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And monstrous tyrants with his club subdewed; The club of. Iustice dread, with kingly powre en
3 And such was he of whom I have to tell,
The Champion of true Iustice, Artegall :
And from the heritage which she did clame
4 Wherefore the lady, which Irena hight,
Did to the Faery Queene her way addresse,
Chose Artegall to right her to restore;
1 1. e. Great Wrong.
III. 2. – Artogall.] Arthur, Lord Grey of Wilton, who was Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, and to whom Spenser was Secretary. H.
IV. 1. – Irena.] Irena, or Irene, is an anagram of lerne the ancient name of Ireland. Church
5 For Artegall in iustice was upbrought
Even from the cradle of his infancie,
Astræa here mongst earthly men did dwell,
6 Whiles through the world she walked in this sort,
In which she noursled him, till yeares he raught , And all the discipline of iustice there him taught.
7 There she him taught to weigh both right and
VI. 7. — Into a care, &c.) The allegory means that meditation and philosoplıy are requisite for a lawgiver. Upton.
Upon wyld beasts which she in woods did find With wrongfull powre oppressing others of their kind.
3 Thus she him trayned, and thus she him taught
liv’d on ground that durst withstand His dreadfull heast, much lesse him match in fight,
Or bide the horror of his wreakfull 2 hand, Whenso he list in wrath lift up his steely brand:
9 Which steely brand, to make him dreaded more,
She gave unto him, gotten by her slight
Chrysaor, that all other swords excelled,
10 For of most perfect metall it was made,
Tempred with adamant amongst the same,
8 I. e. Golden Sword.
1 Heast, hest, injunction. 3 Wreakfull, avenging.
But it would pierce or cleave whereso it came;
Ne any armour could his dint out-ward ;
11 Now when the world with sinne gan to abound,
Astræa loathing lenger here to space 2
And is the Virgin, sixt in her degree,
12 But when she parted hence she left her groome,
An yron man, which did on her attend
Who in his hand an yron flale did hould,
1 Shard, sheared, cut.
4 Groome, servant.
XI. 8. — -Sixt in her degree.] From the fourteenth century to the middle of the eighteenth, the year began on the 25th of March; hence August, in which the sun enters the constellation Virgo, was the sixth month.
13 He now went with him in this new inquest,
Him for to aide, if aide he chaunst to neede,
Lamenting sore his sorowfull sad tyne 1
many bitter teares shed from his blubbred eyne
14 To whom as they approched, they espide
A sorie sight as ever seene with eye,
He askt who had that dame so fouly dight,
“ Ah! woe is me, and well away,” quoth hee, Bursting forth teares like springs out of a banke, “ That ever I this dismall day did see ! Full farre was I from thinking such a pranke 4; Yet litle losse it were, and mickle thanke, If I should graunt that I have doen the same, That I mote drinke the
whereof she dranke, But that I should die guiltie of the blame, The which another did, who now is fled with shame.”
1 Tyne, wrong, misfortune.
3 Dight, treated. 2 Discolour, party-color. 4 Pranke, mischievouis or malicious act.