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a nine-hundred-pound man. I'll show tell ye what it is, Moore; if you went to you some on’t,” and he actually pulled church a little oftener, you would find out out of his breeches pocket seven hundred that the clergy are worth their money to pounds in bank-notes, and presented them those who go by their advice in this world, as his references. In short, he rented and so learn not to forget the next. Come, Scott's Farm.
now; our parson has no tithes, and nly But my brother could never bear any- a very small stipend, yet I never see you body who amused him to come to grief, at church. Surely you might go once on and so for a time he was in anxiety lest a Sunday.” Moore should lose the money he had ac- Now I must premise that Mr. A-, quired by his industry and kept by his justly dissatisfied with the morals of that economy. However, the tenant parish, preached sermons which were in stocked the farm, which his predecessors fact philippics. had not done, and let fall remarks indi- " Why, Squire," said Moore, "I have cating prosperity, as that a farmer had no tried 'un. But I do take after my horses: business to go to his barn door for rent, I can't stand all whip and no carn." and that he could make a living any- Undaunted by the comparison, his landwhere. Besides, the rising ricks spoke for lord gravely reminded him that there were themselves.
prayers as well as a sermon, and prayers I believe he had been tenant nine full of charity, and fitted to all conditions months when, one day, my brother, see- of life. ing him smoking a pipe over his farm- “Well, Squire," said the farmer, half yard gate, dismounted expressly to talk apologetically, “I'll tell you the truth: I to him.
never was a hog at prayers.' Mr. Moore's first sentence betrayed that he was no longer a shoemaker.
It was a pity he could not add he never “Look'ee here, Squire, a farmering man was greedy of this world's goods. wants to have four eyes, and three hands: One day my brother heard his voice two for work, one is always wanted in rather loud in the yard, and found him his pocket-rent, tithe, labor, taxes, rates. bargaining with a lad in a smock-frockWhy, the parish tapped me three times a stranger. last month. My wife got behind in her At sight of the Squire the injured farmwashing through wasting of her time er appealed to him. “Look at ’un," said counting out the money I had to pay he, “a-standing there." The lad remainaway. As to my men, I be counted sharp, ed impassive as the gate post under the but I must be split in two to be sharp scrutiny thus dramatically invited. “A enough for they."
wants ten shilling a week, and three pound “I was afraid you would find the rent Michaelmas." Then turning from my broheavy,” said my brother, innocently. ther to the lad: “Now what did you have
“The rent!' cried Mr. Moore; “I don't at your last place—without a lie ?" vally it that!" and he snapped his fingers “Six shillings, and a pound at Michaelat it. “But how about the labor--men mas," said the young fellow, calmly. and horses, and women ; and the three “And you thinks to rise me ten shilcrops of weeds on one field, through melings! Now, tell 'ee what it is, young man. coming after tipplers and fools as left the you hire yourself to keep the mildew out land foul for Moore to clean after they. o' my wheat, and the rot out o' my sheep, And then—" He paused, and jerking his or else draa no wages out o' me. You thumb over his shoulder, added, “ The make me safe as my horses sha'n't go BLACK SLUG THAT EATS UP THE TENTH OF broken-winded, nor blind, nor lame, while THE LAND."
you be driving on 'em, por my cows My brother did not understand the sim- sha'n't slip their calves, nor my sows ile one bit till he followed the direction sha'n't lay over their litters and smother of Mr. Moore's thumb, and beheld a bene- em. I maunt have no fly in my turficed clergyman crossing the common like mots under you, my barley and wuts a lamb, all unconscious of the injurious must come to the rick nice and dry and metaphor shot after him by oppressed ag- bright, and then I'll pay you half a sovriculture.
ereign a week”—(with sudden friendliHaving suppressed a grin with some ness) — “Where did 'ee come from ?" difficulty, my brother said, gravely: “I'll “Cholsey village."
“How ever did 'ee find your way all up He let his parlor and a bedroom to a here ?"
lodger for fifteen shillings a week, a sum The lad said it was only six miles; he unheard of in those parts. had found his way easy enough.
This transpired in a few months, and “Then you'll find it easier back. Good- my brother congratulated him. morning
Here is his reply ad verbum : And off he went. The lad put his “Why, Squire, it doesn't all stick to hands in his breeches pockets and strolled me. There's my missus she is took off away unmoved in another direction; and her work to attend to he. Then there's my brother retired swiftly to take down a gre-at hearty gal I'm fossed to hire. every syllable of this inimitable dialogue. There goes eighteenpence a week and It afterward appeared that his was the her vittels. I tried to get a sickly one as only genuine exit; the other two were ex- wouldn't eat my head off, but there warn't amples of what the French dramatists call a sickly one as ’ud come. Feared of a litfausse sortie. For the very next day tle work! Now” (with sudden severity) this Cholsey lad was at work for Mr. "do I get half a guinea out of he?” Then Moore,
with a shout: “No!” Then with the sud“Hallo!" said my brother. “Why, den calmness of unalterable conviction: you parted never to meet again-far as “Not by sixpence." the poles asunder. Ha! ha!"
"Oh, that is how we begins !” explain- This seems a tough man, not to be eased Moore, with a grin. Bought him at ily moved, a wary man, not to be outmy own price. But" (with sudden gloom) witted; yet misfortune befell him, and “a wool have two pound Michaelmas, the rankled for years. risolute To-a-d."
My brother left Oxfordshire and settled
in a milder climate. During his long soMoore had a cur his wife implored him journ there a vague report reached him to hang out of her way. “Well,” said that bad money had been passed on he, “anything for a quiet life. You find Moore, and he had made the district ring. the card; I'll find the labor.”
When after seven years my brother reEre a cord was found Moore caught turned to his native woods, he looked in sight of the good easy Squire; he came at Scott's Farm, and there was Moore, the out and told him Toby had been poach- only familiar face about which did not ing on his own account, and had better seem a day older. After other friendly be tied up except when wanted. Offered inquiries my brother said: him for three half-crowns, praised him up * But how about the bad money that to the skies.
was passed on you ? Tell me all about it." Squire Easy submitted to the infliction, "That I wool," said Moore, delighted and Toby was sent to the kennel.
to find a good listener to a grievance Next week, Moore had made a bad bar which to him was ever new, though the gain, "I let 'ee have Toby too cheap; I circumstance was five years old.
“I was hear of all sides as he's the best rabbiter at dung-cart most of that day, and then I you ha' got, a regular hexpeditious good washed, and tried to get a minute to milk dog."
the cow; but bless your heart, they never He gave his landlord a piece of advice will let me milk her afore sunset. It's which, to tell the truth, that gentleman Moore here, and Moore there, from half a needed sorely; for he was never known to dozen of 'em; and Mr. Moore here, and make one good bargain in all his life. Said Mr. Moore there, from the one or two as Mr. Moore: “Don't you never listen to a have learned manners, which very few of chap as won't say aforehand how much 'em have in these parts; and between 'em he'll give or take to a farthing, or a they allus contrive to keep me from my halfpenny at the very outside. When own cow till dusk. · Well, sir, I had got that there humbug says to you, 'Oh, we leave to milk her, hurry-scurry as usual, sha'n't quarrel,' says you, “I'll take care and night coming on, when a man I had of that, for down you puts it to a farthing.' sold a fat hog to came into the yard to When he says, 'Oh, I'll not hurt you, pay. 'Wait a minute,' says I. But no, says you, 'Oh yes, ye will, if I give you he was like the rest, couldn't let me milk a chance: put it down to a farthing, or her in peace; wanted to settle and drive I'm off.'
the baacon home. So I took my head out
o'the cow, and I went to him without so cheapening a calf. Takes out shilling. much as letting my smock down, and he Now,' says I, ‘here's your bad shilling gave me the money, £6 17s. I took the as you gave me for my hog—which it is a gold in one hand so, and the silver in warning to honest folk with calves to sell,' t'other so, and I went across the yard to says I. 'Be you going to change it?' 'No, the house, and I asked the missus to get a I bain't.' 'You bain't?' says I. "You shall, light, and then I told the money before then,' says I. «Time will show,' says he, her, six sovereigns and seventeen shil- and bid me good-day, ironical. I let him lings, and left her to scratch him a l'e- get a little way, and then I stepped after ceipt, while I went back to my cow, and him. “Hy, stop that gentleman,' I halI thought to milk her in peace at last. loed. 'He have given me a bad shilling.' But before I had drained her as should be, You might hear me all over the market. out comes my missus, and screams fit to Then he threatened defanation or sumwake the dead: “George ! George!' 'I mat; I didn't keer; I bawled him out o' be coming,' says I; so I up with the milk Reading market that there afternoon. pail and goes to her. • Whose cat's dead “Met him at Henley next; commenced now?' says I, ‘for mercy's sake.'
operations-took out the shilling. He " "Come in, come in,'says she. “George, crossed over directly, I after ’un, and held whoever is that man? He have paid us out the shilling. 'Tain't no use,' says I. a bad shilling; look at that.' Well, we *You sha'n't do no business in this here tried that there shilling on the table county till you have changed this here first, and then on the hearth: 'twas bad; shilling. Come, my man, 'tis only a shilcouldn't be wus. “Run after him,' says ling; what is all this here to do about a she; 'run this moment.' 'Lard,' says I, shilling?' says I; 'act honest and give me *they be half-way to Wallingford by this my shilling, and take this here keepsake time. Here, give me a scrap of paper. back.' 'I won't,' says he. “You won't?' I'll carry it about in my fob; he goes to says I; “then I'll hunt you out of every all the markets; he will change it, you market in England. I'll hunt ye into the may be sure.'
wilderness and the hocean wave.' "Well, the very next Friday as ever “He got very sick of me in a year or was I met him at Wallingford market, two's marketing, I can tell you; for I nevpulls out the paper, shows him the shil- er missed a market now, because of the ling, tells him it warn’t good. He looks at shilling. He had to give up trade and go it and agreed with me. * Then change it, home whenever he saw my shilling and if you please,' says I. 'What for?' says me a-coming.” he. “I don't want no bad shillings no "And so you tired him out?" more nor you do.'But,' says I, `price "That I did.” of hog was six seventeen, and you only “And got your shilling ?" paid six sixteen in money.' . "Yes, I I "That I did not. He found a way to did,' says he. 'I gave you six seven- cheat me after all” (with a sudden yell of teen.' ' No, ye didn't.' “Yes, I did.' reprobation). “He went and died-and * No, ye didn't; you gave me six sixteen, here's the shilling!" and this. Now, my man,' says I, ‘act honest and pay me t'other shilling.' No he wouldn't. There was a crowd by this
UNUTTERED). time, so I said, “Look here, gentlemen, I
Waiting for words—as on the broad expanse sold this man a hog, and he gave me this
Of heaven the formless vapors of the night in part pay, which it ain't a real shilling, and mine was a genuine hog;' so they all
Expectant wait the prophecy of light,
Interpreting their dumb significance; said it warn't a shilling at all. When the
Or like a star that in the morning glance man heard that he was for slipping off, but
Shrinks, as a folding blossom, from the sight, I stepped after him, with half the market
Xor wakens till, upon the western height, at my heels. Will you pay me my shil
The shadows to their evening towers adrance -ling? 'I don't owe you no shilling,' says So, in my soul, a dream ineffable, he. *You do,' says I; ‘and pay me my Expectant of the sunshine or the shade, shilling you shall.' I won't.' * You Doth oft upon the brink of twilight chill, shall; I'll pison your life else.'
Or at the dawn's pale opening portal stayed, * Next time of asking, as the saying In tears, that all the quivering eyelids fill, is, was Reading market. Catches him In smiles, that on the lip of silence fade.
such civilization as Europe then possess to the Grand Duchy of Moscow, the re. ed, the invasion of the Tartars in the thir- publics of Novgorod and Pskov still at teenth century would have sufficed to this time preserved their independence. throw her and keep her back. But the But they were destined to fall beneath cause of the slow progress of civilization the attacks of Ivan, the first independent in Russia, from the retreat of the Tartars Tsar of Russia, and of Vassili, his son. in the fifteenth century up to the time of It was not, however, until the accession Peter the Great, must be looked for in of Ivan IV., surnamed the Terrible, that the destruction of the Eastern Empire, in they were reduced finally to submission. that same century, by Mohammed II. Prosper Mérimée has said of this sanThe fall of Constantinople, which, by guinary monster that he was never terdriving so many Greek artists to Italy, rible” except to his own subjects. This brought about the æsthetic and intellect- is not strictly true, though it was by the ual movement in Western Europe known tortures that he inflicted upon those over as the revival of arts and letters, pro- whom he had been called to rule that he duced in Russia a corresponding decline; gained the unenviable epithet affixed to for the Russian Church, as if with the his name. This prince was but four years view of preventing those schisms which old when he ascended the throne, and the have agitated and torn so many other na- government of the country was, until he tions, prohibited the Russians from visit- became of age, carried on by the House ing any country not professing the Greek of Boyards, under the direction of his mofaith; and no country professing the Greek ther, the Princess Helen, of the Polish faith existed outside Russia after the fall family of Glinski. of Constantinople.
He was but thirteen when a political Vol. LXVII.-No. 397.-7
party, opposed to the more influential of warded to Moscow, whence the Tsar wrote the Boyards of whom the council was to Captain Chancellor, inviting him to composed, suggested to him that he was come on to the capital. Chancellor acquite old enough to govern alone, and cepted the invitation, and was brought that he would do well to disembarrass into the presence of Ivan the Terrible. himself of his too officious advisers. The Ivan, under pretense of being a Chrisyoung prince had already given proof of tian, was always forming plans for maksome sagacity and of considerable vio- ing war upon the Turks, and he desired lence of temper, and he hastened to profit much to obtain the assistance of England by the suggestions offered to him.
toward that end. Indeed, his respect and From this moment every one trembled love for England were so great that he before the boy of thirteen. He terrified proposed to marry Queen Elizabeth, and even the party which had so imprudently for some time would take no refusal. His inspired him with the idea of liberating letter containing the proposal was not, as himself from his councillors.
in the case of King Theodore of AbysDirect accounts of Ivan's demeanor at sinia, left unanswered. On the contrary, court have been furnished by the English a special embassy was sent with the reply. traveller Captain Chancellor, who, in his The ambassador, Sir Jerome Bowes, gave own words, discovered” Muscovy, and some offense to the capricious monarch by various envoys and visitors from Po--neglecting, it is said, to uncover before land and Germany. But the evidence of him; upon which Ivan is reported to have his cruelties rests chiefly on the testimony ordered that the envoy's hat should be of the Russian official historian Karam- nailed to his head. As Sir Jerome lived zin, who, in dealing with the tyrant of to return to England, and gave, on the three hundred years before, was allowed whole, a rather favorable account of the to give full vent to the indignation with Muscovite Tsar, it is to be presumed that which Ivan's acts could not fail to inspire the new form of capital punishment dehim. There is in some Russian gallery signed for him by his royal host was not a picture representing Karamzin engaged inflicted. Ivan, however, possessed a in reading his history to the Emperor Al- grim humor, which sometimes manifested exander, who has been much praised for itself in a terribly tragic form. In his his magnanimity in tolerating the histo- moments of gayety he would cause a numrian's fearless denunciations of his infa- ber of persons who had or had not offendmous predecessor on the throne. "The ed him to be wrapped up in bear-skins, and amiable Karamzin,” wrote the late Alex- then set bear-hounds upon them to worry ander Herzen, “could not think it right them to death. When the Church of St. that Ivan should have his enemies sawn Basil the Blessed, the most original and from head to foot between two boards"; fantastic if not the most beautiful church nor could the liberal Alexander well ob- in Moscow, was finished, he sent for the ject to such performances being vigorous- architect, and asked him whether he could ly denounced.
build another exactly like it, and receivBut to return to Captain Chancellor, ing a triumphant answer in the affirmawho, in the days of Edward VI., started tive, ordered the man's eyes to be put out, on a voyage of discovery, bearing with in order that the Church of St. Basil the him circular letters from the crown to the Blessed might remain unique. rulers of any strange lands that chance Ivan the Terrible has been compared or inclination might lead him to visit. by a recent historian of Russia to Henry Like many other explorers, he found VIII. of England; and though Henry can what he had not sought. He entered the not be fairly said to have resembled Ivan White Sea, where a ship had not been in any other respect, it is quite true that seen for upward of three hundred years, both sovereigns married more wives than cast anchor opposite the monastery of St. custom allowed. In Russia it is permitted Nicholas, disembarked at a place where to wed three times-a dispensation, hownow stands the city of Archangel, and be ever, being granted to the determined maring called on by the authorities to make rier who, wishing to take a fourth wife, known his intentions, declared, with great chooses a Jewess for his bride, and conpresence of mind, that he had come to verts her to the Christian religion. Ivan conclude a treaty of commerce between the Terrible married no Jewess. The wife England and Russia. The news was for- / who exercised the greatest influence over