A Description of Ceylon, Volume 1

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Longman, Hurst, Rees, and Orme, 1807 - Sri Lanka

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Page 366 - The fig-tree, not that kind for fruit renown'd, But such as, at this day, to Indians known, In Malabar or Decan spreads her arms, Branching so broad and long, that in the ground The bended twigs take root, and daughters grow About the mother tree, a pillar'd shade, High overarch'd, and echoing walks between : There oft the Indian herdsman, shunning heat, Shelters in cool, and tends his pasturing herds At loop-holes cut through thickest shade: those leaves They gather'd, broad as Amazonian targe ;...
Page 367 - Buddou, a great God among them, when he was upon the Earth, did use to sit under this kind of Trees. There are many of these Trees, which they plant all the Land over, and have more care of, than of any other. They pave round under them like a Key, sweep often under them to keep them clean ; they light Lamps, and set up their Images under them : and a stone Table is placed under some of them to lay their Sacrifices on. They set them every where in Towns and High wayes, where any convenient places...
Page 22 - These two counties I last named, have the pre-eminence of all the rest in the land. They are most populous and fruitful. The inhabitants thereof are the chief and principal men : insomuch that it is a usual saying among them, that " if they want a king, they may take any man of either of these two counties from the plough, and wash the dirt off him ; and he — by reason of his quality and descent — is fit to be a king.
Page 152 - They have great benefit and honour. They enjoy their own lands without paying scot or lot or any Taxes to the King. They are honoured in such a measure, that the people, where ever they go, bow down to them as they do to their Gods, but themselves bow to none.
Page 151 - There is another great god, whom they call Buddou. unto whom the salvation of souls belongs. Him they believe once to have come upon the earth. And when he was here that he 'did usually sit under a large shady tree, called Bogahah.
Page 3 - Pleyne, and there is gret plentee of Watre. And thei of the Contree seyn, that Adam and Eve wepten upon that Mount an 100 Zeer, whan thei weren dryven out of Paradys. And that Watre, thei seyn, is of here Teres: for so moche Watre thei wepten, that made the forseyde Lake.
Page 313 - Only what their necessities force them to do, they do: that is, to get food and raiment. Yet in this I must a little vindicate them. For what indeed should they do with more than food and raiment ; seeing that, as their estates increase, so do their taxes also...
Page 129 - Tis out of this sort alone, that the King chooseth his great Officers and whom he imploys in his Court, and appoints for Governors over his Countrey. Riches are not here valued, nor make any the more Honourable. For many of the lower sorts do far exceed these Hondrews in Estates.
Page 358 - The first is the tallipot; it is as big and tall as a ship's mast, and very straight, bearing only leaves: which are of great use" and benefit to this people; one single leaf being so broad and large, that it will cover some fifteen or twenty men, and keep them dry when it rains.
Page 358 - It is wonderful light, they cut them into pieces, and carry them in their hands. The whole leaf spread is round almost like a circle, but being cut in pieces for use are near like unto a triangle: they lay them upon their heads as they travel with the peaked end foremost, which is convenient to make their way through the boughs and thickets.