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Iy too, some unfeeling act of a depen- clared will he so daringly violates : dant; and yet how appropriately but might one of his own guests observe
-Man, proud man! to him, in the language of the Roman Dress’d in a little brief authority, poet
Plays such fantastic tricks before high Mutato nomine, de te fabula narratur!
Heav'n, It must strike a reflecting mind with As makes the angels weep. surprise, that the brutality, which it is
HUMANITAS. the object of this paper both to reprobate and expose, should be so common
For the Monthly Magazine. in the nineteenth century; when the
ANALYSIs of the JOURNAL of a VOYAGE spread of just opinions upon moral,
round the WORLD, in the YEARS 1816subjects has had so happy an effect
1819, by M. DE ROQUEFEUIL, LIEUTEin softening our manners. When I
Nant in the FRENCH NAVY. think seriously upon this subject, I
(Concluded from page 104.) am ready to exclaim with the poet
THE North-West Coast, properly -Can such things be, And overcome us like a summer cloud, of the commercial speculations of M. Withont our special wonder?
Roquefeuil; for the famous ukase bad It is, indeed, surprising that a being not yet forbidden strangers to aplike man, indued with so much intele proach it. The French navigator, lect, with such varied tastes, with so
wbile in the pursuit of the otters, made many sources of enjoyment, and with many observations, which interest this fair world in which to gratify both geography and history.
The them all, should devote himself to currents bring to Kodiak various artipursuits almost beneath the dignity of cles; among others, trees, and somehis nature; for which, if any adeqnate times even fragments of Japanese apology, can be found, it must be ships. M. Roquefeuil was informed sought in those dark ages when the by Capt. B. Pigot, of the English ship human mind was enveloped in Cim- the Forester, that he had met, 300 merian darkness by the crafty policy leagues west of California, with a of the Romish church. But since the Japanese vessel, which had been sevemercy of Providence has cast the lot ral months at sea, kept from the coast of the present generation in a bappier by repeated storms. Of- seventeen era, it becomes the members of it to men, who originally formed the crew, regulate their conduct by those moral only three remained; one of whom lights which, if we would but follow, was the captain. The English navithey would marshal us the way to gator conveyed these unfortunate men happiness.
to Kodiak, wbence they were sent to I will conclude by observing, that their own country. it appears extraordinary at this parti
The north-west coast is generally cular season, when the blessings of formed by a chain of high mountains, the Almighty come more directly which extend from New Mexico, and, under our notice, when the fields stretching to the north-west, approach have yielded up their golden stores, the shores of the ocean. These shores when our trees are loaded with fruit, themselves, and those of the adjacent and our vines are bowed down with islands, are generally steep. Queen elustering grapes,-in short, when the Charlotte's Islands are an exception, bounty of Providence meets us at at least those near the branch of the every turn, and when the rich and sea called Masset. The land in this mellow hues of autununal scenery,
part is different from what is generally all conspire to gladden the heart of seen on the north-west coast; it is man, and to awaken in his breast a low, gently sloping, without either deep sense of gratitude ; that he those steep rocks or indentations should at this moment ruthlessly and which are elsewhere so frequent; the recklessly step forward to commit foliage of the trees bas a less sombre those acts of cruelty which are the tint, and the wbole appearance of the subject of my unqualified reprobation, country is much less rude: the inhaon the very ground from which he baš bitants, too, are the finest men on the recently reaped such plentiful stores north-west coast. In their persons, of grain, and, be it remembered, made and every thing belonging to them, plentiful by' that Being whose de. there is an appearance of opulence
and neatness superior to what has guages of the northern part of the been hitherto observed: they reside coast,“in which (says the author,) in large villages, particularly remark. there are sounds resembling the kind able for the colossal figures which of hissing that cats make when angry: decorate the houses of the principal we frequently met with terminations inhabitants, and the gaping mouths in tz, tl, or tzi, as in the Mexican. This of which serve as doors. Above the little tribe is indolent, poor, and weak; largest of these villages there is a but they are generally pretty sensible, fort, the parapet of which is covered inclined to good, and grateful for with a fine turf, and surrounded by a kindnesses. palisade, in good condition.
It unfortunately appears that it is Itomtchou, the principal chief of vow much more dangerous to deal Masset, came on-board with bis three with the Indians of the north-west wives, and was so satisfied with the coast, since they have become acreception given him, that he wished to guainted with the Europeans, and change names with M. Roquefeuil; bave obtained fire-arms. M. Roquewho, to oblige him, because he could feuil relates various instances of their not pronounce the whole name, made baving attacked European ships. He the diminutive Roki. They conversed himself made an agreement, at the by means of a native of Skitigats, one Russian settlement of New Archangel, of the principal of Queen Charlotte's with Mr. Heigmeister, the governor; Island, named Intchortge, who made according to which the Russian Comhimself well understood in English, pany was to furnish him with thirty and piqued himself on having the baidares, for the purpose of taking manners of Boston ; for the inhabitants sea-otters. Each haidare was to be of this coast, who have bardly any manned with two Kodiak hunters; the intercourse except with the ships of whole under the superintendance of that city, consider Boston as the two agents: the produce was to be capital of the civilized world.
equally divided, and an indemnity of The inhabitants of Friends' Cove 200 piastres paid for every Kodiak (Anse des Amis,) are always at war who should lose his life in an attack with their neighbours: they probably from the Indians. With every probave been, and perhaps still are, An- spect of success, M. Roquefeuil protropophagi. It is only to the Euro- ceeded to the north-west part of the peans that they show any good-will. Prince-of-Wales's Island. Having Their chiefs, who are at the same time reconnoitered the country for several their bigh-priests, call themselves re- leagues round, and found no signs of lations of the sun. The members of population, the Kodiaks were landed, their families, to the third degree, form and even allowed to bivouac on shore. the class of patricians under the name Some Indians, but in small numbers, of Tahis Calati; the others, who are a showed themselves from time to time, kind of slaves, are called Mitschimis. to sell their furs. On the 18th of The miserable half-naked chiefs of June, 1818, the Indians suddenly disthese hungry tribes, dirty inhabitants appeared; which exciting Mr. R.'s of smoky and filthy huts, are as proud suspicions, he resolved not to let the of their illustrious origin as the first Kodiaks pass that night on-shore : but, potentates of the civilized world; and not thinking there could be any fear it is a frequent subject of their con- of the Indians during the day, he de. versation. Their wives and daughters ferred recalling the Kodiaks till the participate in this pride.
evening. However about noon, walkA wife is not to be had hut by ing alone at some distance from the making presents to her relations. The camp, he was surprised at hearing a poor Mitschimis are for the most part musket-shot, immediately succeeded obliged to live in celibacy; while by a brisk and continued discharge. there, as on the whole north-west Judging, therefore, that the Indians coast, the plurality of wives is the must have attacked the camp, he was privilege of the chiefs and nobles. proceeding in that direction; but, Very different from the South-Sea seeing the Kodiaks fly without resis: islanders, the women of this country tance, in complete disorder, he thought behave with great modesty.
it necessary to provide for his personal The dialect of Noutka is full of con- safety, and called to the boat which sonants and aspirations; which, how- had brought him on-shore, and bad ever, are not so harsh as in the lan- not yet reached the ship; but he was
not heard: ho therefore undressed, was killed by the Indiang, subjects of and threw himself into the sca, with Maconina, at an anchoring-place une his watch in his mouth.
der Woody Point. The second catasMeantime the ship fired upon the tropho, at Clayoquot, was also caused Indians, and sent out the long-boat, by imprudence, Wicananich bad which steered first towards the camp, gained the confidence of the captain : but, perceiving M. Roquefeuil, turned the latter being very eager to take aside, and reached bim not far from advantage of a breeze to leave the port, shore. It was soon received by a very where he had been detained by conbrisk fire from the Indians, which it trary winds, the chief ofered to send returned. “I made an unsuccessful some of his people on-board to assist attempt to get into the boat, in which him ; [the captain having been so inI perceived scveral persons that wero cautious as to receive these perfidious wounded; unwilling to detain the auxiliaries, they suddenly fell opon the boat under the fire of the Indians, who crew, and killed or wounded the capwere very numerous, and seeing no tain and most who were on deck. ForKodiak to assist on that side, I order- tunately, the chief mate and some of ed it to stand off, without losing time the crew bad time to take refuge in to take me up. I kept close to it as it their quarters, where their sick comretired, firing towards the camp, and rades were, and escaped the first fury got in when it could stop without of the attack, as well as those sbo danger. Of the seven men on-board, were employed in looscning the sails; four were wounded, two of them only these latter made such good use of the slightly. The result of this unfortu- balls that were kept in the round top, nate all'air was, that of the forty-seven that they enabled their comrades to Kodiaks who were in the camp at the sally from their retreat, and act offenmoment of the attack, twenty were sively. These brave mén, after extrakilled, twenty-five escaped by swim- ordinary efforts, repulsed their perfiming, or were saved by our boats, and divus enemies; and, having procured two were missing, supposed to be arms, entirely drove them from the drowned. of the twenty-five who vessel. The ship having ran agrouod escaped the massacre, twelve were during the uneqaal contest, the rewounded, most of them very severely. mainder of the brave crew abandoned The Indians, it seems, had approached it in the night, and arrived safely in under the cover of a wood, and sud- the long-boat at Columbia. denly fell upon the Kodiaks, who Some visits, which M. Roquefcail were lulled in the most perfect secu- made to the islands of the Great rity: they were all killed by muskete Ocean, have procured some lew inforshot, and most of them had several mation, of which the following remark wounds."
on the Marquesas Islands is an ir It is indispensable to employ the stance. The isle of Oevahoa, the greatest prudence in the communica- most fertile of this Archipelago, where tions with the natives of the north- M. Roquefeuil procured 4000 lbs. of west coast. Vancouver, and all the sandal-wood, possesses a kind of navigators who first visited them, ex. bards, who go to the neighbouring perienced their hostile and perfidious islands to sing their poems to very dispositions, which have been only monotonous airs, which have much encreased by the means of destruction resemblance to church-music. They which the possession of fire-arms has accompany their voice either by clap put into their power. Though tlieir ping their hands, and striking on dif. confidence is augmented in the same terent parts of their body, or with proportion, they never attack but by large drums, which appear to be their surprise. Ten or twelve American only 'instruments. These concerts vessels hare been attacked by them procure them nomerous presents. For in this manner at different times; most these fêtes there is in every valley a of them suffered considerable loss, and reetangular space, from a hundred to two were seized and carried off about a hundred and thirty yards long, and twelve years ago.
from twenty-five to thirty broad, surCapt. Told, of the American ship rounded by a parapet, breast high, tra Tonquin, after having re-victualled feet thick; often bordered with a row the establishment on the Columbia, of trees, and surrounded by avenues, where ho bad lost a boat and several which afford pleasant walks. men by his obstinacy and rashness, The necessity of takiog in wood 1
Frater, and provisions, induced our would become in a few years a flouauthor to visit Hanarura, in the island rishing republic. of Woaboo, one of the Sandwich M. Roqucfenil gives us some idea Islands, and an excellent port, which respecting the immense trade which natore has formed in the coral reef the Americans carry on with Canton. on the southern side of that island. Thirty of their ships, the burthen of The inhabitants of the Sandwich which amonnted all together to 2200 Islands, notwithstanding their frequent tons, arrived there from the 1st of intercourse with civilized nations, bave July, 1815, to the 30th of June, 1816. changed little in their abodes and In the following year there were mode of living; but they have adopted thirty-eight ships, the total tonnage of the tools of our carpenters, and use which was 13,096 tons; the next year them dexterously. They are familiar thirty-nine, carrying 14,325 tons; and with our fire-arms; and like some of lastly, forty-seven vessels in the first our manufactures, particularly light. ten inonths of the season of 1818 and blue cloib.
1819. This commerce occasions a Their cattlo have increased: they great exportation of money, to the have considerabie herds of oxen, prejudice of the Uuited States. The sheep, and goats; and also horses, total amount of the importation into which came originally from California. China by American ships was, in the The natives cultivate hardly any thing three first years above mentioned, but cucurbitacevus plants; but M. 15,213,000 piastres, of which 12,068,000 Roquefeuil found at Woahoo an old was in ready money. Prussian soldier, who practised gar. The English, on the contrary, have deping with success, and furnished found means to make the Chinese ships with excellent vegetables. Ano- accept in payment the woollen goods ther European obtained pretty good and metals of England, also cottons, wine froin vines which he brought opium, and other articles of British from California.
India. In the season 1817-18 thero The Americans have obtained se- arrived in China sixteen of the Comveral cargoes of sandal-wood from pany's ships sent from England, and Woahoo; and Tameamea bimself this -nine private vessels fitted out sent some to China, on-board one of in India. The English goods imported his ships, the flag of which had seven amounted to the value of 3,670,000 horizontal white and red stripes. This piastres, and those of India to wood is still common in the four prin- 12,456,000 piastres. eipal islands; but it has ceased to be The numerous nautical and hydromuch in request in Canton, and the graphical observations in the narrativo Russians, who had formed an esta- of ibis voyage do the greatest honour blishment on this latter island to pro. to the talents of M. Roquefeuil. cure it, bave given it up, because the expenses exceeded the profit. So To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. much the better : we could have wish. SIR, ed that all these pretty islands in the THE passage mentioned by Mr. Great Ocean had been reserved for Lacey occurs in the second part the unfortunate, who seeks a peaceful of Shakspeare's “ Henry the Fourth." asylum; for the missionary, who feels but no particular set of chimes appears bimself called to preach the Divine to be alluded to. Falstaff, when reWord; for some founder of a virtuous minded by Shallow of their juvenilo society, who, in subduing the savage frolics, simply says, “ We have heard tribes before they were acquainted the chimes at midnight.” Shallow, it with fire-arms, would have civilized is true, in a previous scene remarks, them by the power of his benefits, the that he“ was once of Clement's Inn;" example of bis companions, and the yet the chimes heard by him and fat regular education of their children. Jack might be those of any other paProvidence lias ordained otherwise: rish, since thcir rambles appear to sailors, merchants, exiles, have spread have been very excursive : be says to new vices, and new means of destruc- Falstaff, presently after, “Do you retion. However there are still many member since we lay all night in the positions where, with some slender Windmill in St. George's-fields?” So means of cultivation and defence, a much for this momentous point. colony, well composed, subject to I wish your correspondent had been wise laws, and skilfully governed, somewhat more minute in his account
of the parish ; for ho has left unnoticed very efficacious :-The head should be several interesting spots: amongst frequently shaved, and kept covered others, the forum of Orator Flenley, in with an oiled-silk cap, or instead of Portsmouth-street, and the Black which a thin bladder has sometimes Jack, close by-once the resort of all been used. An ointment should be the wits and good fellows about town formed, by mixing togetber spermaconnected with the press. The ad- ceti cerate and finely pulverized joining inn, too, he has treated with supertartrate of potass, in such proutter neglect, though there are several portions as to make it of a very firm curious anecdotes connected with it. consistence; of which a piece the size Like Shallow, I was of Clements of a nutmeg, or larger, according to once myself, and therefore fcel a pe- the extent of the surface affected, culiar attachment to the neighbour- should be well rubbed on the part with hood. THE DRUID IN LONDON.* the palm of the hand, every night, for September 3.
three or four minutes ; the bead
should be well washed with soap and To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. water every third night, previously to SIR,
the application of the ointment. F those diseases which do not Internal medicines are seldom reO".
endanger life, nor destroy any quisite in this advanced stage, except part of the animal organization, few where the character of the affection is are of more importance than that irregular, or there is a peculiarity in which is well known by the popular the constitution of the patient; in appellation of ring-worm of the scalp, which cases some modification of treatthe Porrigo scutulata of medical ment will necessarily be required: writers. This disease, which is pecu- these variations will readily be made liar 10 children, has loug been a by any respectable practitioner. source of terror in schools; having
The above plan, if diligently purmaterially injured many respectable sued for from three to six weeks, will seminaries. In families it has been a rarely disappoint the expectations of tedious and very expensive visitor; those who try it, even in the most inremaining, in many instances, for veterate cases. JOSEPA HOULTON. years, resisting protracted and painful Grore-place, Alpha road; modes of treatment, and excluding Aug. 15, 1823. the little sufferers from desirable places of instruction.
To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. Dr. Bateman declares it to be a very unmanageable disease, and many mem- I bers of the medical profession coin
J. M. of Market Harborough, and cide with the doctor in that opinion. beg leave to inform bim, through you, Viewed in this light, it is most cer
that I have seen Mr. Nichol repeattainly an affection of importance, and edly perform the freezing experiment, an efficacious remedy is worthy the “which, indeed, he has done with my attention of the public. Fifteen years own apparatus,-and it was seldom of successful practice in this disease, more than fifteen minutes in complethe writer considers to be a suflicient tion : he never failed in my presence, authority for the assertions he may but he was always a most neat and make respecting its cure.
successful experimenter. My glass A malady so well known does not dish, to contain the sulphuric acid, is require a tedious delivition in this nine inches diameter, and an inch and place; it may, however, be proper to
a half decp. The vessel to contain state, that in its progress two states or
the water was given to me by Mr. stages are distinguishable: the first Nichol, and is a flat saucer, three may be called the irritable, the second inches in diameter and one deep, of the indolent, stage; to this latter the porous earthenware, having no glaze plan about to be proposed is particu- about it, which be considered very imlarly applicable. In those cases which portant. The stand for the saucer is have resisted the ordinary means, three inches high, of course supported which are of long standing and obsti- by glass legs, and placed about the nate, the following treatment has been centre of the acid: simple water and
the acid alone were used; the stronger We shall be glad to hear fartier from the acid, of course the better. this correspondent.--Evit,
I can have no doubt of your corres