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KEN'S MYSTERY.-A STORY ..
....Julian Hawthorne 925
LONDON.-See “ Artistic London.”
William H. Rideing 165
..Zadel Barnes Gustafson 890
..Harriet Prescott Spofford 128
......J. T. Headley 651
.II. P. Johnston 900
Last Boat-Load of British leaving New York....... 909 George Clinston and Mrs. Clinston.....
Bull's lead Tavern.......
912 John Rodgers....
916 The British Fleet ready to leave New York.....
.W. R. Grace 609
. Montgomery Schuyler 557
Zadel Barnes Gustafson 688
S. S. Conant 544
OPERA HOUSE, THE METROPOLITAN (INustrated).
.M. Schuyler 877
..E. Mason 538
Rose Hawthorne Lathrop 503, 696
Herbert E. Clarke 608
.Mrs D. H. R. Goodale 240
F. E. Prendergast 936
J. B. Thompson 617
II. Sutherland Edwards 99, 188
..Charles Reade 94
. Rebecca Harding Davis 623
..Robert Browning 266
Wallace Bruce 374
TOWN GARDEN, A.--A POEM.....
.Margaret Veley 405
UNUTTERED, A SONNET...
.John B. Tabb 98
Phil Robinson 705
The " Billet de Logement".
.T. W. Higginson 20
Washington refusing a Dictatorship.
Nora Perry 616
George Cary Eggleston 292
Tighe Hopkins 770
Rig of American Sloop..
143 Relative Dimensions of American Sloop and
..S. S. Conant 544
.Edgar Fawcett 935
T. B. Aldrich 453
Margaret Veley 405
Victor Hugo 827
Herbert E. Clarke 608
...M. C. Bradley 876
John B. Tabb 98
Nora Perry 616
NEW MONTHLY MAGAZINE.
No. CCCXCVII.—JUNE, 1883.- VOL. LXVII.
LAMBETH PALACE, OR “YE ARCIIBISHOP'S INNE."* RIVER of many springs in its bright rock the archbishop's barge in its old
beginnings among the Cotswold moorings at the palace stairs, which has Hills, of many turnings as it gathers borne so many scholars and prelates bond depth and speed upon its pleasant way and free, so many kings and queens and through lush green fields, with farm- lordly retinues, to and from its portals. houses and sheep and browsing kine, and And it is from the river, from the decks slopes where castles, palaces, and towers of the little steamers speeding by, that its of churches rise between the curving irregular outlines mass in most harmoniopens of the woods ; a river of many ous effect to the eye. bridges too, quaint spans of plank where The history of this stately pile, for upits bed is laid with rushes, ruddy of brick ward of seven centuries the home and the where the mills and weirs wax busy, and official seat of the Archbishops of Cantersombrely grand of well - massed stone bury, is not only the story of the English where the towns have thickened to its Church in its amities and enmities with verges: such is the river Thames, until the Church of Rome; of the archiepiscoat last, wider and swifter and muddier pates of more than fifty primates during much, yet fair with sky hues still, and England's most contentious period of civvery hard worked with every sort of craft il, political, and religious evolution; and that plies for trade or floats for pleasure, in its motley structure a record of the art it comes rushing in to London town, stay- and architectural changes of the ages
that ing its force a little as it nears the walls have produced it; but it is a romance of of beautiful old Lambeth Palace, thence court and cloister as strange in its tragic swirling demurely across to the steps of verities, in the crimes and virtues of its the towers of Parliament, as if it cherish- actors, the splendor and the shadow of its ed recollections of the days when church scenes, as the most improbable of modern and state, when mace and mitre, wrought tales. their decrees in the jealous intimacy of Its Saxon name, originally spelled Lammuch conflicting lust of power; then hur- hethe or Lamehithe, signified “dirty starying on beneath the arches of Westmin- tion,” which it must have been before the ster Bridge to join its crowded water life present Thames Embankment was built. to the crowded shore life of certainly the One spelling, Lambhyd, “or lambs' harlargest, perhaps the loveliest, surely the bor," had apparently no other foundation saddest, city in the world.
than that of an æsthetic impulse shrinkIn describing the palace of Lambeth it is ing from the former meaning. natural to speak, and even to speak first, In very early times Lambeth was a royof this fine river, still flowing so near it, al manor—the Saxon kings lived there, which used to wash its very walls, and and it was part of the estate of the Count
ess Goda, sister of Edward the Confessor. It is a pleasure to publicly acknowledge my
It changed hands during the Saxon-Dandebt to His Grace the late Archbishop of Canterbury ish wars, but later came to its own again. and his family for their kind attention and courtesy; There is no certain account of what Goda's to bishops and canons of the English Church for palace was like, but discussion and deeds valuable information ; to the officials of the British Museum, especially to Mr. C. 1. Coote and Mr. J. P. of conveyance show that it stood on the Andersen, and to Miss Frances Hays, who most kind. present site of Lambeth. ly assisted me in my researches. Z. B. G. As a home for the archbishops, Lam
Entered according to Act of Congress, in the year 1883, by Harper and Brothers, in the Office of the Librarian of Congress, at Washington.
VOL. LXVII.-No. 397.-1
beth, in those days out of the see of Can- | 28th of May, 1533, while this most woterbury-was a kind of protest on the part manly wife and queen was still living, of the English Church against the Church the marriage of her faithless husband of Rome, and the initiative in this reces- with the Lady Anne Boleyn was confirmsion was taken by Archbishop Baldwin, ed by Cranmer—that same Cranmer who who could not get on” with the monks gave to the clergy the oath assigning the of Canterbury, and chose, with the coun- royal succession to her heirs, yet only tenance of Henry II., a site at Hacking-two years later, when seated judicially in ton, where he could bring around him a the under-chapel (crypt) of the palace, chapter of canons apart from them. This annulled the marriage itself, having artscheme had the favor df a papal bull, but fully tempted the captive and already jealousy quickly got that revoked, and at sentenced queen to avow some just and Baldwin's death the monks pulled down lawful impediment to her marriage with his chapel.
the king," in the hope of avoiding the Some years later Lambeth—“there be- stake for herself and her adherents. From ing reserved only a small piece of land that dark crypt the miserable young sufficient to erect a mansion for the Bish- queen, dishonored by the king, betrayed ops of Rochester whenever they came to by her highest earthly spiritual adviser, Parliament”– became by legal process of and forced to affirm in her own disgrace exchange the sole property of the see of the disinheritance of her offspring, went Canterbury, and a successor of Archbish- forth only to the scaffold, and the third op Baldwin, about 1197, began to rebuild day after her beheading, her maid, Jane thereon. Once more the froward cowls Seymour, took her place as the wife of of Canterbury drew down on this design Henry VIII. three successive papal anathemas, but It is strange reading that in the very though his work was destroyed, the arch-next year (1537), by virtue of the Royal bishop staid on at Lambeth without his Commission, various conventions of the college and canons; and that, after its archbishops and bishops were held at final transfer to the see of Canterbury, Lambeth to “devise the Godly and Pious Lambeth was the fixed dwelling of the Disposition of a Christian Man," known primates is plain from the consecutive to history as the Bishops' Book. record of their activities. It is believed And it seems not so inscrutable as many that the consecration of Thomas à Becket of the so-called acts of Divine Providence took place here, and that as many as five that these meetings should have been dishundred consecrations occurred between persed by the plague, “persons dying even the archiepiscopates of Warham and Sum- at the palace gate.' That strange man, ner, and though these ceremonies now the eighth Henry, once came in his barge more frequently occur in the Abbey, St. to the foot of the "Water Tower," and callPaul's, and elsewhere, Lambeth Palace is ed his tool Cranmer down the stairs to not less the original centre of Anglican tell him of certain plottings of Bishop Church life.” Among accounts of many Gardiner and other of Cranmer's enemies, feasts and assemblies are details of two and put him in the way of triumpbing very large conventions of church, state, over them. university, and law dignitaries banquet- Among other royal visitors of the past ing most luxuriously at “ye Archbishop's have been Queen Mary, who often called Inne” at Lambeth in 1408 and 1446; for on her favorite Cardinal Pole, and is said in spite of the struggle between Rome and to have completely furnished the palace the English episcopate it had its cardi- for him; and Queen Elizabeth, who frenals, and because they were learned men quently visited Archbishop Parker, whom in times when few were so, they often she warmly liked in spite of his having a held state and judicial offices, and there wife, a married prelate being the gravest were eleven Lord Chancellors among them incongruity in her eyes. There is a funduring the fourteenth and fifteenth cen- ny account of her behavior when parting turies. Of course the prestige of the from them after one of these visits. She great influence this gave them with both had been entertained with much devotion church and state still attaches to the and luxury, and could not help feeling primacy. In 1501, Catherine of Ara- grateful even to Mrs. Parker. · Madam gon rested here with her ladies on her I may not call you," said the maiden first coming to England; and here, on the queen, “and mistress I must not call you; yet, though I know not what to call you, chapel. Portions of the palace show I do thank you."
great antiquity, though it is not known Another queen came to the palace, not whether any of it is of the actual Saxon as a guest, but as a fugitive. On the 9th fabric of the Countess Goda, or whether of December, 1688, James II.'s unfortunate her palace was identical with that reportwife, the beautiful Mary of Modena, in the ed to have been repaired by Archbishops disguise of an Italian washer-woman, came Langton and Hubert Walter. Certainly flying from Whitehall, through dreadful it fell into decay until the advent (1216) of wind and rain, in a little open boat, across Archbishop Boniface. the Thames to the foot of the Water Tower, This Boniface must have been a very with her six-months old child, the future choleric and doughty fellow.
While on "Pretender," in her arms, rolled up as a a visit to the priory of St. Bartholomew, bundle of linen. The coach in which she in Smithfield, he entered into a spontaneexpected to go on to Gravesend was not ous and deadly wra
vrangle with its prior there, and she hid in the angle of the tow- and canons over some simple matter, and er till it came and she could make her when the indignant canons unclerically escape.
but manfully fell upon him tooth and Queen Victoria visited the palace dur- nail, he, after much and telling usage of ing the primacies of Archbishops How- his powerful fists and scathing tongue, ley, Sumner, and Longley, and the late fled away to Lambeth. There he got the archbishop, Dr. Archibald Campbell Tait, king's ear against the canons, and actually received the Prince of Wales at Lambeth. excommunicated them. Pope Urban IV.
In sailing down the Thames the oldest viewed the matter, however, in another portions of the palace are first to meet the light, and bade Boniface, in expiation of eye—the tower of the parish church, close his outrageous conduct, restore and into those of the fine Gate-house, the roof crease the Lambeth Palace. and west façade of the Great Hall (Jux- Some authorities think Boniface's preon's), Lollards' Tower, the lesser tower, decessor did the actual work upon borand the graceful lancet windows of the rowed sums, while Boniface boasted that