publication.-The first indictment branched out into fourteen counts on the following words :
In the first count--of and concerning the revolution in the government of this kingdom, in the year of our Lord 1688, and the laws of this kingdom then made, these feditious words following
"The laws" (meaning the laws of this kingdom,) "made at that time," (meaning the time of the revolution)—" have been fince abused and brought into difufe; and it particularly behoves me to speak of the prefent times."-(meaning thereby that the faid laws were in the prefent times abufed and brought into difufe by his faid majesty's government.)
In the fecond count-of and concerning a fuppofed revolution in the government of France, whereby the ancient monarchial government of the country was fuppofed to be fubverted, and a republican government established in its place: and of and concerning the government of this kingdom, thefe feditious words following
"I" (meaning the faid Wm. Winterbotham) "highly approve of the revolution in France" (meaning the faid revolution in the govern ment of France)" and I" (meaning the faid Wm. Winterbotham)
☛ do not doubt but that it has opened the eyes of the people of England," (meaning that the people of England Jaw that there was a neceffity for a fimilar revolution in the government of this kingdom.)
In the third count-of and concerning the laws and government of this kingdom, these feditious words following
"Why are your ftreets and poor houses" (meaning the freets and poor-boujes of this kingdom,) "crouded with poor," (meaning the poor of this kingdom,) and your gaols with thieves," (meaning crouded with thieves) "but because of the opprefive laws and taxes ?" (meaning that the laws and ftatutes of this realm, and the taxes impofed on the fubjects of this realm, thereby were oppreffive.) “ I" (meaning the jaid Wm. Winterbotham)" am aftoniined that you" (meaning the Subjects of this kingdom)" are quiet and contented under thefe grievances, and do not stand forth in the defence of your rights.".
The fourth count-- fimilar to the third.
In the fifth count of and concerning the laws and government of this kingdom, thefe feditious words following
"You fancy you live under a mild government" (meaning the government of this kingdom,)" and good laws," (meaning the laws of this kingdom,) but it is no fuch thing." (meaning the government of this kingdom was not mild, and the laws of this realm were not good.)
In the fixth count of and concerning the national debt of this kingdom and certain monies lately paid and applied in reduction. thereof by authority of parliament, thefe feditious words following
"I" (meaning the jaid Wm. Winterbotham) " fpeak boldly-I" (meaning the faid Wm. Winterbotham,)" deny it ;" (meaning that any money had been applied in the reduction of the national debt)" for it is no other than a perfon taking money out of one pocket, and putting it in the other." (meaning the other pocket.)
In the feventh count-of and concerning the granting by the Commons of Great Britain in parliament affembled of fupplies to his majefty for the public fervices of this nation, and the application of fuch fupplies when granted, thefe feditious words following
"When there is a demand made to the House of Commons, (meaning the Commons of Great Britain in parliament assembled) "for a fupply," (meaning a fupply to our faid Lord the king, for the public fervice of this nation,)"they" (meaning the Commons of Great Britain in parliament affembled,)" deny it" (meaning deny granting the faid Supply)" at first," (meaning on the first demand of the faid fupply,) "and on a fecond demand," (meaning a fecond demand of the faid fupply,)"there are two thirds or three fourths," (meaning two thirds or three fourths of the faid Commons of Great Britain in parliament affembled,)" will grant it;" (meaning the said supply,)" and then they" (meaning the faid two thirds or three fourths of the faid Commons. of Great Britain in parliament assembled,) “ will share it" (meaning the faid fupply,)" among them.".
In the ninth count-of and concerning the faid late supposed revolution in the government of France, and of and concerning the subjects of this kingdom, these feditious words following
"We" (meaning the subjects of this kingdom,) "have as much right to ftand up as they did in France for our liberty," (meaning and
intending it to be believed that the fubjects of this kingdom ought to ftand up to effect a revolution in the government of this kingdom fimilar to the late revolution in the government of France.)
The tenth count-fimilar to the third and fourth
In the eleventh count-of and concerning our faid Lord the king, thefe feditious words following
"His majefty" (meaning our fovereign Lord the now king,) « was placed upon the throne" (meaning the throne of this kingdom,)“ upon condition of keeping certain laws and rules, and if he" (meaning our faid Lord the king) "does not obferve them," (meaning the jaid laws and rules,) "he" (meaning our faid Lord the king,) has no more right to the throne" (meaning the throne of this kingdom,)" than the Stuarts had." (meaning the family of Stuarts beretofore kings of England.)
The twelfth count - fimilar to the fecond.
• The thirteenth count- fimilar to the third, fourth, fifth, and tenth.
* In the fourteenth count of and concerning the taxes imposed by the laws and ftatates of this realm upon the fubjects thereof, these feditious words following
Under these grievances" (meaning the faid taxes)" 'tis time for you (meaning the fubjećts of this kingdom,) to ftand forth in defence. of your rights."
It is impoffible, in reading the evidence by which these charges are fupported, not to remark the extreme ignorance of all the witneffes called on the part of the profecution, and, remarking it, not to wonder that their testimony fhould influence the minds of a special jury. The text, which was Exodus xiii. v. S. not one of the perfons brought forward on the part of the crown could recollect, though they were all fo very minute and exact in their remembrance of the fermon; and the illiterateness of William Paddon, who was the first witness that was fworn, cannot be illuftrated more forcibly than by the following paffage, which came out upon his cross-examination by Mr. Gibbs :
Q. You have told us Mr. Winterbotham faid, his majefty, if he did not fee the laws duly observed, had no more right to the throne than a Stuart; - what did you understand by a Stuart ?
A. I understood he meant by a STEWART, SOME OFFICER UN DER THE CROWN;—I confidered it in the light of a gentleman's Beward.
Q. You thought Mr. Winterbotham meant fome officer under the crown like a gentleman's fteward?
· A. Yes—I took very little notice of it, and did not think much about it.
Q. You took but little notice of it, and paid but little attention then to what was meant ?
4. No-I paid very little attention to what his meaning was about the STEWARDS.'
The evidence, with which the defendant refifted the accusation, appears to be clear, probable, confiflent, and fenfible; and, for the purpofe of maintaining our affertion, we wished to extract the tefti
mony given by John Wooton and the Rev. Mr. Gibbs*: but our narrow limits forbid us.
The fecond fermon, which had for its text Romans xiii. v. 17. contained, as the indictment ftated, the following feditious expreffions: In the first count of and concerning the government and magi fracy of this kingdom and the fubje&ts thereof, thefe feditious words following
"Darknefs has long caft her veil over the land; (meaning among t others this kingdom) perfecution and tyranny have carried univerfal fway; (meaning amongst others in this kingdom) magifterial powers (meaning amongst others magisterial powers in this kingdom) have long been a fcourge to the liberties and rights of the people (meaning amongst others the people of this kingdom.) It does not matter by what name thefe ufurped powers are known, whether by king, fenate, po tentate, or stadtholder, they are in either sense ufurped."
In the fecond count thefe feditious words following: << The yoke of bondage among our neighbours, (meaning the French) feems now to be pretty well broken, and it is expected the fame bleffing is awaiting us, (meaning the fubjects of this kingdom,) when tyranny and perfecution fhall be no more; when enjoying (meaning when the fubjects of this kingdom enjoying) the liberties of a free people, we (meaning the fubjects of this kingdom) fhall boaft of having introduced. among us (meaning the fubjects of this kingdom) that equality our neighbours (meaning the French) have acquired."
Edward Lyne and John Darby were the only perfons who gave any teftimony on this occafion against Mr. Winterbotham; and the learned Judge defired the jury to put the evidence of the latter out of the question, as it was manifeftly copied from Lyne's minutes :while many refpectable perfons stood forward to exculpate the defendant from every charge of fedition and difaffection to government, and to prove that his fermon was judicious, peaceable, and becoming a christian minister.
The jury, however, found Mr. Winterbotham guilty on both indictments; in confequence of which verdict he is fentenced to four years' imprisonment and a fine of two hundred pounds. We cannot refrain from obferving that charges fimilar to the prefent, relative to a fermon which was only preached, and never printed, should be subftantiated by strong, connected, incorruptible teftimony, and free from every imputation of party rage, and bigotted prejudices.
POETRY and DRAMATIC.
Art. 31. The London Hermit, or Rambles in Dorsetshire, a Comedy,
Dread cenfors! by whofe nod we fink or rife!
* See p. 58-66.
Order, and ancient laws, he dares neglect;
By this we learn that the chief intention of the author was to excite laughter: but we doubt the poffibility of laughter being continued for three acts; and if fome Merry Andrew, by the aid of gridirons on his coat, and grimace on his countenance, should be able to produce this aftonishing effect, we ftill perhaps thould have good reafon to inquire how we had paffed our time. It would be unjust to deny Mr. O'Keeffe's inventive faculties, and his power of exciting both our risible and our tender affections: but, as critics, we must condemn him while he thoughtlessly abuses these talents, and, instead of affording a connected and masterly whole, prefents us with a farrago fo immature and crude as to be incomprehenfible.
Art. 32. The World in a Village; a Comedy, in five Acts, as performed with univerfal Applaufe at the Theatre Royal, Covent Garden. Written by John O'Keeffe, Efq. 8vo. pp. 75. rs. 6d. Debrett. Again we fhould complain, if complaint would produce amendment, of Mr. O'Keeffe's total neglect of plot, probability, and common fenfe. Sorry are we to find that our obfervations in the preceding article are also applicable to the prefent publication.
Art. 33. Caernarvon Cafile; or, the Birth of the Prince of Wales an Opera, in two Acts. Performed at the Theatre Royal, HayMarket. 8vo. Is. Lane. 1793.
This trifle is preceded by the following dedication-To his Royal Highness George Prince of Wales, this Opera, written under the ftrongest influence of zeal and duty, is, by his gracious permiffion, moft humbly dedicated.'
Of the fuccefs of authors writing under fimilar circumstances, former examples give us the history. Dryden, Moliere, Voltaire, or, in other words, the first of men, have failed in fuch attempts. Let the author of Caernarvon Caftle form without reftraint the best plan that his imagination can fuggeft, and we have hopes that his fuccefs will be more unequivocal. The following is a fpecimen of his poetry:
If to fofter the Arts in the fmiles of a court,
Art. 34. Obfervations on the Nature and Method of Cure of the Phthifis Pulmonalis; or Confumption of the Lungs: from Materials left by the late William White, M. D. F. A. S. and now published by A.Hunter, M.D. F.R. S. L. & R. S. E. 8vo. PP. 159. 35. 6d. sewed.
To excite the attention of the faculty to a treatife on a difeafe which is fo common as the pulmonary confumption, fomething more, we imagine, is now requifite than accurate defcription, and a fyftem of