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tine.) capable of holding about one other thing, to prevent the escape of hundred and twenty gallons: into this steam, air, water, or other fluid, as the they put forty gallons of the prepared case may be, as well as to lesseo the tar, and with a gentle heat drive off the friction thereof, and to increase the water and other impurities which the effect of power on steam-engines, pumps, tar holds in solution. As soon as they and other machines to which it is perceive the whole of the water is come applied. over, and there begins to run a fine This is effected by making such spiclear spirit, they stop the distillation, ral cylindric ring of a greater or less and when a little cooled, the pure tar is diameter than the cylindric body against drawn off and reserved for the purpose which it is to act, so that by its expanof black-making, to which this inven- sive or contractile power it should ention bas reference. This purified tar sure the touching and fitting of the surthus obtained may be made into black, faces without so much pressure as to in the apparatus bereafter described, or cause unnecessary friction. The spiral may be subjected to a further rectifica- ring is to be adapted and fitted in a tion to divest it of the mineral pitch or groove or recess, or situation on the asphaltum, wbich is combined with the piston-bucket, stufling-box, or other part pure oil sand spirit; they prefer the to wbich it is applied, whicb may be latter process, as the mineral pitch or done by any of the methods commonly asphaltum is only intlammable at a bigla used and well understood. temperature, which renders it more The spiral ring may be manufactured troublesome to use; the apparatus re- by different means, but he has found the quiring frequent cleaning from the car. following convenient : he makes of bonized pitch falling to the bottom and brass, or other metal or mixture of mechoaking it up. In order to get rid of tals, of proper quality, a cylindric ring, the aforesaid mineral pirch or asphaltum varying in its dimensions according to they proceed as follows: baving the the circumstances of its application ; forty gallons of tar in the still, as be- wbich ring he divides or cuts in a spiral fore described, instead of stopping the direction, on its cylindric edge, into operation when the spirit begins to come two or three, or such other number of over, they coptinue the distillation witla circumvolutions as may be necessary or a strong bear, and force over the whole convenient. of the oil and spirit contained therein, The power of a steam-engine, by the Jeaving the residue asphaltum in the application of the metallic spiral packstill. As the mode of doing this is wellings, is considerably increased; this inknown to every person acquainted with 'crease will vary according to the pow. distillation, the particulars necd not here crs of the engines, being greater io small be described, as they form no part of engines, from their baving larger prothie jovention, and may be done in any portionate surfaces of cylinder. The still capable of bearing a strong heat to metallic spiral packing was first applied which a refrigerator or worn-tub is to a six horse cngine, by wbich the asfixed; this patent being solely for the power has been increased fully oneapplication of these two products, name- fourth, and with the saving of one-third ly, the refined coal tar and coul-tar of the fuel, and three-fourths of the talspirits for the purpose of black-making, low to the piston. In all engines, to wbich, together with the apparatus em. which the metallic spiral packings may ployed, they claim as their exclusive in- be applied, the saving of fuel will be vention.

very considerable, and one-fourth only To William JessOP, of Butterley Hall, of ibe tallow to the piston will be re

Derbyshire, Iromaster ; for an elastic quired; they have the further advanmetallic Piston, or Packing for Pis- tage of seldom requiring examination ; tons, to be applied either externally the loss of time, iberefore, and the inor internally to Cylinders. March convenience arising from the necessity 27, 1823.

ofis freqnently packing the cominon pisThis invention consists in the applica- tons, will be avoided, an object of contion of an elastic metallic cylindric ring siderable importance in manufactories, (formed by a spiral of two, three, or any and also to sieam-vessels. other number of circumvolutions, after By experiment, the friction of two the manner of a screw), to be used as a smootb metallic surfaces of iron and substitute for bemp, leather, or other brass, oiled, amounts only to an eleventh substances, as packing for cylinders, part of the weight with which they are pistons, plungers, rods, buckets, or loaded. In a forty. borse engine the x



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metallic packing does not exert the wool on, for ruigs for carriages, rooms,
force by its compressure of more than and otber purposes. — July 24.
two cwt.; consequently the friction William Jeakes, of Great Russel-street,
amounts to only 20lbs. or one-three. Bloomsbury; for an apparatus for regu-
bandredth part of the engine. It is well lating the supply of water in steam-boilers
known to practical engineers, that the and other vessels, for containing water or

other liquids.- July 24.
friction of a piston newly packed with

William Davis, of Bourne, Gloucesterbemp, when too much compressed, is shire, engineer; for certain improvements often suflicient to prevent the movement in machinery for shearing and dressing of the machine ; and, so long as the woollen and other cloths requiring such packing remains steam-tight, the fric. process.-July 24. tion greatly diminishes the power of the Henry Smart, of Berner's-street, Maryengine; and that by wear in working le-bone, Piano-forte-manufacturer; for certhe packing allows the steam to escape, taip improvements in the construction of thereby wasting fuel and tallow, and piano-fortes.—July 24. also impairing the power of the ma

Miles Turner and Lawrence Angell, chine: the loss is further increased by improved process to be used in the bleach

both of Whitehaven, soap-boilers; for an neglect of packing when required.

ing of linen or cotton yarn, or cloth.

July 24.
Richard Pew, of Sherborne, esq.; for a

John Jackson, of Nottingham, ginnew composition for covering houses and maker; for certain improvements in the

construction of the locks used for the disother buildings -- June 17. Charles Mac Intosh, of Crossbasket, the detonating principle.—July 29.

charge of guns and other fire-arms, upon Lanark, esq. ; for a process and manufacture whereby the texture of hemp, flax, vitriol manufacturer, and John Bland, of

Joseph Bower, of Hunslet, Leeds, oil of wool, cotton, and silk, and also leather, the same place, steam-engine manufacpaper, and other substances, may be rendered' impervious to water and air.- turer; for an improvement in such steamJune 17.

engines as condense ont of the cylinder, James Smith, of Droitwich, civil en

by which improvement or invention the gineer; for an apparatus for the applying

air-pump is rendered unnecessary.—July31. steam to the boiling and concentration of Cheapside, merchant; for certain improve

John Bainbridge, of Bread-street, solutions in general, crystallising the muriate of soda from brines containing that

ments upon machines for cutting, cropsalt, melting and refining of tallow and ping, or shearing, wool or fur from skins; oils, boiling of sugar, distilling, and other also for cropping or shearing woollen, similar purposes. -July 19.

silk, cotton, or other cloths and velvets, William Harwood Horrocks, of Port.

or any other fabric or fabrics thereof rewood, Chester, cotton-manufacturer; for spectively, whether made or compo ed a certain new and improved method ap- materials of which cloth or velvet is made,

entirely of wool, silk, cotton, or other plicable to preparing, cleaning, dressing, and beaming silk warps, and also appli respectively, and also for the purpose of

or of any inixture or mixtures thereof cable to beaming other warps.—July 2+, shaving pelts or skins.- July 31. 1829.

Richard Gill, of Barrowdown, Rutland, Copies of the specifications, or further Fellmonger and Parchment-manufacturer; notices of uny of these inventions, witl be for a method of preparing, dressing, and inserted free of expense, on being transmitted dyeing, sheep-skins and lamb-skins with to the Editor,

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Authors or Publishers, desirous of seeing an early notice of their Works, are

requested to transmit copies before the 18th of the Month. NATURE DISPLAYED, by Dr. Si has no equal in any language. Many of

MEON Shaw, a writer familiar to the the engravings,-as, the Falls of Niagara, readers of the Monthly Magazine, bas ap- the Terrestrial Mountains, the Eruptions peared within the month, in six volumes. of Vesuvius, the Strata of the Earth, and The capability which the sabjects afforded some of the Microscopic subjects,-are of splendid graphic illustration, has been half-sheets, and the whole are nearly 300 seized on, and the work is, in consequence, in number, representing at least 1500 subone of the most corious and interesting in jects. The exotic Trees, shrubs, and the entire circle of literature. Perhaps it much of the natural history, are coloured

after after nature. The text is professedly a technicalities of anthorship, or in the sscompilation of facts from the best anthori- perintendance of the press; and he has ties, but originally written throughout, in been obviously nnfortunate in his choice a style adapted to the subjects. To avoid of a printer, but these are minor consi. the dull didactic and elementary manner, derations. On the proof of the resurrec. the whole is divided into Lectures, adapt. tion the whole fabric of Christianity is ed to family-reading, or for students of erected; and a case is here brought torall degrees. In a word, it is the fascina. ward, supported with much ingenuity and ting work of the Abbé la Pluche, revised, no little researclı, such as imperiously calls amended, and modernized; and is likely for refutation. But this is not all--it to meet with as favourable a reception as seems to be determined that the office of that work, and, like it, form an essential “ Christian advocate” shall be no longer part of every library for the remainder of a sinecure; and another larger volnme is this century. Something of the kind was now before us which has already attracted wanted to rescue us from that ascendancy much of tbe attention of those who choose of novel and frivolous reading which has to employ their reasoning faculties in po enervated and disgraced the taste and lemical investigatious :-“ Not Paul, int Jiterature of the age. Nothing can be Jesus, by Gamaliel Smith, esq." is the more likely to effect this purpose than strange title of the extraordinary work rendering the study of nature attractive of which we now speak. Mr. Bentham and popular, by means of such a work as (for no other morial could assume the the present.

style and manner of this book) bere under. The Publishers of the previous work, to takes to denionstrate that St. Paul was forward the same object, have endeavour. a pretender; and that his religion, as oned to place the study of Nature on the folded in his Epistles, is not the religion footing of Geography, and have arranged of Jesus ! “Whosoever," says he, “putthe whole of the engravings in “Nature ting aside all prepossessions, feels strong Di. played in a FOLIO ATLAS, with such enoughi, in mind, to look steadily at the copions descriptions as will enable those originals, and from then to take his conwho use it to acquire niuch knowledge, ceptions of the matter, not from the disand gratify much curiosity, with little courses of others; whosoever has this Jabour of thinking. This volume they call command over himself, will recognize, if the Atlas of Nature; and it is one of the the author does not much deceive himself, most curious, interesting, and instructive, that by the two persons in question, as collections of graphic curiosities ever represented in the two sources of infor. seen. It is sold by itself, and persons who mation—the Gospels and Paul's Epistles; subsequently desire the whole text, may two quite different, if not opposite, fepurchase it separately also.

ligions are incnlcated : and that, in the On the recent memorable trial of Mrs. religion of Jesus, may be found ail the Wright, the lord chief justice said, good that has ever been the result of the that, “ the defendant was not called upon compound so incongruonsly and unlappily to answer for any reasonable or fair dis- made; in the religion of Paul, all the miscussion on the truth of Christianity in chief which, in such disastrous abundance, general, or any of its peculiar teneis: the has so indisputably flowed from it." A Jaw permitted that every subject, however summary of the “ plan of the work," is sacred, should be freely, yet moderately prefixed to the volume; but, notwithstandand temperately, discussed.” We quotc ing that it is concise as well as plain, it is this passage, because it is printed, very nevertheless too long for insertion in oor appropriately, as a motto to a pamphlet, pages. We must, therefore, content our. entitled, The new Trial of the Witnesses, or "selves with general observations, which we the Resurrection of Jesus considered, on do with the less regret; because, we are Principles understood and acknowledged persuaded that the book must acquire an equally by Jews and Christians.' Through extensive circulation ; not only on account ont the whole of his work, the author ap of the celebrity of its author, but of the pears to have kept bis motto continnally novel and minute investigation of the in view; for, though his arguments ter character and writings of the most illosminate in infidelity, they are conducted trious of the apostles of Christianity. The in a manner so calm and dispassionate, divine missiou and the doctrine of Jesus that even a jury of fanatics would find it are no where impeached. These are sadifficult 10 pick out a single sentence that cred by " the law of the land," and it could be twisted so to offer the remains to be seen whether Paulism (as Mr. slightest insult to the religion of the Bentham would call it) must be considered country. The evidences are candidly as equally sacred. The standing objecexamined; and, if the decision be erro- tion to the warfare of infidels, is their peous, this error must have been of the making use of the arrows of ridicule. head and not of the heart. The writer Ridicule, of itself, is certainly no test of seems to have liad no experience in the truth ; but, as assuredly, it is no argudient


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in favour either of a fact, or of an opi- sophy, in the Encyclopædia Londinensis,
nion, that it can be made to appear ridi. merit notice from the celebrity they have
culous. The legitimate use of these ap- acquired. The following Axioms of this
palling weapons is so well illustrated by Transcendental Philosophy indicate a
our author, that we cannot do better than clear method.
give his own words :-“ Meantime," says

1. Consciousness is the power to distinguish ourhe, “let not any man make to hiinsell' a

selves from surrounding objects, and from our own pretence for rejecting the important posi- 2. Time is the form of internal sense. iion thus offered to his consideration; let

3. Space is the form of exiernal sense.

4. Sense makes intuitions.
bim not, for fear of its being the truth, 5. Understanding makes conceptions.
shut his eyes against that which is pre-

6. Reason makes ideas.
sented to him as and for the truth; let The Definitions seem exceptiovable
him not shut his eyes, on any such pre- wlien understood, and these, with the
tence as that of its being deficient in the preceding, may convey some notion of
quality of seriousness. If, indeed, there the mature object of this philosophy;
be any such duty, religious or moral, as which, after all, we consider railer as a
that of seriousness; and that the stating system of metaphysical logic than of
as absurd that which is really absurd, is a philosophy.
violation of that duty; at that rate, seri-

1. Intuition - every thing present in time and

space; that we can feel, see, hear, taste, or smell. ousness is a quality incompatible with 2. Conception-every thing absent in time and the delivery and perception of truth on

space, that we can think of only, but cannot touch.

3. Kdea-everything out of time and space; that all subjects, and in particular on this of we can think of only, but which never can come the most vital importance: seriousness is

into time and space, a disposition to cling to falsehood, and to

4. Knowledge is intuition comprehended under

conception. reject iruth.” It must be acknowledged 5. Thought is conception joined to conception. that there are many passages in this vo

Mr. DANIELL's Meteorological Essays June that appear to llave been written constitute decidedly the best work which more in a playful than in a serious house we have seen on the intricate subjects of njour; and, on the reading of wlich, he atmospheric phenomena. [t analyzes and who has not been impressed in early arranges, and tabulates much, yet it afyouth with the awfulness of the subject firms and concludes little, owing to the might be tempted to smile ; for instance: desnltory character of past observations, ~" Follows a sample of Paul's logic, and to 80 little having previously bech wrape np as usual in a cloud of tantologies determined. The comparisons and coland paralogisms, the substance of which lections of Mr. D. will, nevertheless, be amounts to this :-Jesus resurrects; there. eminently useful to all future writers, and fore, all men will do the same. Admitling will greatly assist the views of observers the legitimacy of this induction, what will and reasoners on these interesting topics. be the thing proved? That every man, a

While Mr. D. is very severe on the Royal few days after his death, will come to life Society, he pays a just tribute to the vaagain, and eat, drink, and walk in com. luable labours of Mr. Luke Howard. pany with his friends !" We grant that it The new Society devoted to Meteorology, is not quite fair to reason in this flippant will now confer increased valne on Mr. manner on so serious a subject. But let Danieli's future editions; and we hope not the true believer be afraid of the con- that, in a few years, the description of sequences of such reasoning. He may most of the phenomena of the atmosphere rest assured, that the mass of mankind will equal in precision Descartes' Analysis will never cease to look for happiness in of the Rainbow. the Heavens; nor (we fear) to persecute Mr. GULDSWORTHY GURNEY has pnhone another for the discordance in their lished a pleasing volume of Lectures on belief. Were we even so mufortunate as Experimentel Philosophy. Being delivered to suspect, what it would be dangerous to before a popular audience, they are neacknowledge, that the Christian religion vertheless not common-place; but, amidst is a tissue of fables, we should reckon it a the usual orthodox absurdities abont athopeless task to attempt to cradicate the traction, repulsion, and caloric, exhibit belief in those fables from the creed of the many novel and ingenions reasonings. multitude. Reason and knowledge are He tells us some pleasant anecdotes of of slow growth and difficult acquirement, faith iu alchymy among meu of intellecand can be brought to malurily only un- tual reputation, proving that any folly of der peculiar circumstances and in certain the day may have respectable votarice minds; but the seeds of superstitiou, if The new electro-magnetic experiments sown in the nursery, will bear fruit under are very nearly described, and all recent every climate and in every soil.

topics of philosophical curiosity are very Principles of the Kantesian or Transcen- perspicuously brought before the reader. dental Philosophy; by Thomas WiRGMAN, The only faults of the volume are in the author of the articles Kant, Logic, Meta- system of principles which an employed physics, Moral Philosophy, and Philo. lecturer, under the direction of the com


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mittee of an institution, was perhaps ob. Foreman:-“ We find the defendant guilty liged to teach. The style is clear and on the seventh count of the indictmentneat, and we recommend ihe work 10 those not guilty on all the others. I am denied, who wish to acquire not only the fashionable however, by my bro:her jarymen, tə knowledge on its subjects, but also to state, that, but for the manner in which correct their vague notions about crystal- several of the counts aie laid, as selization, the atomic theory, the laws of de- marked on by your lordship, our ver. finite proportions, and other unravelled dict would have been very different subjects of modern research in chemical The defendant was ordered to be brongit philosophy.

up for judgment next term, but it is apA squib has been much read, called the derstood that be intends to more for a Trial of the Rev. EDWARD IRVING, M.A. new trial. A Cento of Criticism. 'The trial takes MACKENZIE's collection of Five Therplace before the high court of Common sand Receipts in every Branch of Art and Sense. “The King, at the instance of Economy, is a work, at once, above and Jacob Oldstyle, clerk, v. the Rev. Edward below criticism. Its obvious utility renIrving, m.a. The court is said to be ders it superior to animadversion; and its crowded to excess; and, at the extre- details are so numerous, that to examine mities of the benchi, but railed off, are the them would fill a corresponding volume. Duke of Somerset, Lord Kenyon, Sir It will be sufficient to state, that there Gerard Noel, Sir Harcoort Lees, Mr. appears to be at least the number of rePeter Moore, Mr. Parkins, and Romeo ceipts and processes set forth in the titleCoates.' Below the bar, waiting to give page, which is seven or eight times more evidence, are the known or reputed editors than have before been assembled in one of all the principal periodicals. The in. book; and that the editor has drawn las dictment is laid on seven different counts materials from the most esteemed pracagainst Mr. Irving:

lical works of the age. It is a Thesaurus • First-For being ugly.

of useful knowledge, and a substitute for second-For being a merry.andrew.

hundreds of volumes; yet we should be •Third-For being a common quack. • Fourth-For being a common brawler.

sorry that it were the only book left in • Fifth-For being a common swearer.

the world, and that Hobbes's anathema • Sixth For being of very common understanding against books should prevail and leave us subversive of the discipline of the order to which he only this volume. At the same time it belongs, and contrary to the principles of Christian must be acknowledged, that the collec. fellowship and charity.'

tion wonld preserve an immense body of It is a malicions jeu d'esprit, but not cal useful knowledge, and prove that man. culated to injure the reputation of Mr. kind bad not been idlc in directing natare Irving, and we hope not bis feelings. The

to their own service. We are deceived attacks which he has enconntered are so if, in 1810 or 50, it will not be found in many tributes of envy to his acknow. every house capable of paying poor-rates, ledged mierit, and is a tax which alias it so addresses itself to the necessities eminence must pay. The only remedy to and luxuries of every condition, as to maintain the ascendency acquired, is to secure its own general recommendation. live down the calumnies. Mr. Cobbett's MR. R. C. Dallas bas printed Adres. cross-examination is a specimen of the tus, a tragedy, and some Miscellaneous author's satirical talents.

Poems, worthy of public respect; the tra• You know the Times" newspaper, Mr. gedy would be seen in action, if laste alone Cobbett! -y old “Times" |-Oh yes none

governed such matters. The amiable and better.

esteemed anthor having introduced bis Do you ever write for it?

own portrait, we cannot refrain from pre• I have written all its best articles for a long time senting it our readers :past; I wrote those famous articles about the queen, which raised its circulation from 3,000 to

Oh! tempt me not, Leaf! with the lure of thy 20,000 in one week. To do it justice, however, I

whiteness, must say, that I don't think the stupid numsculls

To venture again where the Muses control; who manage it knew they were writien by me: if

The trace of the pen that gives shade to thy They had, they would rather have been smothered

brightness, to death (to make use of one of their own favourite

Should elicit some prominent feature of soul. similes), under the thousand and one quirce they


Persisting allare! and my heart bids be trying I have a way of my own, Sir, of managing these To twine a new wreath, ere I pass thee along; things. I can do other people's work for them, and And tells me forsooth, too, that, een were I dying, make them say and do what ! please, without their Suchi friendship as mine would give life to my sous knowing or suspecting any thing of the matter.

Then oft may thy mistress, no care to torment her, 'Well, will you tell us one thing more? Was it not

While calling for pastime sone tribute retin'd, you who wrote that clever article in the “ Times,"

Here viewing the Portrait chou, Leat! sbalt present about Mr. Irving, beginning "there is a fashion in

her, every thing-in wigs and bonnets,' and so forth?

Recal with affection her friend to her mind, Yes every word of it. . You swear that?

With grey hairs, a bald crown, and a face some• Broil me on a gridiron if it was not.'

what Roman, The jury retired, and after the lapse of Already it moulder'd, youth stayeth with no man

She may image the part that mortality claim'd;abont an hour, returned into court.- And his Spirit of Earth, or he hoped it, was tam'd.


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