The Pythagorean Sourcebook and Library: An Anthology of Ancient Writings Which Relate to Pythagoras and Pythagorean Philosophy

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David R. Fideler
Red Wheel/Weiser, Jan 1, 1987 - Philosophy - 362 pages
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Pythagoras (fl. 500 B.C.), the first man to call himself a philosopher or lover of wisdom, was both a brilliant mathematician and spiritual teacher. This anthology, the largest collection of Pythagorean writings ever to appear in the English language, contains the four ancient biographies of Pythagoras and over 25 Pythagorean and Neopythagorean writings from the Classical and Hellenistic periods. The Pythagorean ethical and political tractates are especially interesting for they are based on the premise that the universal principles of Harmony, Proportion, and Justice govern the physical cosmos, and these writings show how individuals and societies alike attain their peak of excellence when informed by these same principles. Indexed, illustrated, with appendices and an extensive bibliography, this acclaimed anthology also contains a foreword by Joscelyn Godwin and an introductory essay by the editor, David Fideler.

 

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Contents

The Life of Pythagoras
57
2 His Youth Education Travels
58
3 His Journey to Egypt
60
4 His Studies in Egypt and Babylonia
61
6 The Pythagorean Community
63
7 Italian Political Achievements
64
9 Community and Chastity
66
10 His Advice to Youths
68
On Felicity
215
On a Republic
217
On Sanctitiy
221
Concerning a Kingdom
222
On the Virtues
225
The Preface to the Laws of Zaleucus the Locrian
229
The Preface to the Laws of Charondas the Catanean
231
On the Felicity of Families
235

11 His Advice to Women
69
12 Why he Called himself a Philosopher
70
14 On Pythagoras Preexistence
71
15 How Pythagoras Cured by Medicine and Music
72
16 Pythagorean Asceticism
73
17 Tests of Pythagorean Initiation
74
18 Organization of the Pythagorean School
76
19 His Relations with Abaris the Hyperborean
80
20 Psychological Requirements
81
22 On Pythagorean Friendship
82
23 The Use of Parables in Instruction
83
24 His Dietary Suggestions
84
26 His Study of Musical Harmonics
86
27 Political and Social Achievements of the Pythagoreans
88
28 Concerning the Divinity of Pythagoras
90
29 Pythagorean Sciences and Maxims
96
30 His Theory of Justice and Political Philosophy
99
31 Pythagorean Temperance and SelfControl
103
32 Courage or Fortitude
108
33 Universal Friendship
112
34 Miscellaneous Topics
114
35 The Attack on Pythagoreanism
116
36 The Pythagorean Succession
120
The Life of Pythagoras by Porphyry of Tyre
123
The Anonymous Life of Pythagoras Preserved by Photius
137
The Life of Pythagoras by Diogenes Laertius
141
4 Transmigration
142
6 General Views of Life
143
8 Social Customs
144
13 Measures and Weights
145
16 Friendship Founded on Symbols
146
19 Various Teachings
147
20 Poetic Testimonies
150
21 The Death of Pythagoras
151
22 Pythagoras Family
152
23 Jesting Epigrams
153
24 The Last Pythagoreans
154
26 Pythagoras Letter
155
The Pythagorean Symbols or Maxims
159
The Golden Verses of Pythagoras
163
The Fragments of Philolaus
167
The Fragments of Archytas
177
On the Nature of the Universe
203
A Fragment on Laws
213
On the Harmony of a Women
239
Apothegms
243
Concerning Human Life
245
On Tranquility
247
Concerning Virtue
249
On Prudence and Prosperity
251
On Justice
253
On A Kingdom
255
On Kings
257
On Parents
261
On Womens Temperance
263
A Fragment of Clinias
265
Select Sentences of Sextus the Pythagorean
267
Select Pythagorean Sentences
271
From Stobaeus
272
From Clement of Alexandria
274
The Ethical Fragments of Hierocles
275
On Conduct Towards our Country
276
On Conduct Towards the Parents
277
On Fraternal Love
279
On Marriage
281
On Conduct Towards Our Relatives
284
On Economics
285
On the World and the Soul
287
2 Creation of the World
288
4 Planetary Revolutions and Time
290
6 Concretion of the Elements
291
7 Composition of the Soul
292
8 Sensations
293
10 Disorders
294
11 Discipline
295
12 Human Destiny
296
Passages from the Church Fathers
297
Passages from Plato and Aristotle
299
Passages from the Doxographers
307
how Many Tetraktys are There
317
Pythagorean Titles of the First Ten Numbers
321
the Formation and Ratios of the Pythagorean Scale
327
Pythagorean Mathematical Discoveries
329
Glossary of Select Pythagorean Terms
333
Bibliography
335
Index of Proper Names
355
Index of Select Topics
359
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