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City, relations to state, 118

Court reporter, 73, 321
relations to the United States, 118

Courts, list of, 297
suits against, 120.

purpose of, 285
Civil cases, 286 seq.

Courts of record, 321, 362
Civil service, 161, 261

Criminal cases, 286, 292
Claims against the state, 203

Criminal identification, bureau of, 251
Class charters, 114

Dairy bureau, 239
Code commission, 259

Declaration of rights, 327
Commission plan, 139

Deficiencies, 204
Complaint, 289

Delinquent children, 311
Compromise type of government, 63

Delinquent taxes, 85, 198
Conference committee, 179

Dental examiners, 247
Congressional districts, 348, App. B

Dependent children, 311
Congressional townships, 65, 205

Detention home, 312
Consolidated city and county, 124

Direct primary, 24, 333
Consolidation of offices, 75

District attorney, 93
Constables, 92, 123

District courts of appeal, judges of, 315, 357
Constitutions, state, 173

jurisdiction of, 319, 356
Contagious diseases, fight against, 150

printed decisions of, 321
Controller, state, 197, 353

sessions of, 315
Conventions of political parties, national, 40
pre-primary, 38

Election expenses, 32
state, 31

Elections, nonpartisan, 33
Coroner, 89

primary, 24
Corporations, commissioner of, 222

regular, 36
Corporations, 50, 387

Eminent domain, 389
charters of, 51

Employment agencies, 241
classification of, 56

Engineer, county, 91
formation of, 50

state, 223
kinds of, 52

Engineering, state department of, 223
licenses of, 191

Equalization, city, 131
public, 54

county, 78, 397
taxes on, 190, 195

state, 194, 397
Counties, charters of, 108, 372, App. D

Equity cases, 287
classes of, 74

Escheated estates, 192
finances of, 101 seg.

Examination, preliminary, 293, 307
formation of, 68

Execution of judgments, 291, 295
list of, App. C

Executor, 94
list of county officers, 72, 73

Ex post facto law, 330
relations to state, 70
revenues of, 101

Feeble-minded children, home for, 249
suits against, 104

Fees, of city officers, 135
uniformity of government, 75

of county officers, 101
County clerk, 26, 82

of state officers, 192
County farms, 79

Felony, 292
County government act, 75

Finances, city, 135
County law libraries, 314

county, 101
County seat, establishment of, 69

school, 279
removal of, 370

state, 193
County taxes, 78, IOI

Fire department, city, 147
Court comniissioners, 305, 362

Fire wardens, 228
Court decisions, 321

Fiscal year, 408

Fish and game commission, 332

Judges, election of, 27
Fish and game wardens, 98

pro tempore, 301
Foreigners, rights of, 330

removal of, 321, 415 seq.
Forestry, county board of, 97

Judgments, 291, 295
state department of, 228

Judgments against counties, 104
Franchises, 131, 142

Judicial offices, 27
Freeholders' charters, 115, 372, 379

Judicial townships, 67, 297
Fugitives from justice, 186

Jurors, exemptions from service, 310

qualifications of, 309
Game farm, 234

Jury, coroner's, 309
Garbage disposal, 154

grand, 306, 328
Government, lack of system in state, 363 trial, 308, 328
purpose of, 15

Justices of the peace, 67, 297
Governor, 185

Juvenile courts, 310
Grand jury, 306
Great register, 83

Labor commissioner, 240
Great seal, 189, 352

Laissez faire, 15 seq.

Landmarks, state, 260
Habeas corpus, 304, 328

“Law and Fact,” 296
Harbor commissioners, 226

Law libraries, county, 314
Harbor frontage, 403

Laws, how passed, 177 seq., 341
Hatcheries, fish, 233

Legislative counsel bureau, 180
Health department, city, 148

Legislature, composition of, 175
state, 244, 410

organization of, 176
Health officer, city, 149

powers of, 180 seq.
county, 95

restrictions on, 182
High schools, 273

sessions of, 175, 339
Highway engineer, 225

terms of, 175, 339
Highways, state, 224

Libraries, city, 160
Homesteads, 405

Library, state, 258
Horticultural commission, county, 95

Library examiners, 258
state, 234

Licenses, 79, 83, 85, 101, 131, 192
Hospitals, state, 248

“Lieu lands,” 205
Hygienic laboratory, 245

Lieutenant governor, 189

Live stock inspector, 97
Immigration and housing, commission of, 256 Local government in sections of the U. S.,
Impeachment, 320, 342
Income tax, 398

Local self-government, 57
Incorporation of cities, 115

Lotteries forbidden, 347
Indictment, 294, 328

Lunacy commission, 249
Industrial accident commission, 241
Industrial welfare commission, 243

“Machine,"

,” political, 23
Inferior courts, 297 seq., 362

Magistrate, 293
Inheritance tax, 86, 191, 379

Mandamus, writs of, 303
Initiative, 109, 132, 182, 335

Mayor, 133
Inquest, 89

Mechanics' liens, 410
Insectary, state, 235

Medical examiners, 247
Insurance commissioner, 217

Militia, 187, 365

Militia roll, 84, 187
Jail, 92

Mineral cabinet, 232
Joint union high school districts, 273 Mineralogist, state, 232
Journals of senate and assembly, 341

Mining bureau, 232

61 seq.

Misdemeanor, 292, 299
Mortgages not taxed, 395
Municipal affairs, 119, 372

corporations, 54, 372
courts, 298
ownership, 157

Probation officers, 73, 311
Progressive charter, features of, 141
Prohibition, writs of, 303
Provisional remedies, 290
Public administrator, 94
Public safety, departments of, 144
Public supplies, 155
Public utilities, 156, 212, 394
Public works, 153, 223
Pupils, 272
Pure food and drug laboratory, 245
Pure food law, 245

National banks, 215
National guard, 187
Naturalization of aliens, 304
Navigable waters, 404
New counties, 68
Nomination by conventions, 20
Nomination "by petition,” 35
Noncontagious diseases, how controlled, 150
Nonpartisan primaries, 33
Normal schools, 282

Quarantine guardians, 234
Quarantines, 150, 151, 235, 237
Quasi corporations, 55
Quorum in senate and assembly, 340
Quo warranto, writs of, 303

Oath of office, 408
Official bonds, of county officers, 74

of state officers, 185
Operative property, 196
Optometry, state board of, 248
Ordinances, city, 130

county, 76
Original jurisdiction, 302

Railroad abuses, 209
Railroad commission, 209
Railroad rates, 211
Recall, 106, 132, 139, 321, 415 seq.
Recorder, 88
Recorders' courts, 298
Referee, 290
Referendum, 109, 132, 182, 335
Reform schools, 252
Registrar of voters, 25
Removal of officers, 106, 132, 139, 321, 415

seq.
Revenue, county, IOT

state, 190
Revision of the constitution, 400
River improvement, 225
Road districts, 49, 78
Roadmasters, 78
Roads, see Highways, 78

Panels, jury, 308
Pardoning power, 364
Parks, 158
Paroles, 251
Party committees, 31
Permanent road divisions, 49
Perpetuities, 409
Pharmacy, state board of, 246
Pilot commission, 227
Plaintiff, 286, 289
Playgrounds, 159
Pleadings, 289
Plurality vote, 409
Police courts, 298
Police department, 144
Police power, 80
Polls, when open, 37
Poll tax, 83, 191, 279, 398
Polytechnic state school, 282
Preferential vote, 34
Presidential primary, 41
Primary elections, 24
Prison directors, 250, 369
Prisons, 250
Probation committee, 73, 311

Salaries, of county officers, 74

of state officers, 207
School boards, 271
School districts, 269

high school districts, 273
joint union high school districts, 273

union districts, 270
School finances, 279
School land, 205
School officers, 31
Search warrants, 331
Secretary of state, 189
Senate, committees of, 176

Senate, organization of, 176

Surveyor-general, 205
rules of, 176

Swamp lands, 206
state, 175, 339
Senatorial districts, 32, 175, 340

Tax, on corporations, 190, 195, 398
Senators, U. S., election of, 29

on franchises, 191, 195, 401
Sheriff, 91, 123

property exempt from, 308, 309, 396,
Short ballot, 39, 141

398
Special charters, 113, App. E

Taxation, 395
Special sessions of the legislature, 339

Tax bills, 88
Sphere of the State's activity, 170

Tax collector, 84
Stanford University, 284, 368

Teachers, 272
State, act admitting to the Union, App. A Teachers' certificates, 275, 278
claims against, 203

Terms of office, of county officers, 73
constitutions, 172

of state officers, 185
fair grounds, 238

Tide lands, 206
greater than a corporation, 53

Town, 61
indebtedness, 404

Town meetings, 62
officers, 184, 264

Township, 62, 64, 65, 67, 297
printing, 259

Township courts, 67, 297
relations of, to the nation, 168

Treason, 331
revenues, 190, 395

Treasurer, county, 86
subdivisions of, 47

state, 201
suits against, 408

Trials, civil, 290
supplies for, 204

criminal, 295
University, 283, 367

Trustees, city, 130
Subregistrars, 89
Suffrage, rights of, 332

Vacancies in office, county, 74
Superintendent of public instruction, 276

state, 185, 341, 351
Superintendent of schools, county, 274

Venire, 309
Superior court, clerk of, 82

Verification deputies, 26
judges of, 301, 359
jurisdiction of, 302, 359

Veterans' home, 257
sessions of, 301, 360

Veterinarian, state, 237
Supervisors, election of, 76

Veterinary medicine, board of, 248
general character of their work, 81

Voting, 28
powers of, 77 seq.
Supreme court, decisions of, 318

Water commission, 230
judges of, 316, 354

Weights and measures, department of,
jurisdiction of, 319, 355

229
sessions of, 317

Women's Relief Corps Home, 258

SUTTON'S CIVIL GOVERNMENT IN

CALIFORNIA

SUPPLEMENT

Since this book was published some changes in the public law of California have been made, by legislation and by constitutional amendment. An attempt is made in the following pages to sum up the most important of these changes.

Page 73. County sealers of weights and measures (§ 149) and the county board of public welfare should be added to the list of county officers.

The county board of public welfare may be appointed by the board of supervisors, and must be upon the petition of one hundred voters in the county. It consists of seven members, both men and women, who serve without pay, each for a term of four years. Its duty is to inspect and inquire into the management of every charitable or correctional institution in the county which is supported either wholly or partly by the county. The county jail, county infirmary, county hospital, county detention home, and similar institutions, come under its supervision. It makes reports and recommendations to the county board of supervisors and to the state board of charities and corrections.

Page 83. • The abolition of the poll tax in 1914 modifies somewhat the duties of the county assessor, who formerly collected that tax.

Page 88. - In connection with the recorder the Torrens land law, adopted as an initiative measure in 1914, should be mentioned.

he law provides for the registration of land titles according to the Torrens system, first devised by Sir Robert Torrens (1814–1884). Any landowner may file with the county clerk, on a blank form

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