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Old Man. I'll bring him the best 'parrel that I have,
Come on't what will.

Glo. Z Sirrah, naked fellow.
Edg. Poor Tom's a-cold.--I cannot a daub it further.

[Afide. Glo. Come hither, fellow.

Edg. [afide.] 6 And yet I must.Bless thy sweet eyes, they bleed.

Glo. Know'lt thou the way to Dover?

Edg. Both stile and gate, horse-way and foot path. Poor Tom hath been scar'd out of his good wits. Bless thee, *good man, from the foul fiend. d five fiends have been in

poor * H. reads firrah, you, naked fellow.

· For daub (which W. interprets disguise) the qu's and P. read dance; H. dally, omitting it.

• The qu's omit and yet I must.
The fo's and R. read good man's son, from, Gr.
& What is in italic is omitted in the fo's and R.

Shakespeare has made Edgar, in his feigned distraction, frequently allude to a vile imposture of some English Jesuits, at that time much the subject of conversation ; the history of it having been just then composed with great art and vigour of tile and composition by Dr. S. Harsenet, afterwards Archa bishop of York, by order of the privy-council, in a work entitled, A decla. ration of egregious popis impoftures, 10 withdraw bis majesty's subjects from ibeir allegiance, &c. under pretence of cafting out devils, pradlised by Ed. munds, elias Weston, a Jesuit, and divers Romish priests his wicked associates. Priated 1603. The imposture was in substance this, while the Spaniards were preparing their armada against England, the Jesuits were here busy to promote it, by making converts; one method they employed was to disporfels pretended demoniacs, by which artifice they made several hundred converts amongst the common people. The principal scene of this farce was Laid in the family of one Mr. Edmund Peckham, a Roman Catholic, where Marwood, a fervant of Anthony Batington's, (who was afterwards executed for treason) Trayford, an attendant upon Mr. Peckham, and Sarah and Frifwood Williams, and Anne Smith, three chambermaids in that family were

3

supposed

poor Tom at once; of luft, as Obidicut; f Hobbididence prince of dumbness; Mahu, of stealing ; 8 Modo, of murder ;

Flibbertigibbet of i mobbing and k mowing ; who since pofselles chamber-maids and waiting-women. So, bless thee, master.

Glò. Here, take this purse, thou whom the heaven's plaguee Have humbled to all strokes. That I am wretched, Makes thee the happier. Heavens deal fo ftill! Let the superfluous, m and lust-dieted man, That" braves your ordinance, that will not see Because he does not feel, feel your power quickly:

supposed to be possessed with devils, and came into the priest's hands for cure. But the discipline of the patients was so long and severe, and the priests fo elate and careless with their success, that the plot was discovered on the confession of the parties concerned, and the contrivers of it deservedly punished. The five devils here mentioned, are the names of five of those who were to act in this farce upon the chambermaids and waiting-women; and they are generally so ridiculously nick-named, that Harsenet has one chapter on the strange names of their devils ; left, says he, meeting them otherwise by chance, gou miftake them for the names of tapsters and jugglers. W. The substance of this note is in Ti's edition.

e P. omits of lust, as Obidicut.
f So the qu's; the rest Hobbididen.
& So the qu's; the rest Mobu.
h The qu's read Stiberdigebit.
1 The qu's read mobin; P. moping; the rest mopping.

k The qu's read Mohing, printed as a proper name of one of the fiends, and retained as such by P. (and spelt Mowing) on account of which he ex• cluded Obidicut, as the number five is complete without it. But mobbing seems to allude to the mobs which gathered to see the possessed people; and mowing. i. e. making mouths, to the distortions of their faces when the pretended fit was upon them.

| All but the qu's omit fo, bless thee, good master.
m R. reads and the luft-dieted, &c.
a So H. and W.; the qu's read fands; the fo's slaves.

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So distribution should undo excess,
And each man have enough. Do'st thou know Dover?

Edg. Ay, master.

Gle. There is a cliff whose high and bending head
Looks P fearfully 9 on the confined deep;
Bring me but to the very brim of it,
And I'll repair the misery thou dost bear,
With something rich about me. From that place
I shall no r leading need.

Edg. Give me thy arm,
Poor Tom shall lead thee.

[Exeunt.

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Enter Goneril and Edmund.
Gon. Welcome, my lord; I marvel, our mild husband
Not met us on the way.

Enter Steward.
Now, where's your master?

Stew. Madam, within ; but never man fo chang'd,
I told him of the army that was landed;
He smild at it. I told him, you were coming,
His answer was, the worse. Of Gloʻster's treachery,
And of the loyal service of his son,

• The qu's read under for undo.
p The qu's read firmly for fearfully.
4 The qu's and fo's read in for on.
? The two last fo's and R. and T.'s 8vo read lending for leading.

I 2

1

When

When I inform'd him, then he call'd me sot;
And told me, I had turn'd the wrong side out.
• What most he should disike, seems pleasant to him;
What like, offensive.

Gon. Then thou shalt go no further. [T. Edmund.
It is the cowilh' terror of his spirit,
That dares not undertake; he'll not feel wrongs,
Which tie him to an answer. u Our wishes on the way
May prove effects. Back, w Edmund, to my brother;
Hasten his musters, and conduct his powers.
I must change * arms at home, and give the distaff
Into my husband's hands. This trusty servant
Shall pass between us; y ere long you are like to hear,
If you dare venture in your own behalf,
A mistress's 2 command. Wear this ; [ a gives him a ring]

spare speech;
Decline your head. This kiss, if it durst speak,
Would stretch thy spirits up into the air.
Conceive, and fare thee well.

Edm. Yours in the ranks of death.
Gon. My most dear Glofter!

[Exit Edmund.

. The qu's read what he should most desire. t The 2d q. reads curre for terror.

u H. reads that our wishes on thway may prove effe&s, back to my brgther, &c.

w The ift q. reads Edgar for Edmund.
* The fo's and R. read names for arms.

y So all before P. who reads you ere long shall hear; followed by the rest.

2 The ad q. reads coward for command.
a This direction added by H.
b The ift q. reads far you well; the ad faryewell.

cOh, the d difference of man, and man!
To thee e a woman's services are due;
My fool usurps my body.,
Stew. Madam, here comes my lord.

[8 Exit Steward.

Enter Albany.
Gon. I have been worth the h whistle.

Alb. Oh, Gonerill,
You are not worth the dust, which the i rude wind
Blows in your face.-k I fear your disposition :
That nature, which contemns ' its origin,
Cannot be border'd certain in itself ;
She that herself will m silver, and dis-branch,
From ber n material fap, perforce must wither,
And come to deadly use.

€ This line is not in the qu's. • So all before P. who inserts strange after the ; followed by the rest. * The ad q. omits a. i The ift q. reads a fool ufurps my bed; the 2d my foot wsurps my head. & So the qu’s; the reft omit this direction, b The 1st q. reads whistling. i The ad q. omits rude. * What follows in italic iş omitted in the fo's and R, 1 The ift q. reads ith; the ad it for its. m P. reads fiver.

T. H. and J. read maternal for material; to support which latter reading, in the usual sense of the word, w. has a long note; but after all confesses that material may signify maternal; and quotes the title of an old Englifo book to prove that material has been used in that sense; the title is as follows, Syr John Froissart's chronicle translated out of the Frencke into our material English tongue by John Bouchier, printed 1525. But a few words will determine the reading to be material in the usual sense; for the force of Albany's argument to prove that a branch torn from a tree must infallibly wither and die, lics in this, that it is separated from a communication with that which supplies it with the very identical matter by which it (the branch) lives, and of which it is composed.

Gon,

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