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with the works of the two men. Turn to How thoroughly the artist appreciates and “ Ulalume."

enjoys the poet is evident from his illustra" The skies they were ashen and sober,

tions of the “Raven," and it is easy to The leaves they were crisped and sere

imagine with what delight the poet would The leaves they were withering and sere;

have seen his airy and lurid fancies bodied It was night in the lonesome October Of my most immemorial year;

forth by the sympathetic magic of the artist. It was hard by the dim lake of Auber

Poe is unique among poets, whatever rank In the misty mid region of Weir

the reader may assign him. He had no It was down by the dank tarn of Auber

forerunner, and his many imitators are but In the ghoul-haunted woodland of Weir."

obvious and faint echoes. The poet whom This has all the elaborate skill, the mystic he most resembles by intellectual sympathy scenery, the unique melody, indeed all the seems to us to be Shelley, Poe has at least distinctive marks of Poe, and it is like a the air of Shelley's consuming melancholy. translation into rhythm of one of Dore's But it is characteristic of the impression he most characteristic works.

produces that we say the air.

Editor's Literary Recard.

[N all Continental towns the bewildered Chambers's Ilundbook Dictionary of the English,

IN

clamouring in an unknown tongue for infor- us. It is designed for the use of English mation or assistance, is a familiar object, and American travellers only, and the three and if a more aggravating and ludicrous languages are arranged in parallel colunins, position could be thought of we would rather of which only the first is alphabetised. Each not be in it. There would be vastly fewer English word, and each different sense of a of such cases if people who go abroad would word, is allowed a separate line; the system only adopt a very simple expedient suggested of references and, in a word, the literary long ago by the late Elihu Burritt, popularly workmanship of the little book is unexeepknown as “ the learned blacksmith.” Mr. tionable, and being printed on thin paper Burritt mastered no less than fifteen languages and bound in flexible leather it is a marvel in the course of a few years, in most of of compactness. which he could write, as well as speak, accurately and fluently. His rule for the rapid The striking contrast between the scholarly learning of a language was to begin by volume above mentioned and an extracommitting to memory as many words as ordinary production entitled English as she possible- nouns and the roots of verbs, prin, is Spoke, a traveller's phrase-book for the cipally-quite ignoring the grammar, and Portuguese, only intensifies the ludicrous not troubling about the declensions and absurdity of the latter. The compiler of inflections. In a surprisingly short time the this remarkable work had at the time little woril-student begins to recognise part, at idea that he was writing a book destined to least, of any sentence that may be addressed become famous, and still less that it was to to him, and the encouragement he gains in achieve its success not as a text-look for the this way at the outset is a great help, later Portuguese youth, but as a jest-book in a on, when he looks more critically into the / foreign country. The book itself has been written language. In fact, the grammar ' out of print for many years, and will proreveals itself to him almost insensibly, with bably not be republished in its original forin, practice, after he has begun to use his nouns but liessrs. Field and Tuer have now reand roots of verbs in conversation.

printed in a pretty parchment-bound volume But for the purposes of the traveller any- a collection of extraets from the English thing like grammar is quite superfluous. portion, which goes to show how amusing 2 The bare names of places and things, and a writer may make himself without trying, few verbs in the Infinitive mood, will smooth and, still better, without knowing it. It is his way perfectly well in a foreign country, in fact the entire seriousness of Senhor Pedro and he may placidly converse with the Carolino, as much as the whimsicality and natives, horrifying them perhaps, but with a piquancy of his blunders, that makes him so calm certainty of making himself under entertaining. From the outset it is evident stood, and leave them to supply the grammar that he has no knowledge of English, and to suit themselves. Tourists on the Continent find phrase-books quite useless in 1 The Landhonk Dictionary: A Practical and Couveremergency, because the required phrase can tional Dictionary of the English, French, and German never be found at the right moment: a little languages, for the ne* of Travellers and Students. By

GEORGE F. CHAMBERS, F.R.A.S. 18110. pp. 724. Ionpocket dictionary is worth a dozen of them. don: John Murray. Of such dictionaries the most perfect we

2 English as She is Spoke: or, A Jest in Sober Earnest.

With an Introduction by JAMES MILLINGTON. 18mo. have ever met with is Mr. George F.

London: Field & Tuer.

PP. 60.

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has developed this book mechanically, by hammed Ali, and Pacha of one's early springsome process of his own. The constant time. recurrence of the French idiom leads to the conclusion that he built it up with the aid UNDER the title of Arabian Society in the of a French-English dictionary and a Portu- Middle Ages, Mr. Stanley Lane-Poole has colguese-French phrase-book, though he de- lected together in a separate volume the coclares that it is “clean of gallicisms and pious notes of his great-uncle, the late Edward despoiled phrases," and takes evident pride William Lane, upon the Thousand-and-One in the accuracy of his work, or, as he ex- Nights, to which we have referred above. presses it,

for the care what we wrote him, . To these he has added a complete index, and and for her typographical correction.” After many valuable notes and explanations of his sufficiently instructing the Portuguese youth own. The result is a book of great interest in the English words and “idiotisms," as and value, whether we read it in connection he calls them, he winds up with a series of with the Arabian Nights, or by itself. Mr. anecdotes, letters, and proverbs; and here Lane possessed a wonderful insight into lie shows off his knowledge of the “idiot- Eastern character and thought; moreover, isms” with surprising effect.

these studies were made during his residence at Cairo, in the early part of the century,

Tefore that now modernised city had thrown The Thousand-and-One Nights" is a book of off its mediæval character. In his notes he such inexhaustible entertainment that one has touched upon every phase of social life; might expect new editions of it to be in upon the ceremonies attending births, mardemand as regularly, though not so often, as riages and deaths, education, feasting, the morning's milk. To young people, in religion, laws and penalties, literature and fact, it may be considered a necessity, and to superstitions—to mention only a few of his their seniors it has a charm that never fades. many topics. There are two ways of reading this famous book; first, the child's way, for the story Spain is a country co picturesque, so novel, only, which has endeared it to one genera- and so rarely visited or described, compared tion after another, time out of mind; with the rest of Europe, that one has grown secondly, the scholar's way, in which the accustomed to expect whatever is written glowing pages fairly teem with wonderful about it to be well worth reading. In point meaning and suggestion. To the latter of fact, until recently, the books that have class of readers the translation made half-a- been written about Spain have been almost century ago by Mr. Edward William Lane uniformly good, even down to the guidealways commends itself as the most scholarly books, which by the way are models of their that has ever appeared, and a new edition, kind. No traveller's handbook that was now before us, brings the work to even ever written can compare with the Murray's greater perfection. The work as now printed Spain compiled by the late Professor Ford, is based upon the original translation, anno- one of the most brilliant scholars and tated by the translator. This has been delightful writers of his time, and the handelited by his nephew, Mr. Edward Stanley- book by O'Shea, judged by the usual standard, Poolė, the well-known Orientalist, and to the is also a marvel of condensed information and whole has been prefixed a very interesting literary excellence. Both these books are introduction by his grand-nephew, Mr. Stan- worthy of a place in the library, quite apart ley Lane-Poole. The fine illustrations of from their value as guide-books, and when Harvey are retained in the new edition, and we look at their graphic descriptions, their we can find, in fact, but one feature in the pictures of Spanish life and character, and beautiful volumes to which we may take their scholarly review of the wonderful art exception, and that is the spelling. No and architecture of Spain, we are at a loss to doubt Mr. Lane, his nephew and grand- understand the raion d'etre of such books nephew, have all the best native authorities as Rambla-Spain, now before us. on their side when they write “ Wezeer,” To explain his peculiar title, the anthor, in

Memlook, "“ Mohammad 'Alee,” “Bashaw," his preface, asks himself the question, "Why etc., but so should we have if we wrote Rambla ?” He might have cone further and Livorno, for Leghorn, Anvers, for Antwerp, asked, Why Rambla-, pain at all? His book Aachen, for Aix la Chapelle, and München, for would be valuable if Spain had but just been DIunich, yet most people refrain from doing discovered, and if Irving and Prescott and 80 out of respect for ancient tradition-or Borrow and Ticknor and Stirling Maxwell perhaps because they don't know any better and Ford and O'Shea and a good many other At all events it is difficult to transfer one's observant travellers had not preceded him ; affections from the Vizier, Mameluke, Mo

a

66

1 Aralian Society in the liddle Ages, Studies from the

Thousand-and-One Nights. By EDWARD WILLIAM 1 The One-Thousand-and-One Nights : Commonly called LANE. Edited by his grand-nephew, STANLEY LANEin England the Arabian Nights' Entertainments. A new POOLE. Svo. pp. 280. London: (hatto & Windus. translation from the Arabic, by EDWARD WILLIAM 2 Rambla-Spain. By the Author of other countries. LANE. New Edition, 3 vols. 8vo. London: Chatto and

810. Pp. 233. London : SampWindus.

From Irun to (erbere.
son Low & (o.

1

but in literature there is only one chance to be true, than to reconcile ourselves to the for those who glein after the reapers, and saintly character given to Hugh Crow, the that is to improve upon them. The route slave-ship captain. followed in Kunbla-Spain is the usual one: from Paris to Madrid, then to Toledo and the Sotli, crossing to the East, and returning Half-hours with Some Famous Ambassadors 1 vid Barcelona to France.

is a somewhat misleading title, for we find that the half-hours referred to have not been

spent in conversation with living celebrities, Life on the Mississippi,' by Mark Twain, is but in reading about historical ones

. There a characteristic book of the type that made are eight chapters in the book dealing the author's reputation. It is full of extrava- respectively with Sir R. M. Keith and Qneen gancies, exaggerations, whimsicalities, and Carolina Matilda of Denmark; Talleyrand; not altogether free from the roughness that Gondomar and the Spanish Marriage; the seems too often associated with the Western Story of the Chevalier D'Eon; Metternich, humour. It is a rambling narrative, based Napoleon, and Maria Louisa ; Harley and the upon the author's actual experience as a

Court of Queen Anne; Alberoni, Cardinal Mississippi pilot, and the old characters and and Adventurer; Lord Malmesbury and scenes he met with under those circum- | Queen Caroline. The sketches are of course stances and later when revisiting the famous only outlines, for the book is a small one, but river and renewing his early impressions. they give a fair notion of what the various After his usual fashion, he never misses an people were and what they accomplished. opportunity to branch off from his main subject and introduce a story or a disquisi

My Watch Below; or, Yarns Spun ulen tion that has no connection with the Missis- off Duty, is not only one of the most fascinsippi. In one case he brings in a very clever ating of Mr. Clark Russell's many stories of and forcible plea for cremation, in the form the sea, but it serves a higher purpose. In of a story about a hopeless bankrupt who simple, straightforward words he has porleaps into sudden prosperity by becoming an trayed certain grievous abuses which have undertaker. He has curious stories to tell been permitted to exist on shipboard for about steamboats and gamblers and raftsmen years, unchecked, and of which the publicat and river characters of many peculiar types, large have little suspicion, though from time and he describes the picturesque old city of to time a melancholy shipwreck or mutiny New Orleans, with its various anomalies of brings on an investigation which for the race and climate and architecture, its famous moment calls attention to perils and hardcarnival, and some of his entertaining ex- ships sailors are often needlessly subjected periences there. But the opening chapters, to. Such a picture, for example, as is drawn in which he gives a description of the river in his sketch of “A trip in a Collier,” is and some account of its history and wan

almost past belief; yet one has only to sail derings, are the most interesting of all, and down the Thames to find evidence cnough of his quaini hwnour is never so effective as the reckless overloading that is still practised when dealing with grave history and ro

in sea-going vessels, in spite of all the mance and legend.

“Plimsoll's Mark " legislation of a few years

back. Old tubs of one hundred and fifty tons Footlights 2 is not an inappropriate title for burden that are loaded with two hundred and a book which throws light on various phases fifty tons are by no means rare, and of course of life, and shows a new scene in every they are so low in the water that, as Mr. chapter ; especially when the author happens Russell says, “sitting on the covering board to be a theatrical manager. Mr. Hollings- would have put my feet in the water." In head possesses a versatile as well as prolific another chapter he draws a vivid sketch of pen, and his book is made up of stories, the overcrowded steerage of an emigrant sketches, and prose satires, brought together ship, where in case of rough weather the from his contributions to a dozen periodicals, summit of human misery apparently would wlrose titles are given. There are many have been reached, and where at any time clever bits from Punch, whose authorship it the total lack of privacy would be shocking is interesting to find established, there are to all modest minds. In a chapter, entitled love stories, and pathetic studies of life-below- " The Middy's Yarn," he shows up the stairs, and comic stories, and descriptive egregious swindle sometimes practised on sketches. One of these last, which is told lads, whose parents have paid handsome with apparent seriousness, is as remarkable sums to apprentice them on board merchant a narrative as we have ever read in fact, we ships. The instruction in seamanship and tind it for easier to believe in the reality of navigation the middies are given consists in some of the love stories, that do not profess

1 Half-hours with I Life on the Mississippi. By MARK TWAIN. over 300 illustrations.

London :

2 My Watch Below; or, Yarns Spun when off Duty. By potlights, By John HoLLINGSHEAD.

12mno. pp. 249. London: Sampson Low London: Chapman & Hall.

With

Some

Famous Ambassadors. By
GEORGE BARNETT SMITH. 8VO. Pp336.
T. Fisher Unwin.

London:

Cr. 8vo. pp. 561.

Chatto & Windus.

Cr. 8vo.

A SEAFARER.
& C.).

PP. 335.

ENGLISH.

daily practice at scrubbing the brass-work | portant that have apjeared within the past and greasing the masts, while the food given thirty days, or (in the case of foreign books) them is so repulsive that they sell to the whose publication has been reported in cook every available object in their kit in London within that time. X. E. signifies exchange for better fare. The story of The New Edition, and the prices marked are Wreck of the Indian Chiefis one of the those which would be paid in London : most thrilling descriptions we have ever read, and there are others hardly less so. Most of the sketches included in the book, if not all of them, have been previously printed The Land of the Incas. By W. H. D. in the columns of the Duly Te egraph.

Adams. 12mo. 35.

Academy Sketches. (From the exhibition Their Wedding Journey, by Mr. W. D. at Burlington House.) By H. Blackburn. Howells, which has recently appeared among 8vo. 2s. the charming reprints of American books Reports of Trials for Vurder by Poisoning. now being published by Mr. Douglas, of By Brown and Stewart. 8vo. 1:25. 6.1. Edinburgh, was one of Mr Howells' earliest Cassell's Book of Out-iloor Amusements. books. It is the story of a journey from 8vo. 9s. Boston to Niagara, by two young people who Law of Electric-Lighting. By Cunynghave just been married, but have resolved ham. Royal 8vo. 12s. 6d. not to let anything in their deportinent Italian Journeys. By W. 1). Howells. betray the fact. The scenery through which (American reprint.) 2 vols. 32mo. 23. they pass, the little incidents by the way, Flouer-Painting in Watti-(0'our. By and the personality of the two characters, Hulme. 4to. 58. which is made to gradually leak out in the Norham Custle. (History.) By H. S. H. course of the narrative, are drawn with the Jerningham. 8vo. 10s. 61. same light touched realism that one finds in Borly and Will.

By H. Maudsley. (A all Mr. Howells' writings. There is, of course, scientific treatise.) 8vo. 12s. no plot to the story, and no tragedy deeper Story of the Old Catholic and Kindre Vlorethan a transient lovers' quarrel; and the ments. By Scarth. Cr. 8vo. 3s. Gil. incident is of the slightest, but it is sketched British Angling Flies. By J. Theakston. with a refined playful humour that is Cr. 8vo. 5s. delightful.

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The Jaclise Portruit Gallery.

By W. But a good deal of preparatory experience Bates. 8vo. 7s.6il. has first to be gone through, of which we are History of England. By S. R. Gardiner. not at liberty to speak further than that it N. E. Vol. ii. Cr. 8vo. Os. is described in a fresh, spirited style, with a By the Gate of the Sea. (A novel.) By suspicion of humour visible at times. At D. C. Murray. 2 vols. Cr. 8vo. 1's. the close everybody goes on board a yacht, The Purador of Acting. By W. H. Pollock. and the details of the cruise are given in the Cr. 8vo. 1s. 61. form of quotations from the log-book. The The Law of Sex. By G. B. Starkweather. log-book, unfortunately, tries to be funny, 8vo. 16s. and comes very near being idiotic.

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Mary amb. (Biography.) By Vrs. GilBy BLANCHE WILLIS HOWARD. 32mo. pp. 316. Edinburgh: David Douglas.

christ. Cr. 8vo. 3s. Oll.

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FRENCH.

Editor's Distorical Record.

THE BRITISH EMPIRE.

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and his seat in spite of the order of the

House forbidding him, a motion that the UR Record extends from July 9 to Serjeant-at-Arms should exclude Mr. BradAugust

laugh from the House was carried by 232 to July 9.-Resolution in the Lords that the 65. militia should be recruited up to its estabı- July 12.-Meeting at Willis's Rooms to lished strength, and a militia reserve be form a Society to promote the construction formed in excess of the military establish- of harbours of refuge on the coasts of the ment.

United Kingdom. In the Commons, the Pri Minister July 13.-Corrupt Practices Bill passed having received a letter from Mr. Bradlaugh, through Committee of the House of Commons. to the effect that he should take the oath Convicts removed to Tralee and Mountjoy

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