Women and Men in Management

Front Cover

Women and Men in Management, Third Edition answers these questions and more. It provides a comprehensive review of the literature on gender and organizations. To reflect the explosion of research during the 10 years since the second edition, the book includes references to over 900 sources, of which over 80% are new to this edition. The book covers a unique and wide range of topics, including employment decisions, work teams, leadership, sexual harassment, workplace romance, career development, the glass ceiling, work and family, and strategies for promoting an organizational culture of nondiscrimination, diversity, and inclusion. It offers concrete recommendations that individuals and organizations may implement to ensure that all people have fulfilling and productive careers, regardless of their biological sex.

 

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Contents

Sex Gender and Work
1
Sex Versus Gender
3
Sex as a Primary Dimension of Diversity
4
Watching Out for Biases
6
Organization of the Book
7
Yesterday and Today
12
A Century of Changes
13
The Second Half
16
Leader Behavior and Effectiveness
143
Theories
145
Evidence
149
Promoting Effective Leadership
151
Dealing With Sexuality in the Workplace
157
Sexual Harassment
159
Explanations
162
Experiences
164

The Century Draws to a Close
22
A Snapshot of the Present
24
The Sex Gap in Earnings
30
Looking Forward
31
Becoming Women and Men
36
Sex Differences
38
Cognitive Abilities
40
Moral Judgments
42
Social Behavior
43
Gender Differences
44
Sexism
46
Gender Identity
47
Nature and Nurture
51
Gender Role Socialization
53
Schools
56
The Mass Media
57
Limitations of Gender Stereotypes and Roles
60
Influencing Gender Stereotypes and Roles
63
Making Employment Decisions
72
Decisions by Individuals
73
Reactions to Jobs
74
Reactions to Organizations
78
Job Search Behavior
80
Decisions by Organizations
82
How and When Does Sex Discrimination Occur?
83
Who Discriminates Against Whom?
88
Improving Employment Decisions
91
Improving Organizational Selection Decisions
92
Working in Teams
102
Sex and Gender Differences in MixedSex Teams
104
Differences
106
Influence of Team Composition on Individual Members
109
Experiences
113
Influence of Team Composition on Team Effectiveness
114
The Importance of Situational Factors
116
Making MixedSex Teams Work
120
Responsible Team Members
123
Leading People
133
Leader Stereotypes
135
Attitudes Toward Women as Leaders
140
Workplace Romances
167
Dynamics
169
Consequences
171
Addressing the Intersection of Sexuality and Work
173
Workplace Romances
177
Pursuing Careers
183
What Makes a Career Successful?
185
Sex Differences in Careers
186
Employment Gaps and Leaves of Absence
187
PartTime Work
188
Developmental Experiences
189
Turnover
191
Retirement
192
The Glass Ceiling
193
The Intersection of Work and Family
195
Organizational Culture
198
We Are Family
199
A Juggling Act
201
Facilitating Employees Career Success
205
BiasFree Decisions
206
Access to Developmental Experiences
207
Succeeding on Your Own Terms
209
The Rest of the Story
210
Promoting Nondiscrimination Diversity and Inclusion
217
Legal Requirements
219
Refraining from Discrimination
220
Taking Affirmative Action
224
Business Imperatives
225
Why Promote Inclusion?
228
Organizational Actions
230
Setting and Communicating Goals
231
Identifying and Rewarding the Right Behavior
232
Stimulating Employee Involvement
235
Educating Employees
236
Implementing Cultural Change
237
Conclusions for the Book
239
Index
249
About the Authors
261
Copyright

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About the author (2003)

Gary N. Powell, Ph.D., is Professor of Management and Ackerman Scholar at the University of Connecticut. He is a recognized scholar on gender and diversity issues in the workplace. He is editor of Handbook of Gender and Work, author of two earlier editions of Women and Men in Management, and author of Gender and Diversity in the Workplace: Learning Activities and Exercises. His graduate course on women and men in management won the American Assembly of Collegiate Schools of Business Committee on Equal Opportunity for Women Innovation Award and first led to the writing of this book. He has received the University of Connecticut President's Award for Promoting Multiculturalism. He is a former Chair, Program Chair, and Executive Committee member of the Women in Management (now Gender and Diversity in Organizations) Division of the Academy of Management, and received both the Janet Chusmir Service Award for his contributions to the division and the Sage Scholarship Award for his contributions to research on gender in organizations. He has published numerous articles in journals such as Academy of Management Journal, Academy of Management Review, Journal of Applied Psychology, and Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, and presented numerous papers at academic meetings. He has served on the Board of Governors of the Academy of Management and is a Past President, Program Chair, and Fellow of the Eastern Academy of Management. He also is a former Co-Chair of the Status of Minorities Task Force of the Academy of Management and has served on the Editorial Board of Academy of Management Review, Academy of Management Executive, and Journal of Management.

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