The People of Glengarry: Highlanders in Transition, 1745-1820

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McGill-Queen's Press - MQUP, 1993 - History - 285 pages
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Marianne McLean explores the relationship between economic changes in the Highlands and the clansmen's emigration to Canada in the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries. She challenges the currently accepted position endorsed in recent works by Eric Richards and J.M. Bumsted that the clearances and sheep farms did not have a central role in provoking mass emigration. While McLean does not argue that landlords forced people to leave, she uses local evidence to show that the economic changes brought about by these factors led many Highlanders to emigrate. Using a wide array of published and unpublished sources, McLean examines in detail nine group emigrations that left western Inverness between 1785 and 1802 for Glengarry County in Upper Canada (now Ontario). She describes how, once in North America, they built a new Highland community in an attempt to ensure each family's access to the land. By revealing the pattern of Highland emigration to Glengarry County - families and friends leaving and/or settling together - McLean confirms Bernard Bailyn's notion of a "provincial emigrant stream," and offers a convincing explanation for the development of one of Canada's "limited identities."

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Review: The People of Glengarry: Highlanders in Transition, 1745-1820

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This book is a compilation of extensive research that explores the ideas of why some Highland clans left Scotland in the late 1700s and their settlement in Glengarry, Ontario. Read full review


Western Invernessshire 17701800
The Loyalist Emigrants
The 17851793 Emigrants
The Peace of Amiens Emigrants
The Post1815 Emigrants
Settlement 17841797
Settlement 17971816

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Page 270 - Fighting Men of a Highland Catholic Jacobite Clan Who Fought in Canada to Gain It for and Preserve It to the Crown and for the Honour of the Name of Glengarry. Toronto: RG McLean, 1912. Flinn, Michael. "Malthus, Emigration and Potatoes in the Scottish Northwest, 1770-1870," in Comparative Aspects of Scottish and Irish Economic and Social History, 1600-1900, LM Cullen and TC Smout, eds.

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