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every person to export the vatives of guilty of selling any slave or other person, Madagascar, under the penalty of them for the purpose of being transported from selves, in their own persons, being reduced the island of Madagascar, the person guilty to slavery.
shall be punished by being reduced to * The King Radama embraces the pre. slavery himself; and his property shall be sent occasion for calling upon all per- forfeited to me. sons of talent or profession, to come and “Let my subjects, then, who have visit his country, in order to prosecute slaves, employ them in planting rice and their inquiries and researches as to the na- other provisions, and in taking care of ture et its productions; and to whom he their flocks, in collecting bees-wax and gives a sacred assurance of his protection gums; and in manufacturing cloths and in their efforts and undertakings.
other articles, which they can sell. I set (Signed) RADAMA MANZAKA. them the first example myself, by abandonGiven at Tananarivoux, this 11th Oct. 1820. ing the tax payable to me upon the sale of “By Radama, King of Madagascar. slaves for exportation. " PROCLAMATION.
“I direct my brother, Jean René, and "Inhabitants of Madagascar, other chiefs upon the sea-coast, to seize, for “ You are none of you ignorant of the their own use and profit, all such slaves as friendship we enjoy with the Governor of may be attempted to be exported, in their the Mauritias, and the devoted attachment respective provinces. They will also give we have arowed to him : his attention, un. every support and assistance to the golike that of all other foreign nations that vernment agent at Mauritius in the execu. bave visited our shores, has been directed tion of his duties. to increase our happiness and prosperity: “I command all my subjects and de. he has never deprived us of our rights or pendants, and invite all my allies, to abour properties; he has not suffered the stain from any maritime predatory excur. white men to carry off our children into sion whatever; and more particnlarly, slavery; he has sent ns people to teach us neither to practise, nor allow of any attack arts and industry unknown before, to de- or attempt upon the friends of our ally the fend us against our enemies, and to prevent British nation. famine by more extensive cultivation. We "It has been usual to make an annual are happier and safer, since the establish- attack upon the Sultan of Johanna, and the ment of British dominion in our neighbour. Comoro Islands. Our good friend, the hood; and we are grateful to our good Governor of Mauritius, dissolved the mefather, who has produced for us these ditated attack of last year; and we now blessings.
join with him, in forbidding any further “ His nation and king have made laws to enmity to the king or inhabitants of the prevent you from being carried out of Comoro Archipelago, or other islands on your island into slavery; and he has pu- the coast of Africa or North Archipelago, nished such of the whites as have pre- under the pain of our most severe displeasamed to violate this law.
sure, and of incurring the punishment due “ He has called on us to assist him in lo pirates, of whatever nation or people this work, for our own benefit; and he has they may be. promised his powerful assistance to punishi “Such is my will: let it be known to such as may be refractory or disobedient. every inhabitant of this island : it is for
“We willingly agree to this proposal of their own happiness, and their own safety, our father; and we hereby declare, that to pay obedience to this proclamation. if any of our subjects, or persons depending Tamatave, Island of Madagascar, Bpon our power, shall henceforward be
230 Oct. 1817. BRITISH LEGISLATION.
THIRD SESSION of the SEVENTH PARLIAMENT of the UNITED KINGDOM.
sociul importance. WAP.LXXV. Toamend certain Pro. by licence after the 25th day of March
marriages, that all marriages solemnized George the Second, for the better pre- being a widower or a widow) shall be ontenting of Clandestine Marriages.- der the age of twenty-one years, which July 22, 1822.
shall be had without the consent of the Whereas it is, amongst other things, father of such of the parties so under age provided, by an Act passed in the twenty. (if then living) first had and obtained, or if sixth year of the reign of his late Majesty dead, of the guardian or guardians of the King George the Second, intituled an Act person of the party sounder age, lawfully for the better preventing of clandestine appointed, or one of them, and in case
there shall be no such guardian or guardi- title of honour has been in any manner en. ans, then of the mother (if living and m- joyed by any person or persons whomsomarried), or if there shall be no mother ever, upon the ground, or upon the preliving and unmarried, then of a guardian tence, or under colour, of the invalidity of or guardians of the person appointed by any marriage, by reason that it was had the Court of Chancery, shall be absolutely and solemnized without such consent as null and void, to all intents and purposes aforesaid, then and in such case, although whatsoever : and whereas great evils and no sentence or judgment has been proinjustice have arisen from such provisions : nounced in any court against the validity for remedy hereof, be it enacted by the of such marriage, the right and interest in king's most excellent Majesty, by and with such property or title of honour shall in po the advice and consent of the lords spiri. manner be affected or prejudiced by this tual and temporal, and commons, in this Act, or any thing herein contained, but present parliament assembled, and by the shall remain and be the same to all perauthority of the same, that so much of the sons, and to all intents and purposes, as if said Statute as is herein-before recited, as this Act had never been made. far as the same relates to any marriage to VII. Nor shall extend or be construed be hereafter solemnized, shall be and the to extend to atfect or call in question any same is hereby repealed.
Act done before the passing of this Act II. In all cases of marriage had and so- under the authority of any court, or in the lemnized by licence before the passing of administration of any personal estate or this Act, without any such consent as is re- effects, or the execution of any will or quired by so much of the said Statute as is testament, or the performance of any trust. herein-before recited, and where the par- VIII. No licence for any marriage shall, ties shall have continned to live together from and after ihe first day of September as busbaud and wife, till the death of one in the year of our Lord 1822, be granted of them, or till the passing of this Act, or by any person having anthority to grant shall only have discontinued their cohabi- the same, until oath shall have been made tation for the purpose, or during the pend. by the persons and to the effect required ing of any proceedings touching the vali- by this Act; and if snch licence shall be dity of such marriage, such marriage, if not required for the marriage of parties, both otherwise invalid, shall be deemed to be or either of whom shall be alleged to be good and valid to all intents and purposes of the age of twenty-one years, such parties whatsoever.
shall respectively make oath, that they are III. But nothing in this Act shall ex- respectively, and that each of them be. tend or be construed to extend to render lieves the other to be, of the full age of valid any marriage declared invalid by any twenty-one years or upwards; and if both court of conipetent jurisdiction, before parties shall be under the age of twenty. the passing of this Act, nor any marriage one years, but shall be alleged to be a where either of the parties shall at any · widower and widow, thep each of such time afterwards, during the life of the parties shall make oath accordingly, as to other party, have lawtully intermarried himself and herself, and as to his and her with any other person.
belief with respect to the other party; IV. Nor shall be taken or deemed to · and if one of the parties shall be of the render any marriage valid, the invalidity age of twenty-one years, but the other of which has been established before the party shall be under that age, and a passiog of this Act, npon the trial of any widower or widow, both parties shall issue touching its validity, or touching the make oath accordingly, as to himself and legitimacy of any person alleged to be herself, and as to his and her belief with the descendant of the parties to such respect to the other party; and if both or marriage.
either of the parties shall be under the V. Nor shall be taken or deemed to age of twenty-one years, not being a render valid any marriage, the validity of widower or widow, both of such parwhich, or the legitimacy of any person ties shall make oath accordingly, as to alleged to be the lawful descendant of the himself and herself, and as to his and ber parties married, has been duly brought belief with respect to the other party; and into question in proceedings in any causes in such case both parties shall also make or suits in law or equity in which judg. oath that the person or persons whose conments or decrees or orders of court have sent shall be required by law to the mar. been pronounced or made, before the riage of such parties has been given, and passing of this Act, in consequence of or has been signitied in the manner required from the effect of proof in evidence having by this Act; and if both or either of the been made in such causes or suits of the in- parties shall be alleged to be of the age of validity of such marriage, or the illegiti- iwenty-one years, such licence shall not macy of such descendant.
be granted until there shall be produced, VÍ. But if at any time before the passing to the person from whom such licence of this Act any property, real or personal, shall be required, an extract or extracts has been in any manner possessed, or any from the register of the baptism of such
parties or party so alleged to be of the felon; and, if the person convicted of such age of twenty-one years, if such register offence shall be one of the persons who shall be in England, and can be found; shall have contracted marriage by means and each of such extracts shall be proved of snch licence, such person shall forfeit upon oaib, by some other person or per and lose to the king's majesty all estate, sons, to be a true extract from such regis right, title, interest, benefit, profit, and ter, and to relate to the baptism of the advantage, which such person may derive party to whom the same shall be alleged from or be entitled to by virtue of such to relate, or according to the belief of the marriage, and such forfeiture shall and person making such oath; but, if such re- may be disposed of in such manner as to gister shall not be in England, or cannot his Majesty shall seem fit; any grant of be found, then such licence shall not be forfeitures or other matter or thing to the granted, unless such fact shall be proved contrary notwithstanding. upon oath to the satisfaction of the person XI. Oaths to be preserved by the profrom whom such licence shall be songht, per officer. and unless some person or persons, having XII. Licences shall state the facts on knowledge of the party or parties so which granted. alleged to be of the full age of twenty- XIII. Officer granting licences, not one years, shall make oath of the fact that duly observing the provisions of this Act, such party or parties is or are of that age guilty of a misdemeanor. to the knowledge or belief of such person XIV. No person shall, from and after or persons so making oath as aforesaid, the passing of this Act, be deemed anthostating the grounds for such knowledge or rized by law to grant any licence for the belief; and in all cases, except cases of solemnization of any marriage, except the special licences to be granted by the Archbishops of Canterbury and York, acArchbishop of Canterbury and his officers, cording to the rights now vested in them according to the proviso for that purpose respectively, and except the several other in the said Act of the twenty-sixth year of bishops within their respective dioceses, King George the Second, oath shall also be for the marriage of persons one of whom made, by each of the parties for whose shall be resident at the time within the marriage a licence shall be sought, of the diocese of the bishop in whose name such residence of such parties for the space of licence shall be granted. four weeks immediately before the grant. XV. Marriage by licence not to be iming of such licence, according to the said peached on the ground of informality. Act of twenty-sixth year of King George XVI. Before publication of banns, the Second.
affidavit as to residence, &c. shall be deIX. Consent of parents or guardians livered to the minister. shall be given in writing, signed in the XVII. Banns shall not be published presence of two witnesses, &c.
until the true Christian and enrnames of 1. All such oaths as are required by the said persons, and the house or houses this Act for the parpose of obtaining any of their respective abodes within such licence shall be respectively sworn and parish or chapelry or extra-parochial taken before a surrogate of the person place as aforesaid, as stated in such from wbom any such licence as aforesaid affidavit, shall be affixed on the principal shall be songbt, or before a surrogate of door of the church or chapel, and in some some other person having power to grant conspicuous place within the said church licences of marriage; and, if any person or or chapel, in which such banns shall be persons in any oath to be made and taken pnblished as aforesaid, and shall remain so in persnanee of this Act, for the purpose affixed until the expiration of the three of obtaining any licence of marriage, shall Sundays on which such banns shall be knowingly and wilfully swear any matter published. or thing which shall be false or untrue, XVIII. Affidavits to be delivered over every person so offending shall, on convic- to the churchwardens. tion thereof, be deemed guilty of perjury, XIX. After the solemnization of any and shall suffer the like pains and penal- marriage, under a publication of hanns, it ties, and incur the same disabilities, as sball not be necessary, in support of such persons guilty of wilful and corrupt per marriage, to give any proof of any such jury are subject to and incur; and if any affidavit, nor shall any evidence be reperson shall knowingly and wilfully obtain ceived to prove that such affidavit was not any licence for the marriage of such per- made and delivered as required by this son, or of any other person, by means of Act, in any soit touching the validity of any false oath, or by means of any false such marriage; nor shall such marriage be instrument in writing, contrary to the pro- avoided for want of or by reason of any visions of this Act, knowing such oath or defect in any such affidavit, or on account instrument to be false, such person being of the true name or names of either party thereof convicted by due course of law, not being used in the publication of such shall be deemed guilty of felony, and shall banns, or for such name or names not be liable to transportation for life as a having been affixed as aforesaid ; but it MONTHLY Mag. No. 373.
shall be lawful in support of such marriage provisions in this Act, touching the publi. to give evidence, that the persons who cation of banns of matrimony, and toncbwere actually married by the names speci- ing marriages solemnized by soch baons, fied in such publication of bands were so shall commence and have effect on and married, and such marriage shall be after the first day of September 1822, and deemed good and valid to all intents and
not before. purposes, notwithstanding false names, or XXII. If marriages by licence be not a false name, assumed by both or either of solemnized within three months, new the said parties in the publication of such licences to be obtained. bapns, or at the time of the solemnization XXIII. Not to extend to the royal family. of such marriage.
XXIV. Not to extend to marriages XX. Re-publication of banns necessary, among Quakers or Jews. if marriage be pot solemnized within three XXV. Act to be read in churches, &c. months,
at certain times. XXI. All and every the clauses and XXVI. Act to extend only to England.
NEW MUSIC AND THE DRAMA.
“ Mi manca la Voce," a Quartelto intro- pouring in the voices of the chorus
duced in the favourite Opera of Pietro upon those of the principal characters l'Eremita. Composed by Rossini. 45. is peculiarly effective; as, for example, ANHIS elaborately-constructed and at the words “ Altie affamie,” in the cured for itself a very distinguished no- of which, the united parts are worked tice among the numerous samples of up with great force, and lead the ear to excellent composition included in the a most animated and triumphant conabove opera. Not only has the general clusion. Looking at the whole of this sentiment of the poetry, but the sense composition, and not even losing sight of the emphatic words, been scrupu- of its most conspicuous faults, we find lously and effectively attended to; and ourselves called upon to allow it a very the construction throughout is such distinguished portion of our praise, that the combined result is highly and to say that Mr. Rossini has exerted striking and dramatic. As a composi- his powers in its production, and that tion, the piece is every where scientific; it proves he only need exert them to and, as a scena, is strongly impressive. be really great. If we have any objection to offer to it “And they're a'Noddin." The admired in its first character, it is, that it too Ballad introduced in the Opera of often resorts to octaves ; if, in its Montrose. Arranged with Variations second, that it does not always avoid for the Piano-Forte; by Domenico an almost unintelligible commixture of Corri. 18. 6d. the opposing expressions of the per- of this publication, the theme of sons of the drama. But these defects which is compounded of portions of are too rare to justify our dwelling two distinct melodies, embellished upon them. Besides, they are covered with cadences and graces, we can by the number and variety of the feli- speak in terms far from dishonourable citous properties which present them to the abilities of Mr. Corri, as a pianoselves to the observant auditor. The forte composer in the light and famichange of movement, at the line, liar style. The passages, for the most “ Cortei dal suo lato," and that again at part, are conceived with ease and the words, “ Fiera guirra mi sento nal freedom, without deviating into didiseno," evince a clear and active judg- culties of execution, or presenting to ment, while the style in which the mu- that class of practitioners for whose tation is effected displays as much use it is obviously intended, with any beauty as warmth of imagination. awkward or ineligible positions of the The passage with which the latter line band. As no air bas enjoyed a greater bursts upon us in unisons and eighths, temporary popularity than “ They're a is remarkably bold and energetic; Noddin," so no one has more frethongh, we wish they had not been quently been turned to the account to pursued beyond the words a gara; be- which it is here devoted;
but very few cause, as more powerful any particular are the instances in which it bas been resource, the more sparingly should it more successfully handled than in the be employed, lest it should depreciate present composition.
Not denying its own effect. In some instances, the that these variations are by no means
without faults, we still claim for them nominal distinctions, we should pity the praise of taste and ingenuity, and the imbecility of the composer. With feel justified in recommending them to respect to the movements themselves, the notice of those piano-forte perform- considering that they are all in the ers who prefer the smoothest and plea- same measure, and the restraint inevisantest road to a facile and graceful tably thrown on the fancy by that cirexecution.
cumstance, we think their variety exFantasia for the Piano-Forte, in which ceeds what could reasonably be ex
is introdnced the favourite Scotch Air, pected. They are no less pleasing “We're a’Noddin ; by Frederick than simple; and, amid the numberless Kalkbrenner. 4s.
publications of the kind, will probably In the production of this fantasia, rise into more than common notice. Mr. Kalkbrenner bas evidently exerted his long-acknowledged talents, Mr. W. F. Collard, of the house of and bas by no means been sparing of Clementi and Co. has recently inbis science. While many of the pas- vented a mode of imparting to pianosages are new in their formation, the fortes an augmented vibratory power, ingenious use made of extraneous by which they produce an increased sharps and fats, so abundantly re- richness and brilliancy of tone. Consorted to in this our chromatic age, sidering how many important improvemarks the theoretical resources of the ments had already been made in keyed composer. In some few instances, we instruments, and the great advance meet with transitions not a little bor- they had made towards perfection, we dering on the extravagant; but, re- indulged but little hope of their attaingarding the publication generally, we ing any new excellence; but Mr. C., think it beautiful in imagination, and by his very ingeniously-constructed rich in art. The introductory move- sound-board, bridge of reverberation, ment, if not congenial with the simple and more effectual metbod of disposing character of the air on which the com- of the strings of the instrument, hias position is founded, is at least in con- obtained not only a more mellifluous, cordance with the florid and artificial but a longer ained, intonation. manner in which the subject is treated, This novelty alone would be valuable, and the whole wears that air of self" but the additional advantage derived consistency wbich ever constitutes a from the action of those portions of the laudable feature in musical compo- string situated between the old bridge sition. As an exercise for the instru- and the new one, is more especially ment for which it is intended, this worthy of notice. Availing himself of production has strong claims to our the sympathy between strings unisonirecommendation. By the higher class cally tuned, and brought sufficiently of practitioners, it will be found both near each other, without coming in improving and gratifying, and certainly contact, the inventor has arrived at will not be listened to with indifference the means of producing what he very by any cultivated ear.
properly calls an harmonic swell.
The Spring Flowers, a Set of Tyrolese Airs. effect of this perfectly new application Arranged for the Piano-Forte; by of a well known law in acoustics is Samuel Poole. 38.
strikingly beautiful, and demonstrates The titles under which Mr. Poole an intellect singularly acute, and highly presents these airs to the public, are, inventive. By this happy idea, all the the Violet, the Primrose, the Lilly of the augmentation of sound produced by Valley, the Jonquil, the Narcissa, and former efforts is obtained ; while the the Anemone. As a mere conceit
or confusion occasioned by the elevation caprice of the imagination, we can of the dampers is entirely avoided. In smile at the application of these florid addition to its intrinsic value, this inappellations to movements, between vention has the recommendation of which and themselves there neither being applicable to piano-fortes of all is nor can be the least intelligible descriptions, and at a very small exaffinity: but, if we could for a moment pence, considering the magnitude of suppose that any thing like propriety or the advantage. appropriateness was intended by the