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self in analyzing and explaining Eastern words; and that he conftantly affixes Grecian meanings to Asiatic appellatives. This is using the argument à pofteriori with a vengeance; and is astonishing in a writer of Mr. Bryant's knowlege and discernment. If this, however, be considered as injudicious, how much more so is it to go to a ftill later fource, the Latin tongue, for fundamental proofs of the arkite worship, as he denominates it; yet the antient places, which our author deduces from the Latin word arca, (a word apparently not known in any previous language,) are innumerable. We are taught to find this word, in reference to the vessel in which Noah was preserved, in Arcas and Arcadia, Arcades, Acrisius, Acropolis, in Apxalo antient, (because, we presume, that vessel was arca antiquissima) and Apyali, the Argives :--but nothing like this word occurs either in the original Hebrew or in the Septuagint; though from one of such sources we should naturally suppose that a term, on which so much stress is placed, would be derived. ? he Hebrew word for the ark of Noah is 720 tibeh, whence was formed the Greek word Orien theba. The Syriac is kibouta, whence doubtless xIBwTos, by which word it is translated in the Septua. gint. Now if these antient places and people had really de. rived their names from the ark of Noah, those names would probably have borne some resemblance to the words above cited, rather than be denominated from a language not known till many ages afterward :--but what cannot superior abilities, and a warm fancy, atchieve? Our great analytical champion has even overthrown Hercules in combat; for he insists that the person, whom the Greeks called by the appellation of Hpaxans, was originally called Arclus and Arcalus. According to Mr. Bryant, the word was derived from ARCA-EL, the lord of a boat; and thus is the glory of heroes, as the word Hpaxans signifies, wonderfully transformed and degraded into a Phenician bargemaster!

The preceding observations apply rather to the quarto edition than to the present octavo volume ; for, on the suppofition that Mr. Bryant was not unconscious of the appearance of his elaborate work in this diminished form, we were solicitous to examine whether the inaccuracies to which we have alluded, and which have been publicly pointed out by able critics, were removed. This, on comparing the two editions, we are sorry to observe, is not the case; and our duty to the public therefore compels us to add that, whatever commendation may be due to the editor of this abridgment in point of arrangement and accurate reference, very little can be bestowed on his judgment and dir. cernment. To sanction error, and to propagate delusion among those for whose benefit the work was profested to be principally 3


intended, the rising generation, is ferving neither the cause of learning, nor that of religion. A sound system of etymology is the basis of a valuable dictionary; and, where that basis is wanting, how perishable must be the materials of which the superftructure is composed! We do not say this with reference to the words of Greek derivation, for few men living are better Grecians than the author of the Analysis : we wish to be under. stood as speaking of his oriental etymologies, and of the fabric reared on that foundation of fand. The judgment of Mr. Hol. well Mould have displayed itself by specifying the inaccuracies mentioned, in short notes; or, if his respect for the character and learning of Mr. Bryant prevented this exertion of his impartial judgment, he would have acted a part materially useful to his juvenile readers, and highly honourable to himself as the secondary editor of a book, the errors of which have been pointed out by such excellent critics in Afiatic literature, as Sir William Jones, and the celebrated author of the Persian and Arabic Dictionary, by entirely rejecting them.

It is our intention ever to blend candour with the critical severity which, on some occasions, it is neceffary, however painful, to exert. If, in the present publication, there be much to blame, there is also much to commend.

The great and increasing price, which the former edition of the Analysis bears, placing it beyond the ability of any but the affluent to purchase the work in quarto, this abridgment will doubtless be highly acceptable to the public in general; and the admirers of mythologic details will not fail of meeting with high gratification in the perusal. Bearing in mind the precaution which we have recommended, during that perusal, not to place too great a dependance on the parts which relate to oriental etymology, the reader will find himself both amused and instructed ; amused by the ingenious novelty with which many of the allegorical fables of the ancients are explained, and instructed by the profound Greek erudition which is apparent throughout the whole. We very much approve the lexicographic form which Mr. Holwell has given to this compilation; since, by means of such an arrangement, the useful paflages may be consulted with far greater ease than amid the luxuriant redundancy of the larger work; through which we roam at random as in a vast wilderness, where the blooming rose and the offensive weed Thoot up promiscuoully. To facilitate still more the reference to the several articles, a copious index is also added; which, though an unusual appendage, as the editor observes, to a dictionary, was judged necessary in this, there being many terms of importance which could not properly make distinct articles of themselves, and many which, al


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though they do this, yet, occurring in other places, refied farther light on the subject.

Art. II. A Journal of Transactions and Events, during a Residence

of nearly fixteen Years on the Coast of Labrador; containing many interesting Particulars, both of the Country and its inhabitants, not hitherto known. Illustrated with Proof Charts. By George Cartwright, Esq. 4to. 3 Vols. 21. 2s. Boards. Robinsons. N describing the manners and customs of nations, or the

climate and productions of countries, seldom visited by Europeans, a strict regard to truth has by no means been invariably observed. The journalists of the present day, as well as those of more early periods, too frequently attempt to impose on the credulity of mankind; and too often violate those rules which every historian ought to regard as sacred,

Amid the variety of publications of this description which are daily soliciting the notice of the public, we are happy in bearing our teftimony to the fidelity with which the volumes now before us appear to be executed. They contain the observa. tions of the author, during a residence of nearly fixteen years on the coast of Labrador, and they relate the daily transactions in which he was engaged.

In the preface, we are presented with a short sketch of the life of Mr. C. He was born in the year 1739, of an antient and respectable family: but his father, having only a moderate estate, and nine other children, was not able to do much toward the establishment of our author, who was a younger son. Having received a common education in the country, he was, at the age of fourteen, appointed a gentleman cadet in the cadet company at Woolwich; and he modestly laments the want of genius, or of application, which prevented him from improving the advantages that awaited him at the Royal Academy in that place. In the following year, he embarked for the East Indies; where fortune was by no means favourable to his expectations, as he returned to Europe in the year 1757 with the 39th regiment, in which he had obtained only an ensign's commiflion. Being afterward promoted to a lieutenancy, he was ordered to Germany, through the interest of the late Marquis of Granby, whom he there served in the capacity of aid. de-camp. This appointment, instead of proving to Mr. Cartwright the line of his promotion, necessarily led him into those expences, to defray which, and to save himself the mortification of serving under junior officers, he found himself compelled to exchange for half pay.

Naturally fond of the sports of the field, Mr. C. in the spring of 1767, made an excursion to Scotland, to indulge his


favourite propensity: but he soon found that 28. 4d. a day was insufficient to keep himself,' a female companion, two fervants, a couple of horses, and three brace of dogs.' At the approach of winter, when the scarcity of fish and game frequently enjoined a fait, he sold his furniture, and returned with his lady and dogs, by fea, to London.-Having no particular engagement, he resolved to accompany his brother (a lieutenant in the Guernsey man of war,) on a voyage to Newfoundland; and hearing that bears and deer were plentiful' in that country, he was eager to be amongst them.'-On his return to England, he found that the Marquis of Granby had obtained for him a company in the 37th regiment of foot. Mr. C. joined his corps in the following summer at Minorca : but the climate of that island disagreeing with his constitution, he was obliged to return to England. The Guernsey was then again lying at Spithead under failing orders for Newfoundland, and he obtained permission to make a second voyage for the recovery of his health, which gave rise to his future voyage to the coast of Labrador.

The modesty, with which Mr. C. introduces himself to the public, might lead the reader to imagine that there were many important inaccuracies in the present work: but in this conclusion he would err. The journal is written with care and fidelity; the style of the author is plain and manly; he delivers his sentiments with freedom, and with confidence asserts only those circumstances which, from his own observation, he knew to be facts.

• Conscious (says he) of my inability to entertain the reader with the style and language of some late writers, I humbly solicit his candour and indulgence for the many inaccuracies he will meet with in the perusal of the work. However great some of its defects may appear, I hope they will in some measure be compensated for by the veracity of iny narrative. I do not pretend to give animated descriptions of a country I have never visited, nor of the customs and manners of a people I have never seen. The transactions of the day were in general entered at the close of the same; and little did I then suspect that they would ever be exhibited to the eye of the Public. They were written for no other purpose, than to serve as memorandums for my own use and personal reference.'

It was suggested to me, that I ought to have put the manuscript into abler hands, who would render it less unworthy of the public eye: but as it appeared to me, that by fo doing I should arrogate to myself an honour to which I was not entitled ; and also pay such a price as would swallow up the greater part, if not the whole of the profit arising from the sale of my Books; I did not approve of the one, nor could I afford the other.

• The only meric to which I have any pretensions, is that of a faithful journalist, who prefers the fimplicity of plain language and


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downright truth, to all the specious ornaments of modern style and deScription. I humbly truit that this apology will satisfy my friends, and ferve to extenuate those errors, which must be too obvious to be overlooked by critical examination.'

Mr. C.'s object, in settling on the coast of Labrador, was the pursuit of various branches of business, and particularly the cultivation of a friendly intercourse with the Esquimaux Indians, < who have always been accounted the most savage race of people upon the whole continent of America.'

How justly they are now to be thus regarded, the reader will judge from the words of the author in his last volume, where, speaking of these Indians, he observes: " I will content myself with saying they are the best tempered people I ever met with, and most docile: nor is there a nation under the fun with which I would sooner trust my person and property; although, till within these few years, they were never known to have any intercourse with Europeans without committing theft or murder, and generally both.'

The Red Indians, the original inhabitants of Newfoundland, are almost become extinct since the Europeans formed settle. ments in their country. Formerly, a beneficial barter was carried on in the neighbourhood of Bonavista, which would probably have extended itself to the other settlements, had not the treacherous conduct of the Europeans obliged the natives to seek security in the mountainous and interior parts of their island.

We are sorry here to observe the confirmation of a circuine Itance which reflects no small disgrace on the British name:

• Our fishermen (says Mr. C.) are much greater savages than the Indians themselves, for they seldom fail to Moot the poor creatures whenever they can, and afterwards boast of it as a meritorious action. With horror I have heard several declare they would rather kill an Indian than a deer.'

· I could relate several recent instances, some of which I had from the account of the perpetrators themselves, but they are so diabolically shocking, that I will spare the reader the pain of perusing, and myself that of writing, an account of acts which would disgrace the greatest savages.'

• What number of these Indians may still be left, no person can even hazard a conjecture; but it mult decrease annually : for our people murder all they can, and also destroy their stock of provisions, canoes, and implements of all sorts, whenever a surprize forces them, by a precipitate retreat, to leave those things behind them. This loss has frequently occasioned whole families to die by famine.'

Having established a friendly intercourse with the Esquimaux Indians, Mr. C. relates many particulars of their ingenuity, dispositions, and propensities:

• Very little more (he observes) than the mere necessaries of life (which, a little reflection will convince every one, are very few in


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