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should point the way. Indeed, among human soul, but that the man who has the courage benefactors there are few greater names than to hold to it firmly will be at last recognised Martin Luther.
and honoured. It is the oldest of sayings Of course neither in his own life nor in that a prophet is not honoured in his own that of those who followed him most closely country, and that we do not recognise the was the great doctrine of liberty, for which angels with whom we live. It may be his name stands, fully developed, nor has wisely remembered by the respectable and that doctrine yet regenerated human society. dominant opinion which delights to pay The right of private judgment carries with homage to Luther that the same respectable it an immunity which is by no means will- and dominant opinion of his own time hated ingly or completely recognised even by the and hunted him. But to-day, extolling the communities which are most truly Lutheran brave, humane, indomitable, and unquailing in the sense of sharing his protest against Luther, the truest commemorative service, the old order and his affirmation of the when the sermon is spoken, and the oration authority of the individual conscience. In- is delivered, and the festivities have ceased, deed, much that is strictly Lutheran, in the will be to recognise and sustain the Luthers sense of necessary consequence of his great of our own time, the men who are working doctrine, is not to be found in his works, and in his spirit, and who, amid the bitterest would have been personally repudiated by hostility and the most contemptuous ridicule, him. But it is his, nevertheless, as the follow the voice that speaks in their own free political development of England and consciences. Charity begins at home. Good America is the result of Puritanism, how- manners are tested by a man's conduct in ever different its aspect may be from that his own family. Reverence for Luther will of the Puritan Commonwealth, and however be proved by respecting the Lutheran spirit. sternly the Puritan may have denounced In the old mediæval legend Christ comes it. Out of strength comes forth sweetness. to the saintly hermit as a feeble old man Out of Luther came forth John Woolman asking shelter, and again as a little child and Channing, and those also at whom Wool- who had lost his way. The good saint man and Channing would look in wonder succoured them both, and when, says the and even with apprehension.
legend, his Lord asked him how he knew The lesson of Luther's birthday is not that it was Jesus, the saint replied, “Lord, only that the individual conscience alone I knew Thee not; but I did as I thought reveals the truth' and the way to the sincere Thou wouldst have done."
Editor's Literary Record.
OW it would have startled the gentle and her brother's letters and writings, is a
dismay, could she have foreseen that in the the sensibilities and affections of the reader. process of time she should be announced to Among the interesting new matter, or matter the world as one of its famous women! as good as new, which has been introduced And how it would have delighted the heart into this delightful memoir, is an essay on of her brother, who dearly loved the in- needle-work, written by Mary Lamb in 1814, congruous and revelled in harmless plea- and published in an old periodical of the santry, to have expressed his views under cir- period in the following year, now unearthed cumstances like these. And indeed, the title for the first time in nearly seventy years. must seem a strange misnomer even to those The exquisite morceau is interesting for the whose souls are many removes distant from sagacious ideas advanced by Miss Lamb gentleness of the quality that characterised with regard to needle-work as a social facElia's sister. None the less, however, is the tor; and apart from this, its practical side, life of Mary Lamb, by Anne Gilchrist, now it is invaluable for the strong side light just published in the “Famous Women thrown by its autobiographic touches upon Series," a thoroughly
delightful one, lovingly the early family life of the Lambs, and also sympathetic in its portraiture, and charged for its unconscious depiction of vanished with much new and interesting matter, phases of the social life and habits of people quaintly illustrative of incidents in the daily of their class in the early part of this cenlife of Lamb and his sister, and of habits and tury. But the interest of the volume is companionships that clung to them in all properly made to centre on the brother and their London migrations, which have hither- sister, and this constitutes its great charm. to escaped the most devoted of his bio- Mary's lettors, of which a large number are graphers. The character of Mary Lamb, as given, contribute largely to this interest, and it is here ingeniously woven from her own besides have an independent value for the
intrinsic worth of their matter and the Mary Lamb. By ANNE GILCHRIST, “Famous Wo- beauty and simplicity of their style. Those men Series." ifmo. pp. 326. London: Allen & Co. especially to her energetic and somewhat eccentric young friend, Sara Stoddard, after really lived. Nevertheless, on these slight ward the wife of William Hazlitt, are won- grounds, by a marvellous stretch of posthuderfully bright and vivacious-brimful of mous courtesy, Sheridan has been assigned good-humoured sallies, sharp but loving a niche in the "English Men of Letters" by criticisms, gentle raillery, tender counsels, the accomplished editor of the series, and and practical wisdom, and, moreover, Mrs. Oliphant has compiled a readable abounding in unconscious revelations of the sketch of him,' in which she makes a plentihome ways and every-day doings and say- ful use of old material, skilfully re-arranged ings of Charles and herself, and of their and judiciously pieced out by supplementary noble bearing under the unexampled wretch- or interjectional thoughts, deductions, reedness in which they were periodically flections, and conjectures of her own. Mrs. plunged by her terrible malady. The Oliphant's portraiture of Sheridan is an memoir is written in a style of quiet vivacity unflattering one, and gives the reader an and unstudied simplicity thoroughly in idea of the darker and ingrained as well as harmony with the character and writings of of the fairer and superficial shades of his its pure and gentle-hearted subject.
erraticand unbalanced character-its strange
medley of splendid follies, tinselled vices, It was a happy thought of Mr. Alfred and small virtues—so that the reader rises Rimmer to go with pen and pencil over the from the contemplation of the man with a ground mentioned in the best of Dickens' feeling of mingled admiration, reprobation, novels, and gather into a volume a descrip- pity, and contempt. It is only just to say tive and pictorial account of various scenes, that Mrs. Oliphant's account of the compounder the title of About England with sition and first representation of Sheridan's Dickens.' The number of Dickens' localities masterpieces, The Rivals, The School for Saanthat he has been able to identify in the dal, and The Critic, and her original and north and west of England, as well as in acute outline and critical analysis of each, London, is surprising; and while he has a are fine specimens of honest and discrimivery pleasant and chatty way of telling nating literary workmanship. about them, and about the circumstances of his visit, the numerous woodcuts that sup- The Ligh Alps in Winter? as a title is plement the text are in general very good somewhať chilling to the blood, and its ones, made from original sketches by him- cooling effect is increased by the nore! self and Mr. Vanderhoof. Among the places embellishment stamped in silver on the representedare Rochester Castle, the Rookery, cover of Mrs. Burnaby's recent volume: a in Suffolk, Dotheboy's Hall, in Yorkshire, scene representing herself and three guides the Old Bailey and Marshalsea prisons, the crossing a glacier, with a background of Old Curiosity Shop, the Little Wooden Mid- Alpine summits. Mrs. Burnaby possesses a shipman, the houses of Ralph Nickleby and share of the same sort of intrepidity and Mrs. Gamp, Gadshill, and several houses once originality that once took her husband to occupied by Dickens himself, and various Khiva, and a similarly pleasant way of Inns of Court, streets, churches, and other describing her experiences. We are told in scenes connected with the stories.
the Introduction that she went to the Alps,
first for health, caring nothing for mounIn view of the elaborate memoirs of taineering, and afterwards for pleasure, and Richard Brinsley Sheridan by Dr. Watkins her volume is written as a tribute to the and Thomas Moore, and the brief but excel- miraculous restorative influence of Alpine lent sketch by Professor Smyth, there would air and surroundings. For people afflicted seem to have been but little concerning like herself with consumptive tendencies, him worth the telling that had not been told pure, rather than warm air is what is wanted; already. Certainly nothing new has been as many physicians have held, and as Mrs. revealed of his personal character, of the Burnaby has practically demonstrated by incidents of his life, or of his career as her own experience; for it was only after a dramatist, theatrical manager, orator, or thorough trial of Algiers, Hyères, Mentone, statesman, that rendered a fresh biography and Meran, during several successive seasons, of him necessary or desirable. Least of all where she became by degrees more weak was a new biography demanded by reason and languid, that she was induced to try the of his eminence as a man of letters; his sole air of Chamouni, where she arrived in the claims to consideration on that score being summer of 1882, an invalid, and made a few two or three plays of unrivalled brilliancy, short excursions. In spite of kindly warnas many more that were originally worthless ings against the deep snow, isolation, dulland are now as clean dead and forgotten as ness and starvation to be expected among they deserve to be, and a few verses and the Alps in winter, she returned in Decemprose essays that escape the same fate only because they cannot be said to have ever
1 Sheridan. By Mrs. OLIPHANT. * English Men of
Letters." 12mo. pp. 199. London: Macmillan & Co. | About England with Dickens. By ALFRED RIMMER. · The High Alps in Winter; or, Mountaineering in Search With tifty-eight illustrations. Square 8vo. pp. 303. Lon- of Health. By Mrs. F. BURNABY, Membre Club Alpin
Français. 8vo. pp. 204. London: Sampson Low & Co.
don: Chatto & Windus.
ber to Chamouni, and began the series of win- ONE expects always, upon opening a new ter ascents described in these pages, and the novel by Mr. William Black, to find Scotch astonishing feats of pedestrianism accom- people and Scotch scenery and a cruise at plished by her during this time are sufficient sea. None of these elements are wanting in proof of the wonderfully restorative effects his latest story, Yolande, but they are all of the Alpine air in winter. Alpine climb- kept rather in the background this time, ing is more fatiguing in winter than in the central figures being Mr. Winterbourne, summer, by reason of the softness of the a rich English M.P., and his charming snow, and the necessity of walking all the daughter Yolande, and the scene for the way, instead of riding up the lower slopes; ' most part, in the first volume, on board ship and sometimes the wind is objectionable; in the Mediterranean, and on a dahabeah but in general the intense cold is hardly felt ascending the Nile. Mr. Winterbourne is by reason of the winter dryness of the air. | the unhappy husband of an opium-drinking On one occasion, in ascending Monte Rosa wife, and in order to spare his daughter the in a high wind, while the thermometer was pain of this knowledge he has studiously thirteen degrees below zero Fahr., Mrs. Bur- kept her away from England, and is bent on naby's party were forced to turn back, and marrying her to somebody living at a safe it was only by the prompt measures taken distance from London. A young Scotchman by the guides that she was saved from losing whom they meet on the ship seems to the her nose by frost-bite. Curiously enough, father available, and when he proposes, she had no suspicion of anything wrong, the Yolande dutifully submits to her father's only sign being an unnatural whiteness, wishes and accepts him. In the second which the guides were the first to recognise. volume we accompany the party to InverAfter this little incident the party hastened ness-shire on a shooting expedition, and are to descend to a sheltered spot, 2000 feet lower, shown some very pretty bits of Scotch where the luncheon was laid out, but all the scenery and the development of a romance refreshments rere as hard as rock, and wine that is charmingly portrayed. Yolande poured out in a glass froze immediately. meets a friend of her fiancé and falls in love
Adventures like these, picturesque scenes, with him, and soon after she learns the high spirits, and renewed vigour, make up family secret about her mother, and bravely the story of Mrs. Burnaby's winter in the resolves to rescue her. As to her success in neighbourhood of Chamouni, Mont Blanc, this, and as to the unravelling of the tangled and Monte Rosa. An appendix containing thread into which the author has involved observations upon cold versus heat as a cure his characters at this point, we shall leave for consumption, and suggestions for walkers, the reader to discover for himself. The is supplemented by excellent maps and illus- central figure, Yolande, is one of those trations, including a portrait of the author. charming English girls whom no novelist
I knows better than Mr. Black how to draw, WITHIN a few months we have reviewed and the Scotch lover and one or two other of in these pages two recent books on Japan ; the characters are described in his best vein. the first written from the point of view of an artist, the second by a traveller bent simply Dora: A Girl without a Home, is one of on sight-seeing from the tourist's standpoint, the most pleasing stories for young people and there is now before us, under the title of that we have met with of late years. There Eight years in Japan, the very interesting is in it a freshness and simplicity and record of a civil engineer's travels and naturalness very engaging; and these qualilabours and diversions in the same field. Mr. ties, which in children are so charming, ought Holtham was engaged for several years in to be the first requisite in books prepared the practice of his profession under the for their impressionable minds. The heroine „Japanese Department of Public Works, and of Mrs. Read's story is an orphan, who finds in this way enjoyed facilities for the study herself thrust upon the tender mercies of a of Japanese character and institutions such as world she knows little of, and her adventures no ordinary traveller secures. Though his are such as many a high-minded, gentle, but book is full of solid information concerning spirited girl has had to face in real life. The the material resources of the country, practi- opening chapters, describing Dora's career at cal observations which would be of great a fashionable boarding school, are particularly value to all who may have dealings with the entertaining, and her later experiences as a people, and the narrative of his own work teacher and amanuensis hardly less so. among them is deeply interesting, most readers will be specially attracted by the
RECENT PUBLICATIONS. account of his travels and recreations, which The following list of new books, compiled bear the stamp of keen insight and calm from official sources, includes the most imjudgment, and are told with a great deal of portant that have appeared within the past quiet humour.
| Yolande : the Story of a Daughter. By WILLIAM 1 Eight Years in Japan, 1873-1881: Work, Travel and
3 vols. cr. 8vo. London: Macmillan &(o. Recreation. By E. G. HOLTHAM, J. Inst. C. E. Cr. ovo. • Dora: A Girl without a Home. By Mr. R. H. pp. 361. London: Kegan Paul, Trench & Co.
Read. Illustrated. 8vo. pp. 284. London: Blackie & Son.
thirty days, or (in the case of foreign books] Verne (J.). The Green Ray. Cr. 8vo. 58.
Surgery. Vol. iii. With 512 Illustrations. Art Needlework. 4to. 108. 6d.
32s. Ashton (A.). Humour, Wit, and Satire of Fields (Mrs. J. T.). How to Help the Poor. the 17th Century. 7s. 6d.
(Embodying results of the author's experiBaptie (D.), Handbook of Musical Bio- ence in practical philanthropy.) 18mo. graphy. Cr. 8vo. 4s.
3s. 6d. Beck (S. W.). Gloves, their annals and Gonse (L.). Eugene Fromentin: painter associations. Cr. 8vo. 78. 6d.
and writer. (Translated from the French Black (W.). Shandon Bells. Cr. 8vo. 6s. by Mrs. Robbins.) Illustrated. 8vo. 158.
Boats of the world depicted, etc. 4to. Howells (W. D.). A Woman's Reason. (A 3s. 6d.
novel.) 12mo. 78 6d. Brassey (Sir T.). The British Navy. Vol. v. James (Henry). Daisy Miller: a comedy Royal 8vo. 3s. 61.
in three acts. (Dramatised from story of Cameos from English History. 5th Series. same name.) 12mo. 7s.6d. Cr. 8vo. 5s.
Merrill (S.). East of the Jordan. (Record Coppinger (R. W.). Cruise of the “ Alert.” of travel and observation by archæologist of Imp. 8vo. 21s.
American Palestine Exploration Society, in Dragendorff (E.). Plant Analysis. 8vo. 1875-1877.) 8vo. 12s. 6d. 7s. 6d.
Mitchell (D. G.). [“ Ik Marvel.”] Reveries Du Moucel (T.). Electricity as a Motive of a Bachelor, and Seven Stories. 12mo. 6s. Power. Cr. 8vo. 7s. 60.
Pennypacker (S. W.). Historical and BioEmerson's (Ralph Waldo) Works. Vol. i. graphical Sketches. (Bearing upon early Cr. 8vo. 3s. 6d.
history of Pennsylvania.) 8vo. 20s. English Lyrics. ("Parchment Series.") Samuels (E.). Our Northern and Eastern 12mo. 5s.
Birds. (Describing birds of the Northern Fleming (J.). Old Violins and their States and British provinces, their habits, makers. Cr. 8vo. 6s. 6d.
etc. ; with woodcuts and coloured plates.) Gardiner (S. R.). History of England, 8vo. 258. 1603-1642. Cr. 8vo. 6s.
Seward (W. H.). Diplomatic History of the Gosse (E.). Life and Works of E. Tin- War for the Union. (Including journal of worth. (A critical essay.) 5s. 60.
the war 1861-1865.) Edited by G. E. Baker. Hawthorne (J.). Fortune's Fool. (A 8vo. 15s. novel.) 3 vols. Cr. 8vo. 318. 6d.
Topelius (Z.). Times of Battle and of Rest. Hospitalier (E.). Modern Applications of (Historical romance of the time of Charles X. Electricity. Vol. ii. 12s. 6d.
and Charles XI.; from the Swedish.) 16mo. Jones (W.). Crowns and Coronations. Cr. 6s. 6d. 8vo. 78. 6d.
Weed (T.). Life of Thurlow Weed (includJarves (J. Jackson). Italian Rambles. ing autobiography, edited by his daughter, 16mo. 58.
and a memoir by his grandson.) 2 vols. Lewis (G.) Ballads of the Cid. 12mo. 8vo. Illustrated. 38s. 2s. 6d.
Wharton (F.). Law Lexicon. (Containing Mollet (J. W.). Watteau. "Great Artists explanations of technical terms and phrases, Series." Cr. 8vo. 2s. 6d.
ancient and modern, translation of Latin Molloy (G. F.). Court Life Below Stairs. law maxims, etc.) 8vo. 42s. Vols. iii. and iv. 8vo. 21s.
Notes on the Caucasus, by “ Wanderer.” 8vo. 9s. Peach (R. E.).
Historic Houses in Bath. About (Edmond). Tolla. 52mo. pp. 396. 4to. 4s. 6d.
(Illustrated.) 4s. Phipson (E.) Animal Lore of Shakespeare's Almanach 'de la Chasse illustrée pour 1883Time. 8vo. 9s.
1884. 4to. pp. 64. ls. Sala (G. A.). Dutch Pictures. Cr. 8vo. 5s. Berty (A.) et L. M. Tisserand. Topographie
Scholl (C.). Phraseological Dictionary. historique du vieux Paris. 4to. pp. xx-539, (English, German, etc.) lős. 6d.
with illustrations, maps, plans, etc. £2. Seeley (J. R.). Expansion of England. Chirac (A.). Les Rois de la République, Cr. 8vo. 48. 6d.
histoire des juiveries, synthèse historique et Smith (W.). Old Yorkshire. Vol. iv. Cr. monographies. Vol. i. 18 jésus, pp. 468. 8vo. 78. 60.
3s. 6d. Thackeray (W. M.). Works. New Stan- Comte (Auguste). Opuscules de Philosophie dard Edition. Vol. i. 8vo. 10s.
Sociale. 18 jésus, pp. x-311. 3s. 64.
Comte (Auguste). Système de Politique anglaises contemporaines. 18 jésus, pp. viPositive, ou Traité de Sociologie, etc. Vol. iv. 323. 3s. 6d. (Completing the work.) 8vo. pp. xl-566. 9s. Ortoli (J. B. F.). Les Contes Populaires de
Condamin (J.). Croquis Artistiques et Lit- lile de Corse. 12mo. pp. xi-481. 1s. 6d. téraires, études et souvenirs. 8vo. pp. 353. Parville (H. de). Causeries Scientifiques. 6s.
(Record of discoveries, inventions and scienConstitutions (les) Modernes. (A collection tific progress of the year.) 22° année, 1882. of the constitutions of all the states of 12 jésus, pp. 380. 3s. 6d. Europe, America, and the civilised world, Pontmartin (A. de). Souvenirs d'un Vieux with historical and explanatory notes.) Par Critique. 18 jésus, pp. 375. 3s. 6d. F. R. Dareste. 2 vols. 8vo. 18s.
Raunié (E.). Chansonnier historique du Daudet (E.). Le Duc de Broglie. (“Célé- XVII Siècle. (With notes, commentary and brités contemporaines ” series.) (With por- illustrations.) 4 partie, 1764–1774. 18 jésus, trait.) 18 jésus, pp. 32. ls.
pp. xxvi-340. 105. Demombynes (G.). Les Constitutions Euro- Rouveyre (E.). Connaissances nécessaires à péennes; Parlements, consuls provinciaux et un Bibliophile. N. E. 1° partie. (With communaux et organisation judiciaire dans illustrations, specimens of paper, etc.) 8vo. les divers états. 2 vols. 8vo. 24s.
pp. xiv-200.58. Dumas (F.G.). Catalogue Illustré des beaux- Sourches (de). Mémoires du Marquis de arts de l'exposition d’Amsterdam, 1883. Sourches sur le règne de Louis XIV. (From (With 200 reproductions from original original MSS.) T. ii. 8vo. pp. 442._7s. 6d. sketches.) 8vo. pp. 124. 35. 6d.
Taine (H.). De l’Intelligence, N. E. cor. et Gaillardet (F.). L'Aristocratie en Amérique. aug. 2 vols. 18 jésus. 78. (A sketch of American society; from personal observation.) 18 jésus, pp. 379.
GERMAN. Goyetche (L.). St. Jean de Luz, historique et pittoresque. 8vo. pp. Ixxxiv-228. 3s. Stöckhardt (H.). Die katholische Hofkirche
Guizot (G.). Alfred le Grand, ou l'Angle- zu Dresden. 12 Taf. Lichtdrucke mit begleiterre sous les Anglo-Saxons. N. E. 18 jésus, tendem Text. 1883. Fol. pp. 8. 24s. pp. 231, 2s,
v. Dombrowski (R.). Der Fuchs. MonoLenient (C.). Le Satire en France au moyen graphischer Beitrag zur Jagd-Zoologie. Mit âge. N. E. rev. et cor. 18 jésus, pp. xviii- 8 Taf, nach Original-Zeichnungen des Ver437. 3s. 60.
fassers. 8°. pp. VII.-264. 14s. Levallois (J.). Autour de Paris, prome- Nohl (L.). Richard Wagner's Bedeutung nades historiques. (Illustrated.) 8vo. pp. 216. für die nationale Kunst. 8o. pp.
IX.--77. Masseron (I.). Danger et Nécessité du 1s, 6d. Socialisme. 12mo. pp. xii-401. 3s. 6d.
Braun-Wiesbaden (K.). Blutige Blätter. Mézières (A.). En France, XVIII° et xixo Erzählungen. 1883. 8o. pp. 285. 3s. siècles. 18 jésus, pp. vi-280. 38. 6d.
Das Tagebuch Kaiser Kari's V11. aus der Nadillac (de). L'Amérique préhistorique. Zeit des österreichischen Erbfolgekriegs, 8vo. pp. viii-588, with 219 illustrations. nach dem Autograf herausgegeben von K.
O’Rell (M.). John Bull et son ile, marrs Thdr. Heigel. 8o. pp. XIX.--234. 8s.
Editor's Historical Record.
THE BRITISH EMPIRE.
William Gouldstone sentenced to death
for the murder of his five children in UR Record extends from September 8 to London. October 8.
September 15.—Unsuccessful strike of emSeptember 8.—Mr. Gladstone, accompanied ployés on the London penny boats. by Mr. Tennyson, Sir Andrew Clarke, and Employment of children and females in Sir Donald Currie, with their families and forges condemned at a meeting of the Trades others, sailed from Barrow upon an expe- Union Congress. dition to the Orkneys and Scandinavia. September 17.- Arrival of Mr. Gladstono
September 10.-Miss Booth and Miss and party at Copenhagen. Charlesworth expelled from Switzerland by Imprisonment of Miss Booth and Miss the authorities.
Patrick (captains in the Salvation Army) at Trades Union Congress assembled at Neuchatel, for contravening the order of the Nottingham.
Swiss authorities prohibiting Salvationist September 12.--St. Leger Cup won by the services within the Canton. Duke of Hamilton's “ Ossian.”
Failure of the Exchange Bank of Montreal ; September 13.-- Bank rate reduced from 4 liabilities, £600,000. per cent, to 31 per cent.
September 18.-The Emperor and Empress September 14.-Cortachy Castle, belonging of Russia, the King of Denmark, the Princess to the Earl of Airlie, destroyed by fire. of Wales, and the King of Greece enter