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And than within shorte tyme after, by began to move; whereof the monkes the purveyaunce of our Lorde Jesu, were aferde, and Aedde anone .o the they came to the abbey where saynt shyppe, and lefte the fyre and n cet beBrandon dwelled, and than he with his hynde them, and mervayled sore of the bretherne receyved them goodly, and movyng. And saynt Brandon comforted dernaunded where they had ben so them, and sayd that it was a grete fisshe longe ; and they sayd, “We have ben named Jasconye, whiche laboureth nyght in the Londe of Byheest, to-fore the and daye to put his tayle in his mouth, gates of Paradyse, where as is ever daye, but for gretnes he may not. And than and never night.” And they sayd 'all anone they sayled west thre dayes and that the place is full delectable, for yet thre nyghtes or they sawe ony londe, all theyr clothes smelled of the swete wherfore they were ryght hevy. But and joyfull place. And than saynt Bran- soone after, as God wold, they sawe a don purposed soone aster for to seke that fayre ylonde, full of foures, herbes, and place by Goddes helpe, and anone began trees, wherof they thanked God of his to purvey for a good shyppe, and a good grace, and anone they went on stronge, and vytayiled it for vij. yere ; londe. And whan they had gone longe and than he toke his leve of all his in this, they founde a full fayre well, and bretherne, and toke xij. monkes with therby stode a fayre tree, full of bowes, him. But or they entred into the shyppe and on every bough sate a fayre byrde, they fasted xl. dayes, and lyved devoutly, and they sate so thycke on the tree that and eche of them receyved the sacra- unneth ony lefe of the tree myght be ment. And whan saynt Brandon with seen, the nombre of them was so grete, his xij. monkes were entred into the and they songe so meryly that it was an shyppe, there came other two of his hevenly noyse to here. Wherfore saynt monkes, and prayed hym that they Brandon kneled down on his knees, and myght sayle with hym. And than he wepte for joye, and made his prayers sayd, “Ye may sayle with me, but one devoutly unto our Lord God to knowe of

you shall go to hell, or ye come what these byrdes ment. And than agayn.” But not for that they wold go anone one of the byrdes fledde fro the

tree to saynt Brandon, and he with And than saynt Brandon badde the Aykerynge of his wynges made a full shypmen to wynde up the sayle, and mery noyse lyke a fydle, that hym semed forth they sayled in Goddes name, so that he herde never só joyfull a 'melodye. on the morow they were out of syght of And than saynt Brandon commaunded ony londe ; and xl. dayes and xl. nightes the byrde to tell hym the cause why they after they sayled playn eest, and than sate so thycke on the tree, and sange so they sawe an ylonde ferre fro them, and meryly. 'And than the byrde sayd, they sayled thyder-warde as fast as they “Somtyme we were aungels in heven, coude, and they sawe a grete roche of but whan our mayster Lucyfer fell down stone appere above all the water, and into hell for his hygh pryde, we fell with thre dayes they sayled aboute it or they hym for our offences, some hyther, and coude gete in to the place. But at the some lower, after the qualytė of theyr last, by the purveyaunce of God, they trespace; and bycause our trespace is ounde'a lytell haven, and there went a. but lytell, therfore our Lorde hath set us londe everychone.

here out of all pyane in full grete joye And than they sayled forth, and came and myrth, arter his pleasynge, here to soone after to that lond; but bycause of serve hym on this tree in the best maner lytell depthe in some place, and in some that we can. The Sonday is a day of place were grete rockes, but at the last rest fro all worldly occupacyon, and, they wente upon an ylonde, wenynge to therfore, that daye all we be made as them they had ben safe, and made ther- whyte as ony snow, for to prayse our on a fyre for to dresse theyr dyner, but Lorde in the best wyse we may. And saynt Brandon abode styll in the shyppe. than this byrde sayd to saynt Brandon, And whan the fyre was ryght hote, and “It is xij. monethes past that ye dethe meet nygh soden, than this ylonde parted fro your abbey, and in the vij.

with hym.

yere hereafter ye shall se the place that I dredefull place or they came tome se desyre to come, and all this vij. yere | agayne. And than came the south wynde ye shal kepe your Eester here with us and drove them ferther into the north, every yere, and in the ende of the vij. where they sawe an hyll all on fyre, and yere ye shal come into the Londe of a foule smoke and stenche comyng from Byhest.” And this was on Eester daye thens, and the fyre stode on eche syde of that the byrde sayd these wordes to the hyll lyke a wall all brennynge. saynt Brandon. And than this fowle And than one of his monkes began to flewe agayn to his felawes that sate on crye and wepe ful sore, and sayd that the tree. And than all the byrdes be his ende was comen, and that he might gan to synge evensonge so meryly, that abyde no lenger in the shyppe, and it was an hevenly noyse to here ; and anone he lepte out of the shyppe into aster souper saynt Brandon and his fel. the see, and than he cryed and rored full awes wente to bedde, and slepte well, pyteously, cursynge the tyme that he and on the morowe they arose betymes, was borne, and also fader and moder and than those byrdes began mátyns, that bygate him, bycause they sawe no pryme, and houres, and all suche service better to his correccyon in his yonge as Chrysten men use to synge..

age, “for now I must go to perpetual And seven dayes they sayled alwaye payne. And than the sa yenge of saynt in that clere water. And than there Brandon was veryfyed that he sayd to came a south wynde and drove the hym whan he entred into the shyppe. shyppe north-warde, where as they sawe Therfore it is good a man to do penaunce an ylonde full derke and full of stenche and forsake synne, for the houre of deth and smoke; and there they herde grete is incertayne. blowynge and blastyng of belowes, but And than anone the wynde turned they myght se no thynge, but herde into the north, and drove the shyppe grete thondrynge, whereof they were into the south, whiche sayled vij. dayes sore aferde and blyssed them ofte. And contynually; and they came to a grete soone after there came one stertynge out rocke standynge in the see, and theron all brennynge in fyre, and stared full sate a naked man in full grete mysery gastly on them with grete staryng eyen, and payne ; for the wawes of the see of whome the monkes were agast, and at had so beten his body hat all the flesshe his departyng from them he made the was gone off, and nothynge lefte but horryblest crye that myght be herde. synewes and bare bones. And whan And soone there come a grete nombre the wawes were gone, there was a canvas of fendes and assayled them with hokes that henge over his heed whiche bette his and brennynge yren malles, whiche ranne body full sore with the blowynge of the

the water, folowyng fast theyr wynde ; and also there were two oxe shyppe, in suche wyse that it semed all tongues and a grete stone that he sate he see to be on a fyre ; but by the wyll on, whiche dyd hym full grete ease. of God they had no power to hurte ne to And than saynt Brandon charged hymn to greve them, ne theyr shyppe. Wher. tell hym what he was. And he sayd, fore the fendes began to rore and crye, “My name is Judas, that solde our and threwe theyr hokes and malles at Lorde Jesu Chryst for xxx. pens, whiche thcm. And they than were sore aferde, sytteth here moche wretchedly, how be and prayed to God for comforte and it I am worthy to be in the gretest payme helpe; for they sawe the fendes all that is; but our Lorde is so mercyfull about the shyppe, and them semed that that he hath rewarded me better than ! all the ylonde and the see to be on a have deserved, for of ryght my place is fyre. And with a sorowfull crye all in the brennynge hell; but I am here the fendes departed fro them and re- but certayne tymes of the yere, that is turned to the place that they came fro. fro Chrystmasse to twelfth daye, and fro And than sayni Brandon tolde to them Eester tyll Whytsontyde be past, and that this was a parte of hell, and ther- every feestfull daye of our lady, and tore he charged them to be stedfast in every Saterdaye at noone tyll Sonday the layth, for they shold yet se many al that evensonge be done ; but all other

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tymes I lye styll in hell in ful brennynge that nyght suffred grete payne bycause
fyre with Pylate, Herode, and Cayphas; they brought not Judas, and sayd that
therfore accursed be the tyme that ever he shold Suffre double payne the sixe
I knewe them.” And than Judas prayed dayes solowynge. And they toke than
saynt Brandon to abyde styll there all Judas tremblynge for fere with them to
that nyght, and that he wolde kepe hym payne.
there styll that the fendes sholde not
selche hym to hell. And he sayd,

With Goddes helpe thou shalt abyde ICELANDIC VISION.
here all this nyght." And than he asked
Judas what cloth that was that henge

From the Poctic Edda. Tr. by Wright, St.

Patrick's Purgatory, p. 177.
over his heed. And he sayd it was a
cloth that he gave unto a lepre, whiche In the Norni's seat
was bought with the money that he stale

sat I nine days;
thence I was carried on a

horse
fro our Lor" e whan he bare his purse, the sun of the Gygiars
"wherfore it dothe to me grete payne

shone grinly now in betying my face with the blow. out of the apertures of the clouds. ynge of the wynde ; and these two oxe

Without and within tongues that hange here above me, I

I seemed to go through :!! gave them somtyme to two preestes to the seven lower worlds; praye for me. I bought them with myne above and below

sought I a better way, owne money, and therfore they ease me,

where I might have a more agreeable journey. bycause the fysshes of the see knawe on them and spare me. And this stone that I must relate I syt on laye somtyme in a desolate what I first saw, place where it eased no man; and I toke

when I was come into the places of tormcat;

scorched birds, it thens and layd it in a soule waye, which were souls, where it dyd moche ease to them that fied numerous as flics, went by that waye, and therfore it easeth me now; for every good dede

From the west saw I fly shall be rewarded, and every evyll dede

the dragons of expectation,

and open the way of the fire-powerful ; shal be punysshed.” And the Sondaye they beat their wings, agaynst even there came a grete multi- so that everywhere it appeared to me tude of fendes blastyng and rorynge, and

that earth and heaven burst. badde saynt Brandon go thens, that they

The sun's hart myght have theyr servaunt Judas, I saw go from the south, we dare not come in the presence of our

him led two together:

his feet mayster, but yf we brynge hym to hell

stood on the ground, And saynt Brandoni sayd, “I

and his horns touched heaven. lette not you do your maysters commaundement, but by the power of our From the north saw I ride Lorde Jesu Chryst I charge you to leve

the people's sons, hym this nyght tyll to morow.

“How

and they were seven together ;

with full horns darest thou helpe hym that so solde his they drunk the pure mead mayster for xxx. pens to the Jewes, and from the fountain of heaven's lord. caused hym also to dye the moost shame.

The wind became quiet, full deih upon the crosse?” And than

the waters ceased to flow ; saynt Brandon charged the fendes by his then heard I a fearful sound : passyon that they sholde not noy hym for their husbands that' nyght. And than the fendes went

shameless women

ground earth to food. theyr way rorynge and cryenge towarde bell to theyr mayster, the grete devyll.

Bloody stones And than Judas thanked saynt Brandon those dark women 60 rewfully that it was pité to se, and on

dragged sorrowfully :

their bleeding hearts hung the morowe the sendes came with an

out of their breasts, horryble noyse, sayenge that they had

weary with much grief,

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ANGLO-SAXON DESCRIPTION OF PARADISE.

245

Beauteous is all the plain, with delights blessed, with the sweetest of earth's odours: unique is that island, nolile the Maker, lofty, in powers abounding, who the land founded. There is oft open towards the happy, unclosed, (delight of sounds! heaven-kingdom's door. That is a pleasant plain, green wolds, spacious under heaven : there may not rain nor snow, nor rage of frost, nor fire's blast, nor fall of hail, nor descent of rime, nor heat of sun, nor perpetual cold, nor warm weather, nor winter shower, aught injure ; but the plain rests happy and healthful. That noble land is with blossoms flowered: nor hills nor mountains there stand steep por stony cliffs tower high, as here with us; nor dells nor dales, nor mountain-caves, risings nor hilly chains; nor thereon rests aught unsmooth, but the noble field flourishes under the skies with delights blooming. That glorious land is higher by twelve fold of fathom measure, (as us the skilful have informied, sages through wisdom in writings show,) than any of those hills that brightly here with us tower high, under the stars of heaven. Serene is the glorious plain, the sunny bower glitters, the woody holt, joyously; the fruits fall not, the bright products, but the trees ever as them God hath commanded ; in winter and in summer the forest is alike hung with fruits, never fade the leaves in air, nor will flame them injure, ever throughout ages, cre that an end to the world shall be. What time of old the water's mass all mid-earth, the sea-Asod decked

the earth's circumference, then the noble plain in all ways secure against the billowy course stood preserved, of the rough waves, happy, inviolate, through God's favour : it shall abide thus blooming, until the coming of the fire of the Lord's doom, when the death-houses, men's dark chambers, shall be opened There is not in that land hateful enmity, nor wail nor vengeance, evil-token none, old age nor misery, nor the narrow death, nor loss of life, nor coming of enemy, nor sin nor strife, nor painful exile, nor poor one's toil, nor desire of wealth, nor care nor sleep, nor grievous sickness, nor winter's darts, nor dread of tempests rough under heaven, nor the hard frost with cold chill icicles striketh any. There nor hail nor rime on the land descend, nor windy cloud, nor there water falls agitated in air, but there liquid streams wonderously curious, wells spring forth with fair bubblings from earth o'er the soil glide pleasant waters from the wood's midst; there each month from the turf of earth sea-cold they burst, all the grove pervade at times abundantly. It is God's behest, that twelve times the glorious land sports over the joy of water-floods. The groves are with produce hung, with beauteous fruits ; there wane not holy under heaven the holt's decorations, nor fall there on earth the fallow blossoms, beauty of forest-trees, but there wonderously on the trees ever the laden branches, the renovated fruit, at all times on the grassy plain stand green,

stand green,

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