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the person in cases where no redemp- hurtful in all countries. One of your tion of tithe has taken place. Thus correspondents has accordingly fixed the clergyman will retain his inde- the minimum of a minister's stipend pendence quite as effectually as he re- at L.150, and the maximum at 1.300 tains it at present, and all the evils at- a-year; but he who drew this estitendant upon the tithe-system will be mate, though evidently a man of no done away.
ordinary talent, must be wofully igIf it be said that these arrangements, norant of the expenses to which every though they might no doubt benefit clergyman in England is liable. A the clergy, instead of relieving, would poor man's cow never dies in his paonly throw a double burden upon the rish but the minister is applied to to land, I reply, that the very reverse is draw up a petition-of course he must the case, as the following calculation himself subscribe his crown or halfwill prove.
sovereign. A cottager's wife is never I do not believe that I place any im- brought to bed but the parson is sent to moderate value upon the whole tithes for linens, gruel, and comfits. A school of England, as well those enjoyed by is established--to this he must subscribe lay-impropriators, by bishops, schools, his two, three, and five guineas annu. and colleges, as those retained by the ally ;-a lying-in charity is set a-goparochial clergy, when I estimate the ing—to that he gives his guinea. No annual amount at 10s. per acre. In calamity or accident occurs in his the southern counties, at least, where neighbourhood, to the alleviation of the cultivators are well pleased to pay which he is not expected to contribute. a composition of 15s. for wheat, i2s. Could all this be done out of an infor lent corn, and a guinea for hops, I come of L.150 a-year? Nor is this all. am certain that this average is mode. The education of an English clergyrate. The average rent of the land in man has been of such a nature, as not England cannot, on the other hand, only to fit him for the higher walks of be taken at a higher amount than 40s., life, but to throw him, from his boyand this, when reduced by the expen- hood, into the way of forming connexses attendant upon repair of houses, ion with the wealthy and the titled of &c. &c. which the landlord is bound the land. Can these be kept up, or can to defray, will bring the free rent a clergyman support the appearances down as low as 30s. The fifth part which he is expected to support, and of L.1: 10s. is, however, as Mr Bon the keeping up of which tends, in no nycastle assures us, just 6s.--here, slight degree, to render hin usefuleven then, even in the case of tithe valued, among the poor, upon so miserable a is a clear saving to each proprietor of pittance as L.150 a-year?—No, no. 4s. per acre. But supposing all land. These are not times, when even the lords disposed to redeem the tithes, minimum of ecclesiastical benefices as would probably be the case when- can, in this country at least, be thus ever redemption was attainable, what taken. On the contrary, I am fully would be the cost of the measure? persuaded, that I reduce the thing to Those who purchased from lay-ime its lowest practicable amount, when I propriators would pay L.1:16s. per take L.400 as the minimum,and L.1000 acre; those who transacted business as the maximum, leaving the intermewith appropriators, L.2: 148.-sums diate sums to be apportioned according altogether unworthy of notice, when as circumstances may require. Thus, the amount of the benefit secured, is in London, and its immediate vicinitaken into consideration.
ty, L.1000 a-year are absolutely necesWell,—but are not the minister's sary to the decent support of a clergystipend and the repair of the church man-(why, in Edinburgh, they have and manse to be provided for by those L.700 ;) in commercial towns, and exheritors who redeem their tithes, or pensive watering-places, L.700 a-year will not these expenses bring things are not too much, whilst in retired back to their former level? By no country-parishes, where provisions are means. Whilst government ought comparatively cheap, L.400 annually particularly to guard against reducing may be deemed sufficient. Not one of the established clergy to indigence, these, however, is too great, as every equal care should be taken that their unprejudiced and well-informed perrevenues be not too great. A very poor son must allow. and a very rich priesthood are equally To bring matters to this, great chan
ges must of course be made in the ex es, necessary. When a living amounts, tent of the various parishes in the king as perhaps one half of the livings in dom. In country places, I would there, England amount, to less than L.150 fore recommend that instead of leaving a-year, it is quite impossible that the some at the present enormous rate of incumbent can subsist; and hence the six, seven, ten, and twelve thousand patron, who has given him one, has acres, while others hardly comprehend no scruple in giving him another. I one thousand, an average should be admit, indeed, that pluralities are entaken of three thousand ; and that the joyed in too many instances, where no bounds of all parishes should be made plea of necessity can be urged,—but the to include that space.
Were this ar only way to prevent this, is to make rangement brought about, each parish every benefice capable of maintaining which paid its minister a stipend of its incumbent. £400 a-year (and a countless propor With respect to the higher departtion would pay no more), would be ments of the church, the bishoprics, burthened with an annual rate of two deaneries, archdeaneries, prebendal shillings and fourpence per acre,-a stalls, fewer alterations appear necessum less by two-thirds, even after the sary. He who would sweep away the interest of the redemption money has best of them, would annihilate the been added to it, than is at this mo church-he would pull down the alment paid, in the form of tithes, by tar-would deprive her of the highest any parish in England. Would not incitement which she holds out to dithis benefit the land-owners to the ligence and theological research among full as much as it would benefit the her clergy. One regulation, indeed, clergy?
might, I think, be adopted with great Having thus provided for the decent effect. Let fewer stalls be given to maintenance of the clergy out of the men of no eminence, merely because tithes, wherever tithes had been pre- they chance to be the sons of the noviously due, the legislature ought next bility, and a greater number to men to take the situation of town and city of acknowledged talent; and let no ministers into consideration; as in man hold stalls in two cathedrals at some of the livings there is little or the same time. It is a great deal too no source from which tithes can be bad to see an honourable and recollected, a valuation of the houses verend blockhead filling dignities in ought to be made, and a certain sum, two or three different dioceses, whilst upon the free rent of each, assigned to such men as Doctor Nares, for exthe minister for his support. This, ample, are left to spend their lives in in all cases, ought to be arranged, that an obscure parsonage in the country. the stipend of an urbane incumbent Touching the bishoprics again, I fall not short of £500 ; and when it is cannot but think, that the legislature thus fixed, let all other sources of re would act wisely, if, instead of leaving venue be abolished. Let no more Fees them as they at present stand, it would or Easter-offerings be accepted, for so far put the one on a footing of equathey are pitiful and beggarly collec- lity with the other, on the score of retions at the best, and leave an unkind venue, as to preclude all necessity of ly feeling on the minds both of those translation. The translation of a biwho give, and of him who takes them. shop from one diocese to another is atAs I said before, let London livings tended with serious evils to the church, bring in their thousand pounds, and whilst the expectation of being speedily livings in Brighton, Manchester, and removed seldom fails of rendering the other similar towns, their seven hun- expectant more or less a useless overdred pounds, annually; but five hun seer of Christ's flock. Thus, where a dred would be amply sufficient in man of family is appointed to a poor York, Durham, or Canterbury. see, knowing, as he is led to know,
As each benefice, under this new that his present is no more than a step arrangement, would be fully adequate to future preferment,-he becomes to the support of an incumbent, the morally satisfied that it is not worth legislature ought immediately to abo- his while to make himself intimately lish pluralities. Pluralities are truly acquainted with the circumstances and said to be wens and blotches on the character of his clergy, in as much as face of the church ; but as matters his connexion with them is but temstand at present, they are, in some cas porary. He therefore knows little about
them to the last. On the other hand, years ago, we were engaged in a war he who has no ground to expect a re- unparalleled in its magnitude,--and, moval, applies himself to the acquisi- to all appearance, without end. We are tion of this important branch of know now at profound peace with the whole ledge. But just as he had begun to world. Our exchequer was then exacquire it-just as he had begun to hausted-our population discontented, feel an interest in his clergy, and the because poor our manufacturers idle clergy in return had begun to look up Lour trade in a state of stagnation with affectionate respect towards him, to have attempted anything like a the Minister takes a liking to him, and radical change in any department of he is removed to a richer bishopric. the commonwealth, would have been Of course, all his labour must be gone madness. Now the public resources through a second time, whilst the cler- of the empire are flourishing our gy, from whom he is separated, are left manufacturers are all busy-our comto form an acquaintance with their new merce is daily extending-and, above Diocesan, instead of reaping the bene- all, our government is, to an unexamfits of an acquaintance already formed. pled degree, popular--What has that This ought not to be. The two Arch- government to look to, except the inbishoprics must, indeed, be kept as ternal administration of the country? they are,-because, the rank of these And/ what department of its adminiprelates requires a larger revenue to stration affects the welfare of the peosupport it than that of others. But ple half so much, as the national reamong the resources of the suffragan ligion ? bishops, we should have no such va Let government take this measure riations as one to be paid between up, and they need not dread the absence L.30,000, and L.600 a-year. A bishop of support. No doubt, they will be with L.5000 a-year would, in any dio- opposed by the mass of impropriators cese, be wealthy enough,-nor would perhaps a small proportion of the he be anywhere too wealthy with that clergy may join in this opinion-but annual revenue.
let them go on. There is a prepondeSuch are the changes which alone rating majority of freeholders who pay appear necessary to bring the ecclesi- tithe over freeholders who receive it astical establishment of England as - there is a preponderating majority near to perfection as it falls to the lot among the clergy, who, having no hopes of any human institution to attain. themselves of obtaining livings to the That they can be brought about withe amount of three or four thousand as out patience, perseverance, and ads year, would rejoice to see pluralities dress, on the part of government, is not abolished. Let the ministry make but to be expected; but if ever there was the attempt to remodel the impropriaa period in our national history when tions of the church, and they must sucan attempt of the kind might be made, ceed,-for these, to a man, would supthat period is the present. Twelve port them.
THB SHEPHERD'S CALENDAR.
Class V.-The Lasses.
(Continued from Vol. XV. Page 304.) “ How came the twa moorland lifted, he canna haud his tongue, an' I chiels on at the courting the other dinna wonder at it. But, for a' the
offers the bonny lass had, to fix on “It's hard to say ; there are various him, is a miracle. Time tries a'; an' accounts about the matter.”
Jock may be cheated yet.” “ What does the smith say?-for, Yes, time is the great trier of though his sentences are but short, human events. Let any man rehe says them loud enough, and often view his correspondences for ten years enough ower, an' fo’ks reckon there's back, and he will then see how wideaye some truth in the foundation.” ly different his own prospects of the
“ I can tell ye what he says, for I future have been from the lessons heard him on the subject oftener than taught him by that hoary monitor aince, and his information was pre Time. But, for the present, matters cisely as follows:- The Tod's bairns turned out as the fortunate wooer had maun gang now, lads-I'm saying, insinuated; for, in a short month after the Tod's bairns maun gang now--ch, this confabulation had taken place, the Menye ?-fairly run down. Half-am auld Tod's helpmate arose early one dozen tykes ower sair for ae young morning, and began a-bustling about Tod_eh? Fairly holed the young anę,
the house in her usual busy way, and it seems--I'm saying, the young ane's always now and then kept giving hints holed. Nought but a pick and shool to her bonny lasses to rise and begin wantit to howk her. Jewel has gi'en to their daily tasks.-"Come, stir ye, mouth there, I'm saying, auld Jewel stir ye, my bonny bairns. When the has gi'en mouth there. Poor Wat has sterns o' heaven hae gane to their beds, been obliged to turn to the auld ane it is time the flowers o’the yird war rihe's on the full track o'her-I'm say- sing--Come, come!--No stirring yet? ing, he's after her, full trot. But some -Busk ye, busk ye, like thrifty bairns, thinks she'll turn her tail to a craig, an' dinna let the lads say that ye are an’ wear him up. It was Wat that sleepy dowdies, that lie in your beds got the honour o' the beuk, though— till the sun burns holes in your coverI'm saying, it was him that took the lets. Fie, fie !—There has been a reek beuk-wan gloriously through, too. i' Jean Lowrie's lum this half-hour. The saxteenth o' the Romans, with. The moor-cock has crawed, the maw. out a hamp, hinny. Was that true, kin cowered, and the whaup yammerthink ye?-I'm saying, think ye that ed abune the flower. Streek your young was true ? Cam to the holy kiss, a' limbs--open your young een--a foot on the wooers' teeth watered-eh- the cauld floor, an’ sleep will soon be Think ye that was true, hinny? The aboon the cludds.-Up, up, my winJewel was amaist comed to grips at some bairns !" that verse about the kiss-eh? - I'm The white Lady-seabird was soon saying, the Jewel closed wi' the beauty afoot, for she slept by herself, but there, I'm saying-Ha ! ha !- I think the old dame still kept speaking away that wadna be true.'—This is the to the other two, at one time gibing, length the smith's information gangs.' at another coaxing them to rise, but
“ I'm sure, gin the Snawfleck take still there was no answer. “ Peace be the Jewel in preference to Wat, it will here, Helen, but this is an unco sleepshow a strange perversion of taste.” sleeping !” added she.-" What has
“ O, there's naebody can answer for been asteer owernight? I wish your the fancies of a woman. But they're twa titties haena been out wi' the a gayan auld-farrant set the Tods, an' winna be easily outwitted. Did ye no Ay, I wish they binna out wi' hear ought of a moonlight-match that them till ; for I heard them steal out was to be there?"
yestreen, but I never heard them steal “Not a word ; and if I had, I wad in again.” na hae believed it.”
The old wife ran to the bed, and in “ The Jewel has been whispering a moment was heard exclaiming, something to that effect; he's sae up “ The sorrow be i' my een gin ever I
saw the like o' that! I declare the begun to breathe deep, than the eldest bed's as cauld as a curling-stane.—Ay, and youngest girls, who slept in an the nest's cauld, and the birds are apartment by themselves, and had flown. Oh, wae be to the day ! wae be everything in readiness, eloped from to the day! Gudeman, gudeman, get their father's cot, the Eagle with a up, and raise the parishen, for our lightsome heart and willing mind, but bairns are baith stown away
the younger with inany fears and mis“Stown away !" cried the father- givings. For thus the matter stood :" What does the woman mean?” Wat sighed and pined in love for the
"Ay, let them gang,” cried the son; maiden, but he was young and mo“they're weel away, gin they bide; dest, and could not tell his mind; but deil speed the gate to the hallikit he was such a youth as a virgin would hempies !"
love,--handsome, respectable, and vir“ Tewhoo! hoo-boo!” cried the tuous; and a match with him was so daughter, weeping,—" That comes o' likely, that no one ever supposed the your laws o' Padan-aram! What had girl would make objections to it. Jock, ye ado with auld Laban's rules? Ye on the other hand, was nearly twice might hae letten us gang as we could her age, talkative, forward, and selfwin aff.—There, I am left to spin tow, conceited ; and, it was thought, rather wha might hae been married the first, wanted to win the girl for a brag, than had it no been for your daft laws o' for any great love he bore her. But Padan-aram.”
Jock was rich; and when one has told The girl cried, the son laughed, the that, he has told enough. In short, old woman raved and danced through the admired, the young, the modest, very despair, but the goodman took and reserved Snawfleck, in order to the matter right calmly, as if deter- get quit of her father's laws of Padanmined to wait the issue with resigna- aram, agreed to make a run-away martion, for better or worse.
riage with Jock the Jewel. But what “ Haud your tongues, ilk ane o' was far more extraordinary, her youthye,” said he "What's a' the fy-gae- ful lover agreed to accompany her as to about? I hae that muckle to trust bridesman, and, on that account, it to my lasses, that I can lippen them may possibly be supposed, her eldest as weel out o' my sight as in my sight, sister never objected to accompany her an'as weel wi' young men as wi' auld as maid. women.—Bairns that are brought up The shepherds had each of them in the fear, nurture, and admonition provided himself with a good horse, o their Maker, will aye swee to the saddle, and pillion ; and, as the cusright side, and sae will mine. Gin they tom is, the intended bride was comthought they had a right to chuse for mitted to the care of the best-man, themselves, they war right in exer and the Eagle was mounted behind cising that right; an' I'm little feared her brother-in-law that was to be. It that their choices be bad anes, or yet was agreed before mounting, that in that they be adverse to my opinion. case of their being parted in the dark Sae I rede you to haud a'your tongues, by a pursuit, or any other accident, an' tak nae mair notice o' ought that their place of rendezvous was to at has happened, than it hadna been. the Golden Harrow, in the CandleWe're a' in gude hands to guide us; maker-Row, towards which they were an' though we whiles pu’ the reins to make with all speed. out o' His hand to tak a gallop our They had a wild moorland path to ain gate, yet He winna leave us lang traverse for some space, on which to our ain direction."
there were a multiplicity of tracks, With these sagacious words, the auld but no definite road. The night was sly Tod settled the clamour and out- dark and chill, and, on such ground, cry in his family that morning ; and the bride was obliged to ride constantthe country has never doubted to this ly with her right hand round Wat's day, that he plowed with his own waist, and Wat, from sheer instinct, heifers.
was obliged to press that hand to his On the evening previous to this bosom, for fear of its being cold-on colloquy, the family of the Tods went all such occasions, he generally magnito rest at an early hour. There had fied the intemperance of the night at been no wooers admitted that night; least seven-fold. When pressing that and no sooner had the two old people fair hand to his bosom, Wat some