Page images
PDF
EPUB

CHURCH OF ENGLAND.

income of every deanery, prebend, a The Bishop of Llandaff (Dr. Watson) canonry, of the churches of Westmisproposes an equalization of bishopries, ster, Windsor, Christ Church, Capterand large church livings or vacancies, bury, &c., for the same purpose, ss. as a great benefit to the establishment, tatis muiadis, as the first fruits and in his letter to the Archbishop of Can- birtlis were appropriated by the fifth terbury. This would tend, he thinks, of Queen Anne. Dr. W. maintains ł. By preventing translations, to reu- that the whole revenue of the church der the prelacy more independent in of England, including dignities and the House of Lords; to render their benefices of all kinds, and even the residence in their respective dioceses two universities, did not amount, more constant, and their babitations when he wrote, npun the most liberal more comfortable: while the whole calculation, to 1,500,0001. a-Fear. body of the clergy would be then more “The whole provision for the church suitably provided for, in sixty or se, is as low as it can be (adds be), unless venty years, than by waiting for the the state will be contented with a begslow operation of Queen Anne's garly and illiterate clergy, too mean Bounty, which will not operate in less and contemptible to do any good, than 2 or 300: (100,000/. per annum has either by precept or example, unless since been granted in aid of this it will condescend to have tailors and bounty.)

cobblers its pastors and teachers." He The church has been gradually is adverse to pluralities, commendams, increasing since the reign of Henry &c. and praises the dissenting clergy, VIII. Bishop Kennet quotes a peti

SOLICITING JUDGES. tion to Queen Elizabeth, sanctioned by Lindsey (says Clarendon,) was Archbishop Whitgift, in the forty-third so solicitous in person with all the of her reign, stating, " that of eight judges, (in the ship-money cause.) thousand eight hundred and odd bene- both privately at their chambers, and fices, there are not six hundred suffi- públicly in the court at Westminster, cient for learned men."

that he was very generous to them."Dr. Warner, in the Appendix to his Hist. of Rep. book iii. p. 182, octato “Ecclesiastical History," published in edition. 1757, observes as follows:-_“Of the

DR. JOHNSOX. nine thousand and some hundred On entering Mr. Burke's park at churches and chapels which we have' Beaconsfield, -to which he was con in England and Wales, 6000—I speak ducted by the author,—whom he knew from the last authority-are not above in great penury, the ponderous lexicothe value of 401. a-year.”

giapber, first eyeing the owner, and Dr. Burn, in his “ Ecclesiastical then the house and grounds, thus Law, observes, “that the number of exclaimed from the line of the first small livings capable of augmentation eclogue of the “Bucolica” of Virgil:has been certified as follows:-- 1071 Non equidem invideo, miror magnus. small livings not exceeding 101. a-year; 1467 livings above 10l, and not cx- ll'hen the Muses crowned his long ceeding 201. a-year; 1126 livings above and great success on the stage by 201. and not exceeding 301. a-year; opening their sanctuary to him, the 1049 livings above 301. and not exceed- Parisian public, who had long desired ing 401. a-year; 884 livings above 401. to see him a member of the Academy, and not exceeding 501 a-year: so that charmed to hear the father of "Electra” in the whole there are 5597 livings and “Rhadamistus” speak the lancertified under 501. a-year.”

guage in it that was worthy of him, Dr. Watson, late Bishop of Llan- evidenced their approbation, by the dafl

, proposes,-1. Nearly to equalise flattering applauses they are accusthe bishoprics, as vacancies occur, tomed to give at the playhouse. It is both in respect to revenue and patro- remembered how sensibly they were nagr; 2. To preclude translations; aflected to hear him say, “ I never 3. To render the prelacy more inde- dipped my pen in gall,”-a thought pendent in the House of Lords; and that does as much bonour to his heart 4thly. That they might be enabled to as to his understanding. How bappy keep their residences in good order, by dwelling for life in one place.

He also wishes to appropriate, as * M. Crebillon returned his thanks in they become vacant, one-third of luy

CREBILLON.

[ocr errors]

verse.

is the man that can with justice say pair the repůlation of a person, to put this of himself? There are but few of a stop to bis good fortune, and even to the greatest mon that can. Most men ruin him. Let it, then, be judged unof talents, giving way to a mean

der what continual constraint an lio. jealousy, have dishonoured themselves nest and honourable man must be by the use they have made of them. placed, who enjoys the familiarity of DR. PALEY,

kings; unless he constantly restricts When Dr. Watson, bishop of Llandaff, himself to thọ inglorious part of apwas moderator at Cambridge, brought plauding, excusing, or of being silent. bim the following question for his act: With kings. there is no subject of

-Æternitas panarum contradicit Di- conversation. We certainly are not rinis attributis." He, however, was to speak of politics to them, nor of the frightened out of this thesis by Dr. news of the day; neither can adminisThomas, dean of Ely, master of his tration be made the topic. Many college.

cvents which happen in society cannot THE METEORS,THE COMET, AND THE SUN.

be related to them; and not a word Lines on the Dowager Duchess of Rutland, must be said to them on religion, of

(then Marchioness of Granby,) said to be which they are the guardians. by the Right Hon. Charles James Fox. Former wars, ancient history, facts Ve meteors, who with mad career

which are

even but little remote, Have rov'd thro' fashion's atmosphere ; sciences, and belles lettres, might for: And thon, young, fair, fantastic Devon, nish conversation; but where are the Wild as the comet in mid-heaven, courtiers who are conversant with Hide your diminish'd heads ! nor'stay these points? The kings also are not T'usurp the shining realms of day:

numerous to whom this strain would For see, th' unsully'd morning light, be intelligible. The subjects, then, With beans more constant and more for this high converse, must be sup

bright, Her splendid course begins to run,

plied by common-place affairs, the And all creation hails the sun,

theatres, and the chace. Let us not

persuade ourselves that we can interest PICCADILLY.

kings by flattering their taste, since See Clarendon's “ History of the they rarely have any. They find so Repablic," p. 241, book iij.vol. 1, much facility in gratifying it, that it octavo edition, for a most curious ac- passes before they have even fully count of the bowling-green and gar- enjoyed it. In order to participate in dens there, in the time of Charles I. pleasures, we must combat contrarieand also of the custom of that day of ties, surmount difficulties, and feel playing at bowls, &c.

privations. The love of glory or the SOCIETY OF KINGS.

chase can alone place kings in this si. This society charms at first, and it toation; and we always see the one or is grateful to kings to be allowed to the other of these predilections form be familiar, while the royal favour their ruling passion; the love of glory crowds the wishes of the courtier: but bas possession of those of an elevated there is no intimacy which is attended disposition, while the chase is the with more inconveniences, nor which pursuit when the mind is of the ordiis subject to morc vicissitudes. An

nary standard. unfounded disadvantageous rumour Since the regard for kings cannot may hurt a man in society, but there be otherwise than interested, suspicion his judges are more considerate, as becomes the basis of their character; being subject to similar inconve- and this feeling renders intimate conniencies, and as being in the habit of nexions impossible. Accustomed to estimating the credit due to such re. homage, they believe that all is due ports : kings, on the contrary, so much to them, and that nothing is due from separated from the rest of the world, them. The courtier who is most incannot enter into this calculation; and jured by them must redouble his attenthey resign themselves absolutely to tions, lest his imperious master should the public voico, to that of their mis- suspect that he resents the treatment, tresses, or their society, if they have charge him with insolence, drive him any.

from his presence, and thus cut bim off Sovereigns are men, and, as such, from the hopes which his whole life more disposed to yield to unfavour- has been employed to realize. able than to good impressions. Often The circumstance the most revolting with them a word is sufficient to im- in the society of kings, is that of baving no will but thoirs, of sacrificing Scotland in May, by sea; and on this one's pleasures and affairs to the occasion his ship struck on ove of lightest of their caprices, and with a the Yarmouth sands, called the Lemit submission and a readiness which ex- and-bar, where the Lords O'Brien and clude from the contpliance every idea Roxborough, Mr. Hyde, (Lord Clarenof merit. When it is also considered don's brother,) together with many that the restraint of the most profound others, perished. It was on this occa respect continually affects all that is sion his Royal Highness is said to said and done, even in the freest mo- have been particularly anxious for ments, it will be admitted that the three descriptions of persons, the first jealousy and the enemies which are two of which proved his ruin, -his ever the appendages of royal favour priests, Mr. Churchill (afterwards are dearly purchased. It is a mistake Duke of Varlborough), and his dogs. to suppose that this familiarity with

CORNEILLE. the monarch enables a man to solicit This author has laid the French favours : for he must on no account stage under great obligations. He presume to do this, or he runs the was of too elevated a genius to have utmost risk of being for ever uudone. imitators; and the imitators of Racine

bave only copied his faults. Love, Met Madame a Dutch lady of the soul of their pieces, is continually rank and literary talents, at the house wbining in an affectionate tone. An of the Earl of Fife, at Whiteball. eclipse was comiog over the glory of They were exceedingly pleased with the tragic scene of France, when each other, and the native of Batavia Crebillon enlightened it again by the observed, that where Mr. H. was, no new species of writing with which he one ought to thiuk of eating. The enriched it. Born with that happy justice of this remark was in some re- genius, which, instead of wanting a spects verified; for, although the din- model, was itself a model for others

was excellent, some chickens, to follow, Crebillon was the first which had been reserved for a bonne among his countryren who knew the bouche, were ordered to be removed, art of carrying terror and compassion, and placed at the fire; and tbe disser- the two great objects of tragedy, to tation of Mr. H. was so long, that a their bigbest degree

of elevation. cat actually ran away with thear! Corneille did not begin to rise till be

wrote the “Cid.” It was in 1682 tbat the Duke of York returned suddenly to England, • The Gloucester, a third-rale man-ofwith a view of re-instating himself in the king's favour. He went back to

DAVID HUME

ner

JAMES II.

war.

ORIGINAL POETRY.

ODE TO A MOUNTAIN TORRENT;

From the German of Stolberg.

By GEORGE OLAUS BORROW. How lovely art thou in thy tresses of foam;

And yet the warın blood in my bobom grow

chill, When, yelling, thou rollest thee down from thy

home, Mid the boom of the cchoing forest aod hill. The pine-trees are shaken,--they yieldio iby sbocks,

And spread their vast rain wide over the ground; The rocks fly before thee,-thou selzest the rocks, Aud wbirl'st them lite pebbles contemptuously

round.
The sun-beams have cloth'd thee in glorious dyes,

They streak with the tints of the beavenly bow
Those hovering columns of vapour that rise

Forth from the babbling cauldron below.
But why art thon secking ibe ocean's dark brine?

If grandeur make happiness, sure it is fonod
Wbed first from the depils of the rock-girdled mine
Thou boundest, and all gives response to thy

sound.
Then haste not, 0 Torrent, to yonder dark sea,

For tbere thou must crouch beneath Slavery's rod;

Here tbon art lonely, and lovely, and free,

Free as an augel, and strong as a god. 'True, it is pleasant, at eve or at noon,

To guze on the sea, and its far-winding bayi, Wbea tipg'd with the ligbt of the wanderings

Or red with tbe gold of the mid summer rays; But, Torrent, what is it, what is it,-beveld

1 bat lustre as nought bus a bait apd a share; What is the summer-son's purple and god

To bim who breathes not in pare freedom the š! O pause for a time,- for & short moment stay;

till art thou streaming,-my words are ia raks; on-changiog wluds, with tyrannleal swas,

Lord there below on the fine-serving ibaia! Then baste aol, 0 Torrent, so yonder dark belly

For there thou must crouch beneath Slavery in Here thou art lonely, and lovels, and freez

Free as an angel, and strong as a god.

[merged small][ocr errors]

rise,

Is like the smile, sad snffering, yet serene, “ Then, with extended wing, with ardour

Of virtue in affliction. (! fair Moou, Thou holy traveller o'er this night-calm And with a grateful song salute the skies, scene,

Proclaim that generous merry dwells with Thion look'st more lovely than the god thee, of noon,

And bless the liberal hand that made me Phæbas, when bower'd in roses, as I gaze

free."

S. S. Upon thy mild and melancholy face. Walthumslow. Thow peerless shining planet! orb of grace! Such high superior feelings thou dost

DEATH; raise,

From the Swedish of J. C. Lohman. That this viie drossy carib seems lost, and

By GEORGE OLAUS BORROW. thon Look’st like some sainted sphere, where PERHAPS 'tis folly, but still I feel pure bless'd spirits go.

My beart-strings quiver, my senses reel, Cullum-street.

ENORT. Thinking how like a fast stream we range,

Nearer and nearer to life's dread change, TO LAURA

When soul and spirit filter away, Hush, hushi, ye winds! break not npon

And leave uothing better than senseless The slumbers of my darling maid,

clay. But to your gloomy caves be gone, Yield, beauty, yield, for the grave does Nor thus lier peaceful dreams invade;

gape, Nor thus, &c.

And, horribly alter'd, reflects thy shape; Sleep, matchless girl! yet may'st thou hear For, oh! think not those childish charnis

Will rest unrifled in his cold arms;
The langnaye of my an'rogs lute,
Whose strain would fain engross thine ear

And think not there, that the rose of love In favour of its tender suit;

Will bloom on thy features as here above. In favour, &c.

Let him who roams at Vanity Fair O! thou art now my only bliss,

In robes that rival the tulip's glare, Aod, Laura, all I crave from thee,

Think on the chaplet of leaves which round Is one soft pledge,-one gentle kiss,

His fading forehead will soon be bound,

And on each dirge the priests will say To prove thy heart is giv'n to me;

When his cold corse is borne away,
To prove, &c.
Islington; Aug. 1823. J. G-M. Let him wlio seeketh for wealth, uncheck'd

By fear of labour, let him reflect
THE CAPTIVE DOVE's

That yonder guld will brightly shine
When be bas perish’d, with all his line;

Tho' man may rave, and vainly boast, BEHOLD, within this little cage contin'd,

We are but ashes when at the most,
To mournful inactivity consign'd,
A female dove, who, cooing for her mate,

THE SUN.
Mourns and bewails her present hapless
state.

The Sun with cheering rays of light “ My lovely form, my truly plaintive voice, Dispels the gloony shades of night,

Looks o'er the rising bill; Made me the object of a female choice ;

And makes creation smile. While bere contin'd I mourn, no more to soar,

Immerging from liis eastern bed
Nor regions liigh iu air again explore. The monarclı climbs his way;
“Altho' by pity's tenderest hand supplied, Now rising o'er the mountain's head,

Bursts forth to open day.
Yet still my native freedom is denied,
In vain I seek the liberty I see,

Forth from the chambers of the east
In vain my pinions flutter to be free. Its radiant glories shine;
“That gen'rous hand which brings my daily Tis now in all its beauty drest,
food

Led forth by skill divine. Distributes round me ev'ry earthly good,

Altho' for many thousand years Yet cannot yield one moment's tranquil rest,

Its light and beat have run, Natare rebellious pauring in my breast.

It now the same appearance wears, – “Let me once more ay liberty regain,

'Tis still a “glorious Sun." To seek subsisteace on the verdant plain, Its strength and beauty are the same, Or on the hills, or on the thicket grove,

As cheering, too, its ray, From tree to tree go seek my daily food.

As when at God's command it came * O let not pitying nature plead in vain,

To lead the first-born day. Nor let me in captivity remain;

Tho' myriads have its light enjoy'd, Kestore me to my native skies once more,

And felt its genial heat, To those blest regions where I dwelt The fulness treasur'd there by God before,

Is undiminisli'd yet.

Come

COMPLAINT TO ITS MISTRESS.

Come rise, my soul, to higher things, The Saviour's power can ne'er exhak, Substantial and sublime;

Nor his compassion fail. 0.P.Q. Come mount, on Faith's immortal wings, Above the Earth and Time.

MOUNTAIN SONG; Behold! the rising Son of God,

From the German of Schiller. With uncreated light,

By GEORGE OLAUS BORROW. Breaks thro' the ceremonial cloud,

That pathiray before ye, so narrow and gray, And Nature's darker night.

To ihe depths of the chasm is leading;

But giants stand centinel over the way, He comes to glad our darksome earth, And threaten death to the unheeding : (All hail ! immortal king,)

Be silent and watchful, each step that you take,

Lest the sound of your voices the lionsé awake. Attending angels at his birth

And there is a bridge,-see yonder its span Loud hallelujahs sing.

O'er the gush of the cataract bending, See how the shadows all disperse,

It gever receiv'd its foundation from man,

Each mortal would die in ascending: His glories how they swell;

The torrents, uprooting the pine and the larch, He comes to bear away the curse,

Dash over, but never can splinter its arch. To save from gaping hell.

And now we must enter a hiuden ravine,

With its crags loosely tourering o'er us; Great op'ner of eternal day!

Pass on, and a valley delightfully green Tholi source of life divine!

Will open its bosom before us. Come, cheer these gloomy shades away

O! that I could fly from each worldly allus,

To finish my days in its circle of joy. From this dark soul of mine.

Down from a care four rivers are horld, Buit, oh! the more of him I think,

Each musters its force like a legion; The more on him I gaze,

And then they seek all the four parts of the world

Each choosing a separate region : The more my feeble powers siuk,

All from the cavern are secretly tost, Enwrapt in sweet amaze.

They murmur away, and for ever are lost.

Three pinnacles tower, and enter the blue To think that each believing soul

Higl over the mountains and waters; From Christ has been supply'd,

There wanton, surrounded by vapour and dex, Yet he remains as rich and full

The bands of the heavenly daughters;

And there they continue their desolate reign, As when the first apply'd.

Their charms are unseen, and are wish'd for in Tais. Yes, our Redeemer is the same,

The queen of the regions sits high on ber throde,

And our suges have told me io story, In plenitude of grace,

That she wears on her temples a chrysolite crowa, As when the first poor simer came,

Which causes yon halo of glory; And felt bis quick’ning rays.

The sun on her robes darts his arrows of gold,

Aud brightens them only,-they ever are colde Believers never can be lost, 'Whate'er their faith assail;

• The Avalanches, called in the Swiss dialect Laviné, or Lions.

PROCEEDINGS OF PUBLIC SOCIETIES.

ACADEMY OF SCIENCES.

[We translate the following Report from of the mathematical sciences, for this

, report of M. Fourier, on the progress the Rerue Encyclopedique; but the French reports in science, are some

qooting a former number of the Review. thing like the French reports of military Herein it is observed, that since the affairs in Spain-they are all over public sitting of the Institute, wherein Bourbon. It would seem from these that report was read, the author has papers, that France was the focus of added illustrations, with occasional ca. science, and that other nations are tame tracts from the works whereof he treats, spectators of the vannted discoveries of accompanied with brief remarks, to the great nation, whose genius is in. stiinulate and facilitate the knowledge spired by their political regeneration, and study of those works. . The contrary is, however, the fact, and the French continue the mere echoes of Mechanics" has published the fifth and

In geometry, the author of “ Celestial what lias been discovered, or is ope- last volume of ibat great work. The rating in other nations. As, however, they are vain historians, and the same question of the figure of the earth is body of facts is not elsewhere so well there discussed, in points of view that exliibited, we shall continue, as in better liad not, previously, been entertained. periods of French history, to present As, 1. The dynamic effect of the prewhatever transpires in the Institute, sence and distribution of the waters

and has the semblance of novelty.] ou the surface of tbe globe. 2. The Notice relative to the Labours of the compression exercised on the interior

Academy of Sciences during the year couches, or lays. 3. The change of 1822.

dimensions that would be produced by T THIS article commences with a re- the progressive cooler temperature (reference, by the vditors, to the froidissement) of the land. Each of these

causes

« PreviousContinue »