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Now the library has increased to 30,000 King Charles I., in a life of Archbishop volumes, besides religious, historical, and Laud, and a MS. has the signature of Capolitical pamphlets. Large gaps in the nute. Tinted illustrations of the old towtheological department were supplied by Iers and fortresses that survived the Irish

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Professor Selwyn, of Cambridge. The rec- | agitations of Elizabeth's rule are in a curiords of the see and about 2000 MSS. are in ous work entitled Ireland Appeased. One the fire-proof room adjoining. Archbish of the four existing vellum copies of the ops Manners - Sutton and Howley gave Mazarin Bible, with its profusion of richmuch to the library, and their initials or ly artistic initial letters, is here in excelautographs mark the gifts of the success- lent preservation ; also the very scarce ive donors. Among famous autographs Aggas Plan of London, and the collecare those of Fox and Cranmer, one of tion by Cornwallis of the print portraits of the archbishops from the Reformation people. The present librarian, Mr. S. W. downward. The MSS. illustrative of many Kershaw, author of an exhaustive catastyles of art show specially fine specimens logue of the “Art Treasures of Lambeth," of the Anglo-Irish, Anglo-Saxon, French, has in press a new and larger work treatEnglish, Flemish, Italian, and Persian il-ing of this famous library. luminations. That of the Notable Wise Leaving it by the northeast door, we Dictes and Sayings of Philosophers enter a square room with nothing in it but shows its translator, the Earl of Rivers, in a stairway, and by this we reach the long the act of presenting Caxton, the printer, picture gallery, running first to the north to the king, quee), Duke of York, and and then to the west, just as the old cloiscourt. The earl had discreetly omitted ters and galleries used to lie. from the work certain malicious comments In this quadrangle, sometimes called on women, which the sly Caxton, first Pole's Gallery, the paintings are what humorously deprecating, took good care the apothecary's boy called a “mixtur," to insert in full as an appendix. A rare mostly portraits of Church dignitaries. MS. of Gospels of MacDurnan, illustrated Some are exceedingly good; one, said to in Irish art, was given to the city of Can- be a likeness of Bishop Potter in his sixth terbury in A.D. 900 by King Athelstan. year, represents the little fellow in a bishThe St. Albans Chronicle of the fifteenth op's dress. The head is large, the face century has nineteen large and fifty small bright, with a sweet gravity of expression, illuminations, the Apocalypse of St. John, and he holds in one hand a book supwith seventy-eight illustrations in gold posed to be the Greek Testament, his finand deep coloring, is very rich, and so is ger between the leaves at the point he the Limoges missal, a beautiful speci- has reached in reading it. men of French art. The school of Per- From this gallery we enter the Guardsian art is represented by two copies of room, once as significant in its appointthe Koran in Arabic text, splendidly il- ments, as it still is in name, of the time luminated in white, blue, and gold, with when the primates were not only spiritOriental enamelling. Of a fine example ual but feudal lords and law officers of of Italian art Archbishop Laud wrote in the Crown, and defended their palace in his diary (1637): “A book in vellum, fạir those early troubled times when crowns written, containing the records which are were at battledoor and shuttlecock with in the Tower, I got done at my own charge, royal heads. Here probably once hung and have left it in my study at Lambeth the very helmet and cuirass in which for posterity."

Archbishop Baldwin died fighting by The library is open to the public under the side of Richard the Lion-hearted. proper regulations, the MSS. may be copied A Guard - room is traced to 1424, and from, and are even lent out upon signed it is related of Thomas à Becket that he orders from the archbishop. Under arch- had “700 knights as part of his housebishop Longley it was opened for three hold, besides 1200 stipendiary retainers days in the week, and this privilege was and 4000 followers serving him forty increased to five days by the late primate, days.” But gradually the guardsmen Dr. Tait, and modern works are lent out were no longer needed, and their arms, as in other libraries.

which passed by purchase from archbishop The librarians have been scholarly men, to archbishop, covered the walls, where, beginning with the pre-eminently learned in Laud's time, enough were hung up to Dr. Henry Wharton, personal friend of accoutre 200 men. Now these are all gone, Archbishop Sancroft, and author of the and only the name remains to remind of Anglia Sacra. Among his successors those times when this handsome room were Dr. Edmund Gibson, Tenison's chap- must indeed have been lively with the lain, afterward Bishop of Lincoln, and uproar of voices, the clinking of pledge Camden's editor; Dr. David Wilkins, ed-cups, and the clangor of arms. Yet it did itor of Concilia Magna, etc.; Dr. Ducarel, not look a dull scene during the palace a profound antiquarian, albeit. Walpole garden parties this summer of 1882, when testily called him a poor creature," and the guests flocked in from the gardens to author, among much other work, of a very drink the social cup of tea-or coffee if you valuable history of Lambeth; Dr. Mait- chose--and eat of the nice cakes and fresh land, in Howley's time; and John Rich- fruits, so prettily arranged they lent as ard Green, the historian of the English | much charm of color as the flowers. Besides the white hair, grave eyes, and gen- | trust in God, the old man closed a career tle smile of the host, and the cultured of trouble and trial on the block." faces of the clergy, my memory singles Here are the portraits of Warham-the out most clearly from among the throng, generous Warham who laid out some brilliant with costumes and orders, the £30,000 on episcopal palaces, and most of plain dark dress, slight bent figure, and this large sum on Lambeth-and Cranmer, keen eye of Lord Houghton – the same both by Holbein, Herring, by Hogarth, who sang in younger days,

and Secker, by Sir Joshua.

The portrait

of Cornwallis, who had a “beautiful foot "He who for love has undergone

and leg," and was fond of exercising the The worst that can befall Is happier thousandfold than one

light fantastic toe, is appropriately paintWho never loved at all,”

ed, and very well too, by one Dance.

This prelate and his wife were altogether and whose pretty lyric, the “Brook Side," such merry people that George III. reis still sung not only in English homes, proved him for festivities which he said but by hosts of American girls who never were more becoming in a king than in a think of the author as a white-haired old primate, and forbade Mrs. Cornwallis to man in the House of Lords.

give any more of her very pleasant parties In the general restoration of 1829 the on Sundays. walls of the Guard-room" being found Cornwallis seems to have been sensible pithless," the old roof was lifted, and the as well as merry, for he is recorded as bewalls rebuilt; then it was lowered upon ing the first archbishop who allowed his them again. The old design was follow- chaplains to sit at table with him. Elseed in the main, but in place of the four where in the palace is a greatly treasured Tudor windows there are two light Early Holbein of Luther and his wife, and a English windows. The floor, like the beautiful portrait of Catherine Parr. roof, is of oak; a large Turkey carpet Just beyond the Guard-room stands the spreads to within three feet of the walls old red brick building known as Cranall around the room; the chairs, tables, mer's Tower, which he put up in 1533. etc., are of mahogany; and gold and silver In the lower room, now used as a vestry, ware and candelabra show brightly against is the rare old chest of gopher-wood-and a the dark panels of the wainscoting. beauty it is-covered all over its dark rich

The old fire-place, so enormous its man- surfaces with deftly carved scenes from tel reached the corbels of the roof, was Babylonish history - funerals, and festidiminished in the repetition, and the floor vals, and hanging gardens. It is believed raised about three feet to give more space to have belonged to St. Godiva, the sister to the rooms below.

The wainscoting, of St. Augustine, or to the sister of the which also used to meet the corbels, rises Prince of Orange, and is really a fascionly about four feet, and the space of nating object of study. cream-colored wall thus left between it Tradition says that Cranmer, ostensibly and the corbels is filled with the portraits a celibate, concealed his wife in this towof most of the last four centuries of arch-er, and that there she died in childbed. bishops, twenty-six in all, and the Guard- The vestry and Cranner's parlor -- the room is now the dining-hall and portrait room next above, where the organ now gallery of the see.

stands-have walls and ceilings of solid Of Laud's portrait by Vandyck, Mr. oak. By the south door of the vestryCave Brown feelingly remarks: “One can room we enter the chapel at its east or not contemplate that face without mingled communion end. feelings: respect for that conscientious The chapel dates from the middle of steadfastness which made him dare to do the thirteenth century. The east end has what he believed to be his duty, regret a large very beautiful stained glass winfor that lack of judgment and considera- dow of five graduated lancets set in shafts tion which made him so uncompromising of Purbeck marble. A similar window and unconciliatory to his own ruin, and in the west end was closed up by the erecadmiration of the heroism with which, at tion of Chicheley's Tower, but its splays the age of threescore and ten, still true to and shafts were left, and in the central his life-long convictions, still unbending lancet Juxon placed a small bay-window before the malice of his enemies, unwaver- jutting inward, probably to hold the ing in his sense of duty, unshaken in his lamps by which on occasion the atrium, or ante-chapel, partitioned off by a hand- | a single slab of Purbeck marble, as also some oak screen, is lighted.

are their bases, .... while a cluster of The roof and walls of this atrium are Purbeck shafts similarly grouped rise begray, and its wall pillars of Purbeck mar-tween, dividing the two lesser arches." ble are said to be 1000 years old. The Probably by this door, scarred and mark

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shafts of the four bay-windows of triple ed, yet looking soberly equal to many cenlancets on each side of the chapel, which turies more, came into the old chapel an is seventy-two feet long and twenty-five illustrious guest, Peter the Great, who, broad--a very pleasing proportion with then on his English travels, attended the the roof—are also of this Purbeck marble. services where one Christopher Clarke The illuminated windows, and the warm was ordained here in 1697. tile painting of the walls, with the richly Archbishop Morton spent large sums to decorated groined and arched roof-alter- make the chapel beautiful, but, with the ed in 1846 from the old flat panels—form coming in of his successor, literature and, a beautiful interior. The doorway lead- unhappily, religious fanaticism leaped ing west from the chapel into the post- into fresh life together. Yet in spite of room was once entered directly from the much trying and sentencing, mercy someterrace above the moorings of the arch- times prevailed, for Latimer, brought to bishop's barge. It is a semi-circular arch Lambeth excommunicated and a prisoner, of "earliest English period, embracing was kindly treated by Archbishop Wartwo cusped arches, each closed by a mass- ham; and that this primate was kind to ive oaken door. The jambs contain a Erasmus is shown by the latter's dedication row of four columns, of which the cap- of his Jerome, which he sent to Warham itals and projections bonding the whole by the young artist Hans Holbein. And into the main wall are cut en bloc out of under Cranmer the palace became a refuge

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even for prisoners sent straight from Hen- most lovingly welcomed by Archbishop ry VIII. Archbishop Parker, who was Longley, and one of their number preachalso very kind to his prisoners, is the only ed the opening sermon at the first Lamarchbishop who was ever buried at the beth Conference. They won all hearts at palace. His tomb was originally in the that time by their manly, unaffected simsoutheast corner of the communion, where plicity, as well as vigor. “I believe,' he usually knelt in prayer. But in the said the Archbishop of Dublin, 'that they time of the Commonwealth Cromwell's are about the ablest body of men I ever men, in their shameless spoliation of the met.' They, on their part, were moved palace, selected the chapel as a dining or with delight at the heartiness of their redance hall-some say for a stable—and ception, and sent over as a thank-offering not liking the vicinity of Parker's tomb, to the mother Church of England the they broke it open, hid the remains in a handsome alms dish which ornaments the dunghill, and sold the lead and trimmings Lord's table at Lambeth. When the next of the coffin. On the Restoration Har- conference met, in 1878, although the shaddynge was forced to tell where the re- ow of death hung over the palace, they mains were, and they now rest in a hand- found a welcome extended to them none some tomb of Purbeck marble in the atri- the less hearty,” and in remembrance of um behind the oak screen.

this second visit they presented to the While Laud was earnestly repairing the chapel the beautiful centre light in one ruin wrought by Cromwell's men his en- of the south windows. The southeastern emies looked on and cried out that he was stained-glass window was a gift by his copying from the mass - book," and many friends to the memory of Craufurd though he truly protested that his work was that of restora

Goruppe tion, pure and simple, they triumphed over

Xoa him; he went to the block, and the chapel was again despoiled.

Memorable events have happened in this chapel. Five hundred years ago Wycliffe met there thecharge of heresy. Once before he had been thus arraigned in St. Paul's Cathedral, with prince and nobles supporting him in his denunciations of the ill-gotten and illspent wealth of monastic houses. Now he stood quite alone, though as dauntless. Suddenly the Lollards swarmed into the chap- INTERIOR OF LOLLARDS' PRISON AND FAC-SIMILE OF WRITING ON THE WALLS. el, and immediately after entered Sir Lewis Clifford, and gave the astounded arch- Tait, the late primate's only and indeed bishop the queen-mother's commands to well-beloved son, whose pure character, withhold the sentence against Wycliffe. fine mind, and gentle manners won so

“To the American Church Lambeth much love and admiration during his visChapel is a shrine especially dear," writes it to America, and who died just before an English clergyman. “Here Provoorst, the last conference met. White, and Madison were consecrated, and The Post - room is probably so called here in 1867 the American bishops were from the stout pillar which supports the

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