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out from among the trees, were scattered danger; that he had rejoiced when he the huts of the encampment, where the heard it praised, and was filled with inarmy, half clad, half starved, and unpaid, dignation when it was traduced; that his lay murmuring and discontented. His own fame was inseparably bound up in its eye rested for a moment upon them with glory, and that it could not be supposed a sad expression; then, dismounting and that at this late stage of the war he was handing his horse to an orderly, he enter- indifferent to its interests,” and pledged ed the building, packed with an anxious, himself then and there anew to see all waiting audiencē. Every eye was turned their wrongs redressed, all their rights esas that tall majestic form passed through tablished. As his deepening voice re-asthe door and moved toward the raised plat- serted his love for the army and steadfast form at the other end of the room. His adherence to its fortunes, eyes unaccusheavy footfall on the uncarpeted floor fell tomed to weep overflowed with tears. clear and distinct as the blows of a ham- Taking fire, as he proceeded, at the infamer in the profound silence. As he mous advice to take up arms against their stepped upon it and turned around and country, he exclaims, "My God! what can cast his eye over the assembly, the pain- this writer have in view in recommending ful sadness of his face showed that his such measures? Can he be a friend to the great heart was stirred to its profoundest country? No; he is plotting the ruin of depths, and sent a thrill of sympathy both! through the room. As his eye swept over “Let me conjure you in the name of the throng he knew every countenance of our common country, as you value your those who composed it. They had been own sacred honor, as you respect the his comrades for seven long years. Shoul- rights of humanity, as you regard the der to shoulder they had moved beside him military or national character of Ameriin the deadly conflict. He had heard ca, to express your utmost horror and detheir battle-shout on the fields of his fame testation of the man who wishes under as they bore him on to victory. Brave any specious pretense to overturn the libmen were they all, on whom he had erties of our country, and who wickedly relied, and not in vain, in the hour of attempts to open the flood-gates of civil deadly peril. A thousand proofs of their discord, and deluge our rising empire in devotion came rushing back on his mem- blood.” He urged them to exhibit the ory, and their toils and suffering rose before same steadfast patriotism and devotion to him till his heart swelled over them in af-duty that had ever characterized them, fection and sorrow. He could have no aud wait patiently for the justice their words of rebuke for them-only words of country was sure to render them. He love and sympathy. Absorbed in his closed this noble address in the following feelings he forgot his spectacles as he un impressive language: "By thus determinrolled his manuscript. Pausing he took ing and acting you will pursue the plain them from his pocket, and remarked, in a and direct road to the attainment of your tone subdued by emotion, “These eyes, wishes; you will defeat the insidious demy friends, have grown dim, and these signs of our enemies, who are compelled locks white in the service, yet I never to resort from open force to secret artidoubted the justice of my country.” They fice; and you will give one more distinwere simple words, but the sad, suppress- guished proof of unexampled patriotism ed tone in which they were uttered sent a and patient virtue, rising superior to the thrill through the room, and lips quivered most complicated sufferings, and you will and eyes moistened that had never blanch- by the dignity of your conduct afford oced in the fiercest whirlwind of battle. He casion for posterity to say, when speakbegan this immortal address by referring ing of the glorious example you have exto the anonymous writer of the appeal, and hibited to mankind : Had this day been denouncing his conduct and advice in un- wanting, the world had never seen the sparing language, and then with a changed last stage of perfection to which human voice spoke of the army, its sufferings and virtue is capable of attaining." devotion, of his own deep abiding attach- With a stately bow he descended the ment to it, saying that he had always been platform and walked out of the building. its “faithful friend”; had never left it As he passed through the door, Knox immeexcept when called away by duty, but had diately arose and moved that the thanks of ever been its companion in distress and the officers be tendered to the commander
in-chief for his address, and to "assure him mation that hostilities had ceased, but that the officers reciprocated his affection- Washington did not make it known till ate expressions with the greatest sinceri- | the 18th. In the earlier years of the war ty of which the human heart is capable.” | men had enlisted for a certain time, but Other resolutions followed, which were this time often expiring at the beginning unanimously carried. The deed was done, or in the middle of a campaign, it caused the rising storm sank to rest, and the great confusion and often disaster, so that terrible crisis was past. It was no figure at length they were enlisted for the war; of speech when he said that the course and Washington was troubled lest the men advised by this anonymous writer would should construe this proclamation as enddrench this rising empire in blood. Civil ing the war, and demand their immediate war would inevitably have followed, the discharge. Still he saw it could not be divided colonies easily fallen again into kept secret, and he issued an order on the the hands of England.
18th of April announcing it. Washington rode back to his head
"HEAD-QUARTERS, NEWBURGH, April 18, 1783. quarters, and received with a relieved
“The commander-in-chief orders the cessaand happy heart the congratulations of tion of hostilities between the Cuited States his officers.* The rumors of peace that of America and the King of Great Britain to now from time to time reached the army be publicly read to-morrow at 12 o'clock at were at length confirmed, and on the the new building, and the proclamation which 11th of April Congress issued a procla- will be communicated herewith to be read to
morrow evening at the head of every regiment * It was afterward discovered that this dangerous laius with the several brigades will reuder
and corps of the arıny. After which the chapappeal was written by Major John Armstrong, an aide-de-camp of Gates. It is but justice to say that
thanks to Almighty God for all His mercies, after Washington became President, he, after hear. particularly for His overruling the wrath of ing Armstrong's vindication of himself, acquitted men to His own glory, aud causing the rage him of acting from treasonable motives.
of war to cease among the nations."
He then goes on to say that having ac- Here are more than a hundred pieces of complished such glorious results, and timber, all but a few from thirty to ninepreserved such a noble character through teen feet long and seven inches square, for all their trials, and immortalized thein- a frame on which to hang lights. This selves by receiving the appellation of the would be considered a gigantic operation “Patriot Army,” nothing more remains at the present day even. But who in the but to maintain that character to the very Continental army could get up such a last act, and close the drama with ap- display ? This is explained by the followplause, and retire from the military thea-ing order issued the next day. “Each tre with the same approbation of men commanding officer of a brigade is requestand angels which has crowned all their ed to appoint an officer to assist Colonel former virtuous actions. To secure this Gouvion in making preparations for the ilend, he says, strict discipline must be lumination. Colonel Gouvion will meet maintained until Congress shall order the officers at 12 o'clock to-morrow at the their final discharge. He promises them new building.” It is seen that a French his aid and influence, but in the mean time officer familiar with such displays got up is determined that “no military neglects the affair, and as Continental money was or excesses shall go unpunished.”
so worthless it would take a cart-load to After giving directions about prepara- buy a chicken, it is fair to presume that tions for the celebration, the proclama- French money paid for it. A busy scene tion concludes with the following signifi- followed. Where now are richly cultivacant sentence, which doubtless conveyed ted farms, great forests stood, which were more meaning to many a poor half-starved soon filled with soldiers; and laughter and soldier than all the high compliments that song mingled with the sound of the axe had preceded it: “An extra ration of liquor and crashing of trees-felled not for the to be issued to every man to-morrow, to purpose of building breastworks, but for drink perpetual peace and independence the celebration of peace. Seventeen regiand happiness to the United States of ments and battalions swarming the America."
woods, some hewing the timbers and othAccompanying this proclamation for a ers bearing them on their shoulders to day of jubilee, which is an excellent ex- their place of destination, made an excitample of Washington's remarkable sa- ing scene. Their arms were left in their gacity, he issued the next day the follow- huts, and though many were shoeless and ing order for another celebration, that has in rags, cold and wet were alike forgotten only recently come to light, and shows in the approaching day of jubilee. that, considering the poverty of the sol- Although the first formal celebration was diers and citizens at that time, it must have to commence at 12 o'clock with prayer, an been on a grand scale:
anthem of praise accompanied by the NEWBURGH HEAD-QUARTERS, April 19, 1783.
band, and followed by three thundering To erect a frame for an illumination the huzzas, the excited soldiers could not wait several corps of the cantonment are to square till then, but ushered in the day with firand deliver at the new building, on Monday ing of guns and shouts and songs till hill next, the following pieces of timber, viz.: and valley rang again. Heath says that
the effect was grand when the army with Maryland Detachment.
7 excited voices thundered forth the anthem Jersey Regiment..
7 “Independence," by Billings: Jersey Battalion.
7 First New York Regiment.
“The States, O Lord, with songs of praise
7 Second New York Regiment.
Shall in Thy strength rejoice;
7 Hampshire Regiment.
And, blest with Thy salvation, raise
To heaven their cheerful voice."
18 7 And from plain and hill-top, field and forFourth Massachusetts Regiment.. 18 7
est, there rose strong and great against Seventh Massachusetts Regiment.
the sky, Second Massachusetts Regiment.. 19 7
" And all the Continent shall ring,
Down with this earthly king; Fifth Massachusetts Regiment..
No king but God." Eighth Massachusetts Regiment.. 16
When night came the piles of combusThird Massachusetts Regiment .
tible materials that had been heaped on 11 7 the summits of Berean Mountains and
Feet Tachos Pieces. Long. Square. 29
30 5 30 2 30 2 30 3 30 8 18 3
8 4 4 8 4 8
Storm King to signal the advance of the enemy were lighted up, not to herald the approach of the foe, but blazed from their lofty tops like great altar fires to the God of peace.
In June furloughs were granted, and the army dwindled away. Still a Vol. LXVII.-No. 401.-42
portion was left to guard the stores and prospect of a miserable subsistence in the remove them when peace should be estab- future." lished. Besides, there were a great many Major North, another witness of the invalids; many had no homes to go to; painful scene, says: “The inmates of the many were in rags and not fit to be seen same tent for seven long years grasped on the highways; and others who had no each other's hands in silent agony; to go means of getting away, and could travel they knew not whither; all recollection only as beggars, preferred to remain be of the art to thrive by civil service lost, hind and wait for their long-promised pay. or to the youthful never known; their
But at length the treaty of peace was hard-earned military knowledge worse concluded, and the army must be disband than useless, and to be cast out into the ed. This was the last and most touching world by them long since forgotten; to act in the whole drama. The joy of the go in silence and alone, and poor and celebration was now forgotten in the sad- helpless. It was too hard. Oh, on that ness of parting and the gloomy prospect sad day how many hearts were wrung! before them. On the morning of the 3d I saw it all, nor will the scene be ever of November the few remaining troops as- blotted from my view." sembled for the last time, and here
The brave, kind-hearted Steuben looked
on the scene with pitying eyes. "In their ragged regimentals
Seeing Stood the old Continentals,”
Colonel Cochrane, a brave, gallant officer,
standing apart and leaning on his sword, to hear the farewell address of their great while his face expressed the deepest sadleader. Never more would they behold ness, he approached him and said, “Cheer him in their midst, never again see him up; better times are coming.” ride along their firm-set lines, the light of "For myself," replied the officer, "I battle in his eye, and words of encourage- can stand it; but," pointing to a mere ment on his lips. Years of common suf-hovel near by, he added, “my wife and fering and common danger had endeared daughters are in that wretched tavern. I him to them, and in the sorrow of that have nowhere to carry them, nor even final parting the joys of peace were re- money to remove them.” membered no more. When the reading Come, come,” said the baron; “I will was finished, the band struck up the tune of pay my respects to Mrs. Cochrane and “Roslyn Castle," which was always play- your daughters;" and leaving him standed when they bore a dead comrade to his ing alone, he strode away to the tavern, grave, and as the mournful strains linger- where he found the ladies sunk in deed on the air they broke ranks for the last spondency. The sight was too much for time, and the last of the glorious Revolu- the brave old veteran, and emptying his tionary army disappeared from sight for- purse on the table, he hastened away to ever, but yet to live in the memory and af- escape their tears and their blessings. fection of the country they saved, and be Some left by water in sloops, and some again summoned in imagination from their on foot, and soon the last tent was struck, graves in these centennial years to receive and the flag that had swung for more than the plaudits of their descendants. The a year and a half from this old building scene that followed was heart - rending was taken down, the last morning and Many a gallant officer whose sword had evening gun had been fired, and silence flashed along the line in the smoke of bat- and solitude fell on the place. tle must now give it up, and penniless beg The brave men, scattered over the coun. his way as a pauper to his long-abandoned try they had saved, were impoverished, and impoverished home.
and smarting under the sense of injustice Says Dr. Thatcher, who was present: on the part of the government, and would “Painful was the parting; no description have been left in doubt and uncertainty as can be adequate to the tragic exhibition. to their future course but for the farewell Both officers and soldiers, long unaccus- address of Washington. These his last tomed to the affairs of private life, were parting words to them became a law of turned loose upon the world. Never can action, a chart by which to guide their the day be forgotten when friends and conduct, and through its silent, unseen incompanions for seven years in joy and fluence the dangerous, turbulent element, sorrow were torn asunder without the that at one time threatened to be too strong hope of ever meeting again, and with the even for Washington, became tranquil, un