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ITALY.

Luther quater-centenary on the 10th of of the burning of Alexandria, Saleiman Sami, November. Floods in Silesia and the Polish who directed the incendaries, was hanged. provinces have caused much damage at the June 9.-The Khedive's Government has end of June.

received claims for compensation to the amount of a million and a quarter. Fighting

against the false prophet in the Soudan King HUMBERT's administration has been continues, but nevertheless a Commission actively employed in revising its commercial has been formed by the Government to treaties. New engagements with England, examine plans for a Soudan Railway. The Germany, and Switzerland are included ex-Khedive, Ismail Pacha, is at present in among those already settled, and a Committee London. nominated jointly by the Government and

MISCELLANEOUS the Chambers is charged with the duty of framing a revised Customs tariff. The new

June 19.-Trial of ten Jews begun at duties will come into effect in 1886, before Tisza-Esslar, in the Tokay district of Hunthe expiration of the first term of the recently- gary, for the alleged murder of a Christian concluded treaties.

girl whom they were said to have sacrificed A melancholy accident occured, June 24, in connection with religious rites. The trial in a village hall on Lake Como, forty-seven

is proceeding. persons being burned to death at a marrio- Amsterdam caused damage to the amount of

June 20.-A fire in the royal dockyard at nette performance. After the building was alight the ill-fated people barricaded the three or four million florins. doors against the crowd outside, whose

July 2.–Fifteen sealing ships reported icewarning cries they misunderstood for threats. bound off Newfoundland. At Brindisi, July 8, the mob, in their fear

July 8.—Cholera reported to have broken of cholera being imported from Egypt, pre

out at Swatow and elsewhere in China, vented the overland mails from being landed.

SCIENCE AND PROGRESS.

The following topics under this head have TURKEY AND THE EAST.

been brought to public notice within the In the Sultan's dominions insurrection is past month : still rampant. During the month conflict- The new bridge over the Niagara is being ing reports have come almost daily from so constructed that passengers can see the Albania. The Catholic tribes there have cataract while they are still two miles away. addressed appeals for help to Austria Workmen are busily employed night and and other Powers, but without result. day in its erection. The lower foundation In Armenia violence and rapine are still is composed of the concrete invented by practised with comparative impunity on the Beton Coignet, the French Engineer, and a Christian population, but the very strong pressure of 18,000 pounds to the square inch language employed by Lord Dufferin in is said to be its sustaining capacity. reply to a memorial from Armenians in The solar eclipse of the 6th June was London is said to have reawakened the clearly observed by the English, American, Porte to a consciousness that reforms must and Continental astronomers, stationed on be undertaken. Still these long-promised Caroline Island. Successful observations reforms are delayed. The interference of the were also made by Professors Janssen and Turkish Government with British vessels Tachini. Several good photographs were engaged in the coasting trade in Asiatic obtained of the corona, the flash, and the Turkey is said to have produced a strong coronal spectrum. remonstrance from the British Government. In England, the Select Committee apA wholesale migration of the Mohometan pointed to consider the Manchester Ship population of Roumelia and Bulgaria into Canal Bill have passed the preamble and Turkish territory is taking place, the object clauses preparatory to bringing the subject being to avoid the military conscription. before the House of Commons. In Egypt politics have given place to pre- At a Conference held in London to concautions against cholera. The disease broke sider the administration of Hospitals, Mr. out, June 26, at Damietta, and many hun- H. C. Burdett read a paper on the “ Present dreds of natives, with about fifty Europeans, Financial Difficulties of the Metropolitan have perished. Since July 1 the epidemic has Hospitals." Amongst other things he adsomewhat abated, but it is still severe. The vocated a fearless statement as to whether chief measure of the Egyptian Government the balance sheet of each was good or bad, has been to enclose the infected districts by saying that if the work were good, that in a military cordon, and starvation is said to itself strengthened the appeal they could have been added to the other miseries of the make to the public for its support. The wretched inhabitants. At Alexandria one financial difficulties of many of the meor two isolated cases occurred, and there tropolitan hospitals, which are more than was speedily a complete exodus of the a hundred in number, were found to be dewealthy population to Europe. In respect plorable; in nine of the large ones there had been a deficiency of £28,000 in their funds these points. No fees are to be required for one year. As a remedy it was recom- from students; those being eligible who have mended that the area from which each been accredited by a University of the hospital drew its subscriptions should be United Kingdom, or by the authorities localised, and that each individual who of the British Museum, or the Royal resided within it should be asked to con- Academy. tribute. Sir Rutherford Alcock, K.C.B., DR. SAMUEL KINNS, F.R.A.S., has lately spoke on the same subject, and strongly delivered in the galleries of the British urged the necessity of a Royal Commission Museum an interesting lecture upon the empowered to inquire into these matters. Assyrian Antiquities gathered there. He

In America, the Railway Exposition held described the vast size and magnificence of in Chicago has excited much interest. This the destroyed cities, their wonderful palaces exhibition is the largest and most complete and temples, and the means employed in of its kind ever attempted. The building fortifying them, and in conclusion paid a and its annexes temporarily erected cover warm tribute to the untiring labours of Mr. more than eleven acres of ground. The Smith and Sir Henry Rawlinson in unravellocomotive attracting the largest amount of ling and translating so many interesting attention is a "Mastodon,” built by the inscriptions, verifying in a remarkable way Cooke Locomotive Works of Patterson, New certain portions of the Old Testament. Jersey. It is one of the largest in the world, It is probable that the authorities of the and weighs 93 tons, has twelve wheels, British Museum will not, after all theirefforts, carries 3000 gallons of water, and 12,000 become the possessors of the well-known pounds of coal, and the length of the entire Ashburnham MSS., as the Government deengine is 64 feet. It was built for the cline to give more than £70,000, which is Southern Pacific Railroad, and upon the £20,000 less than Lord Ashburnham declose of the Exhibition will continue its way mands. to the scene of its future labours. There is A Loan exhibition of old masters, which also special interest manifested in the South has been opened in the rooms of the Scottish annexe, a part known as the “ Old Curiosity Academy, is very complete, containing many Shop,” where are gathered together many pictures of great value. interesting engineering relics, including the A COLLECTION of Autographs chiefly first locomotives and passenger carriages British, but including 500 letters of Longused on American railways.

fellow, has been presented by the English In Paris, Professor Bureau has succeeded Longfellow Committee to an American Comthe late M. Ducaisne as director of the mittee, and will be placed in a permanent Jardin des Plantes. Professor Dieulatait exhibition at Boston, United States. recently lectured at the Sorbonne on the “POE COTTAGE," an old-fashioned farmorigin of metalliferous veins, his theory house in the suburbs of New York, in which being that these minerals have been ex- Edgar Allen Poe wrote the Raven, Annabel tracted by sea water from the older rocks. Lee, and other famous poems and tales, has

In Italy, the Cagliari Exhibition, which just been sold by auction for 5700 dollars. was to have been held in May, has been A cherry-tree near the house bears the poet's postponed till November. The Exhibition is name cut into the bark, but the growth of to consist chiefly of apparatus for the drain- the tree has distorted the letters. age and irrigation of land, two subjects In Pittsburg, Pennsylvania, the old Fort which are of great importance in Italy, and Duquesne block-house, a curious historical especially in Sardinia.

relic, has been discovered in the centre of

the town, and it is proposed to purchase it, ART AND ARCHÆOLOGY.

with the surrounding land, which will be

converted into a public park. The Prince of Wales having evinced much In Paris the Salon has closed its doors. interest in the scheme explained by Professor Among other attractions two novel exhibiJebb in an article in The Fortnightly Review, tions have lately been opened, a Japanese recently presided at a meeting, held at Salon, displaying native talent, and an inMarlborough House, for the purpose of teresting collection of Rousseau relics. founding a British School of Archaeological A vast panoramic picture, depicting all the Studies in Athens. Among those present principal events of the century, and including were the Duke of Devonshire, Lord Gran- portraits of its celebrities, is being painted ville, the Earl of Carnarvon, Lord Houghton, by MM. Carrier-Belleuse and Henri Gervex.. Mr. Gladstone, Sir Frederick Leighton, the An exhibition is shortly to be opened in Dean of Westminster, Professors Campbell Vienna illustrating the progress of Art in and Sidney Colvin, and Mr. Matthew Arnold. engraving on wood, steel, and copper, etchThe object of the proposed school is to pro-ing, lithography, and the kindred arts. mote such investigations as will advance the Original paintings are to be excluded. knowledge of Hellenic history, art, and AT Corunna a bronze cannon, bearing the literature. It is also proposed to establish a British arms, with the initials G. R. and the library in the school, bearing directly on motto Honi soit, etc., dated 1797, has been

discovered imbedded in sand on the old the inventor of the screw-propeller, his first battle-field. It has been despatched to patent being dated 1849. England as a memento of the Peninsular In London, the Hon. Simeon Jacobs, War.

C.M.G., aged 53. He was called to the 'bar An International Art Exhibition has been in 1852, practised in the Home Circuit till opened in Munich, containing over two 1860, and he held the various posts of Attorthousand pictures. Among the English ney-General for British Kaffraria, Solicitorcontributors are Messrs. Alma-Tadema and General, Attorney-General, and finally Judge H. Herkomer.

of the Supreme Court of the Cape, retiring Ar Aix-la-Chapelle a fire has destroyed in 1881 after an arduous career. the ancient turret of the Town Hall, in which In London, Henry S. Leigh, aged 46, an many German kings were crowned amidst accomplished dramatist, poet, linguist, and the rejoicings of the princes and electors musician; author of Carols of Cockayne, who formerly composed the German con- Gillott and Goosequill, A Town Garland, federation.

Strains from the Strand, etc. His father was The Royal Schauspielhaus is now under- ( an artist, a pupil of Etty, and at one time going thorough repair, and is to have a new master of an Art School in London. facade. A large amount has been granted In London, the Rev. William Josiah by the Emperor for the decoration of the Irons, D.D., Prebendary of St. Paul's and Royal Theatres..

Rector of St. Mary Woolnoth. MANY. Egyptian antiquities have lately June 20.-At Bishopstowe, South Africa, been found in Rome. At the request of the Bishop Colenso, aged 70. The Right Rev. Roman Archæological Commission, Signor John William Colenso, D.D., Bishop of Natal, Lanciani began an excavation in the Via S. was born in 1814, educated at St. John's, Ignazio, and at a depth of about 6 mètres Cambridge, where he distinguished himself discovered a basalt sphinx of Egyptian de- by his assiduity and learning. Soon after he sign, which is believed to be an effigy of took orders in the Church of England, and Amasis, of the XVth dynastry. Near to became one of the assistant masters at this spot a portion of an obelisk has been Harrow School. It was in November 1853 found, and the name of Rameses II. is said that he was elected first Bishop of Natal, to be visible on its base.

and in 1862, it may be said, he first made The publication has been announced of a himself famous by the publication of his very beautiful and interesting series of plates theological work entitled The Pentateuch and engraved in mezzotint from drawings by Book of Moses Critically Examined, at once Thomas Girtin. Curiously enough, though raising a storm of controversy and disapthe plates were engraved in 1823-1824, no proval. During his long career in Natal he impressions of them seem ever to have been endeared himself to the natives, especially printed, and Girtin's grandson, who has the the Zulu's, whose ardent champion he became, original drawings of some of them, learned and for whom he published a grammar as only recently of the existence of the plates. well as the New Testament in their native In character and subject the Liber Naturæ, tongue. In 1874 he visited England, but as the collection is called, immediately sug- was debarred from preaching in their regests the Liber Studiorum of Turner, pre- spective dioceses by the Bishops of Oxford, served in the National Gallery. The two Lincoln, and London; he preached, however, artists were in fact rivals, and many people at Oxford, and elsewhere, to crowded conin their day considered Girtin the greater of gregations. His last work was a book upon the two, while Turner himself is quoted as the “Moabite Stone." saying, later on, “Had Tom Girtin lived I June 21.-In London, Henry Frederic should have starved.” The Liber Naturæ, Turle. Since the death of Dr. Doran Mr. which consists of thirteen mezzotint land- Turle has acted as editor of Notes and scapes, folio size, and a portrait of Girtin, Queries. engraved by Reynolds, is to be published by June 23.-In London, Sir William Knollys, Messrs. Neill, of Haddington.

K.C.B., Gentleman Usher of the Black Rod, aged 87. He entered the army in 1813, and

served until 1866, when he retired, and OBITUARY.

accepted the position of Controller and June 14.-At Newport, U.S.A., the Rev. Treasurer to the Household of the Prince of Charles Brooks, aged 70. He translated Wales. many works from the German, including June 24.-At Gibraltar, Sir James CochGoethe's Faust, some of the works of Schiller, rane, Chief Justice of Gibraltar, aged 87. Hans Sachs, and others.

He held his judicial appointment there for June 15.---At Darlington, John Barnett, 36 years. the first railway porter ever employed in Gustave Aimard, aged 65, writer of ropassenger traffic. He accor nied George mantic Indian stories. He began life as a Stephenson in his trial trip with the old cabin-boy, which post he abandoned for a "No.1" Engine.

life of adventure in America, from which June 16.-In London, Robert Griffiths, he afterwards drew many of his plots.

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June 26.-At Richmond, General Sir aged 73, Roman Catholic Archbishop of Edward Sabine, aged 94. He entered the St. Andrews and Edinburgh. service in 1803, served in the American In Dublin, the Rev. Thomas Burke, the War 1813-1816, and was subsequently em- celebrated Dominican preacher and orator, ployed by the Government in various scien- familiarly known as “Father Tom Burke." tific investigations. In 18 he became In Glenes, Scotland, Captain Farquhar, President of the Royal Society, which post aged 75. For eleven years he held the aphe retained until 1871.

pointment of surgeon to the British ConJune 27.-In London, William Spottis- sulate at Alexandria. He was present at woode, aged 59. He was officially the the fall of Sebastopol, and received the Queen's Printer, but was best known as a Crimean medal and clasp. savant. The wide range of his studies may July 5.--In London, the Duke of Marlbe gathered from the honours showered borough, aged 61. He was Lord Lieutenant upon him; he was elected a Fellow of the of Oxfordshire, a Prince of the Holy Roman Astronomical, Royal, Geographical, Asiatic, Empire, and at one time Viceroy of Ireland. and Ethnological Schools. The honorary As descendant of the first Duke of Marldegree of LL.D. was conferred upon him by borough he enjoyed a pension of £5000 a the Edinburgh University, and at the time year, the Palace at Blenheim, and the manor of his death he was President of the Royal of Woodstock. The successor to the title is Society. He contributed to many English George, Marquis of Blandford, who was born and foreign journals.

in 1844. The late Duke's second son is Lord July 2.-At Edinburgh, Dr. John Strain, Randolph Churchill.

A

Editar's Draper. UGUST, notwithstanding its robust on the spot that, if excited, makes a man

name, is a sort of flabby, watering- willing to pay his debts, and on the spot place month. It is fly time, it is dog-days where exists the impulse to forgive our time, it is flirtation time. It is a period of debtors if our creditors will forgive us; but general listlessness and indecision. It is no one can tell how it is that if a thought is said to be difficult in August to make up the dropped into the brain overnight, and left to mind either to accept Augustus or reject simmer there, and, indeed, remains for a him. And, worse still, it is apt to be the time wholly unheeded, it will be found, latter part of the month before he makes up when again called up, to have blossomed his mind to propose. Indeed, to speak of into a sermon, or an essay, or a magazine making up the mind at all in August is paper worth two guineas a page. I know & nearly absurd, for there is no mind to make clergyman who is obliged to set his sermon up. Nature and people-if the expression overnight in this way, exactly like a baker's may be permitted-feel seedy. Inland it is dough, or it will not rise in the morning. muggy, on the sea-coast it is foggy. In the The little idea seems to be yeast, and that cities all the taste has gone out of life; even furnished, the brain will go on unconsciously, in the hills everybody is languid, and and work out the rest itself. The trouble disposed to lounge on piazzas. The world, with a good many sermons and essays is like the garden, owns itself played out. The that they have no yeast in them. Perhaps days are growing short again, and it might August, which seems so stupid, is the be expected that the intemperate heat of yeast month of the year, and perhaps this July would abate, but the heat continues, is the reason that so many authors find although it is not the clear sun-heat of the September the most fruitful month of the lusty growing season, but a sort of oven-heat year. steaming up from the earth. It is the month to get away from everything, especially from August is also lawyers' vacation, and one's self. Even the churches slow down. their clients have a rest, and an opportunity

to settle up their differences in an amicable Yet there are good things about August. way. When the lawyers quit the ship it is The schools are shut up, the everlasting a sign that everybody else ought to go-to process of education is eased off, and a be off to the rocks by the sounding sea, if chance is given for the mind to stretch itself there is by that time a rock anywhere on our and grow a little naturally. People forget coast that has not a young lady sitting on it, that the mind needs those periods of semi- with a spread parasol and a novel in her doze in which to ripen. We understand all hand, and a still more interesting work of about the convolutions and the grey matter nature and art at her feet, talking to her of the brain, and know just where the languidly about friendship, and how you can memory cells are, and where lie the coils of know if two people are suited to each other, imagination and ideality, can put our finger | don't you know. It is the harvest month of the novelist, fór then, if ever, one wants a ALREADY the season has produced several novel-to put in the pocket in the woods, novelties in the base-ball line. A game has or to carry down to the beach, or to leave been played by electric light in the West. lying round with the split zephyr. People In Philadelphia a contest between a twowill buy novels in August, if they cannot legged, one-armed nine and a two-armed, borrow them, and if they are in cheap one-legged nine resulted in a victory for the editions. It is a nice holiday, August, just former, who now claim the cripple championbecause it has no vitality in it. Pity it ship of the world. A nine composed of cannot be more of a holiday to more people. coloured women is nearly ready to enter the For the shops ought to shut, and the banks, field. In New York a club has greatly and the life-insurance men ought to go off increased its gate receipts by putting å into the wilderness with the lightning-rod famous pugilist on exhibition as pitcher. men, and the canvasser ought to cease from This idea might be carried farther. A nine canvassing, and the weary be at rest. It made up of the wild Australian children as would be a good thing if the politicians the battery, the transparent-headed baby as would rest themselves and make no speeches; short stop, Zulus on the bases, and bearded they wouldn't make any if the speeches were women and living skeletons in the field, not reported. It might be a good thing if would go far toward satisfying even the all the newspapers would suspend. Then strongest craving for novelty. the world would have nothing to talk about, and perhaps would reposefully grow in grace The latest story of police efficiency comes and sanity.

from New Jersey. A small boy happened to be crossing a canal bridge in Newark just as

another small boy fell into the water. A THACKERAY Complained that he chose to policeman asked the boy on the bridge whether amuse himself with making pictures (for he he could swim. The boy said he could, and fancied himself a great artist), but that with great presence of mind the policeman people kept him busy writing stories when thereupon dropped him over the railing into he would sooner be drawing or painting: the canal. After a hard struggle the boy Bayard Taylor never fully reconciled himself who was dropped in succeeded in rescuing to the vocation of a prose writer. He the one who fell in. The policeman has not believed that the world should have de- yet been promoted for his bravery. manded nothing of him but poetry. Concerning this he used to tell a good story at

A PHILADELPHIA daily paper explains that his own expense. During his last lecturing trip through the Western States he was the

a“ newspaper man" is one who has been guest, in a small city, of the chairman of the writing editorials for eighteen or twenty lecture committee, a self-satisfied and pros- been a police reporter for about two weeks.

years, and a "journalist” is one who has perous citizen, who met Taylor at the train, A man who had grown grey in editorial work and carried him home to his own smartly furnished house. While waiting for the the directory as a printer.

was asked why he had himself put down in

“Because there evening repast the well-fed chairman said, with manifest pride, that probably Mr.

are so-so many editors,” he replied. Taylor did not remember him. No, Mr. Taylor did not..“Why,” said the chairman,

INSTEAD of being disposed to avoid disyou were here in this town ten years ago covery and notoriety, the man who has been this very winter, this very month, and supposed to be Number One is quite the stopped with me, as you are stopping now.” reverse. He recently sent for the newspaper Mr. Taylor professed his interest in the reporters, to tell them that he had nothing important fact. The chairman, glancing to say. around on the chromos, the new carpets, and the glittering white walls of his home, said,

In Indiana a railway train which runs at “Yes, you see I have been prospering since the rate of only thirty-seven miles an hour then. Yes, the world has been a pretty good is called the “Cyclone Express.” place for me. It has for you too, Mr. Taylor. I have watched your course ever since I got HUSBANDS are so stupid. The story in the acquainted with you, ten years ago, and I June Drawer of a man who went to town suppose I am one of the few people who with his wife to do errands, and was sorely have read everything you ever wrote.” perplexed at missing something on his re

“ What,” said Taylor, "everything?" turn, until he reached home and found he

“ Yes, sir, everything I could lay my hands had forgotten his wife, reminds somebody of on.”

woman in Philadelphia who gave her “ Then,” said Taylor, “perhaps you will husband six commissions to execute in New tell me what you think of my new poem, York. He telegraphed back that he had • Lars'?"

executed five and forgotten the last. It was “Oh I say,” exclaimed the man," do you an order for an illuminated sentence for a write poetry ?"

Sunday-school room. He was a good deal

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