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horse-stealing, but manslaughter. The fore- God!A wag, taking advantage of the man, with his hand upon a huge law-book, situation, connected the two inscriptions and with an amusingly dignitied air, in- with a conspicuous “ and," and thus left it. formed the Court that it was not a case of manslaughter, but womanslaughter, for which A WORTHY priest was one day walking the law made no provision; but being with a Unitarian clergyman in Boston, and satisfied the man deserved to be hung, they happened to pass near the church of the had brought in a verdict of horse-stealing, latter, on which was a clock, but just at which, in that county, would be sure to swing that juncture the clock did not indicate him!

the correct hour. The Unitarian imagining

what might be passing in the other's mind, R- -, a prominent San Francisco mer- said: chant, holding at one time a large interest "Oh! you musn't rely upon my time, for in a very promising mine in Esmeralda, was

it isn't right." honoured by being elected President of the “My dear sir," replied his friend, “it Company-he knowing, as he confidently isn't your time that I was thinking of; it's communicated to a friend, “ about as much your eternity!of silver-mining as a hen does of astronomy.”

At the first meeting of the Board one of THERE are men in this world so utterly the enthusiastic Directors stated that there depraved as not to be fond of little children. was an enormous quantity of rich ore in sight, It is reported of Alvan Stewart, a man of and moved that an assessment of $30,000 be mark in his day, that some thirty years ago immediately levied to build a mill. R- he was voyaging on one of the Erie Canal suggested that before adopting the motion packet-boats when there happened to be on it might be well to have a number of tons board an unusual number of ladies with of the ore worked in some mill in the dis- babies, and the little cherubs continually trict; which suggestion, after considerable did cry. This annoyed Alvan to such an opposition from the more sanguine, prevailed, extent that, at dinner, he “arose in his and the President was directed to have place, and with a glass of water in hand, said, thirty tons of the best ore crushed and Ladies, I have great pleasure in proposing reduced in a custom mill. In due time to you a toast, which seems to me to be the work was completed, and the eyes of very pertinent to the present occasion. I the stock-holders in San Francisco were give you— The Memory of the much-abused gladdened by the sight of a beautiful little King Herod !bar of silver, carefully assayed, and stamped of the value of $1280. No account being Atlast we have it on irrefragabletestimony, sent with the bullion, R— immediately from Cgdensburgh, that old Grimes's pulse wrote for a detailed statement of the cost, has finally ceased to beat. A few mornings and the following week received full vouchers, since, when the thermometer was nearly accompanied by a bill of $1456 50 for played out, a ragged little beggar stopped necessary erpenses in getting out and reducing at the door of Judge J— and plaintively the ore yielding the bar of silver aforesaid! suggested food. The benevolent lady of The draft was paid, and the following des- the house engaged him in conversation: patch from the President passed over the “What is your name, my boy?” line of the State Telegraph Company the My name is Grimes.” same afternoon :

“Is your father living ?” " To

Yes, marm.”
Supt. of the Mine, Esmeralda.

“I thought • Old Grimes' was dead long "Ship no more bullion; the market is overstocked, and it don't pay!”

That was my grandpa ! At the next meeting the President re- And the youngster waddled off, thinking signed, on the ground that he was not what “a good old soul ” the lady was. eligible to the office, holding no stock.

Our anecdote of the Frenchman who In this wide-awake age nearly all the charged the Indians half a dollar for a prominent rocks, board fences, and other needle, alleging as an excuse that the needleavailable places in proximity to the principal maker was dead, reminds a correspondent American towns are filled with advertisements in Oregon of a merchant of the Jewish persuaof quack medicines, gift enterprises, and sion doing business, in 1862, at La Grange, general notices, all and singular. Baltimore who charged the honest miners one dollar is a focus for a full share of these inscrip- in coin, each, for needles, and on being tions, and among them may be seen, on a remonstrated with and told that a paper of board fence well adapted to the purpose, needles cost only 12 cents in Portland, the imperative command, Take Ayer's replied: "Mein Gott! I knows tat. 'Tain't Pills !Some zealous colporteur had ap- te cost of te goots, but te cash money for te propriated a rail immediately underneath freight!As freight was only $2 per ton, for the admonition, Prepare to meet your what was it per needle?

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See Poem by Margaret Veley.




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TWO hundred miles west from Phila- In those shops the locomotive is seen at

delphia (it is 236 by rail) lies Altoona, every stage of its existence, from the germs in the lap of the Alleghany Mountains. up to the completed marvel when put toSooty child of the forge and railroad, it is gether in the erecting department. An cradled in one of the most beautiful among English travelling crane lifts the whole our mountain regions; for the county of locomotive, in chains, and carries it along Blair embraces, with Cambria and Clear- to the doorway. It is said to be the only field, the finest section of the Pennsylva- crane of the sort used in this country, nian range, the true Appalachian summit. and moves on ledges in the brick walls of

Thirty years ago the ground where the the building--a principle which the Engtown stands was a farm; the huge station lish builders thought impracticable until hotel occupies the site of what was then a its feasibility was shown. There are few duck pond, and would probably strike any finer sights than that offered by the inteof the wild fowl that might now return rior of these industrial caves—the silent as a surprising development from their moulding-rooms where delicate, thoughtunambitious eggs. Mr. Wright, a direct- ful manipulation of sand that is to shape or of the Pennsylvania Railroad, think- the fluid metal goes on; the huge steaming that the extension of its line would hammers pounding like an earthquake pass through this spot, sent an agent up on stilts; the wheel foundry, in which 200 to secure for him the land owned by a Mr. car wheels are cast every day, to be swung Robeson, and wrote the agent a letter in- still glowing into the dry-wells of a circustructing him to offer $6000, but on a pinch lar annealer, like so many Thanksgiving to go as high as $10,000. Agent went up, pies designed for some festivity of oscalled on the farmer, and prepared to get triches. In a small building at the back around to his subject in an accidental two or three quiet men are constantly manner. But meanwhile, without know- testing, by the nicest means of science, ing it, he had dropped the letter, and Mrs. the materials to be employed in the works. Robeson, picking it up, had with exempla- The locomotive shops turn out 100 locory energy read it. Taking her husband motives and 73,000 wheels a year, and emaside, she told him to ask the higher price. brace twenty-six acres. The car shops covHe made the sale on those terms, thus get er some thirty acres more, and produce anting the first of that golden harvest which nually about 100 passenger cars and over has since been reaped from his acres; and 9000 for freight: that is twenty-five freight now Altoona is a city of 20,000 inhabitants, cars in a single day. To the car shops is with several fine churches, commodious attached a yard containing 11,000,000 feet schools, two daily papers, a theatre, a of lumber; and enough dressed lumber heavy municipal debt, and other adjuncts besides is always kept on hand to supply of civilization. It still grows at the rate 500 cars, in readiness for hurried orders. of 500 houses a year. The location there Many graduates from the technological of the chief work-shops of the railroad schools of Boston, Albany, and other forms the mainspring of local activity. places come to work in these establishThese shops employ 5000 men-a number ments, which are democratic in their in: which, before these words get into print, fluence, and give encouragement to the will have risen to 6500.

best ability. From them some of the best


Entered according to Act of Congress, in the year 1883, by Harper and Brothers, in the Office of the Librarian of Congress, at Washington.

VOL. LXVII.- No. 399.-21

To the west of the city is massed the main Alleghany range; to the south and east, Short and Brush mountains hem it in; and the valley running northeastward holds the infant current of the Juniata, blue in song, but in fact muddy. Hollidaysburg, the county seat, close by, was formerly the eastern terminus of the Portage Railroad, which received travellers by the canal route, since abandoned, and conveyed them over the mountain by inclines and stationary engines. The little town has become even more stationary than those engines now; but it retains a rolling-mill or two-enough to blacken the soil of the streets. -and the county court-house is one of the few artistic public buildings to be met with in our rural towns. In the neighborhood are some peculiar formations, the Chimney Rocks. People are fond of getting up on top of these irregular stacks, where, in their black clothes, they might pass for the smoke of the supposed chimneys.

A drive of six miles from

Altoona, over the Devil's officers of Elbow, and through a winding, thunder

road splintered glen, goes up to Wapsononic, havecome. The more familiarly styled by the natives. general fore-“Wapsy." This is a projection of the man of the car mountain-wall, revealing from its lofty shops, Mr. John plateau a superb view.


To the southP. Levan, now ward the uniform peaks of the Allegha

of nies jut out in regular succession. But means, and di- perhaps the most striking relic of natrecting 1635 ural wildness will be found in the gorges workmen, be- higher up the valley, invaded within a

gan as a poor few years by the Bell's Gap Railroad. boy, and was the first apprentice of the This is a narrow-gauge line which has company, at a time when the car-building wandered up into the rude highlands to force comprised only thirty-six men. In search for lumber and the unexplored the lathe-room I saw an elderly spectacled reserves of the famous Clearfield coal man in shirt sleeves, oily, begrimed, at- seams. But in its jaunty disregard of actentively superintending his machine; he clivities it becomes a rare exemplification had recently been the Mayor of Altoona. of engineering skill. Within a distance Having served the allotted time in the of eight or nine miles it mounts to a point mayoralty, he quietly resumes his place 2500 feet above the sea by a grade running at the mechanic's bench.

as high as 207 feet per mile. At the same




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