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# Whether aught to us unknown ailliets him thus,
That open'd lies within our remedy.

Qucen. Good gentleinen, he hath much talk'd of you;
And sure I am, two inen there are not living,
To whom he more adheres: if it will please you
To shew us so much gentry and good-will,
As to * expend your time with us a while,
For the supply and profit of our hope,
Your visitation Y shall receive such thanks,
As fits a king's remembrance.

Rof. Both your majesties
Might, by the sovereign power you have of us,
Put your dread pleasures more into cornmand
Than to entreaty.

Guil. 2 But we both obey,
And here give up ourselves, in the full bent,
To lay our service freely at your feet,
6 To be commanded.

King. Thanks, Rosencraus and gentle Guildensitern.

Queen. Thanks, Guildenfiern and gentle Rosencraus.
And I beseech you, instantly to visit
My too much changed son. Go, some of ye,
And bring these gentic.nen where Hamlet is.

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Guil. Heavens make our presence and our pra&ices Pleasant and helpful to him !

[Exeunt, Queen. Ay, amen.

Enter Polonius.
Pol. Th' ambassadors from Norway, my good lord,
Are joyfully return'd.

King. Thou still hast been the father of good news,

Pol. Have I, my lord ? ' I assure my good liege,
I hold my duty, as I hold, iny soul,
Both to my God, 6 and to my gracious king ;
And I do think (or else this brain of mine
Hunts not the trail of policy fo fure
i As it hath us'd to do that I have found
The very cause of Hamlet's lunacy.

King. O speak of that, that I do long to hear,

Pol. Give first admittance to th' ambassadors; * My news shall be the fruit i to that great feaft, King. Thyself do grace to them, and bring thein in,

n Exit Polonius, * He tells me, my dear Gertrude, he hath found The head and source of all your son's difteinper.

• The 1st and 2d qu's read, I Amen. editions after, read, As I bave us'd to do, All the other editions, except C, read k The fo's and R. read, My news

sjball Amen only.

be i be news, &c. f So the qu's. The fo's and the rest 17. of for 10. read, Ajure you, my good liege.

m This direction firft inserted by R. & The fo's read, Both to my God, one o So the ist and 3d qu's and C. The to my gracious king.

2d g. reads, He tells me wy decree : Gere h The 3d and 4th fo's read, so be sure, trude, &c. The fo's, and all the other c.

editions, read, He tells me, my sweet i So the qu's and C. The fo's, and all queen, that be both found, &c.


Queen. I doubt it is no other but the main, His father's death, and our hafty marriage,


P Enter Polonius, Voltimand, and Cornelius,

King. Well, we shall lift him. ---Welcome, 9 my good

Say, Voltimand, what from our brother Norway?

Volt, Moft fair return of greetings and desires.
Upon our first, he sent out to suppress
His nephew's levies, which to him appear’d
To be a preparation 'gainst the Polack,
But better look'd into, he truly found
It was against your highness; whereat griev'd,
That so his fickness, age, and impotence
Was falsely borne in hand, sends out arrests
On Fortinbras; which he, in brief, obeys;
Receives rebuke from Norway; and, in fine,
Makes vow before his uncle, never more
To give th' assay of arms against your majesty.
Whereon old Norway, overcome with joy,
Gives him ' threescore thousand crowns in annual fee,
And his commission to employ those soldiers,
So levied (as before) against the Polack;
With an entreaty, herein further. shown,
That it might please you to give quiet pass

• The fo's, and all after, read, and our o'er-hasty marriage.

Qu's, Enter Embaladors.
The fo's and R, omit my.

The fo's, R. P. H. W. and C. read ibre sbousand crowns.

· Firk and ad qu's, foone.


Through your dominions for ' this enterprize,
On such regards of safety and allowance,
As "therein are set down.

King. It likes us well;
And at our more confider'd time we'll read,

Answer, and think upon this business.
Mean time, we thank you for


x well-took labour. Go to your rest; at night we'll feast together. · Most welcome home!

[Ex. Vol. and Cor, Pol. This business is well ended, My liege and madam, to expostulatě What majefty should be, what duty is, Why day is day, night night, and time is time, Were nothing but to waste night, day, and time, Therefore, a fince brevity is the soul of wit, And tediousness the a limbs and outward flourishes, I will be brief: your noble son is mad; Mad call I it; for, to define true madness, What is ’t, but to be nothing else but mad? But let that go

Queen. More inatter with less art.

Pol. Madam, I swear I use no art at all. ---
That he is mad, b'tis true; 'tis true, 'tis pity;
. And pity 'tis, 'tis true. A foolish figure,
But farewel it; for I will use no art.
Mad let us grant him then; and now remains

+ The fo's and R. read lis. u The 3d q. reads berein.

* H. alters thos, And sbink upon an answer to ibis business.

* The 2d, 3d and 4th fo's, and R. read well-lock'd

y The fo's and R. read


well. z The qu's omit fince. a First q. ly.xmes ; 24 q.

limmes. C. is for 'ris. c The fo's, R. and P, read, And pits,

It is true, &c.


That we find out the cause of this effet,
Or rather say, the cause of this defect;
For this effe&t, defe&tive, comes by cause;
Thus it remains, and the remainder thus --- Perpend ---
I have a daughter; have a while she is mine,
Who in her duty and obedience --- mark
Hath given me this; now gather, and surmise,

(He opens a letter and reads.]

To the celestial, and my ' fouls idol, the most 8 beautified Ophelia ---(That's an ill phrase, a b vile phrase, 8 beautified is a "vile phrase; but you shall hear, i thus) --- in her excellent white befom; these *, &c,

Queen. Came this from Hamlet to her?
Pol. Good madam, stay a while. I will be faithful.

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d Fo's, wbila.

ftopping in those editions, I have stopp: • The 3d q. omits and.

them as I thought they would best make C. reads foul's fair idol, &c. sense; and suppose the meaning to be, & T. alters beautified to be bocrified; To Ophelia, most beautified in her excellent and is followed by W. and C. J. says in white bosom; tbefe. in his note that H. follows T. which is The fo's read, these in ber excellent false. C. reads, that beautified is a vile, wbire bosom, tbefe. So C. R. and all af&c.

ter him, except C. read, these to ber exo h Fo's, vilde.

cellent wbite bofom, obese. i So the words in the qu's; but as we All but qu's omit &c. are very little to regard the method of

1 Qu's, (Letter.

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