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under it, carried it off on his shoulders! | the time wholly forget her brain-work? No man who ever saw Garfield before Not only has she no guide in this direchis last illness, or who ever read the tion, but her very lack of physical vigor story of that illness, need be told that he makes her indisposed to anything like was a man of exceptional vital and mus- continued or even momentary muscular cular power, and his whole younger life exertion ; indeed, often she is afraid to abounded with further conclusive proofs take it, and even thinks it dangerous. of this, were there room here to recount Many a day passes in which she does not them. Mr. Huxley says he would far take one single full breath. Is it any wonsooner have his son broad-chested, deep- der that she has small lungs, when she lunged, and enduring, and with sound, does nothing to expand them? Miss Von well-trained common sense, for anything Hillern, the pedestrian, walks six miles in he may have to do in life, than a keen an hour; but how many girls in the highand brilliant man, flashy and unsteady est class in any grammar school in the in his efforts, and not to be relied on for United States can walk four and a half persistent hard work. Who would buy an or even four miles in one hour? Yet the axe with an edge like a razor's, but without latter is hardly more than worthy of the much of any back to it at all? Yet is not name of a smart pace, and one at which this the kind of mental axes our schools are any really good walker.can stay many producing to-day? Look at that mighty hours, often all day, without discomfort. army of absentees from the New York city Notice the daily walks taken by girls and schools alone who are annually detained young ladies at the more prominent feat home by sickness! All of us may at male seminaries and colleges—a listless times be sick, but who are the likelier to affair of from two to three miles an hour, sicken easily, the weak, half-built, and just enough to make them nibble at cakes, delicate, of low vital power and even lower confectionery, and other trash between muscular, or the well-knit, deep-chested, meals, and then wonder why they have and sturdy? When the steam-heating no appetite for their meals. companies were digging up Broadway and In what contrast with this make-believe other adjacent New York streets, a while walking and the wofully defective phys. ago (and occasionally blowing a citizen ical culture and condition of many of our skyward), it was remarked that many city girls is the story told in the following gentlemen whose offices were on the first dispatch from the Montreal Carnival last floors of buildings near the upturned earth winter: sickened with disorders which were pro- “Next came skating races, which were nounced malarial, but that the stalwart only second, in drawing spectators, to the laborer, with his nose right down in the trotting. As is universally known, Montfoul-smelling earth, saturated with sewer realers are like ducks, who take to the gas and coal gas, never sickened at all, in water when born. They assume skating fact rather seemed to thrive on it. When frolics when escaping from the cradle. It the system is toned up and hearty, it is is literally true that they are skating alnot only harder for disease to get in, but most before they are able to walk. The there comes also an indifference to phys- fascination in the exercise, which seems ical privation and discomfort wholly un- to be hereditary, increases as they grow known to the delicate or nervous person. up, and when they have arrived at man
What spur has a bright and studious hood or womanhood-for the girls are girl in one of our city schools to build up even more expert than the men--they can her health and strength? Who teaches rival the world for grace and agility as her anything about either? Ambitious runners. Proof of this last assertion was to stand well in her class, no matter how seen by thousands on the river this aftermuch work is set before her, she goes at it noon. The contests were in some cases with determination, and willingly spends more tightly fought out than by the trotnot only all her school-hours, but often, ting equines.” as has been already seen, her hours out of What a ring and tingle and glow of school as well, in close, exacting study. ruddy health there is about all this! We Who teaches her to intersperse these with wonder if those girls know what a headan hour or two, not of a dawdling walk ache is, or a side-ache? Or if the shawl, at a dead-and-alive gait, but with sensible the sofa, and neuralgia" are likely soon hearty exercise and play, making her for 1 to be their destiny ? Or if there is any immediate danger of St. Vitus's dance ? | the examples of successful men of all the Just happen in with them at meal-time, past, and of those of to-day, the comfort and see if they merely peck at their food, and often preposterous influence and powor whether they make the platter clean. er which money brings, the countless aveTry if the study done by brains cleared by nues which open to it in our land for him an hour or two of such glorious sport on whose neck “no jewel,” as Hafiz says, as that is not almost as thorough and "sparkles like that of enterprise.” The almost as valuable as the “superficial busy man of to-day is not content with knowledge” which the New York School his business, or with keeping his money Commissioner found so prevalent in his in it. He must also be in constant concity. Which of the two sets of girls have munication with his broker and the stock the exuberant animal spirits, the over- tape, must be bank director and railroad flowing geniality, the vivacity, so attract- director, and make himself felt in a hunive in almost any woman, and such an dred other ways.
One little man,
for inaid to her socially, especially if she is stance, at the start a poor boy, then a reasonably fair to look upon ? If Her- school-master, though but forty-seven bert Spencer has it aright that men care years old, has amassed tens of millions of comparatively little for erudition in wo- dollars, controls ten thousand miles of man, but very much for physical beauty railroads, more yet of telegraph lines, and, and good nature and sound sense,” in if half the rumors are true, tries his hand which class are they likely to find the ob- occasionally at controlling a Legislature ject for which they generally make the or two besides. But there is one thing best searching of their lives—those who, even he can not control, with all his brains no doubt without at all neglecting their va- and millions, and that is facial neuralgia. ried accomplishments, can yet“ rival the When a shrewd coroner summoned him world for grace and agility as runners, to jury duty awhile ago, he could not serve, or those who, although well stocked with because he was suffering from this disorthe "superficial knowledge” mentioned, der, and was too deaf also from otorrhoea might possibly skate ten miles in one aft- to hear the testimony. How many more ernoon, but with the doctor inevitably on such Job's comforters as these would it take hand bright and early the next morn- to so cut down his power of enjoying anying-if not the undertaker? Do dyspep- thing that he would be inclined to feel like sia and neuralgia directly contribute to clearing out all his assets to the highest either physical beauty, or good nature, bidder, if only he could have in their place or sound sense? How would, not the a little sound good health? And yet there weakest and most inert, nor yet the fleet- are thousands, almost millions, of men in est and most enduring girl, but she who our land to-day who, constantly under fairly represents the average girl in one great strain of mind and nerve, are carryof our school classes, have fared in that ing often vast responsibilities, and doing inspiring struggle that bright winter aft- their utmost to one day obtain, like him, ernoon on the gleaming broad St. Law- great power. rence? Would she have been in it at But is not the pace telling, and espeall, much less anywhere near the front cially on those who, like him, started out, rank, at the end of half a mile, or even of anot with the sinewy strength and fibre of quarter? Ask her brother, and he will tell that other railroad king, Vanderbilt the you plainly-whatever different and more First, but rather with the light allowance flattering version some other girl's brother of the average city boy? Observe what may make of it.
one of the most intelligent Englishmen A recent writer in a well-known Eng- who ever visited our shores has to say on lish paper calls attention to the rare in this point. At the dinner given Mr. Hertellectual quickness and keenness of the bert Spencer at New York city by Mr. EvJew, and his wondrous readiness at a bar- arts and other gentlemen just before he gain, and then points out that where he left for Europe, after a somewhat extenfails in the life-race is in the lack of the sive tour through this country, after speakgood old English quality of staying powing of the marvellous energy he discoverer. But might he not say the same of the ed everywhere, he said: typical educated American, especially him
especially him. “What I have seen and heard during in business? When a young man, every my stay among you has forced on me the means is brought to bear to urge him on-belief that this slow change from habitual inertness to persistent activity has reach- | appreciated the priceless value of enduring ed an extreme from which there must be bodies, kept in working order by sensible gin a counter-change-a reaction. Every- daily exercise, and, with fishing-pole, axe, where I have been struck with the num- and walking-shoes, took care that the maber of faces which told in strong lines of chinery did not get too far run down. the burdens that had to be borne. I have Mr. G. R. Emerson, in his recent life of been struck, too, with the large proportion Gladstone, says that at Eton “he was not of gray-headed men, and inquiries have only one of the most active and successful brought out the fact that with you the in all school sports,” but “throughout his hair commonly begins to turn some ten long life he has recognized the natural alyears earlier than with us. Moreover, in liance of the physical and intellectual porevery circle I have met men who had tions of our compound being. Naturally themselves suffered from nervous col- hardy and muscular, he cultivated his bodlapse, due to stress of business, or named | ily powers by regular active exercise, and friends who had either killed themselves his high moral nature preserved him from by overwork, or had been permanently in the temptation to indulge in enervating capacitated, or had wasted long periods in luxuriousness.” “Don't talk to me about endeavors to recover health. I do but echo Gladstone's mind," said Sidney Herbert, the opinion of all the observant persons I more than a generation ago; "it's nothing have spoken to, that immense injury is compared with his body." “Throughout being done by this high-pressure life, his life," says a recent writer in the Lonthe physique is being undermined.” don Standard, “Mr. Gladstone has been
Does not this look as if staying power a particularly fast, enduring, and vigorous was a quality far too rare among our busi- walker. Wiry, lean, sinewy, without an est men, and as though we were leav- ounce of superfluous lumber about him, ing out from our education that without when a younger man he was in the habit which nearly all else is of little value of saying, but without a tincture of vanity In the steamers they talk of building, in or ostentation, that he was good for a fortywhich they threaten to go from Montauk mile walk any day. Although his thoughtto Milford-Haven in five days, there are ful face and lithe figure are as well known always to be engines of consummate power, in every part of this metropolis as those of easily eclipsing everything yet known in any resident within its borders, who ever the whole field of marine travel. But there yet saw Mr. Gladstone in a hansom or any are also to be, not one or two, but many other cab ?" compartments, till the whole ship is so What a profitable step it would be for bound together by these iron inner walls thousands of our well-to-do business men that she can safely stand the mighty vi- who are getting on in years if, instead of brations of engines so powerful that they sitting on a cushion and holding two leawould soon shake ordinary craft to pieces. ther straps for an hour, and calling it exerBut what sense would there be in putting cise, they would take Mr. Gladstone's brisk such engines, not into one of these inflex- four or five mile tramp, or would spend ible steel hulls, but into a craft made of their hour on their horse's back, instead deal boards ? How many revolutions of back of their horses ! And if this daily would be needed to send such a crazy ship attention to bodily exercise has done so soon to the bottom ? But if we steadily much toward keeping Gladstone in such increase the man's power of thought and good working order, why should we not action, and extend the field of his activi- see to it that our children likewise, espety till it is almost boundless, yet let his cially those whose life is to be spent inbody grow up anyhow, are we supplying doors
, have some systematic rational exmuch better than a pasteboard hull, which ercise which will go far toward insuring may possibly slip along at half speed in to them this same priceless working health the smooth harbor water of youth, but and vigor, not only for their younger years, when the gales and heavy seas come, and but throughout a long and useful life? the real tests which tell what is in him, Well, what shall they do? Gladstone's will go all to pieces in the fashion told by Eton School had a beautiful and attractMr. Spencer, and so familiar to all men ive play-ground, and one which has for who know what protracted brain-work is generations been well used; but most of Precocities like Webster and Gladstone ours either have no play-ground at all, or were able to do their work because they only a bit of brick sidewalk, where if you
get a fall it hurts. The best schools of ments in the future are fair, that does not the near future will see-indeed, a few of help to-day. How shall the millions of them even now are awakening to-the children now at our public schools, and need of a first-class play-ground, and the with no attention paid to their physical prominent part it should play in the boy's education by any competent teacher, be real education, and will doubtless bestir provided for in this important matter? themselves to supply this want. St. Dr. Sargent, in his recent article in the Paul's School at Concord, New Hamp- North American Review, laments the lack shire, for instance, has a pretty flat of of gymnasia, their antiquated and poorly several acres, with a quarter-mile cinder constructed appliances, and, even more, path, and a roomy cottage specially for the dearth of teachers. Strange as it may the demands of the players. Harvard has seem in a country where intelligence and nearly sixty acres of play-ground, and enterprise are as general as in ours, the easily the finest gymnasium in the world; teachers thoroughly qualified for such while Yale recently purchased thirty acres work, who have come to be at all known in addition to what she already had. The for thoroughness and real success, would spacious gymnasium and drill-room of scarcely make a corporal's guard. Phythe Boston Latin and High schools in sicians, with their exceptional acquainttheir new building would be fair substi- ance with the human body, would, if they tutes for their old fighting ground on the would become equally familiar with bodnow distant Common, if they were only ily exercise, make easily the best teachers, used daily vigorously and by all, and es- as Dr. Sargent has so well proved at Harpecially by the large majority who need vard, or as did Aristotle when he tutored them. But the schools with anything Alexander. But we call the doctor in to worthy of the name of play-ground are cure us when we are ill, not to keep us to-day very rare exceptions, nearly all the from getting so; hence we make it no obcity schools being built not only withoutject to him to do what he could do so well. an approach to a suitable or adequate There are to-day two hundred thousand play-ground, but so hampered by other ladies and gentlemen in this country who, houses, and where adjacent property is so with very little preparation, could become valuable, that the prospect is slender of sufficiently acquainted with any sensible their ever being much better off in this system of gymnastics for school use to respect. Probably no benefactor of Har- render the rising generation lasting benvard University in this century has render-efit, and yet avoid all the risks which are ed her a better or more widely felt service likely to accompany unguided efforts in than young Mr. Hemenway when he this direction, and these are the teachers built that gymnasium, at once so commo- themselves. They already know how to dious, useful, and attractive, though al- get the children forward in other branches. ready it has become so popular that it will Why not as well in this one, so important have to be enlarged to meet even the pre- that without it the others may never be of sent demands of the students. Where much use? One of the chief services a other donors have reached the compara- teacher of physical culture can render is in tively few students who elect the branch checking and holding back the pupils, and taught under their endowment, here is a keeping them from overdoing, and teachbranch-provided always a really compe- ing them what will overdo and what will tent teacher can be had-of signal service not. But if the thirty, forty, or fifty boys to every one of the many and increasing and girls in a school-room exercised for ten hundreds of favored youth who are enjoy- minutes each morning right in the school ing an education at the university. Per- aisles, either with no appliance other than sons who have in mind a legacy for their the desks and the floor, or at most each school or university may well consider with a pair of dumb-bells, each bell weighwhether they could put their money in a ing about a twenty - fifth of the user's way to do more good to many persons there weight, if the user is a girl, or a twentieth, than by aiding them in securing a reason- if a boy, doing only what the teacher did, able degree of health and vigor for their and as the teacher did, they would not life's work, and the knowledge how to re- only avoid all risk, but could easily in that tain them, no matter in what field that short time daily progress astonishingly, work may be.
even in one year, and that in developing But while the prospect of better arrange- and enlarging not only one limb, or a part of one, but the whole body and all the limbs, without any compensation, to visiting the and that not only side by side with their schools of his town or city, and advising other studies, but understanding at last how to meet these special cases: a very just what part any exercise developed, rapid and pleasant introduction, by-thewhat was enough, and what was too much. way, to about every child in the place.
“If properly directed," says Dr. Austin With such intelligent guiding in the Flint, Jun., of New York, himself famous morning, and doing whatever seemed for his fine physique, "gymnastics will likely to encourage, on the pupil's own enlarge and strengthen the muscles of the part, some sensible and regular constitutrunk, legs, arms, and neck, will expand tional in the afternoon—a good walk, run, the chest, so giving the lungs free room to skate, paddle, row, or such other lively play, will render the joints supple, and out-door sport as the place and season afimpart grace, ease, and steadiness of car- forded—the pupil would soon see that one riage, combined with strength, quickness, of his truest friends was the very teacher and elasticity of movement.” And why herself of whom, until now, out of school not distribute these good things among at least, he had often felt somewhat shy. all our boys and girls, instead of, as now, Such a course as this would also render to here and there one ? At West Point, the pupil far less likely to overtask himself no matter how stooped the entering pleb, in his favorite games, which often, without he is soon taught to carry himself as erect such a training, hinder rather than aid. as any man in America. But why limit this improvement to cadets only? "If properly directed," says Dr. Flint ; but
AT LAST! here the teacher who has already shown
[See Frontispiece.) herself qualified to direct in other and real
How weary 'twas to wait! The year ly far more difficult branches can readily Went dragging slowly on; do the directing in this, and in doing it The red leaf to the running brook will be sure to find, in a multitude of in
Dropped sadly, and was gone;
December came, and locked in ice stances at least, that she will soon know a
The plashing of the mill; feeling of greater ease and fitness for all her
The white snow filled the orchard up; work, a feeling like that so well put by the But she was waiting still. soldier Maclaren had exercising for a few
Spring stirred and broke. The rooks once more months. When asked how the work affect
'Gan cawing up aloft; ed him, he said, “I feel a better man for any- The young lambs' new awakened cries thing I am called on to do." A hundred Came trembling from the croft; exercises which the teacher and scholar
The clumps of primrose filled again
The hollows by the way; at a glance could understand, and at once The pale wind-flowers blew; but she apply in the school-room, might readily Grew paler still than they. be here suggested, did the narrow limits
How weary 'twas to wait! With June, of a paper like this permit.* Many peo- Through all the drowsy street, ple know of some such exercises already, Came distant murmurs of the war, and by a little ingenuity could devise And rumors of the fleet;
The gossips, from the market-stalls, many more. But any amount of knowing
Cried news of Joe and Tim; will not suffice. They must do them, do
But June shed all her leaves, and still them daily and throughout the year, side There came no news of him. by side with the other studies, and then
And then, at last, at last, at last, they may as certainly look for gratifying One blessed August morn, progress in this as in the other studies.
Beneath the yellowing autumn elms, If occasionally problems arise a little diffi- Pang-panging came the horn; cult for the teacher--an especially hollow
The swift coach paused a creaking space,
Then flashed away, and passed; chest or a very high shoulder--any young
But she stood trembling yet, and dazed: physician of ability, not yet overcrowded The news had come-at last! with practice, and fairly acquainted with
And thus the artist saw her stand, physical exercise and its results, could While all around her seems well afford to devote an hour or two a day As vague and shadowy as the shapes
That flit from us in dreams; * These will be found described at length in a And naught in all the world is true, little manual for school use just published by Messrs.
Save those few words which tell Harper and Brothers, entitled Sound Bodies for Our That he she lost is found againBoys and Girls.
Is found again--and well!