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it can only be performed with success, by means of that instinctive grasp of principle which marks all his published work. As tutor he became the guardian of generations of men reading, or professing to read, any of the too many courses of study, open to the Cambridge undergraduate. He was rarely demonstrative in his solicitude for them, and idlers he did not suffer gladly; but his men all knew that they could not have found a more vigilant and self-exacting custodian of their interests. The fact that he had interests of his own, and great intellectual gifts to devote to them, might have been for a smaller man an excuse, if not a justification, for taking more lightly his administrative duties.
Most men would have found the College duties of those thirty years enough, and few would have had the energy and the inclination for anything else. But in spite of interruptions due to bad health, which has now happily passed awayhis industry and power of concentration had been active in other directions. In addition to publications in the Law Quarterly Review, the Nouvelle Revue Historique de Droit, and other journals, he collaborated with Mr. R. T. Wright, of Christ's College, in 1896, in a second edition of Finch's Cases on Contract, a work which, it will be remembered, the late Mr. G. B. Finch had compiled after a visit to Harvard with a view to an experiment in Cambridge in the "case" method of teaching law. A long interval followed in which but little was published. This was due partly to reasons of health-a glimpse of resulting holidays in Canary can be obtained in a charming paper on Maitland which Professor Buckland read at the Annual Meeting in Cambridge, in 1921, of the Society of Public Teachers of Law, and published in the Cambridge Law Journal for 1923 (Vol. I., No. III.)—
and partly to the character of the work which was "on the stocks." For in 1908 appeared his Roman Law of Slavery, a treatise of over seven hundred pages on "the condition of the slave in Roman Private Law from Augustus to Justinian." A reviewer said of this book that it was "the first comprehensive work on the subject; it therefore fills a gap, and fills it completely." It may well be the last comprehensive work too, for it bears a stamp of authority and finality which makes it unlikely that much more upon the subject will emerge that is worth saying. However that may be, it established the author's reputation as a scholar of high distinction in every country in which the Civil Law is the subject of serious study. In 1909 he completed and edited the second volume of his late colleague Mr. C. H. Monro's Translation of the Digest of Justinian. In 1911 upon the invitation of the Faculty of Laws in the University of London, he delivered a course of three lectures on Equity in Roman Law, which were published by the University of London Press under that title. These lectures form an original piece of comparative analysis— peculiarly well suited to the temperament of the author of the working of the minds of the Roman and the English lawyer, revealing rather their "essential kinship" than mere borrowing by the latter from the former. They have the additional merit in the eyes of many of his legal friends, who could but admire from afar the Roman Law of Slavery, that they explored paths along which it was more possible for them to follow him.
The University of London repeated their invitation in 1924, whereupon Professor Buckland delivered two lectures upon The Classical Roman Law: Recent Investigations, which have not been published.
In 1912 he published his Elementary Principles of Roman Law, which, though not "elementary" in the sense in which the word is usually misunderstood, makes so notable a departure from the ordinary methods of text-books previously published as to be indispensable to any serious student of the subject.
During a part of the world war Professor Buckland served in the Controlled Establishments Division of the Ministry of Munitions, much to the regret of the type of patriot who would "give all to his King and country," except his fair share of income tax and munitions levy.
In 1921 his Text Book of Roman Law from Augustus to Justinian was published, which, while not being a history, gives a full and critical account of the classical Roman Law and its later developments down to and including the legislation of Justinian. This volume represents the mature work of the teacher who, after many years' study of his materials and contact with the student and his difficulties, has mastered the corpus juris in all its detail so far as possible in the present tate of our knowledge. Its merit was recognised by the Harvard Law School by the award to the author in 1922 of the Ames Prize, which is made every four years "for the most meritorious law book or legal essay written in the English language, and published not less than a year, or more than five years, prior to the award."
In 1925 he published a shorter text-book entitled A Manual of Roman Law, which is not a mere abridgment of his larger Text Book but an independent statement of the main principles of Roman Law to meet the needs of those beginning the study of the subject.
Upon the invitation of the Dean and Faculty, he spent the Lent and Easter terms of the year
1925 at the Harvard Law School, and lectured there. During that visit he delivered the Storrs Lectures at the Yale Law School.
In 1920 he was elected a Fellow of the British Academy. In 1922 the University of Edinburgh conferred on him the honorary degree of LL.D., and in 1923 he took the same degree in his own University. In 1925 he was elected President of the Society of Public Teachers of Law.
Outside Cambridge he is known for his scholarship. We here, while justly proud of his reputation, think of him rather as a slight figure of a man-not unlike Maitland in physique and character; courageous in the face of obstacles; tenacious of his object and on lawful occasion pugnacious; mercilessly intolerant of cant and sham and "sloppiness"; intensely human, and capable of deep affection and friendship, though apt to conceal it by his hatred of "fuss" and excess of any kind.