Voyages of Jacques

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University of Toronto Press, 1993 - History - 177 pages
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Jacques Cartier's voyages of 1534, 1535, and 1541constitute the first record of European impressions of the St Lawrence region of northeastern North American and its peoples. The Voyages are rich in details about almost every aspect of the region's environment and the people who inhabited it.

As Ramsay Cook points out in his introduction, Cartier was more than an explorer; he was also Canada's first ethnographer. His accounts provide a wealth of information about the native people of the region and their relations with each other. Indirectly, he also reveals much about himself and about sixteenth-century European attitudes and beliefs. These memoirs recount not only the French experience with the Iroquois, but alo the Iroquois' discovery of the French.

In addition to Cartier's Voyages, a slightly amended version of H.P. Biggar's 1924 text, the volume includes a series of letters relating to Cartier and the Sieur de Roberval, who was in command of cartier on the last voyage. Many of these letters appear for the first time in English.

Ramsay Cook's introduction, 'Donnacona Discovers Europe, ' rereads the documents in the light of recent scholarship as well as from contemporary perspectives in order to understand better the viewpoints of Cartier and the native people with whom he came into contact.

 

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Contents

Preface
vii
Cartiers First Voyage 1534 3
19
Cartiers Second Voyage 15351536
35
Cartiers Third Voyage 1541
96
Robervals Voyage 15421543
107
Grant of Money to Cartier for His First Voyage
117
Order from King Francis the First for
125
The Baptism of the Savages from Canada
134
The Emperor to the Cardinal of Toledo
141
An Order from King Francis to Inquire into the Hindrances Placed before Cartier
143
Robervals Commission
144
Secret Report on Cartiers Expedition
152
Cartiers Will
156
Examination of Newfoundland Sailors regarding Cartier
159
Cartier Takes Part in a Noise
169
Statement of Cartiers Account
171

Cartiers Commission for His Third Voyage
135
Letters Patent from the Duke of Brittany Empowering Cartier to Take Prisoners from the Gaols
139
Death of Cartier
177
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About the author (1993)

RAMSAY COOK is a former professor of history at York University. His The Regenerators: Social Criticism in Late Victorian English Canada won the Governor General's Award.

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