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Arnold-Forster tells us in his dedication that this was the origin of his History of England. He has aimed to tell the whole story, “from the landing of Julius Cæsar to the present day,” and to do it in a simple attractive manner, within the limits of a single volume. When we remember that the period covered is almost 2,000 years, and that English history is especially rich in great events, the difficulty of covering the whole range within 800 pages is apparent. However, the author has shown great skill in selecting the cardinal facts, placing them together on a continuous thread of interest, and then clothing them with well chosen episode and dramatic incident. Towering facts like Magna Charta and the Reformation are treated at greater length to show their importance. The volume is very well illustrated with nearly 250 cuts. Summaries of principal events and also quotations from standard literature appear at the heads of chapters, making interesting special features. The sale of over 100,000 copies makes a very substantial recommendation for this the third edition. (Cassell & Co., New York.]
studied. Reading in books about animals is not zoology nor natural history study; nor does it give any knowledge of species. The best thing that the study of zoology in our high schools and colleges can give the student is to foster, strengthen and rationalize his interest in nature, and to teach him the great value of seeing things as they are; the spirit of the naturalist which most children possess before entering the schools, but which the book methods of our schools usually destroy, should remain with one through life. The spirit of the naturalist, regulated by the method of science, is the best safeguard against shams and frauds. There is no better book than Jordan's Manual of Vertebrates to strengthen the former and to lead on to the latter. For one who wishes to know the fishes, batrachians, birds and mammals of the Northern United States there is no better book than this. [A. C. McClurg & Co., Chicago; 8 vo, 397 pages, $2.50.]
Readers of THE EDUCATOR who have been permitted to hear recently some of the bird talks of Olive Thorne Miller will be interested in the announcement of a new book from her entitled The First Book of Birds. It is intended to interest young people, and one does not need to read far to feel that it will do so. Neither does it take long to see that the author's interest in birds grows out of her love for them. She approaches birds, not as an ornithologist, but rather with a lively interest to know how they live. The Nestling," “ The Bird Grown Up,” 'How He is Made," "
," "His Relations With Us," are the main divisions. Twenty full page illustrations, many of them in colors, not only liven the pages, but aid much in making the reader more familiar with the birds introduced. (Houghton, Mifflin & Co., 149 pages, $1.00.)
The two books which have had most influence in creating and fostering an interest in America in the study of animals are Coues' Key to North American Birds and A Manual of the Vertebrate Animals of the Northern United States by David Starr Jordan. Each of these has passed through many editions, and sales still increase. In this the eighth edition of the “ Manual” many important changes have been made. “The decade which closes the century has seen greater activity in the study of species of animals and their relation to their environment than has been known in any other corresponding period in the world's history. Such study has given much greater precision to our knowledge of the characters and distribution of species.” The changes that appear in this edition are those necessitated by the results of this activity in the study of species. The nomenclature is made to conform to our present knowledge, and the new species have been added which have been described since the former edition. The “Fishes” has been made to correspond to Jordan & Evermann's “ Fishes of North and Middle America,” recently published, in four volumes.
Plate corrections in the “Reptiles and Batrachians” bring those groups up to date, “ The Birds” has been fully revised, and “The Mammals” has been entirely rewritten and printed from new plates. The very great value of this book lies in the fact that it can be used only with the animal in hand, and this is the only way in which species can be
Professor John M. Coulter of the University of Chicago prepares two books for the “Twentieth Century Series” of Messrs. Appleton & Co. His general subject is botany and the first volume, now ready, is entitled Plant Relations. It seems almost superfluous to attempt commendation of a text-book by Professor Coulter on his own special subject. His name recommends it, and a casual examination of its pages makes one feel that he would like to renew his class-room acquaintance with the subject, or rather enter anew upon a more intelligible and interesting study of botany than the old-time dissection, analysis and pressing afforded. The title of this first book suggests its scope. It will be seen to include a study of the homes and environments
of plants, and hence of those functions upon quality is the work done by Mr. More in his which life-relations depend-foliage, light, roots, translation and introduction. The latter conshoots, flowers and insects, nutrition, etc. The sists of five short essays giving the origin of illustrations are profuse and valuable. A pamph- tragedy in Greece, its moral aspect, a sketch of let of suggestions to teachers is also valuable. Aeschylus, the production of the play, and the To quote the author's words the book is in- meaning of the Prometheus myth. (Houghton, tended to serve as a supplement to three far Mifflin & Co., 75 cents each.] more important factors: (1) the teacher, who must amplify and suggest at every point ; (2) An attractive volume, bound in a delicate the laboratory, which must bring the pupil face green cloth, with a conventional design on the to face with the plants and their structures ; (3) front cover, bears the title The Pedagogues. The field work, which must relate the facts observed teacher who finds himself drawn by the profesin the laboratory to their actual place in nature. sional-sounding title will smile to find that it is (D. Appleton & Co., Chicago. 264 pages.]
a story of life at the Harvard summer school ;
and if his interest leads him on to read the book Among the great dictionaries of the English he will wish to thank Mr. Arthur Stanwood Pier Language the Standard ranks with the two or for his graceful and clever little story. We three best. One of the abridgments of that rather expect to find among a group of people work is The Standard Intermediate School Dic- devoting themselves to summer study such mationary. The spelling, meaning, and etymology turity and such earnestness of purpose as to leave of about 38,000 words and phrases are given, to- small room for romance. Perhaps it is just this gether with 800 illustrations. The student may surprising exception that makes the story so feel that in these essentials the information thoroughly entertaining. Imagine a cynical, given regarding a word expresses the result of supercilious, bumptious young man from a proclose investigation and the best scholarship. vincial inland town, a poet in his own esteem Where two spellings are recognized both are
and in that of his local newspaper; a young given, with the simpler preferred. In definition woman both uncultured and shrewd, engaged to the plan is to define the less familiar by the the poet, but with an evident mental reservation more familiar. The publishers adopt the orthog- that she might do better if she could ; a gentle, raphy of the following rule, recommended by conscientious creature, past hope, but not past the joint action of the American Philological the susceptible period; a straight, graceful girl Association and the Philological Society of Eng- with a healthy tanned complexion, and devoted land :-Change d or ed final to t when so pro- to athletics; and a young instructor, attractive, nounced, except when the e affects a preceding good-humored, rather self-appreciative, but yet sound. [Funk & Wagnalls Co., New York, 541 friendly and easy-imagine these and you have pp., $1.00.]
the dramatis persone. The story does not pre
tend to characterize the class of students, though Many a reader whose classical education was there are clever truthful touches, but it is simply neglected to the extent that the old Greek trag- an episode, just of the length and quality for edies are either difficult or impossible will be summer reading. (Small, Maynard & Co., $1.25.) glad to find translations so well done as the Antigone of Sophocles, by George Herbert Palmer, The opinion of competent French critics which and the Prometheus Bound of Aeschylus, by Paul regards Le Gendre de M. Poirer of Emile Augier Elmer More. They are in uniform binding, and as “a masterpiece of contemporary comedy” evidently have a place in a larger series that is will justify an annotated edition for the use of sure to be valuable. Mr. Palmer in his introduc- schools. Brander Matthews calls it “ the model tion modestly asks to be credited with the least modern comedy of manners.” The fact, too, possible originality, but it will appear that his that it deals with “ the influence of wealth on work has been most carefully and acceptably character and on society” will give it added indone. It is in prose, but follows an easy iambic terest just at this time of general discussion of rhythm that makes it delightful to read. He sociological problems. The ed Stuart Symhas felt the situation and conceived the charac- ington, writes a careful sketch of Augier, bioter as he declares one must whose translation
graphical and critical, and the usual nine or ten shall rise above the merely mechanical. His pages of notes. (Henry Holt & Co., 30 cents.] brief sketch of the chorus in Greek tragedy and his narrative of the legend of Antigone are help- Professor Starr Willard Cutting has edited a ful to the non-classical student. Not inferior in fine edition of Lessing's drama Minna von Barn
Number X of Cornell Studies in Classical Philology is by William Scott Ferguson on The Athenian Archons of the third and second centuries before Christ. The study is intended to establish with greater accuracy the exact years of the archons in power during those centuries. To special students the results of the close research will doubtless be of great interest. Published for Cornell University by The Macmillan Co. Price, 75 cents.
The Riverside Literature Series has grown four numbers since our last mention. Number 132 contains Sohrab and Rustum and other poems by Matthew Arnold. “The Scholar Gipsy” is one of the twenty others in the collection, as is also “ Thyrsis," written to commemorate the poet's friend, Arthur Hugh Clough. The notes and a sketch of Arnold are by Louise Imogen Guiney. Number 133 is devoted to Lincoln. It includes Carl Schurz's celebrated essay, remarks by Emerson at the funeral services held in Concord, April 19, 1865, and three short poems by Whittier, Holmes and Lowell respectively. There is also a four-page sketch of Carl Schurz. Number 134 extra is made up of selections from the writings of eleven English Authors, with portraits and biographical sketches. Tennyson's
Crossing the Bar,” Keats's “ Ode on a Grecian Urn,” Wordsworth’s “ The Daffodils,” Burns's “Highland Mary,” and Milton's “ Lycidas” are in the collections. Number 134, a double number, contains Scott's Lay of the Last Minstrel, edited with notes by William J. Rolfe. The notes, extending over a hundred pages, together with an index of words and phrases explained make this a fine working edition. It is well illustrated. (Houghton, Miffin & Co. Single numbers 15 cents, double numbers 30 cents.]
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