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AMONGST the various pleasures afforded PARTINGTON, is, however, well calculated
by a country residence, there is certainly to supply this deficiency. The subject is not one that possesses the permanency and interesting, the practical knowledge extenincreasing interest afforded by the superin. sive, the language elegant, and the arrangetendence and management of gardens and ment philosophical. The illustrations, from pleasure-grounds. The taste for this spe. parliamentary and other documents, exhicies of occupation has, of late years, been bit the most indefatigable research, and spreading itself rapidly over the country, as shew that Mr. Partington has spared the Horticultural and other societies suffi- neither labour nor expence to render his ciently evince. Those, who once passed work deserving of the public patronage. the time they were doomed by fashion to The historical account of its discovery spend in the country, in a continued round and improvements is very entertaining, of dullness and ennui, will find, in the culti. and the description of the engine as litile vation of this taste, a never-failing source of technical and as intelligible as possible. pleasure and interest. But a great diffi- But it is the chapter on steam-navigation culty is experienced by all, on beginning with which we have been most pleased. to lay out their gardens, or ornament and It is, indeed, the most satisfactory account improve their pleasnre-grounds, from the we have ever seen ; and, had our Supple. want of proper directions for their opera- ment not been already made up, we shonld tions. None of our present works on horti- certainly have done ourselves the pleasure culture at all accomplish in themselves this of extracting it. As this, however, may purpose, treating exclusively either on pic- not be, we have only to add, that the graturesque or on practical gardening. The phic illustrations by Clement and Gladwin first work, including all that can be desired are executed in the first style of art, and to be known on this subject, has lately been that such persons as are desirous of further presented to us, and is as able in its execu- information on the subject, cannot do tion as it is comprehensive in its system. better than consult this work. It is entitled, An Encyclopædia of Gurden- The name of Mr. Bowles as a poet, bas ing, comprising the theory and practice of been almost forgotten in the crowd of Horticulture, Arboriculture, and Landscape celebrated men who have followed him ; Bardening, by J. C. LOUDON, F.L.s. H.S. and, indeed, he seemed to have forsaken &c. This treatise opens with a learned the lyre of the poet for the pen of the research into the state of gardening in an. critic. Moderate, however, as the reputacient times, and brings down the history of tion is, which his muse enjoys, we think be the art, in various countries, particularly in may more securely rest his claims to attenBritain, to the present time. It then treats tion on his poetical than his critical laupon the science in all its branches, in- bours. His controversy with Lord Byron, 'cluding the most modern improvements, as he tells us in his preface, drew his attenand furnishes many valuable suggestions for tion to a poem written some time ago, and its future progress in the British Isles. The Grave of the last Saxon, and the Legend The text is interspersed with nearly six of the Curfew, has consequently seen the hundred wood-engrayings by Branston. light. It cannot be denied that there is an
The immense importance of steam as a occasional elegance about Mr. Bowles's prime-mover in mechanics will insure a fa- poetry, which in some degree compensates vourable reception to any work upon so in- for the want of higher qualities; but, at teresting a subject. It is indeed astonish: the same time, we must say that we think ing, that the description of a discovery, bis sonnets partook more of this charactewhich has exerted so prodigious an influ. ristic than the poem before us, which is, on ence on the agriculture, commerce, and the whole, exceedingly heavy for so short the happiness of mankind, should have been
a performance. Perhaps some of the left altogether to Encyclopedias and works descriptions of natural scenery are the of a general nature. Till the appearance most pleasing parts of it. of Mr. Partington's Treatise, we do not So entirely do we wish to divest our know a single work which can satisfy the pages of all theological controversy, that curiosity of the ingenious reader. In we should have undoubtedly passed over, every other work (we do not even except Dr. in silence, A Respectful Letter to the Earl of Brewster's excellent edition,-Robison,) Liverpool, occusioned by the speech imputed to some point or other is either wholly his Lordship at the Isle of Thanet Bible omitted, or carelessly and erroneously Society Meeting, October 27, 1821; by the stated. The Historical and Descriptive Ac- Rev. H. H. NORRIS, M.A. &c. had not a count of the Steam Engine, by Chas. FRED. passage in the very first page caught our
attention. Most of our readers must ministers of a gospel of peace. We must know, that there exists a schism between also condemn the attempted virulent sarthe Bible Society, formed for the purpose castic strain in which these pages are writof translating and disseminating the Bible, ten, as by no means the language in which free from comment, in all langnages, and a member, who proudly designates himself the Bartlett-buildings Society, professing a minister of an humble religion of charity the like purpose, only accompanying the and peace, should address another, and, bible with a prayer-book in the same lan- for anght we know, or he can know, a worguage. The former body, or some of their thier member of the same church, and one advocates, induced no doubt by the libe. who reposes his faith in the same divine rality of sentiment which distingnishes this writings. speech, printed an extract from it in the We notice, with much pleasure, the reshape of a hand-bill, and distributed it publication of the excellent pamphlet of amongst their friends. Abont a year ago the celebrated Lord Somers, entitled, The they established an Auxiliary Society at Security of Englishmen's Lices or the Trust, Warwick; and, on that circumstance, is Power, and Duty, of the Grund Juries of introduced the passage above alluded to, England explained ; with prefatory obserwhich is to the parport following. "This vations by the editor, illustrative of the speech was printed by the Dissenters at character of modern grand juries, which Warwick, and left in the shape of a hand- contain some important information, and bill at every house in the town, preparatory many pointed and well-timed animadverto an attempt to bring that county under sions. "We consider it highly expedient, the Bible Society's Auxiliary System, in at this period, when a kind of corporate defiance of the well-known disapproval of attorney-generalship has been assumed by the great body of its inhabitants, both the notorious Bridge-street Association, clergy and laty, and of the public protest that grand juries should be fully alive to of the vicar of Warwick.” Now, by mere the very important nature of their funcaccident, for we belong to neither society, tions, and be put upon their guard against we were present at this meeting; and the insidious attempts of personal interest from our own immediate knowledge and or party rancour. “From any bias arising observation, can contradict almost every from political feeling, a body of men like fact stated in the above sentence. In the the grand jury, assembled for the purposes first place, we donbt the assertion that the of even-handed justice, cannot be kept too Dissenters printed the band-bill alluded to; free; and we think that, in this view, the and, we feel ourselves bound to say, that jealousy which the editor avows of the disthe attempt, as the anthor is pleased to proportionate number of justices of the call it, though it most fully succeeded, to peace on the grand-jury lists, is well establish that society, was not in defiance founded. This objection, and others, may of the disapproval of a great, or indeed any, be easily obviated'if the sheriff will fairly body of the inhabitants of the town. The perform his duty. Instead of a partial seonly opposition made was by the vicar of lection, a full list ought to be returned of one parish, and a more feeble or ill-ad- all persons liable to serve as grand jurors, vised speech we certainly never heard on and a regular rotation observed in summonang public occasion. The minister of the ing them. We should then look in vain for other parish, supported by all those of the grand jurors setting themselves forth as podissenting interest, and one member for litical partizans, and uttering intemperate the county, brought the matter forward, denunciations against offences, which are nor was there more than that one dissen- about to come under their own judicial tient hand and voice against it. Sorprised cognizance. The whole pamphlet is full of by the falsity of this first statement, we instructive matter, and we recommend it read the work, in hopes of finding some, at to the serious perusal and consideration of least, plausible argument in support of the our readers. opinions it maintains, but not one could we We do not know whether the administrameet with. Surely, if the doctrines of the tion of “ truth severe, by fairy fiction church are the doctrines of the Bible, they drest," is not carried beyond the proper will not require a prayer-book to accom- point, when the pages of a novel are made pany it in order to propagate them. Apar- the vehicle of the niost serious and abstruse ticle in our last number informed our read- doctrines of the church. No Enthusiasm, ers of the enormous wealth, and conse- or a Tale of the present Times, is a work of quently influence, possessed by the clergy; this description, in which no inconsiderable and their principal intention, in the insti- talent and power of observation are de. tution of the Bartlett-buildings Society; voted to the inculcation of the religious seems to be to extend that power, and to principles of the evangelical party in our separate themselves as much as possible church establishment. To every fair way from their conscientious dissentig bre- of propagating these tenets, and to the thren, instead of softening down the distinc- present plan amongst the rest, we are not tion existing between them, which we disposed to object; and, perhaps, to those should, at least, have thonght the part of persons whose scruples forbid them to touch an unsanctified work of fancy, it fur- our abominable system of impressment. A nishes a convenient mode of reconciling valuable pamphlet, by CAPTAIN LAYMAN, amusement and conscience. But then we of the navy, entitled, The Pionees, or Stricmust insist that other religious sects be tures on Maritime Strength and Economy, treated with tolerable candour; which, we embraces some just remarks and useful are sorry to say, is by no means the case in suggestions on this topic; to which we may the volumes before us. 'The Catholics are add two other recent publications of condescribed as implacable enemies to the siderable merit, under the titles of Cursory establishment of the conntry; their tenets Suggestions or Naval Subjects, with a Plan are said to neutralize the best principles of for raising Seamen by Ballot, and Reasons Christianity, and their civil emancipation for abolishing Impressment ; by LIEOT. R. is reprobated in the strongest terms. The S. HALY, R.N. The object of the scheme, subtleties of Unitarianism, a faith which is developed at some length, in the Cursory rather distinguished by its rejection of sub- Suggestions, is to limit the period of service tleties, are spoken of with a kind of horror, in the navy, and to establish an universal and no opportunity is omitted of deprecia- ballot, enforced by embargo, on the breakting every sect but that which, having had ing out of a war; which the author is of the good fortune to number tbe learned opinion would supply a considerably author (for we take it for granted he is a greater number of able seamen than can lawyer,) amongst its proselytes, has thus possibly be raised by the impress. The become, at once, the standard of spiritual Reasons are given in a very plain, honest, truth. Nor are his political opinions at all and earnest manner, and are, to our appremore moderate. The visionary schemes of hension, unanswerable. We fervently reform are rejected with contempt, as
unite with the writer in his warm expostubeing either the masks of the designing or lations: “In the name of God, of common the dreams of the imbecile. In one of his sense, of humanity, of mercy, let this vile views alone do we cordially coincide with practice be abandoned ; let at least some the author, and this is in the diffusion of attempt be made to do without it.” It is universal education, for which, strange to to be hoped that these prayers will not be say, he is a strenuous advocate. Thus it given to the winds; that these solid arguis that the advancing spirit of the age virges ments will not be disregarded ; that corrupon even the bigotted and the prejudiced to tion and abuse are not altogether nnassailathe adoption of beneficial measures, by ble and impregnable; and that, in this which the web woven with so much care quarter at least, they will shortly yield to will be finally unravelled. Universal edu. the united arguments and authority of so catiou is the only engine we ask, to effect many gallant members of the profession. the most generous and wholesome schemes An interesting volume of American of civil and ecclesiastical reformation. In Biography has lately appeared, entitled, other respects, we have derived considera. Memoirs of Charles Brockden Brown, the ble amusement from the perusal of the American Novelist, Author of Wieland, work, which is written in a pleasing and Ormond, Arthur Merryn, &c. with Selections correct style, and is not without interest from his Original Letiers and Miscellaneous in its fable.
Writings, by WM. DUNLAP. Mr. Brown's We would willingly hope that the time works have been long known to the Eng. is not far distant, when the government, lish public, one of them, Arthur Mervyn, taking advantage of the present interval of having been reprinted in this country peace, will turn its serious attention to the nearly twenty years ago ; and they appear subject of impressment, on which the opi. to have obtained fully as much celebrity as nion of professional men, we are happy to they merit. The life of the novelist has observe, begins to be very unequivocally afforded but little matter for the pen of his expressed. As lovers of the constitution, biographers, and exhibits nothing more and as philanthropists, we have nothing to than a sketch of those literary occupations say against the prevailing system. To ar- to which Mr. Brown's life was devoted. guments advanced against it by us in those He was originally destined to the profes. characters, and as landsmen into the bar- sion of the law, but a morbid temper of gain, it would be very cogently replied, mind, from which he was never free, inthat we are mere innovating theorists, who duced him to relinquish bis legal views; have never made a voyage, and wish to and be seems to have bad recourse to pave the way for reform. We very wil- literary pursuits rather as a means of singly, therefore, turn over the controversy filling up his time, than from any desire of to post-captains and lieutenants, who have distinction or love of gain. In his epistobeen more conversant with hard blows than lary style he is not successful; he betrays with subtle speculation ; whose reforms too much sententiousness and formality, will not be suspected of extending beyond and affects something of the stateliness of the body politic of a man-of-war; but Jobnson's style. The miscellanies at the whose good sense and good feeling end of the volume are not of much imstrongly point out to them the absurdity, portance. To an American tliese Memoirs the wickedness, and the disadvantages of may be valuable; but, on this side of the
Atiantic, they will not, probably, excite Evans have acted with sound discretion mach attention.
in publishing his Sermons, which are chaThe question as to the injurious or bene- racterised by much good sense and very ficial effects of machinery has been of late excellent principles, both moral and relicontested with some warmth, in conse- gious. When regarded as the productions quence of the depressed state of agricul- of a young man,
who was cut off, at the tore, and the attempts which have been early age of twenty-one, from the society made in some parts of the country to de- of which he promised to become a distin. ter the farmer from the use of the thresh- guished ornament, they may be regarded ing machines. In Norfolk and Suffolk as singular indications of mature excelmany of these machines have been riotouş. lence. A short but interesting memoir is ly destroyed, and we observe that many prefixed to the sermons, from the pen of gentlemen have recommended to their the editor, Dr. T. Southwood Smith, who tenants to desist from using them. This has recorded the talents and virtues of his measure originates, no doubt, in a very deceased yonng friend in terms of warm, benevolent motive; but we confess it and apparently well-founded, affection and seems to us absurd to compel the farmer, esteem. An amusing journal of a tour, in the midst of his distress, to thresh his under the title of “A Week's Ramble into corn m a more tedious and expensive way the Western Highlands,” is snbjoined, than before. This is not the way to re- which is interesting, as another relic of the lieve him, nor, in the end, to serve the young author; and the volume concludes labourer, who cannot thrive on the ruin of with an excellent Sermon on Resignation, the farmer. It is not the threshing ma- by the Rev. John Evans, the father of the chine which bas thrown agricultural la- deceased, being the first preached after bourers out of employ, but a financial the death of his son, and written for that machine of a very different stractore. Let occasion. the farmer get, what he cannot get under The sudden and afflicting catastrophe, the present system, a permanent remune- which terminated the career of one of the rating price for his crops, and we should most original and imaginative of our poets, soon see the labouring classes in full em. has excited general sympathy and regret; ploy, in spite of machines for threshing, or and the admirers of his brilliant and eccenfor any other purpose. We bave been led tric genius will not be slow to lament his into these remarks by a little tract, enti- fate, and commemorate his high endow. tled, An Address to Manufacturers, Far ments. We notice a short, but elegant mhers, &c. pruding the use of machinery to be and feeling tribute to his memory, in an destructive to the morals and happiness of the Elegy on the Death of Percy Bysshe Shelley, nation,-a position in which we cannot at by ARTHUR BROOKE, whose compositions all concur with the author, whose work, we have heretofore had opportunities of however well meant, is calculated to mentioning with deserved approbation. spread very mistaken and mischievons no- There is much pathos and poetical spirit tions. Of the general good effect of ma- in Mr. Brooke's stanzas; and it is an chinery, in supplying an article of neces. affecting consideration, that the generous sity or comfort in greater abundance, and poet, wlio so lately gave “the meed of his at a diminished price, there cannot be a melodious tear” to the grave of the young doubt. Nor do we consider its particular and unfortunate Keats, to whom he was effect on the labourer to be more ques- personally unknown, should so soon claim tionable. Every diminution in price acts the same melancholy offices, and receive as a bonnty on consumption; and the in- them, as in this instance, from stranger crease of consumption will create a de hands. It is not fit that he should “float mand for additional labour. No one will upon his watery bier imwept,” who has pretend to say that, withont the aid of in- " built the lofty rhyme" so often and so genious machinery, our cotton and woollen well, and from whom, in the maturity of manufactories would have employed more his extraordinary powers, so much more than a small proportion of their present might have been expected. Nor will the hands. The low prices and extensive effusion under our notice, though extrememarkets created by machinery have been ly pleasing and creditable to the sentifound, by experience, to call more labour ments and talents of its author, supersede into action than can be required by the the exertion of the high and acknowledged limited demand for the slowe and more genius of some of Mr. Shelley's personal expensive operations of the hand. To friends, on whom the task of raising an conclude with an example: the invention honourable and lasting monument to his of the press threw a number of scribes out fame seems naturally to devolve. of employ, but we think it must be allowed that this machine has found occupation
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