Inequality at Work: Hispanics in the U.S. Labor Force
This book presents a comprehensive economic analysis of the rapidly growing Hispanic labour force in the U.S. The author evaluates the leading economic theories on immigration and on racial and ethnic inequality in incomes and employment. He then tests these theories empirically with a variety of recent national data sets. Many of the findings throw into question widely held views among the public, academics, and policymakers. The author surveys the evolution of each of the main national-origin subgroups: Mexicans, Puerto Ricans, Cubans, Central and South Americans, and other Hispanic Labour forces in the U.S. He finds that the Hispanic disadvantage in income, poverty, and unemployment has remained chronically large and has actually been increasing in recent years. He finds that Hispanics are unusually vulnerable to recessionary downturns in the national economy. His study of the impact of undocumented Hispanic immigration into the U.S. contradicts claims that immigration, either legal or illegal, increases the unemployment or lowers the earnings of American workers.
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The Emergence of the Hispanic American Labor Force
Growth and Stagnation in Employment and Earnings
Distribution of Hispanic Study Sample by SpanishOrigin Categories
Hispanic Unemployment Across the Business Cycle
Unemployment Differentials Among SpanishOrigin Groups
Dimensions and Prospects
The Educational Crisis of Hispanic Youth
Does Immigration Harm Native Workers?
aggregate demand American analysis average Census characteristics Chiswick coefficients cohort Cuban Current Population Survey cyclical decline dependent variable differences differentials discrimination dropout dummy earnings economic educational attainment effects employers enrollment estimates ethnic factors family income female Figure firms Foreign Born fraction high school higher Hispanic immigrants human capital impact incidence increase individual industries joblessness labor force participation labor market layoff less logit lower males Mexican Mexico migrants minority multiple spells national-origin groups Native Born nearly neoclassical non-Hispanic whites occupations otherwise percent percentage persons population postwar poverty line poverty rate programs Public Use Microdata Puerto Ricans Rate of Return ratio real wage recent regression analysis regressions relative secondary sector self-employed self-employment significant skilled SMSA SOURCE Spanish Spanish origin statistical discrimination statistically survey Table tion U.S. Bureau U.S. Department undocumented unem unemployed unemployment rate United variables weeks white non-Hispanics women workers youth