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of another by Alcæus: Adμntov λoyos: the Paræria of Praxilla: Æsophic and Sybaritic tales.

1037. The office of the Polemarch. See the Schol.

on this verse.

1052. The custom of putting apples (qu. whether the citron fruit?) among chests of clothes.

1221. This is the beginning of the Scholion on Harmodius and Aristogēïton, to which Philocleon answers, as continuing the song, Ovк ouтw πаνоûруоs, &c., meaning Cleon, whom Bdelycleon personates. Observe the way of singing successively (see Nubes, v. 1367), and continuing the same Scholion, giving a myrtle branch from one to another.

1275. Eli Tives oi, &c. This obscure antistrophe Εισι τινες relates to some transaction between Cleon and the poet, of which we know little.

1300. Didymus and others take these lines for


1408. I know not why this character is called Euripides it seems a mistake.

1418. Example of a Sybaritic tale.

1481. Besides Phrynichus, son of Melanthus the tragick poet, (who must have been dead fifty years at least before this) and Phrynichus, the comick son of Polyphradmon (or Eunomides, see Ranæ, v. 13.) and contemporary with Aristophanes, there was a third Phrynichus, a famed actor of tragedy mentioned here in the Scholion on v. 1293, and by Andocides de Mysteriis, p. 7, as a relation of his own. (See also Aves, Schol. on 750.)

1491. Carcinus, the son of Thorycias, had three

sons, all players, Xenotimus, Demotimus, and the youngest Xenocles, a tragick poet.

1507. The chorus here give way to the three sons of Carcinus, or to such as imitated them, who dance a vaulting dance.

1524. For μas read pas. The chorus came on, but never went off, dancing.


Ol. 89. 1. In Dionysiis ToƖs Kaт' aσтu, Mens. Elaphebol. after


the Vespa.

The Nubes was played Ol. 89. 1. and damned; it was altered and repeated Ol. 89. 2, but still with ill success. It was again altered, and published two or three years after, but never played again.

v. 10. Zioupa, a kind of frieze (Ecclesiaz: 347) or thick woollen garment, used as a great coat, and also to cover beds, as here, like a blanket.

37. Δημαρχος, an officer presiding over each Δημος, instituted (as Aristotle says) by Clisthenes; for before that time they were called Ναύκλαροι. They had a register of all the debts of their Anμorat, and obliged them to give their creditors security, when demanded.

178. Außηтηy. The Scholiast here exactly describes a pair of compasses. (Vid. Platon. Philebus, p. 567.) 180. Thales the Milesian.

256. The sacrifice of Athamas, in a tragedy of Sophocles.

267. Kuv, a leather cap, or calotte, with which they covered their head against the rain

335. Bombast expressions of dithyrambick writers, Cinesias, Philoxenus, and Cleomenes, as the Scholiast says.



503. Chærephon; his leanness and paleness.

524. The first Nubes exploded: Aristophanes regarded it as his best work. His Aarades, the first comedy of his brought upon the stage, but under another person's name, Philonides or Callistratus; its success. 534. The Choephori of Eschylus.

549. His abuse of Cleon in the Equites. Eupolis's Maricas, a bad imitation of the Equites. Phrynichus, the comick writer. Hermippus, his drama against Hyperbolus. The simile of the eel-catchers in the Equites was famous.

586. It is not necessary that we should understand this of Cleon's expedition to Thrace, where he was killed and the Athenians defeated, as the Scholia and Spanheim would have us understand it; it is meant of his Στρατηγία, in the year he took Σφακτηρία, which, however successful in that particular, is always represented by the poet, here and elsewhere, as the misfortune and errour of the publick, on account of the signal depravity of manners, rapacity, and mad conduct of Cleon. It appears, even from v. 591, that Cleon was actually alive at the time when this was written. Hyperbolus was chosen Hieromnemon in this year, to go to Thermopylæ and Delphi. Mad. Dacier's explanation of v. 625, is the best we can find.

765. A remarkable description of a burning-glass. The Scholia here tells us, that at this time they called rock-crystal 'Yados, which may possibly be, as he here calls it, Aoos. Not that artificial glass, from Egypt and the east, was unknown to them: Herodotus mentions it in his account of the Ethiopians, &c.; however

it appears, that they did not put it to this use of collecting the sunbeams, till they had heated it first, and rubbed it with oil: it seems to have been then newly invented. Spanhemius, at v. 619 and 626, does not imagine this confusion of the year to be owing to the irregularities before the invention of Meto's cycle, (which was not received into publick use), but to some attempt,. perhaps of the magistracy, at this time to introduce that cycle, which, however, did not obtain: the months still continuing of thirty, and the year of three hundred and sixty, days.

919. The Telephus of Euripides.

961. The Greek children from ten years old to thirteen were sent to the Ipаμμатioтns, who taught them to read and write, then to the Kilapiorys, and next to the Παιδοτρίβης.

964. The odes of Lamprocles son of Midon an Athenian, and of Cydides of Hermione.

967. Phrynis, the musician of Mitylene, scholar of Aristoclitus, corrupted and softened the ancient musick.

981. Schol. Cecides, was an ancient dithyrambick. 1047. All natural warm baths were sacred to Hercules.

1264. Carcinus introduced in his tragedies, certain deities deploring and lamenting themselves. A parody of two lines in the Licymnius of Xenocles.

1359. Scholia of Simonides. Speeches from Eschylus and Euripides were sung at entertainments.

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