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for detraction ; and, in the absence of ostentation, “ self-interest" shall be ascribed to him, and wing the ceaseless shafts intended to wound his growing fame. “ Self-interest" is an accusation, in our opinion, that merits not the defence which is often opposed to it; its extreme only is to be condemned-when it leads to base actions, it merits and should receive the punishment of crime; but its correct and gentle operation may be made to extend benefits to thousands—as, for instance, if in lightening the load of human misery, by removing the cause of poverty, an individual can so direct his “ work of grace,” as to induce an eventual advantage to himself, is the previous benign result to society diminished thereby ? Decidedly not.
or Selfinterest" then, in an individual, may be made the basis of geneosit and generosity not deteriorated thereby ?-unquestionably. Separate generosity from “self-interest," and what is the permanent promise ?-nothing. Generosity, unallied to “selfinterest,” or a profitless expenditure, for the exclusive benefit of others, is only to be looked for at uncertain intervals, with the most considerate and liberal :—but, when connected with “ selfinterest," its stream may flow for ages, refreshing and supporting all within the influence of its tide, giving health to industry, and confidence to hope! The affluent, in regarding themselves, as they should do, as the stewards of the poor, cannot more generously improve the condition and morals of the poor, than by relieving them with sufficiently paid for employment-support, without labour, generates idleness and idleness, the parent of crime, in the vitiating of morals, sows the seeds of mischief, the growth of which human efforts may fail to subdue ; but which human efforts may prevent, by connecting labour with benevolence. The germs of rooted idleness are tough-their pith is poison; and disease and filth, ghastly deformity, rapine, cruelty," and bloody resolves, are included in the eventual fruit. Excessive labour, with those who have no choice but to labour, ought seldom to be insisted on and never, without its due meed of compensation :" self-interest," in such cases, degenerates to oppression, and is no longer a support, but a bane to society.
That the “ labourer is worthy of his hire," is a truism which none will dispute-consequently, the mere payments for labour seem but little allied to generosity ; but if the hand which afforded the employment, bestowed an employment which it could have done without, that the necessitous might benefit by the means, then, though“ self-interest” should exist in the perspective, yet is the pristine quality of true generosity most nobly apparent. The powerful and the affluent of a country, are the instruments of a superintending Deity, to administer to the wants of the poor; the expences of their tables, the costly superiority of their garments, their jewels, their houses, their lands, their equipages, and extended retinues, their amusements and their luxuries, all promote that end, encouraging the designs of honest industry, and enabling the many, upon the united principle of generosity and “ self-interest,” to thrive in the reciprocity of advantages, and usefully to exist, in the widely extended means of the opulent few. The erudite Bacon has most aptly compared money to manure; if gathered in heaps, it does no good ; but being spread, though never so thinly, over the surface of the earth, it enriches the whole country. The tillage, as a matter of course, may be included in the figure, to render its subject “ twice blest;"—the earth is made to send forth abundance by a distribution from the hand of labour-and, though the cause that directs the wholesome and revivifying toil, may chance to be the greater gainer, yet myriads may have reason to rejoice in the general results which “self-interest" ostensibly produces. But a few years since, when the poor of this town and district in particular, were suffering under the dreadful affliction of a stagnation to labour, owing to the uncontrollable severity of the times, the renewal of enlargements and improvements to a magnificent architectural design, which were to have been suspended for a succession of months, was COMMANDED, in the hope of its becoming a species of palliative to the existing distress--and ample, most ample, was the relief it afforded :-scores of the industrious poor, whom a want of work had reduced almost to starvation, were presently enabled to withdraw their names from the parish books, and numerous families of children, no longer crying for bread, but losing their sorrow in the sunshine of comparative plenty, had cause to bless the hand from which their comfort was derived. And yet, as labour was bartered for the bounty,
" selfinterest" may be urged, as existing in the compact--and be it só -let “self-interest" be but the subordinate in a charitable resolve, and God-like generosity thereby shall increase the radiance of its own celestial beams.
COORT AND FASHIONABLE.
At twenty minutes after seven o'clock, in the evening of Saturday se'nnight, the King returned to the Pavilion. His Majesty, in his travelling carriage, was accompanied by the Lord Steward of thę household.
The “Life Guards,” four troops, and the “7th fuziliers,” four companies, received his Majesty, on the north road, leading to the palace gate, The former were commanded by Colonel Lygon, and the latter, by Colonel Sir Edward Blakeney. The national anthem, by the bands, drums, trumpets, bugles, &c. of the military, announced the sovereign's arrival. A cheerful peal from the church bells followed. His Majesty was met in the vestibule of the palace, by the Duke of Cambridge-Affection beamed in the eyes of both.
A concert at the palace, after dinner, followed his Majesty's arrival.
Divine service, in the presence of the King, royal suite and household, was performed at the palace, on the following day; -and the same yesterday.
The Duke of Cambridge and suite dined with his Majesty yesterday se'nnight.
Prince William of Bentheim, who arrived, with his counsellor of court, M. Bornemann, at the York Hotel, the same day, had the honour of dining with the King on Tuesday. His Highness, who is a general in the Austrian service, returned to London on Thursday,
Count Munster arrived, had the honour of an audience of the King, on Tuesday, and departed for Hastings on Wednesday.
Admiral Sir Edmund Nagle joined the royal suite at the palace, on Tuesday.
The Duke of Cambridge honored the officers of the “ Life Guards," hy breakfasting with them, at the cavalry barracks, on Wednesday. The royal Duke dined with Colonel Wylly, in Gloucester place, the same day. On Thursday, his Royal Highness having taken leave of the King, returned to London, with the intention, accompanied by the Princess Augusta, of embarking for Hanover, 'on the 10th instant.
At the Theatre, a few evenings back, the Duke of Cambridge in the King's box, the popular song called “ The Tight Little Island" was sung, and which so delighted his Royal Highness, that he hesitated not to add his voice to the burthen of it-others, in consequence, acted similarly, and The Tight Little Island had a musical, and an inspiriting repetition in every part of the house. To hear a branch of the royal family bear enthusiastic evidence of the worth of our native isle, could but strike powerfully home to the feelings of every British heart present.
This day fortnight, Mr. Mortlock, whose benevolent disposition is known in all parts of the country, had the honour of an audience of the Duke of Cambridge. Mr. Mortlock, the same afternoon, together with Mr. and Mrs. Lewis Way, left us for Dover, to embark for Calais, having in their retinue the celebrated travelling carriage of the late Corsican usurper of the throne of France. Mr. Lewis Way purposes, it appeared, to remain some years in Paris, his object being to establish an English chapel there, and in which undertaking, it is said, he has the countenance of the Earl of Liverpoole.
Sir C. M. Burrell had the honour of dining with his Royal Highness on Thursday se'nnight.
The Royal Duke, the week before last, was, several times, practically engaged in quartette parties, not only at the palace, but, at Colonel Wylly's, in Gloucester-place, and at Sir T. Stepneys, in Prince's-street, the excelling Kiesewetter, on each occasion, taking the lead.
Sir John Aymer had the honour of an audience of the Duke of Cambridge, at the palace, on Friday se'nnight.
The departure of the Duke of Cambridge will long be a subject of regret here-his royal Highness, during his many weeks sojourn with us, may truly be taid to have enjoyed respect in public, and happiness in seclusion : but the only secret to be happy ourselves, is to render others soman actuating principle of benevolence comprehends a friend, a relative, our country and all the world—and according to the extent of that principle, our capacity for bliss is known.
Lord Selsea arrived at the York Hotel on Thursday, but, having left his name at the palace, returned to Worthing the same evening
The Hon. P. Wyndham arrived at the York Hotel on Wednesday.
The Earl and Countess of Jersey are returned to London.
Lord Dunsaney left the York Hotel, for private apartments, on Wednesday.
Mr. and Mrs. Brent are sojourning at the York Hotel.
The Hon. Mr. Hare has removed from the York Hotel to private lodgings.
Lord Ray, for London, left the Old Ship this day se'nnight. Lady Blenfield has left the Old Ship for her town residence. Lord Dunsaney left us on Wednesday last, for the metropolis. Mr. Walker has again left us for his seat, Michelgrove.
Admiral Sir Richard and Lady Strachan are once more occupants of a house on the West Cliff.
Sir P. Roach has left us, Mr. and Mrs. Barron, Worthing, the Countess of Pembroke, Tunbridge Wells, and Lady Byron, Kent, for London.
Mrs. Blackshaw gave a ball and supper, to her fashionable friends, at her Marine Parade residence, on Tuesday se’dnight.
Sir Thomas Hislop arrived at the York Hotel on Sunday, dined with the Duke of Cambridge, at the Palace, the same day, and left, for London, on Monday. Major Prager has also left the York Hotel, for town.
Mr. and Mrs. Freemantle had a dinner party on Thursday se'nnight, in which the Duke of Cambridge was included.
Mr. and Lady T. Vynor, are in the arrival list. Sir Edward Stanhope has engaged 52, Grand Parade.
In the evening of Saturday se'nnight, Mrs. Rothchild entertained her fashionable friends, with a quadrille ball, at Crescent House.
Mr. T. Attree had a dinner party on Thursday se'nnight.
The Countess of Dysart, and Lady S. Heathcote, have left Ham, in Surrey, for their town residence.
A fine full-toned bell has been added to the Chapel Royal, to announce the several hours of divine service.
Mr. Davis's concert was fashionably attended, at the Old Ship, on Friday evening se'nnight.
The Libraries have been elegantly and numerously visited this week but the damp and chilling evenings have caused a suspension of the music and loo pastimes at Lucombe's and at Tuppen's. Donaldson's, and Loder's, have had no falling off in their morning and evening fashionable visiters.
TOWN AND COUNTY.
On Tuesday se'nnight, seventeen passengers, with a large quantity of luggage, and upwards of two thousand letters, were landed, from a distance of a mile and an half off Hastings, in three boats, from The Ganges, East-India company's Extra Ship