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Lieut. Falkner, from 4 Dr. Gds. rec. diff. with Lieut. Baillie, from 30 F. rec. diff. with Lieut. Jas
Lieut. Ravenhill, h. p. 1 Dr. Gds.

Poynti, h. p.
M'Culloch, from 32 F. rec. diff. with Lieut. 2d Lieut. Campbell, from Rifle Brigade, with En-
Oliver, h. p. 3 F.

siun Ward, h. p. 71 F.
Vickers, from Rifle Brigade, rec. diff. with Ensign Gordon, from 25 F. with Ensign Morris,
Lieut. Twigg, h. p. 3 F.

h p. D'Arcy, from 15 Dr. rec. dift, with Lieut.

Mathewson, from 8 F. with Ensign Max. Stopford, h. p. 101 F,

desley, 65 F. Boase, from 32 P. rec. diff. with Lieut. Mon. Surgeon Corfield, from 17 F. with Surgeon Maxro, b. p 94 F.

ton, h. p. 38 F. Stapleton, from 47 F. rec. diff. with Lieut. Staff Surg. Thompson, from full pay, with Surg. Lane, h. p. 41 F.

Dakers, h. p.
- Conry, from 90 F. with Lieut. Shaw, h. p.
52 F.

Resignations and Retirements.
Waymouth, from 2 Life Gds. Tee diff. with Lieut. Col. James, 37 F.
Vise. Barnard. h. p. 7 Dr.

Major Vernon, 2 Dr.
J. W. Bacon, from 9 Dr. rec. dift. with De Haren, late Canadian Fenc.
Charles Bacon, h. p. 11 Dr.
Hudson, from 2 F. rec. diff. with Lieut.

Capt. Hunter, 2 'Dr. Gds.

-Brunskill, 5 do.
Clunes, h. p. 27 F.

Lake, 3 F. G.
West, from 3 F. with Lieut. James, 58 F.

Spread, 15 F.
Stannus, from 9 Dr rec. diff. with Lieut. Lieut. Tracey, 25 F.
Maberly, h, p. 7 Dr

Gallaher, 103 F. Masters, from 30 F. rec. diff. with Lieut. Ensign Reid, 62 P. Rogers, h. p.

Assist. Surg. Martin, 12 F.




Superannuated Commander.

William Anderson

William Nevil

John Wildey

Li utenoris.

Josiah Oake
Charles S. Cochrane


Jos. Perriam Wm W. West


Surgeons. Edward Hibbert

Ganymede James Wilson (2) Tho. Hastings


Pearce Power J. F. Appleby

Queen Charlotte M. Power W.J. Mingay

Ř.George, jacht M. Burnside Hon. W. Waldegrave


Assistant Surgeons. Thomas Marshall


Charles Inches Wynne Baird


John Campbell

Jer. Riordan
Capt. H. W. Cresswell


Daniel Campbell N. H. English


Wm Watt (2) 2d Lieut. Edward Capel

QueenCharlotte George Black

Rob. Thompson (2)


Robert Willis Ed. Hankin


Robert Brown

R.George, jacht


It may perhaps be necessary, for the satisfaction of our readers, to explain the mannet in which the daily observations are registered in the table from which the following abstract is taken. The table contains 18 columns. In the first is entered the highest to which the Thermometer has risen,-and in the 2d, the lowest to which it has sunk, every 24 hours. The 3d contains the actual temperature at 10 a. m., and the 4th at 10 p. m. In the 5th is entered the mean of the highest and lowest; in the 6th the mean of 10 a. m. and 10 p. m. and in the 7th the mean of the 5th and 6th ; i. e. the mean of 4 daily observations. The next 6 columns are occupied with the Barometer, the 8th containing the temperature of the Mercury, and the 9th the pressure at 10 a. m.; the 10th and 11th containing the same for 10 p. m.; and the 12th and 13th the means of the preceding 4. The last 5 columns are allotted to the Hygrometer,--the 14th containing the daily quantity of rain, the 15th the quantity of evaporation for every 5 days,-the 16th the state of Leslie's Hygrometer at 10 a. m.- the 17th the same 10 p.m. and the 18th the mean of the preceding two. On the opposite page of the table are columns for the force and direction of the sind, the moon's phases, and general remarks. The self-registering Thermometers are adjusted every morning at 10 o'clock, that is, the index in each is brought to the actual temperature at that time,

of course the day is supposed to begin at 10 a. m. In the following abstract is given the mean of each column as explained above, together with the extremes of the Thermometer, Barometer, and Hygrometer, during the period comprehended in the Report. An attempt was made to render the Table more complete by registering Lind's Anemometer, but the results were found so very unsatisfactory, that the attempt was abandoned. We hope to be able, at a future period, to present our readers with the results of observations on the Anemometer invented by Professor Leslie, the only


philosophical instrument of the kind that has hitherto been devised. In stating the num. ber of fair and rainy days, every day is reckoned fair when the rain does not amount to one hundredth of an inch; and in giving the greatest and least mean daily evaporation, it is to be understood as applicable to a period of five days, as the evaporating basin is examined only every 5th day. Of course, the method of measuring evaporation by a basin does not give the actual amount evaporated from a place exposed to the free action of the wind, but for comparing one month or one year with another, it appears both the simplest method and the best, if indeed not the only practicable one.

.. cold,

Extracted from the Register kept on the Banks of the Tay, four miles east from

Perth, Latitude 56° 25', Elevation 185 feet.
From 16th JULY to 15th AUGUST 1817, inclusive,


THERMOMETER. Degrees. Mean of greatest daily heat, 62.684 Greatest heat, July 25th,

66.500 48.203 Greatest cold, August 10th,

43.000 temperature, 10 A. M. 57.801 Highest, 10 A. M. July 230,

63.000 . 10 P. M. 52.708 Lowest ditto, August 3d.

52,500 of daily extremes, 55.443 Highest, 10 P. M. July 21st,

57.500 10 A. M. and 10 P. M. 55.254 Lowest ditto, July 19th,

49.000 4 daily observations,



Highest, 10 A. M. July 29th,

29.885 Mean of 10 A. M. (temp. of mer. 59) 29.521 Lowest ditto, August 13th,

29.010 .. 10 P. M. (temp. of mer. 59) 29.540 Highest, 10 P. M. July 23d,

29.950 . . both, (temp. of mer, 59) 29.530 Lowest ditto, August 12th,

29.080 HYGROMETER (LESLIE'S.) Degrees.

HYGROMETER. Degrees. Mean of 10 A. M. 24.026 Highest, 10 A. M. July 29th,

40.000 .. 10 P. M. 10.264 Lowest ditto, August 3d,

7.000 both, 17.145 Highest, 10 P. M. July 24th,

25.000 Rain in inches, 3.445 Lowest ditto, August (th,

4.000 Evaporation in ditto,

2.137 Greatest rain in 21 hours, 3d August, 0.560 Fair days 12; rainy days 19.

Least ditto, 15th August,

0.008 Wind from W. of meridian, including N. 19

Greatest mean daily evap. 21st to 26th July, 0.086 ... from E. side of meridian, including S. 12 Least ditto, Ist to 5th August,

0.036 General character of the period: cloudy, rainy, and cold, with very little sunshine.


Kept at Edinburgh, in the Observatory, Calton-hill. N. B.-The Observations are made twice every day, at eight o'clock in the morning, and eight o'clock in

the evening.

July 31 {

19 M. 54

20 M. 59


Ther. Barem. Ther. Wind.

Ther. Barom.

Ther. Wind.
July 15 M. 51 29.197 M. 58

M. 53 29.280 M. 59
.331 E. 58
E. Cloudy.
E. 54 .340 E. 59

Showers. 16 M. 53 .455 M. 58

M. 57 .457 M. 60
E. 56
N. E. Fair.

Fair fore. .538 E. 58)

Aug, 1
E. 52

.582 E. 58

Tain after. 17 M. 54 .558 M. 58

M. 53 .604 M. 591
E. 55
N. W. Fair.

Showers. .558 E 55

E. 53
.602 E. 58S

N. W.

Evening. 18 M. 52 .578 M, 59/

Cloudy, with

SM. 53

.188 M. 571
E. 56
5666 2. 60 N. W. showers."

LE 54
.188 E. 58 S

Cble. Showers. .666 M. 60

SM. 54

.202 M. 581
E, 55
.662 E. 64)

Rain fore. 4{ E. 52


.575 E. 59) fair after. .636 M. 64

M. 56 .745 M. 60
Cble. Fair.

Frost, mom,
E. 58
.526 E. 62



IE. 55 715 E. 59 warm after. 21 M. 60 .408 M. 63

M. 57 .688 M. 60
E. 58

S. W. Showers.
.199 E, 63

E. 57

.665 E. 60 N. W. Fair.
M. 59 .282 M. 62

M. 56 .534 M. 601
E. 58

S. W. Showers.
.453 E. 63

ls. W. Fair.

.414 E 60S
M. 58
.690 M. 63

M. 53
E. 60

.260 M. 591
.828 E. 65 )
W. Fair.

.116 E. 571

Cble. Showers. .765 M. 63

M. 49 .102 M. 57)

E. 58 653 E. 63

.263 E. 51 S

N.W. Showers. M. 58

Fair foren.

M. 54

.404M. 57
E. 58 -538 E. 63

E. 52
.503 E. 36

Cble. Showers. 26 56.969 M. GO Cloudy, with W.

M. 52

.438 M. 56 E. 56 .129 E. 61)


E. 53 .102 E. 55 } Cble. Rain after. M. 571 .128 M. 62

Cloudy, with

M. 5728.972 M. 58
E. 53

.163 E. 60
E. 56 .970 E. 60

N.W. Rain fore. 28 M. 55 .242 M. 61

M. 54

.852 M. 59
E. 52 428 E. 56

E. 53
.968 E.

Cble. Showers.

58 S
.511 M. 60
N. W. Showers.

M. 54 29.169 M. 58
UE. 54
.475 E. 59

E. 59 28.975 E.

Cble. Showers.

M. 53
418 M. 59
w. Rain.

.970/M. 61 E. 54 .341 E. 60

54/29,3151 E. 59)

N.W. Rain moru.

7{ E. 57 &{ E. 52 9. 57

%{M. 55

58 427 M. 61

s. W. rain aftern.

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12{ 13 14{

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15{/M. 58

Slate of the Barometer, from July 26th to August 25th, 1817, at Barnton, about Three

Miles N. W. from Edinburgh. 1817.










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In.P 0.19 0.05 0.2 0.41 0.02 0.03 0.01

0.08 0.05



.71 30.14


.05 29.75

.1 .85

M. N.
50 64
19 60
48 62
50 64
47 60
48 53
45 55
47 60
46 58
45 EO
46 57
47 56
48 56
46 55
43 57
47 58

Rain Clear ditto ditto Rain ditto Clear ditto Rain ditto Clear ditto ditto Rain Showers ditto

12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22

M. N.
46 55
50 62
50 60
49 60
48 62
49 60
50 64
49 60
50 70
55 68
52 66
50 60
47 65
49 58
48 55


.51 .42 .65 .5 .75 .81 .95 .75

.8 30.15

.21 .20

.08 29.71

Clear Rain ditto ditto ditto ditto ditto Clear ditto Rain Clear ditto ditto Showers Rain

0.28 0.31



24 25



Quantity of Rain 2.57


It seldom happens that weather prevails, during two seasons successively, so much alike as we have experienced in the spring and summer of 1816 and of 1817. The cold, wet summer and unpropitious harvest of 1799, was followed, in 1800, by so warm and dry a season, as, though scarcely less unfavourable to the crops, produced a striking contrast in regard to their earliness and perfect maturation. No such remarkable differ ence between this year and the former has yet been felt. A late spring has consigned to a cold and wet summer, in both years, the infant produce of the earth, in a feeble and unhealthy state ; and a late harvest, though there is still reason to hope not in the present year a scanty one, has been and must be the consequence. With the exception of two weeks in June, the atmosphere has seldom, for two days together, been so clear, warm, and refreshing, as we often find it, even in this northern climate ; yet the superabundance of moisture occasioned a most rapid vegetation, which requires only to be succeeded by heat and sunshine for a few weeks to ensure an abundant produce in all those situations where the seed was sound, and the young plants escaped any serious injury from the grub. The instances, however, are too numerous, particularly in the higher districts, where the oat crop threatens to be as late as that of last year. In the south of England reaping has commenced, and will soon be general ; but though we hear of several patches having been cut, and see many fields approaching towards ripeness, harvest will make little progress before the middle of next month in this country.

Among the grain crops no such difference can get be perceived as so lamentably occurred last year, in which wheat was greatly deficient even in those favourable situations where barley and oats fell little short of an average produce. All these species of grain promise to be, in favourable circumstances, almost equally productive, or at least are nearly alike luxuriant in their growth ; nor have any of the diseases to which wheat is peculiarly liable been so marked as to excite any alarm or apprehension. The pulse crops do not in general promise to be abundant. Turnips and potatoes, particularly the latter, of which a greater quantity than usual were planted last spring, are expected to be full crops upon all dry and well-dressed lands. The earlier crops of clover and rye grass hay were in many instances light, from the clover having been checked in its growth by the drought and coldness of the spring ; and the later crops have been saved with difficulty, and at an increased expense, owing to the frequent rains of the last month. Orchards and hopgrounds will not yield half a crop, and in many situations have failed altogether.

About the middle of June, the prices of grain, which had fluctuated during the six preceding months, according to the variations in our imports and exports, began to decline, owing to the very remarkable change which the fine weather then began to effect in the appearance of the growing crops ; and the supply having been more than equal to the demand ever since, especially since we ceased to export to France, prices have continued to fall; though of late much more slowly than in July. If fine weather does not speedily ensue, it is not probable that they will sink much lower. The very remarkable difference between the average prices of England and of Scotland, exhibited in the following Tables, has prevailed ever since last harvest, which, if any thing like accuracy could be depended on in these returns, would prove that the last wheat crop had failed more generally in regard to quality in the latter country than in the former.-Live stock, with the exception of Lambs, have been in demand, at improved prices, owing to the abundance of the pastures since the end of June.-Wool has been sold freely at higher prices than last year ; and very little of it now remains in the hands of the grower.

The following Tables have been constructed for the purpose of exhibiting, in a more distinct and comprehensive manner than has yet been attempted in any similar work, the weekly prices of agricultural produce in the principal markets of both the east and west of Britain, and must be valuable to agriculturists and mercantile men generally. The weekly averages of England, and of the Maritime Districts, and the monthly averages of Scotland, together with the Aggregate Averages by which importation is regulated, will form, we ven. ture to hope, a useful record for reference to all who take an interest in the discussion of those questions of Political Economy which relate to the subsistence of the people. 25th August. CORN MARKETS. Edinburgh.

Oatmeal. Bar.&pmeal. Barley. Oats.

1817. Loaf. p-pek

Bolls. Prices. Av.pric.


Quar.y Potat.






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Wheat, 240 lbs. Oats, 264 lbs. Barley, 320 lhs. Bns & Pse. Oatmeal Flour,
Dantzic. Scotch. Irish. Scots. Eog. English. Scotch. Stir. Mea. 140 lbs. 280 lbs.


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All England and Wales.

Maritime Districts.

Wht. Rye. Brley. Oats. Beans Pease. 140 lb Dts. Wht. Rye. Barley. Oats. Beans Pease.


d S. d. s. d.) s. d. s. d., s. d. s. d. July 19100 061 5.49 5 37 5 50 1051 10 15 1

26 94 4/59 447 1 35 3 18 819 11 42 10 Aug. 290 4 55 8 16 7 34 4 49


741 11 gl 87 653 10 45 9 134 649 4116 311 2

s. d. s. d. S. 12 105 063 454 19 99 2161 150 26 94 758 2 49

2 90 9156 1 48

d. s. d. s. d. s. d. 7 57 653 0526 2 37 349 0149 6 2 34 947 8/46 11

33 5145 1143 0

Aggregate Averages, (Aug. 9.) of the Twelve Maritime Districts of England and Wales,

by which Importation and Duty is to be regulated in Great Britain. Wheat,, 968. 111.-Rye, 598. 10d.-Barley, 493. 3.--Oats. 368. 4d.-Beans, 49s. 10d.-Pease, 50s. 8d.

Oatmeal, 42s. Average Prices of Scotland for the Four Weeks immediately preceding 15th July, Wheat. 76s. 90.-Rye, 69s. Id.Barley, 50s. 3d. Oats, 45s. 5d.-Beans, 645. 10d.-Pease, 643, 9d.

Oatmeal, 36s. 5d.-Beer or Big, 46s. 2d.


COLONIAL PRODUCE.-Sugars in the beginning of the month were in brisk demand, and consequently obtained higher prices. On the 5th large purchases of Muscovadoes were made at an advance of 3s. to 58., and since then a great disposition has been evinced to purchase at even a higher currency. Refined sugars had a corresponding rise, and on the 12th advanced generally 28. to 3s. per cwt. at which advance extensive contracts were made for goods to be delivered some weeks hence. Foreign sugars were also higher, and two bags Bengal sold 4s. to 6s. higher than the preceding week. On the 19th, the market was heavy, with a general reduction of ls. to 2s. Coffee has fluctuated since the 5th, at which period most descriptions were selling briskly at an advance of 3s. to 5s. ; and on the 19th, a further advance took place of 2s. per cwt. Cotton. On the 1st instant, an India sale of 8536 bags, chiefly Bengals, attracted great attention, and went off briskly, chiefly to shippers ; ordinary went off at an advance of d. to 14d., and middling fd. to gd. on the prices of the preceding week; the finer descriptions were little varied-Demerara and Berbice at 20 d. to 2s. 14d.; Grenada and Cariacou, 2010. to 22d. ; Surinams, 2s. to 2s. 14d.; Boweds, 19d. to 20d. ; Pernams, 2s. 2d. ; Bengals, in the house, realised 104d. to 114d. On the 8th, accounts from Manchester of a great improvement in Cotton goods and twist, caused considerable briskness in the market; and on that and the following day above 5500 bags changed hands at an advance of td. to fd. The market still continues brisk. The imports into London, Liverpool, and Glasgow, in July, were 42,487 bags, þeing 8448 more than those of July last year. Indigo. Purchases of this article continue to be made at a premium of 4d. to 6d. per pound, on the last East India sale prices. Spices have experienced no variation in price. Tobacco. The purchases are confined to a few hogsheads for the immediate wants of the trade. Rum. Considerable business has been done, and prices may be generally stated 2d. per gallon higher than at the beginning of the month.

EUROPEAN PRODUCE.—Hemp, Flax, and Tallow. The continued westerly breezes having prevented the usual arrivals from the Baltic, the supplies have been short. Hemp and Flax, however, have varied little in price; but tallow has advanced from 6s. to 95. per cwt Yellow Candle has realised 62s. Brandy.-An advance of 4d. to 6d. per gallon has taken place, owing to unfavourable accounts of the state of the vintage in France. Geneva remains without alteration.

British Manufactures. The accounts from the manufacturing districts of England are most cheering." Every branch (says a Manchester paper) of our national manufacture has received an impetus to which it has long been a stranger. At our two last market days, goods have been amazingly in request, and bore a lively advance, evidently the effect of an eager demand.”—The demand for Norwich bombazeens is so great, that all the old looms, so long lying useless, have been put in requisition, and many new ones are making. At Tewkesbury, all the stocking frames are in full work; considerable advances have been made in wages ; and another rise of 4s. per dozen is expected.

August 20.

Course of Exchange, Aug. 19.- Amsterdam, 38 : 0 B. 2 U. Ditto at sight, 37: 6. Agio of the Bank on Holland, 2. Hamburgh, 35.0:2 U. Paris, 3 days sight, 24:30 U. Altona, 35:1:2 U. Dublin, 11.

Prices of Gold and Silver, per 02.- Portugal gold, in coin, £4:0:6. New doubloons, £3:19:0. New dollars, £0:5:2.

Premiums of Insurance at Lloyd's Guernsey or Jersey, 15s. 9d. Cork, Dublin, or Belfast, 15s. 9d. to 20s. Hamburgh, 12s. 6d. Madeira, 20s. Jamaica, 30s. to 355. Weekly Prices of the Public Funds from July 14 to August 11, 1817.

July 14th.
21st. 28th.


Aug. 4th.

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