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board of control. It is the duty of the department to register all motor vehicles in the state, and to collect from their owners annually the fees required by law, issuing licenses as fees are paid.

Page 226. — The salary of the president of the San Francisco harbor board has been changed to $5000.

Page 231. — One of the most important duties of the water commission is to investigate and settle conflicting claims to the use of water along the streams of the state. Such claims can be settled in this way more promptly and with less expense than by the courts.

Page 232. — The salary of the state mineralogist has been changed to $5000.

The legislature of 1915 provided for a new department to be attached to the state mining bureau, and to be known as the “ department of petroleum and gas.” It is to be in the charge of a supervisor appointed by the state mineralogist, at a salary of $4500 a year. When a well is drilled down to an oil or a gas deposit, the well must be properly cased, and great care must be taken in other ways to prevent water going down the opening from higher levels and doing great damage to the entire deposit. One careless operator may injure the property of many others. The department of petroleum and gas is charged with the duty of supervising the “ drilling, operation, maintenance, or abandonment ” of all oil and gas wells in the state in order to prevent the damage above referred to. All operators must carry on their work according to rules laid down by the department.

Page 234. The horticultural commissioner is now appointed to serve during the pleasure of the governor, instead of for a four-year term.

Page 240. The labor commissioner now maintains branch offices in Los Angeles, Sacramento, and San Diego; and is soon to establish free employment bureaus in San Francisco, Los Angeles, Oakland, and Sacramento. His salary is now $4000 a year.

Page 248. — A new board of examiners known as the “ state board of embalmers has been established. This board consists of five members appointed by the governor, and its duty is to examine all persons who wish to become undertakers in the state. Examinations are to be held in San Francisco, Sacramento, and Los Angeles, once annually in each place.

Page 249. — The hospital referred to in the footnote has been established at Norwalk, Los Angeles county. The hospital for the criminal insane at Folsom has never been completed, and work on it has been discontinued. The salary of the state dental surgeon has been changed to $3600.

Page 262. The new reform school, which is known as the California School for Girls, has been located near Ventura, and the girls from the Whittier school have been removed to it.

Page 261. There are about 5000 positions which come under the jurisdiction of the state civil service commission.

Page 262. — In addition to the newly created departments of the state government which have been previously mentioned in this supplement notice should be taken of two others :

1. A “ state commission market” has been provided for. It is to be under the control of a director who is to be appointed by the governor to serve for a term of four years, at a salary of $5000 a year. The market is to have branches in various parts of the state and is to handle farm, dairy, and fishery products for producers only. Such products are to be received and sold to dealers, and other buyers on commission. The director may appoint a secretary and other assistants, and may rent necessary land and buildings to carry on his work. It is the aim of the market to assist in bringing the producer and the consumer closer together, the state acting as middle man.” It is an attempt on the part of the state to reduce the high cost of living. The state does not expect to make any profit in this business. The commission charged for handling products is to be sufficient only to make the enterprise self-supporting.

state irrigation department ” has also been established. It is to be in charge of a board of three members who are to be appointed by the governor to serve for four years. Each member is to receive $10 a day for the time he devotes to the public service. Heretofore public irrigation projects have been carried on by single irrigation districts. Each district has had the entire burden of developing and distributing its own water. If a number of districts could coöperate in the matter of developing a common water supply, more extensive projects of this nature could be undertaken, new sources of supply could be utilized, and the irrigated area of the state could be greatly

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increased. The irrigation department was created to bring about such coöperation. If certain neighboring communities are capable of being served with water for irrigation purposes from some common source,


proper work of the department would be to influence each community to organize a local irrigation district and then to organize the whole section into a large district under state control — the large district to develop the water supply and deliver the water to the local districts for distribution among the consumers. The law creating the department directs that it shall cooperate with the federal government in carrying on its work wherever possible. This may be necessary because many sources of water supply are on government land; and it may be desirable because the federal government itself carries on such work on a large scale, and its coöperation would be of great value.

Pages 264–266. — The following should be added to the list :
Commission Market Director.
Embalmers, Board of five members.
Irrigation Board, State. Three members.
Purchasing Agent, State.
Superintendent of Motor Vehicle Department.
Viticultural Commissioners. Nine members (§ 163).

Page 274. Previous to 1915 high schools received no assistance from the counties in which they were located. In 1915 the legislature

ssed a law to the effect that each county shall tax itself sufficient to enable it to contribute to the support of the high schools within its borders to the extent of $60 a year per pupil on the basis of average daily attendance at school during the preceding year.

Page 276. Item (c) ($ 187) should read as follows: “ Special certificates of any grade, authorizing the holders to teach certain subjects, on credentials approved by, or according to qualifications established by, the state board.”

Page 277. — The superintendent of public instruction since 1915 is by law the secretary of the state board of education.

Page 278. The state normal schools have been placed under the general supervision of the state board of education, which now has power to make rules for their management, and to establish their courses of study.

Page 279. – The appropriation made by the legislature for the support of the elementary schools now amounts to $15 instead of $13 a year. The abolition of the poll tax deprives the school fund of one important source of revenue.

Page 282. - The new normal school which was provided for by the legislature of 1913 has been established at Arcata, Humboldt county.

Page 297, footnote 3. - The number of justices of the peace in Los Angeles township has been changed from four to six.

Page 301, footnote 2. Hereafter Shasta county is to have only one superior judge, and Stanislaus county is to have two.

Page 309. — The provision that one shall be a taxpayer in order to qualify as a juror has been removed.

Women have served as jurors a few times in different parts of the state. The situation seems to be that they may serve as jurors, but that jury service cannot be required of them.

The state constitution was amended in some important particulars in 1914. The substance of these amendments may be briefly indicated as follows:

Page 349, IV, 31. — This section was amended so as to permit an irrigation district (a political subdivision of the state) in Imperial county to acquire the stock of a corporation in Mexico which owns part of the water system of the district the system starting in California, running across the border into Mexico, and them coming back into California.

Page 364, V, 20. — This section was amended to read as follows: United States Senators shall be elected by the people of the State in the manner provided by law."

Page 358, VI, 41. This section was amended by eliminating the word “criminal.” As it now stands the provisions of the section apply to all cases, civil and criminal.

Page 372, XI, 6. - This section was amended in two respects :

1. Any city is permitted to turn over certain of its municipal work such as the assessing of property, the collecting of taxes, the auditing of accounts, and the keeping of the city funds — to county officers.

2. Any city is permitted to provide in its charter that its governing

body may manage its municipal affairs, not according to a specific enumeration of powers, but subject only to the limitations found in the charter. Heretofore the powers of a city had to be definitely stated, item by item, in the charter; now they may be granted in general terms in so far as they relate to municipal affairs.

Page 376, XI, 7. — A new subdivision, 4), was added to this section which makes it competent for a county charter to empower county officers to do certain work for cities located within the county, if such cities request such work to be done. For example, a city may wish the county assessor to assess the property within its limits for purposes of municipal taxation, the county tax collector to collect the city taxes, the county treasurer to keep the city money, etc.

Page 379, XI, 8. This section was amended in many particulars, the most important of which are as follows:

1. Permitting a general grant of power, as to municipal affairs, as stated above respecting section 6.

2. Providing that petititions for charter elections shall be verified by county clerks, and registrars of voters, instead of city clerks.

3. Permitting nominations of candidates for the office of freeholder to be made either by petition or in the same manner as the city nominates candidates for city offices.

4. Permitting the city council to extend the time for the completion of the charter by the freeholders from 120 to 180 days.

5. Providing for only one publication of the charter, instead of ten, and requiring that it be printed in pamphlet form for general distribution.

6. Providing that charter amendments may be submitted to the people at a special or general election within six months of the meeting of the legislature, or before it adjourns.

Page 383, XI, 89. — This section was amended in two particulars:

1. Permitting any city to provide in its charter for a municipal court to take the place of the police court, and also of the township court having jurisdiction in the city. This would do away with the complications arising from the overlapping jurisdictions of township and police courts as explained on pages 298–300.

2. Providing a method whereby any city having a population of 50,000 may detach itself from the county in which it is located for

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