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Council: Consists of the Mayor and four Councilmen. It is the center of all municipal authority. Appoints a City Clerk, Auditor, Assessor, Treasurer, Tax Collector, Police Judge, Attorney, Engineer, Chief of Police, Fire Chief, Street Superintendent, Building Inspector, Sewer Inspector, Health Officer, five Library Trustees, and other necessary officers and employees. The Council may consolidate any of these offices.

Departments : Four departments are provided for: Finance and Revenue; Health and Safety; Public Works; and Public Supplies. The Council appoints one of its number, other than the Mayor, to serve as commissioner of each department.

Public Schools are not provided for in the charter.

Powers granted the People: Initiative (10 per cent, 20 per cent); Referendum (25 per cent); Recall (25 per cent).

Police Court: Established by the charter. Consists of one judge appointed by the Council to serve during its pleasure.

Special Provision: The Council is given power to provide for a Civil Service Board.

29. Petaluma, 1911 Officers elected at Large : For two years: Mayor, Clerk, Auditor, Assessor, Treasurer, Tax Collector, Chief of Police, Police Judge, and Superintendent of Streets.

For four years: Six Councilmen, five School Directors, and five Library Trustees. Elections: The municipal election is held on the second Tuesday in April

No provision is made for primary elections. Mayor: A member and president of the Council. Has a vote but no veto power. Supervises other officers with power to suspend any officer pending an investigation by the Council.

Council: It is the center of municipal authority. Acts as a Board of Public Works. Appoints a City Attorney; Fire Chief; Engineer; three Park Commissioners; three members of the Board of Health — the Mayor, who is president, and the City Engineer also being members; and three Fire Commissioners, the Fire Chief and the Chairman of the Finance Committee of the Council also being members.

Powers granted the People: Initiative (15 per 5 per cent); Referendum (15 per cent, 25 per cent); Recall (30 per cent).

Police Court: Established by the charter. Consists one judge elected for two years.

of odd years.

30. Pomona, 1911

Officers elected at Large : For two years : Mayor, Auditor-Clerk, Assessor-Tax-Collector-Treasurer, Attorney, Police Judge, and President of the Board of Education.

For four years : Four Councilmen and four members of the Board of Education. One of each is nominated by and from each of the four wards of the city.

Elections: The general municipal election is held on the first Monday in April of odd years. Candidates are nominated by petition. When nominated from the city at large fifty signatures are required; when nominated from wards, twenty-five signatures. A nonpartisan direct primary is held the second Monday before the election, if requested by voters equal in number to 25 per cent of the votes cast at the last election. In this event only two candidates for each office remain after the primary; otherwise there are as many as file the requisite petitions, but no party designations are permitted.

Council: Consists of the Mayor and the four Councilmen. It is the center of all municipal authority. Appoints a Chief of Police, Engineer, Street Superintendent, Park Superintendent, five Library Trustees, Health Officer, Fire Chief, Building Inspector, and other necessary officers and employees. The Council has power to consolidate the offices of Engineer and Street Superintendent.

Departments: Five departments are provided for: Public Works; Finance and Revenue; Fire and Health ; Police; and Public Supplies. The Mayor is commissioner of Public Works. The Council selects one of its number, other than the Mayor, to serve as commissioner of each of the other departments.

Powers granted the People : Initiative (5 per cent, 15 per cent); Referendum (20 per cent); Recall (20 per cent). The basis for the percentages in the case of the Initiative and the Referendum is the entire registration; for the Recall it is the last vote for the office in question.

Police Court: Established by the charter. Consists of one judge appointed by the Council for two years.

Special Provision : Liquors may be sold only by druggists on physicians' prescriptions. Alcohol is sold only for mechanical or scientific purposes.

31. San Luis Obispo, 1911

Officers elected at Large: The Mayor and Clerk-Assessor, each for two years; and four Councilmen and four School Directors, each for four years. The Board of Education consists of the four School Directors and the Commissioner of Finance and Revenue.

Elections: The general municipal election is held on the first Monday in April of odd years. No primary elections are held. Candidates are nominated on petition of from twenty-five to one hundred voters. Names for each office are printed alphabetically on the ballot, no party designations being permitted. A plurality in each case elects.

Mayor: A member and president of the Council. Has a vote but no veto power. Enforces laws and ordinances.

Council : Consists of the Mayor and the four Councilmen. It is the center of all municipal authority. Appoints a Treasurer, Attorney, Tax Collector, Engineer, Chief of Police, Fire Chief, Street Superintendent, five Library Trustees, Police Judge, and other necessary officers and employees. The Chief of Police and Fire Chief must be nominated by the Commissioner of Public Health and Safety; and the Street Superintendent, by the Commissioner of Public Works. The Council may consolidate any of these offices.

Departments : Four departments are provided for: Finance and Revenue; Health and Safety; Public Works; and Public Supplies. The Council selects one of its number, other than the Mayor, as commissioner of each department.

Powers granted the People: Initiative (10 per cent, 25 per cent); Referendum (10 per cent); Recall (25 per cent).

Police Court: Established by the charter. Consists of one judge appointed by the Council to serve during its pleasure.

32. San Rafael, 1913

Officers elected at Large: Mayor, four Councilmen, five School Directors, Clerk, Attorney, Chief of Police, Treasurer, Assessor, Tax Collector, and Police Judge. The Council may consolidate certain offices. The term of office for the Mayor is two years; for all other officers, four.

Elections: A municipal election is held on the second Monday in April every odd year. Names of candidates for each office are printed alphabetically on the ballots, without party designations, each on petition of from 50 to 100 voters. A plurality elects. No primaries are provided for.

Mayor: Enforces laws and ordinances. A member and president of the Council, having a vote but no veto power. Appoints a Library Board of five members.

Council: Consists of the Mayor and four Councilmen. Is the center of municipal authority. Acts as a Board of Public Works, and appoints an Engineer; a Superintendent of Streets; a Health Officer; a Fire Chief; a Pound Master; two members of the Board of Health, the other members being the Mayor, the Engineer, and the Health officer; three members of the Fire Commission, the other members being the Chairman of the Finance

Committee of the Council, and the Fire Chief; and five members of the Park Commission.

Police Court: Established by the charter. Consists of one judge elected for four years.

Powers granted the People: Initiative (10 per cent, 20 per cent); Referendum (10 per cent); Recall (20 per cent).

Special features: 1. The Mayor and members of the Council receive no compensation, except $10 a day when sitting as a Board of Equalization.

2. At a recall election candidates for the office in question are not voted for. If the officer is recalled, the vacancy is filled in the same manner as other vacancies.

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INDEX

(Numbers refer to pages; numbers in italic refer to the state constitution.)

Adjutant general, 188

Board of education, city, 125, 271
Advisory board, engineering department, 223 county, 125, 275, 367
health department, 245

state, 277, 367
Agriculture, state board of, 238

Board of equalization, city, 131
Amending the constitution, 405

county, 78, 397
Apiaries, inspector of, 98

state, 194, 397
Appeals, 291, 296, 357, 358

Board of health, city, 148 seq.
Appellate jurisdiction, 302

state, 148, 244, 410
Appointive officers, state, 209, 264

Bonds, city, 135
Appropriations, city, 131, 135

county, 102
county, 103

school district, 270
state, 343

state, 404
Architect, state, 224

Boss, 22
Architecture, state board of, 248

Bossism, 23
Arraignment, 295

Boundaries of cities, 117
Arrest, 293

Budget, 200
Assembly, compensation of members, 345 Building and loan commissioner, 330
election of members, 175, 339

Burial permits, 89
organization of, 176
Assembly districts, 28, 175, 340

Campaign expenses, 32
Assessment of property, 396 seq.

Candidates, names of, on ballots, 25
Assessments for the state, 196

Capitol and grounds, superintendent of, 259
Assessor, county, 83

Centralized government, 57
Attachés, 176, 177, 345

Certiorari, writs of, 303
Attachment, writ of, 290

Charities and corrections, state board of, 254
Attorney-general, 206

Charters, of cities, 113, 116, 128, 379, App. E
Attorneys, certificates of, 322

of corporations, 51
Auditor, county, 87

of counties, 108, 372, App. D

Chinese, 400
Bail, 294, 328

City, attorney, 136
301

boundaries of, 117
Banks, kinds of, 214

clerk, 26, 134
state superintendent of, 215, 216

councils, 130
Bertillon system, 146, 251

disincorporation of, 117
Bill of attainder, 330

finances of, 135
Births and deaths, 89

general character of, 112
Blind, home for adult, 254

incorporation of, 115, 372
Blind and deaf, institution for, 253

meaning of word, 112
"Blue sky” law, 222

officers and departments of. 128
Board of control, state, 202

relations to county, 122

Bailiff,

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