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UNITED STATES.

May 25.—The Oaks won by Lord Rose- of the New York and Brooklyn Municipal berry's Bonny Jean.

Governments. May 26.— The Queen's birthday celebrated May 26.-- American iron trade reported in in London.

a very depressed condition. May 28.—The Prince of Wales held a levée May 30.--Owing to a panic created on the at St. James's Palace.

Brooklyn Bridge, thirteen persons lost their May 29.-In the House of Commons the lives, and twenty-six were seriously injured. Prime Minister stated that the London May 31.—The decrease in the National Municipality Bill would not be introduced Debt for the month of May is estimated at this session.

4,890,000 dollars. The production of steel In reply to a Scotch deputation suggesting rails in America last year amounted to amendments in the Patents Bill, Mr. Cham- 22,280 tons, including 6949 tons of Bessemer berlain declined to accept the principle of steel, and 4170 tons of Open Hearth. Government investigation as to novelty. June 4.- Activity reported on the part of

May 31.--At the Central Criminal Court the Free Trade League. the grand jury found true bills in the cases June 5.—The exports of produce for the of the two Gallaghers and four others charged week from New York amounted to with the dynamite conspiracy.

6,445,000 dollars. June 2.--Hygienic Exhibition (Rational

FRANCE. Dress, etc.), opened at Knightsbridge.

June 4.--Messrs. Healy, M.P., Davitt, and England's near neighbour still proceeds Quinn (sentenced in February to six months' with her new policy of colonial aggrandiseimprisonment), released from Richmond ment. The French flag not only floats over Prison, Dublin.

new territory on the Congo, but has been Meeting of shareholders of Suez Canal raised at Porto Novo, near Lagos, in the Company at Paris; M. de Lesseps intimated midst of British West Africa, an act which was the intention of Company to cut a channel declared by the British Government “very parallel with existing Canal.

inconvenient.” Moreover, after some years June 6.—Royal Hunt Cup at Ascot won of strife and an interval of bloodless warfare, by Elzevir.

France bombarded, May 22, the Ilova station, June 7.— Ascot Gold Cup won by Tristan. and the town of Mayunga, in North-west

Madagascar. Loss of life on this occasion was confined to the Hovas. Somewhat later,

however, came tidings of a painful reverse Payment of national debt at a rate indica- which had befallen the army in Tonquin, tive of continued financial soundness, and another outpost of the French nation. Comthe opening of a noble bridge connecting mander Rivière, who had gallantly mainNew York and Brooklyn, were the chief tained for some months a commanding material achievernents of the Great Republic. position on the Red River, was drawn into Cyclones in the north-western States de- an ambush with the few hundred men at his stroyed much life and property. The Irish disposal, and with a considerable proportion agitation proceeded, but on a reduced scale, of his force, met his death. French home though alarm was caused in England by ex- politics have been uneventful, except that, for traordinary stories of new conspiracies, the first time in ten years, one of the hatched in America, for the wholesale de Paris arrondissements has returned a Construction of British property in England and servative. Canada.

May 15.--By 358 votes to 50, the French May 15.-The Executive Council of the Chamber granted a credit of 5,000,000 francs, Irish National League met at Detroit and solicited by the Ferry Cabinet on account of issued an address. The treasurer was di- expenses to be incurred for the expedition rected to remit to Ireland £1000 as often as to Tonquin. the sums received reached that amount. May 16.-Six Anarchists were arrested in

May 20.-Disastrous cyclones in Illinois Paris on the denunciation of an accomplice, reported, by which sixty-three lives were and charged with circulating pamphlets lost, and twenty-five in Racine, Wisconsin, among the soldiers in several barracks in where 150 houses were destroyed.

and near Paris, inciting them to commit acts May 22.—Mr. Egan, speaking at Chicago, of insubordination. declared the Pope's letter to the Irish May 18.-- In the Couvent des Dames bishops an insult to common sense.

Chanoinesses, Paris, mass was solemnised May 23.-An Irishman entered the resi- in commemoration of the anniversary of dence of the Hon. Sackville West, the British Lafayette's death, which occurred on May Minister. He was declared to be insane, and 20, 1831. sent to an asylum.

A frigate, three corvettes, and a gunboat, May 24.-- The Suspension Bridge, connect- under the command of the French Rear-Ading New York and Brooklyn, was formally miral Le Timbre, were reported anchored at opened in presence of President Arthur, the Nossi Be, awaiting reinforcements. Federal and State officials, and the officers ! May 25.--Intelligence received in Paris

SCIENCE AND PROGRESS.

RUSSIA,

from Madagascar, that the French Adoniral in several conspirators being sentenced to had seized several military posts established death for murder. Meanwhile, Spain is reby the Hova Government on the Sakalava newing its pretensions to authority on the territory, and had occupied the Custom coasts of Morocco. Italy has given evidence House at Majunga, after bombarding the of a new political departure by expelling the town. Reported defeat of a small French extreme Liberal members from the ministry force at Hanoi, and death of Commandant of Signor Depretis, and endorsing his ConRivière.

servative action. She has also celebrated The funeral of General Sabattier, the magnificently the first anniversary of the Commander of the Paris garrison, took death of Garibaldi. Turkey still delays the plære with great pomp and ceremony, mass essential reforms in Armenia, though threatbeing celebrated, at which the band of the ened by the massing of a Russian army on Republican Guard assisted.

her Armenian frontier. With Austria, howJune 1.-An International Exhibition at ever, a convention for the union of the Paris for 1885 is advocated by a deputation Turkish and Austrian railways has been who wait upon the Minister of Commerce. concluded.

June 5.–At a general meeting of the Suez Canal Company the directors reported that they were making provision for the improvement of the Canal at an expense of THE following topics under this head have 30,000,000f., and sufficing to provide for a been brought to public notice within the traffic of 10,000,000 tons. The directors also past month: announced that they proposed to double the M. DE LESSEPS announced at the annual Canal.

meeting of the Suez Canal Company held in June 9.-Serious storms. At Bordeaux Paris, June 4, that the directors had decided eight centimetres of rain fell in an hour, to construct with the greatest possible speed being eight or nine times more than the a second canal parallel with that already average of an ordinary year. The streets existing, in order that there might be a were changed into rivers, and the traffic was double maritime route for traffic to and from stopped.

the East. The work could be accomplished, he said, on land belonging to the Company,

but would be carried out much more rapidly The coronation of the Czar has engrossed and more conveniently in the interest of the attention of the civilised world, and the commerce if a further concession of land close of the long-delayed ceremonial without were obtained from the Egyptian Governany tragic sequel has diffused a common- ment. M. de Lesseps stated that pourparlers' sense relief. The Czar and Czarina entered with this object were proceeding between Moscow in State, May 20, and after a week the directors and the British Government, spent in festivities and pageantry, were and had excellent prospects of success. When solemnly crowned in one of the cathedrals the proper time arrived the shareholders of the Kremlin, in presence of a brilliant would be summoned to decide at a special throng, representing not only

the European meeting in what manner the work should be and Asiatic subjects of the Czar from un executed. A dividend at the rate of 16 per numbered provinces, but the nations of the cent. was declared at this meeting, being the civilised world. Scenes literally of barbaric | highest dividend the Company has yet resplendour were repeated day by day for a ceived. In 1874 the dividend was 25f. ; in fortnight, and the Czar's lavish” hospitality 1879 it had increased to 29f. 87c.; in 1880 it among his poorest subjects contributed to was 46f. 89c.; in 1881 68f.; and in 1882 81f. render it a time of rejoicing to the masses of M. de Lesseps' statement, though it was the people. Nevertheless, the disaffected part flavoured by a sarcastic allusion to “the of the Russian nation was not silent. The barren agitation proceeding in England,” Mayor of Moscow himself publicly expressed rather strengthened than weakened the dedisappointment at the failure of the Czar to mand which had been made by British shipsignalise his enthronement by the develop- owners and merchants for an independent ment of new national institutions, and in and competing route. Their decision to St. Petersburg there were riots which caused make a second canal had been followed, a postponement of the sovereign's return May 24, by a meeting, at which £20,000 for thither.

the preliminary expenses of the new canal MISCELLANEOUS.

was subscribed. About the same time the

Peninsular and Oriental Mail Company had GERMANY has shown no sign of external notified that “consequent upon the increasactivity during the month, and the principal ing difficulty in passing vessels through the event there has been the practical settlement Suez Canal within a reasonable time,” it was of a modus vivendi between Prince Bismarck necessary to despatch their mail steamers a and the Vatican. In Spain the trial of day earlier than heretofore. Simultaneously members of a secret society of the Black with M. de Lesseps’ scheme, four other plans Hand has absorbed attention. It resulted / for supplying the additional accommodation which the traffic of the East requires are in favour of which she has organised an assobefore the public. Sir George Elliot, who ciation, and occasionally delivered lectures. has spent great part of his life in the con- THE Committee instructed by both Houees struction of public works in Egypt, has two of Parliament to decide on the Channel designs--one for the formation of a waterway Tunnel scheme has continued its sittings, parallel with that of M. de Lesseps, the other and received a mass of contradictory evifor a freshwater canal from Suez, through dence from military authorities as to the Ismailia and Mansoorah, to Alexandria. Mr. dangers to England involved in the conJohn Fowler, another eminent engineer, has struction of such a work. The Committee projected a freshwater canal which would has also inspected the workings, but its also pass through Ismailia to Alexandria, decision appears still to be a remote continbut would go southward toward Cairo, de- gency. In the same manner the Parliascribing a considerable circuit. The fourth mentary Committee upon the Manchester plan is that for the formation of a waterway Ship Canal scheme continues to sit daily, through Palestine, from Acre on the Medi- but is not likely to report before the close of terranean to Akabah on the Red Sea. A the Parliamentary session. canal 25 miles in length through the valley PRINCE LEOPOLD opened, May 26, the new of Esdraelon would connect the Jordan buildings of the Parkes Museum of Hygiene, valley with the Mediterranean; a canal 20 which are the permanent result of an Intermiles in length would connect the Gulf of national Medical and Sanitary Exhibition Akabah with the Red Sea. Connection be- held at Kensington in 1881. Heretofore the tween the two seas being thus obtained, the Parkes Museum had been housed on a top inrush of salt water would transform the floor at University College, Gower Street. Jordan valley into an inland sea, about 200 The new premises, near Regent Street, conmiles long, varying in width from 3 to 10 stitute a worthy monument of Professor miles, and deep enough to float vessels of Parkes, to whose life-long labours the present the largest size. It has been suggested that high esteem of hygienic subjects in England this “ broad sea in the desert " would fulfil is in great part due. Besides affording cona prophecy of Ezekiel, but funds have nottinual aid to students of sanitary science by yet been subscribed, although some influen- means of its library, apparatus, and collectial names in English society are associated tions, the museum will be utilised for lectures with the project. This is the most ambitious and demonstrations to artists and others. of the several schemes. M. de Lesseps' pro- An engineering triumph, which ranks posal, which is the simplest, involves merely among the greatest of the century, is the the duplication of the existing 100 miles completion of the great East River Bridge, of waterway, and its estimated cost is between the cities of New York and Brooklyn. 125,000,000 of francs, or about five millions Fourteen years and fifteen million dollars sterling. Sir George Elliot, however, reckons have been spent upon the work, and its prothat his canal, parallel to that of the French gress has been attended with many difficompany, would cost about ten millions ster- culties connected with the relations of the ling. A freshwater canal across the delta two cities. It is a suspension bridge, suphe regards as practicable, but inferior in all ported by two towers 274 feet in height and respects to a second channel across the 1595 feet apart. The aggregate weight of Isthmus of Suez. The idea he chiefly favours the bridge and its transitory load is estiis that of an anicable arrangement whereby mated at 31;000 tons. It is supported by the present canal should be widened and four cables, each having a solid section of deepened, and placed under international nearly 145 square inches, with an aggregate control. No canal could, in his view, be weight of 6,928,346 lbs. of wire and 98,437,120 better situated.

lbs. of strength. Each cable is composed of The agitation for reform in women's dress, five thousand strands of }-inch wire, and taken up a year or two ago by Lady Harber- these are made up in ropes, of which there ton, has been rendered more prominent are nineteen in each cable. The bridge is during this month by the opening of two divided into five parallel avenues—two for exhibitions of what is called Rational Dress. vehicles, two for tram-cars for passengers, A characteristic costume exhibited by the and one for pedestrians, the latter being an Rational Dress Society at one of these shows elevated road 15. feet wide. As soon as the is thus described: Wide Cavalier knicker- bridge was opened passengers flocked to and bockers terminating at the knee with a frill fro at the rate of a quarter of a million per of lace; a three-inch frill from the waist; a diem. At one time, when thirty thousand wide sash ; a loose waistcoat and sleeveless were on it, the bridge was deflected several coat of stamped velvet, edged with beads, inches from its normal level, but a much and with a short square tail like that apper- greater deflection had been allowed for by taining to the cock-sparrow, and the whole the engineers, who expressed surprise at the of the leg from the knee to the ankle obvious solidity of the structure. Subsequently a to all beholders. This description no doubt panic on the bridge unfortunately caused approaches caricature, the plea of Laly some loss of life. Harberton being chiefly for “a divided skirt," ANOTHER new use has been found for

the electric light in California. A grand vestigations by the use of the lymph from electric fishing establishment is established | tainted sources upon himself. The ordinary at the island of St. Catalina, opposite the rules of vaccination and the indications of port of San Pedro. The light will be sub- pre-existent disease had been disregarded, merged in a thick globe of glass, and will act but the Government considered the matter as a lure, nets being spread around which one of high importance, and were following will be drawn from time to time with the up the inquiry. Meanwhile the Grocers' catch of fish. In London a novel experiment Company of London have offered a prize of with the telephone was made by Sir Arthur £1000 for the discovery of some "vaccine Sullivan. The composer laid telephone wires contagium” which may be cultivated apart from the Savoy Theatre to his residence from the animal body, in some medium not in Westminster, and, after entertaining the in itself zymotic, and which will retain an Prince of Wales and other guests at dinner, identical potency after being continuously he treated them to a performance by tele- reproduced. phone of the principal songs and choruses of An underground railway, similar to that of his comic opera Tolunthe, which was being London, has been sanctioned for the city of sung upon the stage by the artists of the New York by one Chambe of the State Savoy Theatre.

Legislature, and the requisite capital is said Sir Joseph DALTON HOOKER, F.R.S., was to be subscribed already. awarded the Royal Medal of the Geographi- A TRAMCAR, worked by compressed air upon cal Society at their annual meeting, May 28, the Mekarski system, was introduced in the in recognition of his services to science in the North of London. Similar engines have the Antarctic and Australian Seas, in India been in operation on the Nantes tramway and the Himalayas, in Morocco, and in the for four years, and the London Street TramUnited States of America. The Patron's ways Company purposes to employ them Medal was awarded to Mr. E. Colborne Baber, generally upon its system of roads. Chinese Secretary to the British Legation at AUTOMATIC railway signals, worked on a Pekin.

pneumatic system by the passage of the An important announcement in meteoro- trains over the regulating levers, have been logical science was made at the “annual invented by Mr. W. C. Beckwith, of Pittsvisitation ” of the Royal Observatory at burg, U.S.A. Greenwich, June 2. By substituting a flexible brass chain for the stiff copper wire which connected the pressure plate and the

ART AND ARCHEOLOGY. recording pencil of Osler's anernometer, extreme pressures in both directions are regis- In Paris more matured opinion of the tered with an accuracy which has not hitherto Salon than that which was expressed in its been obtained. The smaller pressures of a earlier days, declares the exhibition of painthalf pound or less are recorded, and results ings this year to be superior in merit to any are given in respect of high winds which in recent years. The various galleries in throw some doubt on previous records. On London have succeeded, despite much adthe occasion of the gale of October 24, 1882, verse criticism, in attracting shoals of visitors a velocity of sixty-four miles an hour was no less numerous and interested than in registered for two successive hours, which is more notable periods. The theatre has given the greatest velocity ever recorded.

nothing new of high importance to the world. A PURE white oval pearl, an inch and a Its most marked triumphs have been social. half long and an inch broad, which is de- The announcement that one or two scions of clared by experts to be the finest thing of the aristocratic classes had become actors or the kind in existence, has been found by an actresses caused a momentary sensation. Mr. oyster dredger at La Pay, Mexico. The price Irving having arranged to visit America, the he sets upon it is half a million sterling. Lord Chief Justice of England and many

A RECORD of the deaths in London from other distinguished persons associated themstarvation during 1882 has been issued by selves together to arrange for a complimencommand of the British Parliament. The tary banquet to the actor on the eve of his number was 58, but these figures show only departure. the number of persons whose death from For the benefit of Mr. Edward Royce, a starvation has been certified by coroners' well-known comedian, whose health had sudjuries.

denly given way, the Prince and Princess of Sir CHARLES DILKE admitted, June 7, in Wales, and other leaders of English society, the House of Commons, that a series of ex- were present at an entertainment in the periments by a London physician had af- Gaiety Theatre, London, which produced forded proof that vaccination lymph from about £1300. tainted sources was capable of infecting the In true historic art the event of the month subject with loathsome and painful maladies, has been the representation at Sir Charles The author of the experiments had with Freake’s mansion, in South Kensington, of great self-sacrifice, and at the cost of per- the Tale of Troy. A succession of dramatic manently impaired health conducted his in- ! scenes, embodying the incidents of the liud, were placed on the stage with accessories “The Wayside,” Nathaniel Hawthorne's which rendered them life-like representations house at Concord, where he wrote several of of Homer's creations. Sir Frederick Leighton his romances, and where he died. It is a and other artists arranged the scenic proper- quaint old house built in the last century. ties and costumes, as coadjutors of Professors Parr and Newton, and among the performers were Mr. Lionel Tennyson, Mrs. Beerbohm Tree, and Mr. Brandram. The performances

OBITUARY. were sometimes in English, and on other occasions in Greek, and the series was only May 5.-At Dresden, Ontario, Canada, continued long enough to whet the appetites Rev. Josiah Henson, aged 84. He was the of students.

original “Uncle Tom," of Mrs. Stowe's reMARKED progress in the Tonic Sol-fa sys- nowned work, and when he visited England tem of musical tuition was reported at the many years ago was graciously received by annual meeting of the college in London. the Queen. His death severs another link While the number of certificates issued in that connects the United States with the 1881 had been 11,915, last year it was 15,273. slave system of the past. A growing demand for teachers was reported, May 6.- Dr. James Young, the celebrated both from England and from the United manufacturing chemist, at Kelly, near GlasStates, and the British colonies. The British gow, aged 70. He was the first to develop Government had also endorsed its previous the manufacture of oil from coal. recognition of the method, by appointing May 15.—Dr. Robert Druitt, aged 68. His Dr. Stainer inspector of music under the Surgeon's Vade Mecum was published in 1839, Education Department, and Mr. Macnaught, and went through eleven editions. His another Professor of the Sol-fa system, as Report on Cheap Wines from France, Italy, and assistant inspector.

Hungary, went to a second edition in 1873, A SOCIETY has been formed for the publica- and conduced largely to a better acquainttion of the ancient Rolls of the English Ex- ance with light and cheap wines. He became chequer, . under the name of the Pipe Roll a Fellow of the Royal College of Surgeons of Society, and is preparing to issue the Great England, in 1847, and in 1874 was elected a Rolls of the Exchequer in the 12th century. Fellow of the Royal College of Physicians of Mr. Walford Selby, one of the originators of London. this association, has also found in the Public May 20.-In Edinburgh, Dr. William Records Office, London, the manuscript of Chambers, aged 83. He served an apprenticesome of Queen Elizabeth's celebrated trans- ship with a bookseller, and began business lations from the classics. The discovered on his own account in 1819. He and his papers comprise, besides the five books of brother Robert published a number of works, Boethius, De Consolatione Philosophic,Horace's with which the name of the firm has for De Arte Poetica, and Plutarch’s De Curiosi- many years been associated-such as the tate. Great part of the MS. is in the Tudor Cyclopædia of English Literature, Information queen's own handwriting, and the remainder for the People, an Educational Series, besides has been corrected by her.

cheap grammars, histories, and editions An old picture, Apollo and Marsyas, which of the classics. The first number of was sold in 1850 at Christie's for little more Chambers's Journal was issued in 1832. In than £100, was found recently to be a | 1859, Mr. Chambers made a gift to his Raphael, and has been purchased for £8000 native town of Peebles, of a public readingby the French Government for the Louvre. room, and library of 10,000 volumes, a lec

Among very high prices obtained for pic- ture-hall, and museum, and gallery of art. In tures, were the following: Gainsborough's 1865 he was elected Lord Provost of EdinPeasant Girls and Colliers going to Market, burgh, and in 1872 the University of £2700; Rosa Bonheur's, A Scotch Raid, Edinburgh gave him the title of LL.D. In £1837; W. Muller's Gillingham Church, 1881 he declined an offer of knighthood, £1018; J. MacWhirter's Valley by the Sea, but accepted a baronetcy shortly before he £1155 ; C. Trogan's Evening ; Driving Cattle, died. £1995. At the sale of the Rev. John Griffith's May 21.— Lieutenant-Colonel Nathaniel plates, two works of Albert Dürer were sold George Philips Bousfield, late M.P. for Bath, at £190 and £81 respectively; and a rare aged 63. He entered the House of Commons print, St. John the Baptist, by “ E. S.,” for £350. in 1874 in the Conservative interest, repreAn unique copy of Rembrandt's renowned senting the city of Bath, but retired at the Advocate van Tol, in the first state, brought last general election. the extraordinary price of £1510.

Mr. Walter Buchanan, formerly M.P. SEVERAL interesting historic landmarks for Glasgow, aged 86. He was educated have been marked for sale within the month, at the University of Glasgow, and elected including “Strawberry Hill,” Horace Wal- M.P. from that city in the Liberal interest pole's famous place at Twickenham, and in 1857, retiring in 1865. " Little Strawberry Hill,” once the home of May 23.—Mr. James Shaw, aged 46. He Kitty Clive, the actress; and, in America, was an ex-Sheriff of London, and known as

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