Essential Guide to Food Additives
Michael Saltmarsh, Mike Saltmarsh
Royal Society of Chemistry, 2013 - Science - 294 pages
Food additives have played and still play an essential role in the food industry. Additives span a great range from simple materials like sodium bicarbonate, essential in the kitchen for making cakes, to mono- and diglycerides of fatty acids, an essential emulsifier in low fat spreads and in bread. It has been popular to criticise food additives, and in so doing, to lump them all together, but this approach ignores their diversity of history, source and use. This book includes food additives and why they are used, safety of food additives in Europe, additive legislation within the EU and outside Europe and the complete listing of all additives permitted in the EU. The law covering food additives in the EU which was first harmonised in 1989 has been amended frequently since then, but has now been consolidated with the publication of Regulations 1331/2008 and 1129/2011. This 4th edition of the Guide brings it up to date with the changes introduced by this legislation and by the ongoing review of additives by EFSA. Providing an invaluable resource for food and drink manufacturers, this book is the only work covering in detail every additive, its sources and uses. Those working in and around the food industry, students of food science and indeed anyone with an interest in what is added to their food will find this a practical book full of fascinating details.
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additives permitted agents alginate allocated an ADI aluminium aluminium lake amended antioxidants ascorbic aspartame authorised bakery Beneﬁts calcium carbon dioxide cellulose cheese chewing gum citrate Colour Index confectionery consumer Council desserts diglycerides disodium effect EFSA emulsiﬁers emulsions esters European Parliament extraction fatty acids fermentation ﬁbres ﬁnal ﬁsh food additives food categories food colours food enzymes foodstuffs fruit Function in Food gels glazing agent GRAS hydroxide included in Group insoluble JECFA labelling legislation levels Magnesium manufactured MERCOSUR mg/kg body weight mixture nisin Number Product oils oxidation permitted at quantum permitted in Regulation phosphates Polysorbate Polysorbate 20 potassium powder preservatives processing aids products with individual protein pure pigment quantum satis range of products reaction Regulation EC safety sauces Scientiﬁc shelﬂife signiﬁcant soft drinks sorbitol Sources speciﬁc stabilise stable substances sugar sulfate sulﬁtes sulfur dioxide table-top sweeteners taste thickeners tinctorial strength Typical Products viscosity yeast yellow