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Editar's Historical

Historical Record.


his prolonged cruise on the North American THE BRITISH EMPIRE.

station. The Prince of Wales's elder son, UR Record extends from June 9 to July Albert Victor, is about to go into residence


at the University. In the British Empire the month has not Parliament has shown greater activity been unattended by anxieties from without than in the earlier part of its session. The and disasters at home, the latter, although House of Lords roused conflicting prejudices non-political, involving wholesale destruction to a high state of excitement by its inconof human life under exceedingly painful sistent course rith regard to the Bill for circumstances. The suffocation of 182 chil- legalising marriage with a Deceased Wife's dren in a public hall at Sunderland will rank Sister. The second reading of the measure among domestic calamities which become was carried by 165 votes against 158, chiefly historic, and the oversetting of the steamship by means of the support given it by members Daphne on the Clyde, and consequent of the Royal Family. Their lordships were drowning of 130 workmen, was another then thought to have finally settled the fatality equally unlooked for and lamentable. question, which has been in suspense for Politically, the month has been rife in many years, but on the third reading of the foreign complications, which, although not Bill a vigorous effort was made by the imminently serious, tended to disturb those minority, acting under the influence of the who are responsible for British policy. Bishops, and the Bill was thrown out by Internally, on the other hand, it has been a 145 votes against 140. The House of period of prosperity and promise. Queen Commons, after working for a considerable Victoria, having returned to Windsor, con- period under extreme pressure, has consented tinued to avoid the fatigues of State cere- to employ its whole time in the consideration monials, but the reports of Her Majesty's of business introduced by the Government, health witnessed to a gradual restoration of thus enabling the Ministry to proceed with a strength, and incidents arose, when, as was considerable proportion of the Bills they particularly the case with the Sunderland introduced at the beginning of the Session. calamity, the Queen's womanly sympathy Mr. Gladstone at the same time announced with her afflicted subjects brought her into his intention to persevere in an experiment, intimate relations with the outer world. undertaken with the object of relieving the "The Prince of Wales presided at various Legislature of some part of its duties, by Court entertainments, and also accompanied committing the detailed consideration of his younger son on board the Canada into technical Bills to Committees. the Channel when Prince George sailed for! Meanwhile, the bye-elections in the United

Kingdom have been generally favourable to formance in London Mr. Irving Bishop the Government, with one notable exception, claimed to have won £1000 from Mr. Labouthat of the return of Mr. Healy, an Irish chere, M.P., as forfeit upon a wager. Nationalist, for the Ulster county of Mona- Channel Tunnel Committee received evighan, which at the general election had dence from the Duke of Cambridge, comreturned a Liberal candidate by a large mander-in-chief of the British Army, against majority. But on this occasion Mr. Healy the construction of the tunnel. obtained 2276 votes and the Liberal candi- June 13.-Public celebration at Birmingdate only 274. Mr. Parnell, in discussing ham of the twenty-fifth year of Mr. John the election, declared it to be the precursor Bright's representation of the town in Parof a restoration of independent legislative liament. powers to Ireland. On the whole, Ireland June 14.-Mr. Gladstone's Government has shown increased tranquility. Emigra- announced their intention to resume the tion from the pauperised districts in the government of Basutoland, the Cape Colony West, which had been carried on actively with having been unable to maintain order there. Government aid and by help from private Penal servitude for life awarded to the sources, was checked by a decision of the dynamite conspirators, Thomas Gallagher, American Government, rejecting a large Whitehead, Wilson, and Curtin, who were number of the emigrants on the ground found guilty at the Old Bailey, London, of a that they were paupers.

In the Colonial treasonable plot for the destruction of public Empire, both the South African dependen- buildings in England. Bernard Gallagher cies and the Australian Governments have and Ansburgh, two of the men accused, were been to some extent at variance with the acquitted. Imperial authority. In South Africa the June 16.

Nearly two hundred children native question is at issue, and the Austra- suffocated in a crush on the stairs of the lian colonists are much moved by the refusal Victoria Hall, Sunderland, where they had of Mr. Gladstone's Government to sanction been present with 2000 others at an enterà policy of extension which would bring tainment. Oceania as a whole within the Empire. June 17.-Military riots at the Curragh

India is still agitated by the delay which Camp. attends the final decision of the authorities June 18.- Sir Stafford Northcote proposed upon the Ilbert Bill, by which natives would in Parliament to declare Mr. John Bright be rendered capable of exercising judicial guilty of breach of privilege for language authority over the Europeans. In England used at the Birmingham festivities respectas well as in India political agitation on this ing the Conservative party. Motion desubject has developed to considerable pro- feated by 151 to 117. portions. An outbreak of cholera in Egypt, Fisheries Conference opened by the Prince which spread panic among the maritime of Wales at the International Fisheries Expopulations bordering the Mediterranean, hibition. excited some apprehension at the English June 19.-Compulsory vaccination imports, but the Government decided to abide pugned in parliament by a motion of Mr. P. by the practice of the past fifty years and to A. Taylor, but upheld by a vote of 286 to 16. enforce no quarantine.

At the Fisheries Conference 2 paper on The Empire has been embroiled in petty British Fisheries, written by the Duke of warfare with natives of the West Coast of Edinburgh, was read by the Prince of Africa, and, nearer home, French journalists Wales. and politicians have continued to express June 20.--Celebration of Queen Victoria's jealousy with regard to their neighbour's 46th year of sovereignty. proceedings, more particularly in Egypt, June 22.-Collision off Portland between Oceania, and Madagascar. The difficulties the Hurunui and Waitara, in which the latter which arose respecting the Suez Canal are, sank, with loss of 25 lives. however, in course of friendly settlement, June 23.-Military guards, which had been M. de Lesseps having passed some time in stationed at the public buildings in London. London upon the invitation of the Govern- on account of the dynamite conspiracy, were ment, with the result that bases of agree- removed. ment for the construction of a second canal June 26.—Exlıibition of Irish lace opened have been arrived at.

at the Mansion House, London, by the Duke June 11.-Deceased Wife's Sister Marriage and Duchess of Connaught. Bill read a second time in the House of Lords, Severe earthquake shocks reported from by 165 votes against 158.

the West of England. First prize, International Chess Tourna- Meeting of Anglo-Indians in London to! ment, awarded to Dr. Zuketort.

protest against Government proposal giving James Carey, the approver in the Phænix native magistrates of India jurisdiction over Park tragedy, declared by the Irish Courts Europeans. not to have vacated his seat in Dublin Town Outbreak of cholera reported from DamiCouncil.

etta and other Egyptian towns, by which June 12.At a "thought-reading " per- British troops were endangered.


June 27.--Sir Charles Tupper, K.C.M.G., Premier that he would come to the House of High Commissioner for Canada, in succession Commons and take his seat, regardless of the to Sir Alexander Galt, arrived in London. prohibition of the House, is excluded by a

Oxford and Cambridge yearly cricket majority of 232 votes against 65 on the match at Lords'. Cambridge won by seven motion of Sir Stafford Northcote. wickets.

Mansey and Naughton sentenced to penal June 28.-Deceased Wife's Sister Marriage servitude at Sligo, for attempting to blow Bill rejected on third reading by House of up premises in Galway with dynamite. Lords-145. votes against 140.

James Carey, the approver of the Phænix June 29.-Irish emigrants refused by the Park trials, is reported to have been sent United States Government as paupers. out of Ireland clandestinely, having been

June 30.-Mr. Joseph Chamberlain, M.P., refused either the reward or the written presides at the annual dinner of the Cobden pardon which he claimed. Club, and comments upon the withdrawall July 10.-The Channel Tunnel scheme is of several Whig noblemen and gentlemen reported upon by the Joint Committee of from the Club, on the eve of his presidency. Lords and Commons. Six members out of

July 2.--Lord Derby announces in Par- ten are averse to the making of the Tunnel, liament that Government will not permit but on different grounds. the annexation of New Guinea by Queens- An arrangement between the British Govland.

ernment and the Suez Canal Company for Nationalist triumph at Monaghan election, the construction of a second canal is anMr. Healy being returned-voting, Healy nounced in Parliament. (Nationalist) 2276, Monroe (Conservative) 2011; Pringle (Ministerialist) 274.

July 3.-Disastrous fatality at the launch of the Daphne steamship, on the Clyde; the WHILE the full tide of prosperity witnessed vessel overturned, drowning 130 persons who in some past years is not shown by the were on board.

latest revenue statistics to have continued, July 4.- Manchester Ship Canal Bill the prospects of the coming harvest are passed the Parliamentary Committee. reported to be excellent, notwithstanding

Mr. Henry Irving entertained at a public the severe climatic influences of the recent banquet, the Lord Chief Justice of England months. Great storms have again been presiding, in recognition of his public services reported; in New England cyclones have as an actor and manager, he being about to occasioned much loss of life and property, visit America..

and similar losses have taken place in Iowa, Pigeon-shooting matches declared a nuis- Wisconsin, and Indiana from tornadoes. An ance by Mr. Justice Stephen.

international question of a practical but not July 5.—Rumoured annexation by France very difficult character has arisen in connecof the New Hebrides Islands between tion with the deportation of large numbers Australia and New Caledonia.

of poor people from the West of Ireland to Ironworkers' riots in Staffordshire. the States. Among them many were found Twenty thousand men“ on strike " assemble who had lately left poorhouses in Ireland, to coerce men who continue at work in face and were likely to become chargeable upon of reduced wages.

public funds in America, and the authorities · Queen Victoria holds the first investiture of the ports instituted a stringent examinaof the new order of the Royal Red Cross, tion of all third-class passengers landed. founded as a recognition of the services of No ill-will between the two countries resulted ladies in nursing the sick and wounded from this, and while communications were during war.

proceeding, American marksmen, who are to July 6.-General Booth, leader of the take part with a British team in the InterSalvation Army, is declared in the Court of national Match at Wimbledon, sailed for Queen's Bench to have forfeited for breach of England, where they have been hospitably covenant the Eagle Tavern, which had been received. purchased for twenty-thousand pounds by June 12.- Return of United States troops public subscription.

to Arizona, after a successful expedition Women's suffrage negatived in the House of against Apache Indians. Commons by a majority of 130 votes to 114. Tornadoes with loss of life reported from · July 7.-City of London College, for the the West. benefit of clerks and mechanics, which had June 25.-Pauper immigration from Irebeen erected at a cost of sixteen thousand land being reported to have taken place to a pounds, opened by the Prince of Wales. large extent, the Emigration Commission and The new College opens with four thousand port authorities at New York detain 200 students at evening and other classes. newly-arrived emigrants, of whom many are

July 9.-Twenty-fourth annual gathering afterwards returned to Europe. of rifiemen at Wimbledon ; the number of July 2.--Cyclone in New England. Fourvolumteers, present the greatest on record. teen persons killed.

Mr. Bradlaugh, having written to the July 3.--Messrs. Burne and Elam, news.

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paper editors at Richmond, Virginia, the June 17.-International velocipede meetlatter a candidate for the State Governor- ing at Bordeaux. ship, fought a duel, in which Elam was June 20.—Disturbances in South-western seriously wounded.

Tunis reported.

M. Jules Ferry, the Premier, opens the

Museum of the French Revolution at VerFRANCE.

sailles, in the tennis-court of the Palace, An aggressive colonial policy still appears where, on June 20, 1789, 635 National Deto absorb the energies of M. Jules Ferry's puties being excluded from parliament, began administration. Bills authorising the for the revolutionary movement. mation of a special corps for foreign service Jure 21.-Marquis Tseng, the Chinese have received the virtual assent of the Ambassador, has a protracted interview with Chambers, and large credits have been voted M. Ferry, to discuss a friendly settlement for military purposes, especially in connec- of the differences of China and France retion with the threatened outbreaks in Ton- specting Annam. quin, to which the melancholy death of June 23.-A letter from the Pope, reCommandant Rivière has directed attention. monstrating with the Republican GovernChina, as the suzerain of the Annamite king, ment upon its attitude to the Church, is has become involved in the differences of received by M. Grévy, President of the that potentate with the French, and during Republic. great part of the month the news from Paris Hospital chapels in Paris closed by order related mainly to the efforts of M. Challemel- of the Municipality. Lacour and the Chinese Ambassador, Marquis June 25.–Louise Michel, Anarchist leader, Tseng, to effect a settlement of the disputed sentenced to six years' imprisonment and ten questions. At the same time attention has years' police supervision, for participation in been directed to the military resources of a riot in Paris. the Pekin Government, which are vast though Malagasy envoys leave Paris, by M. Jules rude. The Chinese Government counter- Ferry's command, on their way to Madamanded the sailing of a new ironclad, the gascar. Everlasting Peace, which had been completed June 30.—Comte de Chambord, Legitimist by its order in England. In Tunis Si Slemari, pretender to the throne of France, reported the marabout who gave great trouble im- | to be dying at his Austrian home, Frohsmediately after the annexation, has declared dorf. his readiness to submit, but another leader, July 8.—Comte de Chambord receives the Si El Haffron, now heads the insurgent Arabs Orleans Princes at his bedside. of the South. Madagascar also continues to be the scene of French warfare. After taking possession of Majunga, on the north

GERMANY. coast, the French admiral forwarded an ACUTE conflict between Prince Bismarck ultimatum to the Queen of the Hovas, de- and the parliamentarians of Germany conmanding recognition of a French protectorate tinues to influence the Constitutional career over part of the island, payment of an indem- of the Empire. Because of these differences nity of 1,500,000 francs, and a modification the session of the German Parliament has of the Malagasy land laws in favour of sub- been abruptly closed. The Prince-Chanjects of the Republic. This not being con- cellor has succeeded in obtaining the acceded, the Admiral has seized Tamatave and ceptance of his plan for a biennial budget, other parts and reduced the island as far as but his great Social projects have been abanpossible to a state of siege. Dynastic ques- doned. It is stated, also, that the divisions tions which had been latent since Marshal between extreme parties in the State have MacMahon's resignation of the Presidency, become intensified, and that moderate polihave been revived by the news unexpectedly ticians have lost their influence. Serious received from Frohsdorf, in Austria, that the inferences are drawn from the sudden reComte de Chambord, the heir of the Bourbon tirement from political life of Herr Bennigkings, lay at the point of death. A pilgrim- sen, the most eminent of Constitutional age of the Orleans Princes to Frohsdorf at politicians in Germany, and leader of the once took place, and the Comte de Paris, National Liberal party. Prince Bismarck, head of that branch of the family, was however, has carried an amended Ecclesireceived with cordiality by his dying cousin. astical Law, which brings the Empire nearer

June 10.-M. L'Hoste, an aeronaut, at- to reconciliation with the Papacy. He has tempting to cross the English Channel in a also concluded treaties of commerce with balloon was blown to sea and eventually Italy and Madagascar, and arranged a meetrescued from drowning by a lugger in the ing between the Emperor and the King of German Ocean.

Denmark, the latter of whom is father-inJune 15.--Plans for augmentation of the law of the exiled heir to the Hanoverian French army with a view to the establishment throne, cousin of Queen Victoria. Germany of colonial forces submitted to the Chambers, at large, so far as it is Protestant, is preinvolving an outlay of 5,500,000 francs. paring for the forthcoming celebration of the

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