The Making of the Middle Class: Toward a Transnational History
In this important and timely collection of essays, historians reflect on the middle class: what it is, why its struggles figure so prominently in discussions of the current economic crisis, and how it has shaped, and been shaped by, modernity. The contributors focus on specific middle-class formations around the world—in Africa, Asia, Europe, the Middle East, and the Americas—since the mid-nineteenth century. They scrutinize these formations in relation to the practices of modernity, to professionalization, to revolutionary politics, and to the making of a public sphere. Taken together, their essays demonstrate that the historical formation of the middle class has been constituted transnationally through changing, unequal relationships and shifting racial and gender hierarchies, colonial practices, and religious divisions. That history raises questions about taking the robustness of the middle class as the measure of a society's stability and democratic promise. Those questions are among the many stimulated by The Making of the Middle Class, which invites critical conversation about capitalism, imperialism, postcolonialism, modernity, and our neoliberal present.
Contributors. Susanne Eineigel, Michael A.Ervin, Iñigo García-Bryce, Enrique Garguin, Simon Gunn, Carol E. Harrison, Franca Iacovetta, Sanjay Joshi, Prashant Kidambi, A. Ricardo López, Gisela Mettele, Marina Moskowitz, Robyn Muncy, Brian Owensby, David S. Parker, Mrinalini Sinha, Mary Kay Vaughan, Daniel J. Walkowitz, Keith David Watenpaugh, Barbara Weinstein, Michael O. West
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activities African middle class agrarian agronomists Alberto Lleras Camargo Aleppo American amrg apra Aprismo Aprista Argentina argued associations Barbara Weinstein Bojórquez Bombay bourgeois bourgeoisie Buenos Aires Canadian capital Cartas Chapingo chapter charity citizenship city’s civil society Colombia colonial colonial India context cultural defined democracy democratic discourse economic ejidatarios elite emergence English Country Dance English middle class ethnic Europe European example French gatekeepers gender global Gómez groups Haya historians huachafo Ibid ideas immigrants imperial Indian labor Latin America liberal living Mexico City middle-class formation middle-class identity mobility Morillo Muslim nineteenth century organization party Peronist Peru Peruvian political poor practices professional programs public sphere Rabbath racial reform religion religious Revolution revolutionary role Saraswat sector siútico social Southern Rhodesia status studies Syria tion traditional transnational twentieth century United University urban voluntary associations women workers Zimbabwe