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the existence of the Austrian Committee, is the principle they had laid down. That in conspiracies, it is absurd to call for demonftrative fa&ts and judicial proofs : that in no time have they ever been obtained, not even in the conspiracies of Cataline; for conspirators are not used to be so unguarded in their conduct. It is sufficient that there exift strong probabilities:-if so, then will I prove against Brissot and Gensonné the existence of an Anglo-Pruffian committee, by a collection of probabilities, a hundred times stronger than those by which Brissot and Gensonné proved the existence of an Auftrian committee.'

Briffot, he says, always fpoke favourably of England in his papers ? he was secretary to Madame Sillery, or to her brother De Crelts, who was chancellor to the Duke of Orleans.

Pethion, a famous Brissotin, went to England, and travelled in the fame carriage with Madame Sillery, Mademoiselle d'Orleans, Pamela, and Sarcey, for the purpose of consulting with Pitt.

Carra, another Brissotin, proposed once in the Jacobin club to make the Duke of York, or some other prince of the house of Brunswick, King of France, on condition of his marrying Mademoiselle d'Orleans.

. Desmoulins charges the Brissotins with having lavifhed millions to corrupt the public mind, and with having 150 newspapers in their pay, while the Jacobits had only one. He roundly afferts that Roland, the minister of state for the home department, whom Briffor calls the virtuous Roland, was the person who robbed the jewel-office and stole the crown jewels; some of which, of inconsiderable value, had been recovered from the thieves who were let in to give a colour to the business, after che arch thief and his friends had carried off the three great diamonds, the Regent, the Pitt, and the Sancy. He ac. cuses Guadet of having been fo indifferent about the liberties of other countries, as to have said one day in a committee, • What does it fignify to us whether Dutch cheesemongers are freemen or Naves?' the fame Guadet, who, six months before, positively called for war, that he might municipalize all Europe. - The retreat of the Pruflians, when Dumourier might have cut them to pieces, reduced as their force was by sickness and by death, is instanced as a proof of treachery in Briffot and his party, who were then at the head of affairs.-M. Desmoulins, instead of denying that the Jacobins had committed the horrid murders of the month of September, reminds Briffot that he and his friends had defended the massacres at Avignon; and he states what he calls a fact, which, if it be one, proves this advocate for humanity to have been as blood-thirsty as any Septemberizer of them all. The fa&t is contained in the following query and observa. cion:

Is it not a fae, that Brissot, the Jeremiah of this 2d of Sept. faid on the 3d, at the executive council, in the presence of Danton, “ they have forgot Morande;" that Morande, who has almost deferved from the nation his pardon for his numerous slanders, for having told so many truths of Brisfot.' Chabot assured me, that on the 2d of September, Brisfot equally recollected Morande.

• This grief of Brissot's, at the escape of Morande, proves that this hypocrite in humanity has the foul of Tiberias, Medicis, or Charles IX. and to him the dead corpse of an enemy smelt well.' 5.

These

There is a passage in this pamphlet which would shew that the Bristotins, instead of being the authors of the

war, had conftantly oppofed all plans for uniting other countries to France, and for invading the territories of their neighbours. This the Jacobins denominate : crime in them. The reader of the pamphlet will find it in P- 36. We are prevented from transcribing this, and many other curious passages, by our want of room.

M. Desmoulins retorts the charge of corruption. He says that Guadet made a motion one day in the convention, to make which he (Desmoulins) had been offered 22,000 livres the day before, Pethion, during his mayorally, received 1000 livres per day from the minister for foreign affairs. Rabaud de St. Etienne, a protestant dergyman, is charged with having received large sums from the heirs of protestants who had been exiled by the revocation of the edict of Nantz; for whom, it is said, he pretended he would recover their estates.

We will stop here, for we are tired of such accusations and recrimi. nations. If either of the parties tells truth, miserably indeed muft France have been deceived; if both parties speak truth, what must be the blindness of the people to be any longer dupes to men who have no object but the gratification of avarice, or of revenge and who disgrace one of the noblest causes that ever excited the attention and admiration of mankind?

If we compare Brissot and Desmoulins as writers, the credit of the comparison will be entirely on the fide of the former. He is not in. deed equal to the latter in the matchless intrepidity with which he brings charges without proofs, and triumphs in declamation as if it were demonstration: but, in folid sense, in argument, and in reason, Brisfot leaves his adversary a thousand miles behind him.-Desmoulins may be heard in the Jacobin club, or at the revolutionary tribunal: but, at the bar of sense and justice, he would soon be filenced. Art. 33. The Anarchy and Horrors of France displayed by a Member of the Convention. 8vo. pp. 27

Parsons. This little pamphlet consists of extracts from Briffot's address to his consticuents: as we bave reviewed the whole of that work, which our readers will find in our preceding pages, we have no occasion to take notice here of any of its parts. To these extracts are prefixed fome observations by the compiler, in the shape of a preface, which shew that the Jacobins cannot detest order and humanity more than he detests the Jacobins. Christianity says, “ love your enemies;” modern policy fays,“ hate them :"-the compiler gives striking proofs that the Jacobins are not the only persons who reject the mild precepts of the gospel : on this occafion, it is evident that he prefers the political to the evangelical command; and that some men can make a great noise, because others have abandoned what they themselves no longer practise.

LAW. Art. 34. Case of Libel, the King v. John Lambert and others,

Printer and Proprietors of the Morning Chronicle: With the Ar. guments of Counsel, and Decision of the Court, on the general

Question,

IS,

Question, " Whether the Special Jury, first struck and reduced, according to jhe Statute, Thall be the Jury to try the Issue joined between the Parties. 8vo. pp. 68. 15.6d, Debrett. 1794.

This appears to be an accurate and fair statement of the trial for libel, which took place on account of the proprietors of the Morning Chronicle having inserted in their paper of Dec. 25th, 1792, an address from a meeting of the Society for Political Information at the Talbot Inn in Derby, July 16, 1792.- The previous question respecte ing the jury is more fully reported in 5 Term Rep. 453. The jury, having retired from two in the afternoon till seven in the evening, brought in the verdict, Guilty of publishing, but with no malicious intent; this Lord Kenyon refused to record, considering it, as he said, to be no verdict at all. They again returned at five in the morning with a general verdict of Not guilty.--The Appendix contains a valuable extract from a Tract written by Sir John Hawles, published in Charles the Second's time, on the duty of jurors.

MEDICAL, CHEMICAL, &c. Art. 35. A Plan for preventing the fatal Efects from the Bite of a mad

Dog, with Cales. By Jeffe Foot, Surgeon. 8vo. 6d. Becket. Mr. P. infifts that excision by the knife is the only sure and cer. cain method of prevention, and that the sooner it be done after the bite, the better' but he adds that the practice should not be renounced even after the expiration of 60 hours, or a much longer time. This subject merits universal attention. Art. 36. Of the Horwell W'aiers, near Briffol; by John Nott, M.D.

In this water drinking companion, intended, (as the author says,) not for the physician, but for the valetudinarian, will be found an amafing miscellany of the history of the Wells, the natural history of the vicinity, the chemical analysis of the water, the medical theory of their operation, their practical application in diseases, the accommodations and amufements of the place, &c. drawn up in gentlemanly language, not without a little spice of affectation, As accurate research and novelty of observation are not attempted, we shall not make any extracts from the work, but rather recommend the whole to the persons for whom it is particularly designed. With respect to the chemical analysis of the water, the writer confides in that of Dr. Higgins.

37. A Treatise upon Gravel and upon Gout, in which their Sources and Connection are ascertained; with an Examination of Dr. Austin's Theory of Stone, and other critical Remarks, a Dirsertation on the Bile and its Concretions, and an Enquiry into the Operation of Solvents.' By Murray Forbes, Member of the Surgeon's Company. 8vo. pp. 258. 45. Boards. Cadell. 1793;

In the Preface to this work, we are informed that the principal part of the matter contained in it was made public almost seven years Since, under the title of A Treatise upon Gravel and upon Gout, &c. The chief additions in the present publication are the differtation on bile; and the remarks on the late Dr. Austin's theory. Mr. Forbes, See M, Rey, vol. Ixxvi. p. 220. R

having

8vo. PP. 9+

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Walter. 1795

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having adopted the opinion that the urinary calculus is a concretion of a peculiar acid, the lithifiac, could not admit the hypothesis of Dr. Auftin, that it confifts only of hardened mucus produced from the Gides of the cavities through which the urine flows. He employs various arguments in refutation of this theory; which, however, being chiefly a repetition of his own notions, contrasted with Dr. Austin's system, without any new experiments, we cannot abridge with any advantage to our readers. We do not mean to fay that they are not worthy of the notice of those who wish to discuss the point: but they require a previous knowlege of the chemical invef. tigations of Scheele, Higgins, and others, to which the reasonings ali refer. With respect to the bile, he, as other writers have done, asserts it to be a real soap, confifting of the mineral alkali and a refinous matter. He relates his own experiments, by which he proved this point; and he infers, from the nature of the bile, that its purposes are to correct acidity in the alimentary canal, to lubricate the passages, and to bring to an equable mixture the particles of the food. With respect to biliary calculi, he thinks that they are entirely dif. ferent from the urinary, and consist principally of the refin of the bile. He conceives it not improbable that an acidity in the Auids may promote the precipitation and concretien of this resinous matter; and, in considering the ways by which acid Auids may arrive at the Auids, he supports, by various arguments, the pollability of an absorption by means of the mesenteric veins, conveying them directly to the vena portarum, without taking the round of the circulation. Thus he connects the cause of biliary concretions with that which produces gravel and gout ; viz. a prevalence of acidity in the constitution. Art. 38. Refle&ions on a Letter addressed to the Governors of St. George's

Hospital by J. Hunter, Surgeon. 8vo. 15. Bladon. We should at no time have been disposed to enter into the particulars of this invective against Mr. Hunter :--fince his death, we are still more disposed to consign it to oblivion. Art. 39: An Analysis of the New London Pharmacopaia, explaining

the Nature, Principles, elective Attractions, Qualities, Uses, and Doses of the various Preparations and Compositions contained therein; and particularly calculated for the Use of the junior Students. By Robert White, M. D. 8vo. Pp. 184. 38.6d. Boards. Cadell. 1792.

This small work begins with an arrangement of the materia me. slica according to the Linnæan system. It then proceeds through the dispensatory in order, giving under the head of each preparation 2 concise account of its nature and use, interspersed with occasional obfervations. It is a performance which may be safely recommended to the persons for whom it was principally designed

POETRY Art. 40. Celebration, or, the Academic Proceffion to St. James's;

an Ode. By Peter Pindar, Esq. 4to. Pp. 17. is. 64. fewed. Walker,

1794. Who, among our readers, would, in these perilous times, be a King? Woe to you, luckless Wights, that are cncumbered with

royalty!

Toyalty !- The French, on the one hand, hack and hew you with the sword, or the ruthless guillotine, and Peter Pindar tickles you to death with his feather! Thus affailed on all sides, who would be en. cuinbered with royalty. Nay, who would even be a royal Academi. cian? They, too, are perfecuted by the French, who ftrip them of their very names and titles"; and P. P. is also for ever driving at shen with his fharp-pointed quill!Thus it is that we fee

"Proud Courts withdraw their blaze,

And little stars hide their diminish'd rays !" Hence, too, it is that we fee, as in this Academic Proceffion, Weft, and Wilson, and the rest of che R. A.s, lathed from Somerset House to St. James's; and back from St. James's to Somerset House. The immediate occasion of this infliction of literary punilhment (for what fix we know not,) is now set forth in the prefixed Advertisement, addressed to the Marvelling Reader:'

• Soon after the death of Dr. Johnson, a subscription for a monument to the memory of that celebrated Moralift being in circulation among the forft people of the kingdom, the Royal Academy generously and unanimoufly vored one hundred pounds towards the expenses, as a tribute of regard for fo extraordinary a man, and one of their own members; Dr. Johnson holding the place of Professor of Modern Li. terature. This resolution being presented to the King, his Majesty, in confideration of the extreme poverty of the Royal Academy, instead of giving the Royal Aflent, imposed the Royal Veto.So much for Dr Johnson.

• In consequence of the exalted idea entertained by the Members of the Royal Academy of the late Prefident's (Sir Joshua Reynolds) difcourses, they resolved in council that, an elegant edition should be printed at the expence of the Academy; one copy to be presented to each of the members; the remainder of the copies to be deposited in the Library of the Academy; and a copy to be given occasionally to the moft successful Student, and to the newly-elected Academicians. This resolution was also offered to the King, who, on account of the Bill-reigning poverty of the Academy, put a period to the proceeding, by a Royal Veto

· Mitter Welt, the present extraordinary President of the Royal Academy, unterrified by Royal Vetos, with and by the advice of his Council, magnanimously produced another string of resolutions:- viz. to beg to be permitted to eat and drink, toris viribus, in spite of the Aca. demy's poverty, the Academy's and his Majesty's good health, amidft mountains of meat, and occans of drink; to present an address of bumble thanks to his Majesty for his unexampled Munificence to his own Academy; and to be indulged with the honour of presenting a handsome medal of gold to his Majesty, to ber Majesty, to the Prince of Wales, and to the Princess Royal. These resolutions were fortunately received by Majefty with the moft flattering cordiality, and this day, all these things (God willing) are to be performed and executed, together

The ci-devant Royal Academies at Paris, we are informed, fill exift, but under what titles or denominations we know not : certainly Do longer Royal; for which, we believe, National is fubftituted. Ra

with

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