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politics, though his people were Republic to capture his engine, but he particularly ans, and he maintained a correspondence insisted on running it without the aid of with Clay, who was his friend. He seems the mob, and it happened soon afterward to have exercised unusual privileges, and that the company presented him with a to have been, though quiet and kindly, a gold watch and chain. Thus the man of trifle autocratic. Hostile to display in simple fidelity in mechanical trust condress, he made his parishioners conform tinues to guide across the mountain thouto a simple standard. Once, when a wo- sands of passengers who never hear of man came to church in, a low-necked him, close by the village where a man gown, the father, singing asperges and faithful to his spiritual trust lived, suffersprinkling the congregation with holy ed, served, and passed away. water, dashed a liberal supply of the liquid The mountain range has its share in afover her unprotected bosom, and passed fecting winds, and ought likewise to have grimly on. He remained in charge of the some influence on character. Amid the parish nearly half a century, refusing va- conflicting currents of change it remains rious bishoprics, and dying as a simple steadfast, full of recuperative virtue and mission priest in 1840. There remain the delightful harborage for repose.

All the lonely tomb, a big brick church, the two mighty human energies that have burrowschools, and the old weather-stained barn ed into and under it here and there do not which served him for a church, together essentially affect its primeval solitude and with a straggling village in the midst of freshness. One may ramble along the a silent, austere mountain-land. The ma- ridges, from either side of which rills flow terial results of that life are not over- away to reach the Susquehanna or the powering, but somehow the spirit of the Ohio, on the very dividing line of two prince-priest can not be got out of the air vast, populous tracts of States, and close to of the place.

the busy rails, yet may remain surroundEast of Cresson a profound ravine breaks ed by forests of hemlock, oak, chestnut, its way wildly from the heart of the mount- tulip-trees, cucumber-trees, wild cherry, ain to the lower valleys. It has acquired and forked pine. Nature in her grandest, the name of Allegrippus, from an engine most austere, yet most beneficent mood, which fell over a fifty-foot embankment man in his most indomitable one, meet there thirty years since. The driver was at this crossing. What they teach ought Thomas Ridley, who still commands one to impress the flying atoms of the nation of the Pennsylvania's locomotives. Dur- that daily are driven as by a wind-blast ing the riots of 1877 an attempt was made through the heart of the Alleghanies.

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AMERICAN HORSES. THRICE has the Blue Ribbon of the groaned out, “I have been trying for this,


Isthmian games, been carried off by steeds sympathizing Disraeli in vain strove to of foreign birth. The French Gladiateur, console his friend. “You do not know the Hungarian Kisber, the American Iro- what the Derby is ?" replied Lord George. quois, have beaten the best English horses “Yes, I do. It is the Blue Ribbon of the on the most famous English course. The Turf," was the answer. Perhaps we may Greek designation of the Epsom meeting say that there would have been neither is due to the classic tastes of Lord Palm- Isthmian games nor blue ribbons of the erston, the heraldic title of the race to the turf if General Gates had not been victoOriental fancy of Lord Beaconsfield. Old rious at Saratoga. Without that defeat Pam used to christen his horses out of General Burgoyne would not have sold the Æneid, to the dire confusion of honest his hunting-box at Epsom to Lord Derby, book-makers, who never could agree as to and without the possession of that huntthe pronunciation of the name of Priam's ing-box by that nobleman there would splendid daughter Ilione, the winner of have been no Derby race. Epsom first the Cesarewitch. It was therefore quite became famous for its Epsom salts, and in keeping with the character of the Eng- the fashion and beauty of London used to lish Premier to move “that the House do flock to the little Surrey village to drink adjourn over Wednesday, to allow honor- the waters. Our gossiping friend Pepys able members to be present at our Isth- was there, and “did drink four pints." mian games.” When Lord George Ben- He found there Nell Gwynne, Sir Charles tinck quitted the turf for the House of Sedley, and other reprobates of both sexCommons he sold his stud. On the 22d es, who did not drink the nauseous fluid, of May, 1848, his protectionist resolutions but amused themselves with cards and were negatived in the House; on the 24th, dances in the evening, horse-racing and Surplice, one of the horses he had parted hunting in the morning, and severe flirtwith, won the Derby. “All my life,” he ing at all hours. Gradually the races formed an important feature of the sea- | umphed on the turf at Epsom. The spell son, just as they do at Saratoga, and when was broken in that year by Comte de Lafinally Epsom salts lost, not their savor, grange's magnificent Gladiateur, which but their popularity, the course on the won in a common canter, and is the only

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downs was the only attraction left. From horse which can boast of the fourfold the foundation of the Derby in 1780, when palms of the Two Thousand Guineas, the Sir Charles Bunbury's Diomed came in Derby, the Grand Prix of Paris, and the first of nine starters, the Epsom meeting St. Leger. He was sixteen hands high, a has constantly increased in interest. In bay with black legs; he had a large plain the long list of winning owners all classes head, well-arched neck, powerful sloping are represented, from royal dukes to sport- shoulders, muscular arms and thighs, and ing publicans, while for the names of the was deep in the girth. So developed was winning horses time and space seem to his form that ungracious doubts as to his have been ransacked. Between the Ho- age were expressed, till a veterinary exammeric Diomed and the American Iroquois ination proved that they were unfounded. we have aristocratic Sir Harry, Prince Leo- Gladiateur's best race was as a four-yearpold, and Lord Lyon mingled with ple- old for the Ascot Cup, when he defeated beian Sam, Moses, and Daniel O'Rourke. Regalia and Breadalbane. Eleven years It is a common English practice to name elapsed before another foreigner scored a colts with some reference to their parents. triumph. On this occasion the victor, Thus Macaroni was by Sweetmeat, Orlan- Kisber, came from Hungary. He was by do by Touchstone, and Hermit by Newmin. Buccaneer out of Mineral, and was bred at ster out of Seclusion. In other cases the the great imperial-royal stud farm at Kismother has given the hint for the name. ber, which was then managed by Count Favonius was the son of Zephyr, Gladia- Zoest. This grand establishment comteur of Miss Gladiator, while Beadsman prises 15,648 acres, and all the work on it and Bluegown owe their beggarly appel- is done by soldiers. Kisber was fifteen lations to Sir Joseph Hawley's mare Men- hands three inches high; in color he was dicant. Till 1865 no foreigner had tri- a hard bay with a ruddy tinge, black points,

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won one race.

plain head, very muscular neck, and splen- Derby by half a length, and the St. Leger, did shoulders and loins. As a two-year-over a longer course, by a length. The old he had only run four times, and only throngs of horse-taming Yorkshire men

who crowd the Town Moor a: Doncaster The first of Americans to challenge the are better judges of genuine sport than British sportsmen on their own ground the Londoners who make an annual holiwas Mr. Ten Broeck. His horses, Prioress, day at Epsom, and the welcome they gave Starke, Optimist, and Umpire, all won val- to Iroquois was warmer than the ovation uable stakes, the first-named being in 1857 accorded to him at Epsom. Iroquois is a the heroine of a dead-heat for the Cesare- brown horse with one white fore-foot, and witch with Queen Bess and El Hakim, shows splendid action and staying powers. and winning the deciding heat. Umpire In both races he enjoyed the benefit of started in the Derby of 1860 on even terms Archer's riding, Lord Falmouth resigning in the betting with Mr. Merry's Thorman- his claim to that jockey's services in the ly. We need not refer to the perform- St. Leger. Between these two great events ances of Parole, but come at once to the he won the Prince of Wales's Stakes at most brilliant achievements of American Ascot, giving nine pounds. The success horses in 1881. It was no unknown horse of Mr. Lorillard's horse is to be attributed that carried Mr. Lorillard's striped sleeves in no small degree to his American trainer, to victory. Iroquois was born in Ameri- Pincas, who, as a well-informed correca, trained by an American, and had won spondent of the Spirit of the Times fame on the American turf before he land- writes, “took a lame horse from the ed in England. He unfortunately missed hands of his predecessor and won the the Two Thousand Guineas, but won the great event of the year.” How great a horse Iroquois is, is proved by the fact forward, and the Grand Prix of Paris, with that since the establishment of the two its 160,000 francs, is won by Mr. Keene. races only nine double victories have been After his French victory Foxhall pergained.

formed but poorly at Ascot, and English But there are other races than the Der- critics felt inclined to think his triumph by and the St. Leger, and victories to be at Longchamps a mere accident. They gained elsewhere than in England. Mr. were undeceived by his splendid performKeene made the Tricolor as well as the ances in the great autumn locals. In the Union-jack bow to the Stars and Stripes. Cesarewitch he carried 110 pounds, and Foxhall, by King Alfonso, was born in won in a common canter; in the Select

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Kentucky, and was purchased by his for- Stakes, with 127 pounds, he again defeattunate owner for the small sum of $650. ed with the utmost ease his old French He is a dark bay, with black points, and the rival Tristan; in the Cambridgeshire, with near hind pastern white. He has a clean 126 pounds on his back, he defeated Lucy head, light neck, a back a trifle too lengthy, Glitters, carrying 91 pounds, by a head, but a good barrel, and shoulders of ad- while Tristan came in third, with 107 mirable power. He was the first Ameri- pounds. Among the horses not placed can colt that ever ran in France. The by the judge in this last race was the finish for the Grand Prix was magnificent. Derby victor of 1880, Bend Or, carrying Archer was riding the French colt Tris- 134 pounds. In the Champion Stakes, ten tan, and as they came along the home days before the Cambridgeshire, Bend Or, stretch rode his very best, and lifted his with 130 pounds, had defeated Iroquois horse almost even to Foxhall. A shout with only 116 on his back. But we must of “Tristan! Tristan !" was rending the air not rashly infer anything as to the relafrom thousands of excited Frenchmen, the tive merits of the two American horses horses were almost past the Jockey Club from these performances, as Iroquois was stand, when Fordham for the first time quite fourteen pounds below his Derby raised his whip. A cut on the shoulder form. Foxhall's double victory in the of Foxhall is answered by a grand leap two great Newmarket handicaps has had

Vol. LXVII.-No. 399.-22

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