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vous indications, were enabled to had occasion to peruse several of the speak with ease and fluency; and letters which have been addressed to one gentleman, who had scarcely ever him by the individuals whom he has cuventured to breathe a sound before red, and by the parents of those pupils company, was enabled to make a fore who were unable to express their own mal speech before a large party, who gratitude. The respect and affection had been assembled by his father to which these letters breathe, while they commemorate the almost miraculous shew, the value which has been set cure of his son.

upon the cure, evince also the kind. The removal of impediments of ness and gentleness of the treatment speech, has always been considered as by which it has been effected. Mr the work of time and laborious exer- Broster's humanity to the poor, and tion, and those who professed to have to those whose circumstances do not studied the subject most deeply, re- permit them to prove their gratitude quired the constant attendance of their by their liberality, deserves to be espepupils for months, and even for years. cially noticed. We know of cases Mr Broster's system, however, is of a where he has refused any compensavery different character. Some of his tion for his trouble ; and we are sure, most striking cures have been per- that in every case where it is necesa formed after a single lesson, and, in sary, his liberality will be conspicuous. general, a few days is all the time that As we are not acquainted with the he requires for effecting it. This ra- nature of Mr Broster's system, we pidity of cure, indeed, is one of the cannot give any opinion of it as a most valuable features in his system. scientific method. We understand, The hope of a speedy remedy encou- however, that it is as simple as it is nges the patient to apply his whole efficacious ; and that though much demind to the system, and enables the pends on the skill and judgment of poor, and those who cannot quit their the person who applies it, yet it is ca. professions, to avail themselves of a pable of being successfully practised discovery, which otherwise could have by those who have been completely inbeen of no benefit to them.

structed in its principles and details. Hitherto we have considered this This important discovery has hia new method as applicable only to the therto excited little general curiosity. ordinary impediments of speech, but The interest which it has called forth we have reason to know that Mr Bros- has been chiefly local, and confined to ter's method embraces a much wider the relatives and friends of the perrange. He has applied it to the cure sons whom it has benefited ; but, as of cases of weak articulation ; he has, Mr Broster's pupils increase in numas it were, given the power of speech ber--as the remarkable cures which he to those who were supposed to be la- performs become better known, it canbouring under bodily disease, and he not fail to excite that notice which actually communicated the power of it so justly merits; and if its success reading aloud before company, to a shall continue to be as great as it has venerable philosopher, whom a para- hitherto been, we have no doubt that lytic affection had almost deprived of the legislature itself will rank Mr the power of speech.

Broster among those public beneface During our inquiries into the suc- tors whose services entitle them to a cess of Mr Broster's system, we have public remuneration.

AMERICAN WRITERS:

No. IV.

en

Farces.--About a dozen or twenty element--the true elixir vitæ-which, sober, childish, or disagreeable in its rectified state, becomes the elixir tertainments" have been produced, in of immortality-" that is to say " the United States of America—by the poetry. We would advise him to try natives—within the memory of man, once more ; give the public another we believe under this title; but, in dose ; and, if they won't have it withalmost every case, with such a serious, out-pinch their noses for them, till reasonable, or cautious, untimely air, they are glad enough to swallow it that, when they came to be perform- critics or not. ed, people who were not in the se The poetical ore, by the way, in Dr cret-nor concerned in any way, with, F. may be estimated-safelythusor for, the piece,-knew not whether 6 parts fire : 2 earth : 1 lead : 1 pure to laugh or cry.

gold. The truth is, that our Transatlan Yes—let him try again. Let him tic brethren-fruitful, as they cera sink a shaft-not himself-in some tainly are, in a sort of stubborn oddity other place-not in Philadelphia--that -a 'kind of unmalleable humour; Quaker“ ATHENS." It is too low and abounding, as they certainly do, in flat for him, there : he will find little what may be called respectable absur or nothing but cold water-dirty wadities have nothing outrageous in ter, perhaps-go as deep as he may, their nature; little or no raw mate into that land of accretion; where there rial, of their own, for generous, broad, is nothing primitive, but a few Quarich caricature ; no humour, worth kers-nothing solid, or heavy, but a working up; no delicious drollery; few purses, and a few heads--nothing little or nothing, in themselves, or rich or valuable, under the surface; their habits, for good-natured misre that alluvial district, where everything presentation. The farces, in America, but wreck and rubbish, driftwood, therefore, without one exception, are or animal remains-like those of the made, by English workmen, of Eng- Port-Folio—and some other antedilulish-or British material--and per vian shell-fish-are secondary. Let formed, in almost every case, by Eng- him do this, in some other place lishmen. Our friends, over the wa among the mountains ; work hard, in ter, in this part of their practice, there the granite region ; build a better furfore, not only steal our brooms ready nace; begin altogether anew ; sweat, made-but people to use them-which like a good fellow, over the anvil we take to be a great “improvement, shut his eyes to everything else-Deias they would call it, of Joe Millar. ther sleep nor doze, while the fire is in The French pieces, which appear in blast. If he follow our advice, we will America, are always in our translations, answer for his “ turning out” a piece after they have been adopted here of workmanship, after all, of whi See DRAMA, Vol. XVI. p. 567. his country may be proud.

FARMER-DR :-A young physi. Fessenden-Dr: (we believe.)--A cian, who wrote-some five or six years « has been" of "American literature ago--some five or six-(we mean to -so called : author of a poem or two be very bitter, now, of course-very) -so called : and, among others, which --some five or six downright, Phic had a prodigious run, for a time, of ladelphia poems. Nevertheless-in “ Terrible Tractoration;" a parcel of mercy—that we may not break his stuff, in poor doggrel, about Perkins, heart, altogether-drive him stark, the man, who, some twenty-five years staring mad-we must allow him a ago, more or less, cured people of alword or two of comfort, after this--a most everything-head-ache-lamespoonful of syrup-a lump of sugar- ness,-cash,--rheumatism,- fever,to quiet him.

common sense- on both sides of the He has, really, some good stuff, in water, with two small pieces of metal, his nature: some ore, worth coining: which went by the name of “metal. - a little (the stronger, perhaps, for lic points,” or “ tractors." The wise being so little) of that fiery, strange men of America, by the way, were

20

quite as foolish, credulous, and absurd, hundred others might have done ; each as ours. They made up their full with more genius; more fervour ; quota of believers : like the French, more eloquence; and more brilliancy. while the wonders of animal magnet He was born of English parents, in ism were the “ go:" like ourselves, Boston, Massachusetts, New Exgland, now that craniology, etc. etc. are the about 1706, we believe. When a lad, creed of the orthodox.

he ran away to Philadelphia. After a Dr F. is a good prose writer ; but long course of self-denial, hardship, about as much of a poet, as-as-now and wearying disappointment, which for it!-as the multiplication table, or nothing but his frugal, temperate, couJeremy Bentham’s “ own self.” He rageous good sense carried him through, is the editor of some village newspa- he came to be successively_a jourper, now; the prose part of which, is neyman printer, (or pressman, rather, really worth reading; but his poetry on account of his great bodily strength, -God forgive us for calling any dog- -in a London printing-office ;* -edigrel, poetry-although " five lines tor and publisher, at home, in Philawere a day's work with him”-is, delphia, of many papers, which had a

prodigious influence on the temper of * FRANKLIN-DR BENJAMIN. of his countrymen ;-agent, for certain of this extraordinary man, we could say the colonies, to this government;-an much, that would be new to his coun author of celebrity ;-a philosopher, trymen ; but, our limits will not per- whose reputation has gone over the mit of our doing it, worthily, now. whole of the learned world—continuWe shall confine ourselves, therefore, ally increasing, as it went;-a very to a few remarks; one or two short able negotiator ;-a statesman ;anecdotes; and a faithful account, of minister plenipotentiary to France, of his philosophical pretensions. His whose king he obtained, while the Life, partly written by himself, is, or Bourbons were in their glory-by his should be, in the hands of every young great moderation, wisdom, and repubperson. It is a plain, homely narra lican address, a treaty, which enabled tive ; remarkable for candour, since our thirteen colonies of North Ameririty, and good common sense. The ca to laugh all the power of Great Bristyle is clear, strong, and simple. tain, year after year, to scorn ;-yes

His Philosophical, Moral, Political, and all these things, did Benjamin and Humorous Essays, are pretty well Franklin, by virtue

alone, of his good known. A word or two, however, concerning each class—by way of correct He died, in 1790, “ full of years, ing certain errors, which are continu and full of honours ;”, the pride and ally repeated.

glory of that empire, the very foundaThe leading property of Dr Frank- tions of which, he had assisted in laylin's mind-great as it was the fa- ing;—the very corner-stone of which, culty, which made him remarkable, he had helped in to the appointed and set bimr apart from other men ;- place, with his own powerful hands. the generator, in truth, of all his He was one of the few--the priesthood power-was good sense only plain, of liberty—that stood up, undismayed, good sense--nothing more.

He was

unmoved, while the ark of their salvanot a man of genius ; there was no tion thundered, and shook, and lightbrilliancy about him; little or no fer- ened in their faces ;-putting all of vour; nothing like poetry, or elo- them, their venerable hands upon it, quence : and yet--by the sole, unti- nevertheless; and abiding the issue, ring, continual operation of this hum- while the “ DECLARATION OF INDEble, unpretending quality of the mind; PENDENCE” went forth, like the noise he came to do more, in the world of of trumpets, to the four corners of the science ; more, in council ; more, in earth. He lived, until he heard a warthe cabinets of Europe, more, in the like flourish echoing through all the revolution of empires, (uneducated - great solitudes of America—the roar or self-educated, as he was,) than five of battle, on every side of him-all

common sense.

The very press, at which he worked, is now in the possession of Messrs Cox and Baylis_GREAT QUEEN'S STREET, LINCOLN's-Inn.Fields-near the place where Dr F. worked.

Vol. XVII.

Europe in commotion-her over-peo The troubles had already begun, there. pled empires riotous with a new spirit One day, he went before the Privy -his country quietly taking her place Council, as agent, with a petition from among the nations. What more could the assembly of Massachusetts; or, he wish ?—Nothing. It was time to more carefully speaking-one day, give up the ghost.

when a petition from the provincial asHe was a great--and, of course—a sembly of Massachusetts-Bay, already good man. We have but few things to presented by him, was taken up. He lay, seriously, to his charge-very was treated with great indignity-infew : and, after all, when we look about sulted-grossly abused, by the Solicius; recollecting, as we do, the great tor General, Wedderbourne. He bore good which he has done, everywhere; it, without any sign of emotion. All the little mischief that he has done eyes were upon him. No change, or the less than little, that he ever medi- shadow of change, went over his face. tated, anywhere-in all his life--to the His friends were amazed at his for. cause of humanity-we have no heart bearance. They wondered at his equa—we confess it-again to speak un nimity—they were almost ready to rekindly of him. The evil that Benja- proach him for it. Such untimely selfmin Franklin did, in the whole of his command could only proceed from infourscore years—and upward of life difference to the great cause-or-so -was, in comparison with his good they thought—from a strange moral works, but as dust in the balance. insensibility. On his way from the

In his personal appearance, a few place of humiliation, they gathered years before his death, he was very about him. He stopped-he stood much like Jeremy Bentham, as he is, still-his manner-look-voice-were now.

those of a man, who has quictly conIn his moral temperament, he was centrated every thought, every hore, altogether one of the old-fashioned under heaven—all his energies—upon Yankees—or New Englanders—for a single point.--"His MASTER SHALL they only are Yankees : one of that pe PAY FOR IT,” said he, and passed on. culiar people, who are somewhat over The other circumstance grew out of zealous of good works. Like his the same affair. As a mark of especial countrymen, he was cool, keen, firm, consideration, for the Privy Council, cautious, and benevolent: a man of few the Doetor appeared before them, in a words ; yet able, nevertheless, with a superb dress, after the court fashion part of those few—hardly more than a of the time. He wore it bravely-he dozen, or twenty, at one time—to over looked uncommonly well in it. Findthrow all opposition—quiet a long de- ing, however, that his courtly garb, bate-shame the talkative, and silence thus chosen, thus worn, had been of the powerful—in the state assembly, no avail, as a refuge or shelter, to of which he was a member.

him ; that, on the contrary, it had only By nature, perhaps, like George made him a better mark, and exaspeWashington, whose character, by the rated his adversary; that, worse than way, is greatly misunderstood, he was all, his considerate loyalty had been a man of strong passions, which, after misunderstood, for a piece of dirty many years, by continual guardian- adulation ; or, worse yet,-for a piece ship, trial, and severe discipline, he of wretched foppery-he went, on leahad brought entirely under his con- ving the Council, straightway home; trol. This, we say positively, was the threw the dress aside ; and, from that character of Washington : this, we be hour, never wore it again, till the day, lieve to have been the character of on which he went, with full power, Franklin.

into the court of the Bourbons, to sign We happen to know something of the treaty between France and America the Doctor's determination, however, -the UNITED STATES OF AMERICA ! in two cases ; both growing out of the What must have been his feelings same event, where the natural temper That paper gave the death-blow to of the man broke out-blazed up, like British dominion over the western a smothered fire-became visible, as it world. It was done—the threat was were, all at once, in spite of himself. accomplished : Franklin was at peace Some time in the year 1767, or 8, he with himself: the majesty of Great was in this country, acting as agent for Britain had paid-bitterly paid, for some of our Transatlantic possessions. the insolence of the Solicitor General.

It was while preparing himself, on understood, made whatever he thought this very occasion, for his appearance as intelligible to other men, as if they at Versailles, among the pride and themselves had also thought it. flower of the French nobility, that a In electricity, his bold, adventurous little circumstance occurred, which the course of experiment, cannot be overDoctor was fond of relating, all his praised. It was unspeakably daringlife, as finely characteristic of the sublime. It led, in every part of the French temper-full of resource_full globe, to fearless inquiry; a more inof apology, such as it is never to be trepid zeal; a more peremptory mode taken by surprise.

of interrogating the dangerous eleHe had ordered a fashionable courtment:-it led, in short, everywhere, wig to be made for the occasion ; desi to noble adventures; brave experiring Monsieur le Perruquier, whatever ments; rational doctrines ; useful diselse he did (for the Doctor had al- coveries :-and, after seventy years of ready heard something of these encum- jealous, continual examination, has brances)—whatever else—to make it obtained, except in a few particulars, large enough. The wig was brought for his theory—that of the self-educahome, at a very late hour: nothing ted American-a decided, open, almost could be more stately, “ superb," or universal preference among the philo“ magnificent."-But when he came to sophers of Europe. try it on, the Doctor—otherwise the To Franklin we owe the knowledge, patient-found it insupportably tight. that electricity and lightning are simiHe complained: Monsieur le Perru- lar. He proved it; shewed others how quier bowed. He remonstrated-grew to prove it; and formed, without asred in the face—the Perruquier bowed sistance, thereupon a scientific theagain.—“It is too small, sir-too smallory, which continues, of itself, to exentirely," said Franklin—" altogether plain the principal phenomena of thuntoo small, sir.”-“ Après tout," an derstorms-lightning-and electricity. swered Monsieur le Perruquier, cut- It had been suspected, before, by the ting a light pigeon-wing before the Abbe Nolet; but, in throwing out his Doctor—“ Apres tout, Monsieur, ce conjecture, the Abbe, himself, attachn'est pas la perruque, qui est trop pe ed no value to it.; and, without a questite ; c'est la tete, qui est trop grosse."

tion, had no idea of any method, by -The Frenchman, with all his po which the truth of it could be shewn. liteness, however, did not say, or think It was only one of those accidental of saying-c'est la tete, qui est trop vague thoughts, continually to be met grande. If he had, perhaps the Doc with in the works of brilliant, flighty for would have borne the head-ache men, for whom the world are claimmore quietly.

ing the honour of all our discoveries But enough. Turn we now to his —all our inventions—all our improvePhilosophical Essays. These are ments-one after the other, as fast as plain, downright, sensible papers, they appear : as if to imagine were wherein all the world may see, that the same as to invent, or make :nothing is done for display ; nothing as if to dream were to demonstrate : for effect; nothing, without a serious -as if to talk, without knowing why, consideration. The Doctor lays down, of an idle, strange possibility, were to throughout, no proposition---strongly establish a great, useful truth :-as if -positively-unless where he is justi a poet were a mathematician :-as if a fied by his own repeated, personal ex writer, who may have said a century perience. He takes nothing for grant- ago, on seeing the top of a tea-kettle ed; he simply records the

progress of forced off, or a coffee-pot nose explode his own experiments ; putting his que- in the fire-that, after a time, the ries modestly-never flying off into smoke of water might be turned, perhypothesis and reserving his conjec- haps, to account-were to have the cretures, for their proper placema me dit, now, of our great steam discovemorandum-book. It is gratifying to ries :-nay, as if we ourselves, who, follow such a man ; to observe his in our soothsaying capacity, now whisholy caution-his awful regard for per, that, perhaps, the time will come, truth, whatever may come of it-his when star-light will be for sale in the faculty of explanation, which, half a jewellery-shops ; put up, in lumps of century ago, when most of the sub- crystal, for the rich-in plebeian glass, jects, upon which he wrote, were little for the poor : when there will be turn

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