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History, Biographical Traits, Ar. (c.

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EPITOME OF BRIGHTON.

(Continued from page 171).

Bible SOCIETIES.—The British and Foreign Bible Society, was instituted in 1804, for the distinct and exclusive purpose of promoting, to the largest practicable extent, the circulation of the Holy Scriptures, without note or comment, both at home and abroad. The constitution of the Society admits the co-operation of persons of every religious pesuasion, who are disposed to concur in its support. Accordingly, in order to produce the greater combination of zeal, in behalf of the institution, the formation of Auxiliary Societies, in the different counties and populous districts, was agreed upon, to co-operate with the Parent Institution. These Auxiliary establishments, by supplying the demand for Bibles within their sphere of action, it was justly conceived, would leave the society in London more at liberty to attend to the circulation of the Bible in Foreign parts. With this object, a Bible Society was established at Lewes, for the county of Sussex, of which, Thomas Read Kemp, Esq. is the President, the Committee meetings of which are held every two months, alternately, at Lewes and Brighthelmston. Experience, however, having proved, that Auxiliary Societies so formed, were yet unable to ascertain the local wants of particular parts of each county, other associations, to the same effect, were recommended, not only that the poor might the more sufficiently be brought under the more immediate notice of their wealthier neighbours, and their wants, with the greater facility, be discovered, but that they themselves might also be induced to take an extra interest in the circulation of the volume of sacred truths, and become either the purchasers of Bibles at reduced prices, or aid

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VOL. II.

the funds by moderate weekly contributions of their own. Impressed with the importance of this suggestion, a meeting of the inhabitants of this town took place at the Old Ship Tavern, on Monday, July the 5th, 1813, when the present Association for Brighthelmston and its vicinity, was the result ; and of which the Rev. R. J., now Doctor Carr, and Dean of Hereford, is the President; N. Kemp, Esq. and the Rev. Dr. Styles, VicePresidents; Messrs. W. Penfold and Grover Kemp, Secretaries ; and W. Wigney, Esq. Treasurer. A Committee of management, consisting of thirty persons, fifteen of the established church, and fifteen dissenters, was also apointed at the same time.

One great object of this association, therefore, was to call forth the exertions of the poor themselves, in promoting the great cause of circulating the Scriptures, and in which, it is gratifying to add, that the just and pious intentions of its institutors, have been most encouragingly successful.

One resolution of this society convenes a general meeting of the subscribers at the Old ship Tavern, every year, for the purpose of auditing the accounts, reporting proceedings, choosing managers, &c.

SOCIETY OF UNITED FISHERMEN.—The Society of United Fishermen, which has his Majesty for its Patron, was instituted in November, 1813, its peculiar objects being to administer to its members, fishermen only, and their families, relief, when required, in cases of sickness; to widows and children: to the superannuated of the fraternity; and to furnish a compensation for losses by casualties, to which, from the nature of their employment, they are often liable.

To entitle themselves to the full benefits of this institution, the subscribers, during nine months of the year, pay one shilling per week, individually, in support of the fund, and one pound annually for every boat.

The donations in support of this society have been considerable ; among a variety of other subscriptions, are the following: --the late Duke of Kent twenty pounds, the late Sir Thomas Bernard, Bart. thirty pounds, the Earl of Egremont, twenty guineas, Lewis Way, Esq. twenty guineas, Earl and Countess Craven, thirty pounds, A. Burt, Esq. ten guineus, Sir R. Burnett, ten guineas, Grefulhe, Esq. ten guineas, Thomas Read Kemp, Esq. ten guineas, N. Kemp, Esq. ten guineas, Philip Mighell, Esq. ten guineas, Rev. W. Marsh, Esq. ten guineas, John Mortłock, Esq. ten guineas, Joseph Reyner, Esq. ten guineas, U. Satteris, Esq. ten guineas, John, Philip, and James Vallance, Esqrs. ten guineas each, W. Wigney, Esq. ten guineas, &c.

MATERNAL SOCIETY.-A society, denominated the Maternal Society, was formed here in July, 1813, and which, from the most trifling means, has diffused benefits that can scarcely be too warmly eulogized, as they have been directed to those points

where

poverty doubles its afflictions when unfortunately felt, and where victims of its influence are deserving of every supporting regand. The object of this most excellent charity is, to provide childbed linen, and other suitable articles of clothing, with nourishment, for poor lying-in married women, and such attentions and comforts us their conditions may rquire.

The first annual report of this society was, the principal concerns being managed by a female Committee of twelve, that the receipts had amounted to £64 5s. and with which, sixty women had been relieved with child-bed linen ; several infants had been entirely supplied with raiment; and that a considerable part of the expenditure had taken place in purchasing the articles of nourishment, coals, &c. the whole, in the end, leaving the treasurer minus only in the insignificant amount of £2 14s. 74d.

It does not appear that the highest donation or subscription to this charity, hitherto, has exceeded one guinea ; its fund, notwithstanding, is considered as in a very thriving state ; and much, indeed, is it to be deprecated, that it should ever be the reverse. It is grateful to reflection to know, that many and essential are the advantages which trifling sums may produce to the necessitous, if such trifles are but timely bestowed, and properly applied.

THE FOREIGN EXECUTIONER.

A LEGEND OF WHITEHALL.

(From the New European Magazine).

See'st this axe of mine ?--The best blood of the country has been upon its edge !

JOANNA BAILLIE.

Anno 1716. In the January of this year it was my singular fortune to meet with a certain event, which was remarkable not only as a most astonishing memorial of retributive providence, but also as an illustration of one, concerning which many have received erroneous impressions, or have deemed it to be for ever lost in oblivion. The unsettled state of Scotland had led me to enforce upon the minds of my hearers, the beauty of loyalty and good order in the sight of God; and the detestation with which the Almighty looks upon anarchy, rebellion, and warfare against the Sovereign. The ground of my discourse was the history of Sauls's death ; vide II.' Samuel, Chapter 1, Verses 1 to 16; and in concluding the subject, my words, as well as I can remember,--for my Sermons have since been destroyed, -were as follow." So fell, my brethren, the first of the Jewish monarchs, after a reign of about 39 years, in a valley by Mount Gilboa ; first mortally wounded by his own hand, and then despatched by the weapon of an Amalekite. But it is time now to turn from the mighty who fell, to him by whose hand his death was hastened. If then, there be a crime which is abhorred by all nations universally ; the law of whose condemnation is written by the finger of the living God upon the heart of every man, whether civilized or savage ; at the commission, and the sight, and even the very thought of which, the foulest hearts and the most hardened consciences have shrank dismayed ; whose power and effect are such, that one glance, of but one moment's continuance, will flash such terror into the breast of the perpetrator that it will not leave him through eternity :--that crime is Murder ! Oh! may none of you ever feel the dreadful horrors of great darkness, and the keen gnawings of that worm which even Death cannot kill, awakened in your breasts by the commission of that most accursed of sins. It is sufficient to dye with the deepest sorrow, and most alarming terrors, a life which is surrounded by all that humanity esteems valuable, or delightful, or rich, or honourable, or glorious. It is like that distemper which gives to every thing around us, whether the splendid productions of art, or the yet more beautifully variegated face of nature, a nauseous stain ; for believe me, ever after the blood of a fellow creature hath imbued your hands, all things will speak of it, and display it. The ruddy tints of the rose will shew to the sight of a murderer deeper with his sin ; the fair and beautiful snow will seem marked and spotted with sanguine pollution ; the sun cannot set gloriously in the west, nor rise again in the east, without the lovely colours which spreads around, reflecting back the hue of guilt unto his eyes and conscience ;—for him the moon shall nightly be turned into blood, and the fires of stars shall shine with a crimson light, as if his crime had reversed the beauties of nature, and had imparted the stain of his infamy to the whole world. Oh! say, can such an one be at rest ? can his soul ever possess that ' ‘peace which passeth all understanding ? No!-even though he might put away the sword of the avenger, yet would he not be delivered from the continual fear and power of death. His mind would still be filled with all the terrors of dissolution ; there would be the cold damps upon his brow, the icy chilliness in his veins, the fairest scents would be to him turned into the loathsome 'smell of mortality,' the green sod on which he walked would constantly bring the grave to his remembrance, and for him, even this living world would be full of death. This indeed is horrible ;

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but yet even this crime may be wrought into one that can neither
be increased nor diminished, when the hand of the rebel, or the
assassin,—I place them together, for they are even as one,-is
raised against his sovereign, as was the Amalekite's in my text
• How !' says David, evidently amazed at the enormity of the
crime, at which he shrank back as it were in a terrified astonish-
ment.-How ! wast thou not afraid to stretch forth thine
hand to destroy the Lord's anointed ?' His death swiftly followed,
for the crime had been confessed by his own mouth, the de-
claration was witnessed by all, and sin so avenged, was in a
twofold degree condemned.'

It was my intention, according to my usual custom, to have
then proceeded to a deduction of consolation and utility from
this subject ;—for my own sentiments are, that a minister cannot
lawfully leave his people either in anger or alarm ; for, whatever
he may have said to awaken or reprove, should be impressed with
kindness and charity before they separate :-I was then about
to proceed to this part of my discourse, when the attention of the
whole congregation was turned to a stranger who had fainted.
I had before this, remarked his peculiarly solemn but distressed
demeanour; the tears stood in his eyes as I spake, but they seem-
ed unable to flow downwards.. His gaze was fixed intently
upon me, while his mouth somewhat opened, appeared to drink
in every word which I had uttered : yet with all this, he was
evidently labouring under some dreadful remembrance; his
breast heaving, with violent gaspings, and the perspiration hung
upon his dark and aged face, as if he stood condemned before all
mankind. Indeed, he very much reminded me of the Hebrew
Ahasuerus, whom Westphalus supposed to be the Wandering Jew,
and who once appeared in an Holsatian Church during the ser-
mon, in a wretched dress, beating upon his breast, and sighing
heavily.

The confusion which such a circumstance would excite in a country parish church may be well conceived : almost every eye was turned towards the stranger, but a few anxiously sought mine, to learn what should be done at such a crisis, Having directed that he should be carried to my own home, and carefully attended to, I put an early conclusion to the service, for the moment that men's curiosity is awakened their religious thoughts are scattered; and, in common with all my hearers, I felt a considerable desire to know something more of the sorrows of this unhappy stranger. Upon my return to the Parsonage, I found my guest,—who had refused all refreshment,-seated in the posture of calm despondency, with his hands clasped and resting on his knees, and his face, marked with all the characters of grief and agony, looking downwards. By his side was a large antiquely-carved oaken chest, secured with grotesque iron bands, hasps, and an immense lock, upon which he frequently cast a

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