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Six bushrangers were, on the 25th February, tried and convicted on an indictment for the murder of a young man named Graham, at St. Albans, on the 21st December. They were secured by Mr. Day, a police magistrate, and a party of ticket-of-leavemen, after a skirmish, in which Mr. Day was repeatedly aimed at.

The Sydney Gazette says: "It is truly disgusting to peruse the reports of the trials in the Supreme Court-no less than three wretches have been placed on their trial for crimes that make humanity shudder."

The annual sale of stock by the Australian Agricultural Company took place at Maitland on the 10th of March. Sheep and horses did not fetch such high prices as

in 1840.

In some of the districts, the fall of rain had been so heavy that the corn and vegetable crops were greatly damaged. The advices from the Hume river stated, that the blacks had set the bush on fire, which had destroyed much of the pasturage of the squatters," which it was said would seriously inconvenience those who were on their way to the port to dispose of their wool.

In March, the large flour-mills and stores of Messrs. Hughes and Huskisson were destroyed by fire; the loss involved a sum of about 70,000.

VAN DIEMEN'S LAND.

Launceston papers to the 6th of March state that money was scarce, and the banks were very sparing in their accommodation. Port Arthur, it was understood, was to be constituted a separate government, Capt. Foster to be intrusted with its superintendence at a salary of 1,2001. per annum. The last sales of Crown lands had realized 14,9987. 15s. 3d.; the highest price was 68s. This was another drain upon the colony and would, it was said, add much to its already embarrassed state.

PORT PHILLIP.

bour.

Capt. Lewis, our harbour master, on his late expedition to Corner Inlet, to the rescue of the shipwrecked crew and passengers of the Clonmel, made a discovery, which we hope will prove a highly important one to Australia Felix. Capt. Lewis discovered a noble inland lake, capacious enough to ride a fleet of shipping secure from every storm, with a navigable passage from Corner Inlet, and also from Shallow Inlet. Corner Inlet is doubtless the outlet from Gipps' Land to the ocean, and we have Capt. Lewis's authority for stating that he never entered a finer harbour in his life. He kept the masthead exploring while the vessel entered, and no bottom was found at 20 fathoms either at the entrance or for a considerable distance up the harThe tide runs into and out the harbour at least six miles an hour. On enter ing the harbour, keeping the promontory close on board, Capt. Lewis found between the reefs not less than three fathoms water, and he feels confident that there is other. wise a wide and clear channel midway, for any vessel to run in with a straight course. Time did not admit of a minute survey of the harbour and the inland lake to which it is the entrance, but as Capt. Lewis has volunteered his services to make a regular survey of both the harbour and lake, we are confident the Government will not lose any time in adopting the necessary measures for securing information in a matter of such vital importance to the noble expanse of territory which Count Strelenski denominated Gipps' Land, and which by the late regulations is made part and parcel of the province of Australia Felix.-Port Phillip Gazette.

SOUTH AUSTRALIA.

The South Australian papers reach to the 26th of February; they mention the seizure of a French vessel, the Ville de Bordeaux, and the circumstances connected with it induce many of the colonists to believe that the matter will produce serious results. It appears that the vessel arrived at Holdfast Bay from Swan River, or King George's Sound, on her way to Circular Head, and there made preparations to embark a quantity of live stock. Whilst engaged in this business, she was boarded by the Customs' officers, and because her commander refused to exhibit

the ship's papers, she was formally taken possession of. However, the vessel put to sea with the Customs' officers on board, and proceeded on her passage. The papers do not give any account of the return of the vessel, but give the particulars of a case tried before the magistrates, in which the captain is charged with having obstructed the officers in the execution of their duty and also with an assault, but it had ended in his acquittal. It is said the whole case is to be brought under the notice of the French Government. The refusal of the Colonial Commissioners in London to accept the draughts drawn by the Governor of South Australia had greatly annoyed the mercantile interest, who were for altogether abolishing the post held by these functionaries, and paying an agent themselves to watch their affairs. The Milmenroora and Encounter Bay tribes were still at enmity, but it was thought Government interference, which was being employed, would avert all future feuds.

Later advices, through Sydney, complain of the general dull state of business. They state, too, that Mr. Garrat, of the firm of Garrat and Fisher, of Adelaide, had decamped with a sum of 15,000l. to 20,000l. He had left for Batavia: the principal sufferers were Sydney merchants.

Cape of Good Hope.

The governor, in his address on opening the Legislative Council, 22nd March, details at considerable length the incidents attending his visit to the eastern districts, and his treaties with the Caffers; he states that he impressed on the minds of the Caffers" the exemplary and humane conduct of the colonists, who had never infringed those treaties in the slightest degree, but have long submitted to their losses with a forbearance that merited my warmest praise;" and he says: "I had every reason to be satisfied with the friendly disposition of the Caffers toward the government and the colony, as evinced by them in my late intercourse, and of the wishes on the part of their chiefs and councillors to prevent the aggressions of the evil-disposed amongst their people, as well as for their sincerity to detect and punish the guilty; and although I was unattended by any but my own servants, not even by my personal staff or escort on one or two occasions when obliged to pass the night in Cafferland, the attention and respect we received from the natives in the midst of whose kraals we encamped, was most gratifying, as it convinced me that a white man is as safe, if not more so, in Cafferland than a black one,-and I should have no fear of molestation if it were necessary to travel all over that country. This peaceful and kind conduct I principally attribute to the active perseverance and unwearied benevolence of those excellent men, the missionaries of all persuasions, in their endeavours to enlighten by civilization the mind of the savage to a comprehension of the principles and divine truths of Christianity. It must be a source of great gratification to every enlightened mind to know that the schools already established at all the missionary institutions continue to increase and prosper; and that the influence of these good and pious men extends far and wide through Cafferland. Such means, judiciously applied, will, ere many years pass over, bring those natives into a comparative state of civilization and consequent happiness." His excellency describes the attack made by the emigrant farmers of Natal on Napaai-the result of which was the slaughter of a considerable number of the tribe, the capture of the cattle of no less than sixty kraals, and the abduction of many children-as a most outrageous and lawless act," and states that he had ordered a detachment of troops to take up a position on the Umzumboovo River, for the protection of the friendly chief Fakee, who was threatened with a hostile visit from the emigrants.

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The Zuid Afrikaan, on the authority of communications from Port Natal, represents the attack upon Napaai as occasioned by the depredations committed by that chief's clan upon the cattle of the emigrants, and made to avoid an attack which Napaai himself was meditating upon the boors.

REGISTER.

Calcutta.

GOVERNMENT GENERAL orders, &c.

CASE OF THE LATE CAPT. C. ROGERS.

Head-Quarters, Calcutta, May 11, 1841.-The Commander-in-Chief has perused, with great regret and disapprobation, the proceedings of a special court of inquiry, held at Barrackpore, on the 26th ultimo, to report upon the medical aid afforded, during his illness, to the late Capt. C. Rogers, of the 3rd regt. N.I.

His Excellency is much displeased with the conduct of the three medical gentlemen applied to by that officer, or on his behalf.

With Assist. Surg. A. McD. Stuart, for his not having literally obeyed the general order of the 4th April, 1838, by which the medical officers of the army are informed, "that the duties of their profession demand, that the welfare of a patient should ever be paramount to all ordinary feelings and considerations."

Mr. Stuart ought either to have attended Capt. Rogers immediately, or to have placed that officer's note in Surgeon Tweddell's hands.

With Surgeon H. M. Tweddell, the Commander-in-Chief is displeased, for, instead of adopting the patient's own view of his case, and ordering the medicine he applied for, humanity, his duty as staff surgeon, and a regard for his own reputation, should have induced Mr. Tweddell to have visited Capt. Rogers, and not to have prescribed for a person he had not seen.

By these two neglects, Capt. Rogers never had the benefit of medical advice: and the medicine which was applied for at 11 and 12 o'clock on the forenoon of the 17th ultimo did not reach his house till 6 r. M. on the same day.

P.

The third medical officer, Surgeon H. Bousfield, was applied to between 3 and 4 P. M. on the 18th ultimo, when Capt. Rogers was dying; in his answer, he pleaded that he was indisposed with headache, and had sent the note to Surgeon Tweddell.

There is ample reason to believe that Capt. Rogers' habits were irregular; but he was not confined to his house till the day preceding his death; and on that day the sirdar bearer states that his master did not drink any spirits; he drank a bottle of port wine, or nearly, which, if injurious in his case, a visit from a medical officer might have prevented.

That such an error may never again be committed with impunity, his Exc. the Commander-in-Chief most positively orders that any medical officer serving with the military branch shall, without avoidable delay, attend on any sick officer who may require him to do so; and having given such aid or advice as the circumstances may call for, shall transfer the case, and future attendance, to the surgeon or assistant surgeon of his regiment, or, in an instance like that under review, to the staff surgeon.

RIFLE COMPANIES.

Fort William, May 12, 1841.-The Right Hon. the Governor-General of India in Council is pleased to direct, that the rifle companies of the 9th, 41st, 57th, 68th, 69th, and 72nd regts. of N. I. be designated the 7th company in their respective regiments, and completed to the established strength of the other companies, by selections of the best marksmen in each of the six corps. The present ninth companies of the regiments raised under the operation of Gov. G. Os., No. 129, of 31st July, 1839, will be distributed throughout their respective corps.

THE VOLUNTEER REGIMENT.

Fort William, May 19th, 1841.-The head-quarters, and the greater proportion of the Volunteer Regiment, formed for service to the eastward, having returned to Bengal, the Right Hon. the Governor-General of India in Council is pleased to place the officers and men recently arrived at the disposal of the Commander-in-Chief, and his

Excellency will be pleased to make such arrangements as may be deemed expedient regarding them, as well as for permitting the native officers and men to return to the respective corps from which they volunteered, or to join other regiments, in fulfilment of the terms held out to them in his Excellency's general order dated 20th Jan., 1840.

His Lordship in Council gladly avails himself of this opportunity of publicly recording the high sense entertained by Government of the zeal and alacrity with which the regiments named in the margin furnished the quotas of volunteers, which having been first completed, were formed into the regiment, under the command of Lieut.Col. Lloyd. His Lordship in Council deems it also due to the corps whose numbers are given below † to state, that their readiness to come forward on the same occasion was made known to, and fully appreciated by, Government.

In consideration of the exemplary manner in which the Volunteer Regiment behaved while with the expedition to the eastward, by which the men have reflected great credit on the army to which they belong, the Governor-General in Council is pleased to direct, that a gratuity of one month's pay and full batta shall be immediately disbursed to the native officers and men who have returned.

Leave of absence, for the purpose of visiting their homes, will be granted to each individual, with the indulgence of half batta during the period of authorized absence, which is to be regulated by the distance of their places of abode from the station of the corps to which they shall respectively be transferred-and in such further manner as the Commander-in-Chief may deem expedient.

AUGMENTATION OF OFFICERS IN THE ARTILLERY REGIMENTS.

Fort William, May 19, 1841.-The Right Hon. the Governor-General of India in Council is pleased to publish for general information the subjoined extracts from a letter, No. 3, dated 31st March, 1841, from the Hon. the Court of Directors to the Government of India, authorizing an addition to the establishment of artillery officers at the three presidencies:

Para. 3. "We have resolved to take immediate measures for restoring to each brigade and battalion the two 1st lieutenants and one 2nd lieutenant prospectively reduced by our orders of 1829, excepting at Madras, where the Government have observed, that there has been retained by mistake an extra number of four 1st lieutenants and two 2nd lieutenants. These must be considered as forming a part of the additional establishment. There will thus be an augmentation, in the aggregate, of 54 subalterns."

Para. 4. "The augmentation will take effect at the three presidencies at the expiration of three months from the date of your receipt of this despatch."

The Hon. Court's despatch having been received by the Government of India on the 17th instant, the promotions for the augmentation of 1st lieutenants in the artillery regiments at the three presidencies will take effect from the 17th Aug., 1841.

CIVIL APPOINTMENTS, &c.

April 27. Mr. O. W. Malet to be special duty collector of Cuttack.
May 4.

Messrs. W. H. Brodhurst and C. A. Ravenshaw, assistants, attached to district of Sarun, to be invested with special powers described in clause 3, sect. 2, Reg. III. of 1821.

5. Assist. Surg. C. Llewellyn to be postmaster at Mymensing.

Assist. Surg. Hockin to succeed Assist. Surg. Rae in charge of post-office at Quetta.

10. Lieut. C. E. Burton, 40th N.I., to be assistant to agent and commissioner at Delhi, vice Capt. R. Angelo.

Lieut. H. L. Bigge, principal assistant, in charge of zillah Nowgong, returned from special duty in Naga hills, and resumed charge of his office from Capt. J. T. Gordon, junior assistant, on 8th April.

Lieut. C. R. Whitelock, 11th Bombay N.I., to be a junior assistant to political agent in Lower Scinde, in place of Lieut. E. B. Eastwick.

11. Mr. E. T. Trevor to exercise powers of joint magistrate and deputy collector in

* 10th, 25th, 28th, 40th, 47th 51st, 58th, and 69th N.L.

3rd, 56th, and 57th N.I.

Cuttack, vice Mr. D. Cunliffe, who has been placed at disposal of Commissioner of 12th or Bhaugulpore division.

Dr. John Edge to be Register of Deeds, under Act XXX. of 1838, in Rungpre. May 12. Mr. G. C. Fletcher, writer, reported qualified for public service proficiency in two of the native languages.

Mr. T. J. Hugon to be superintendent of the Barripore Salt Chokies, with power to adjudicate cases of contravention of Salt Laws according to Reg. X. of 1819. 14. Mr. Alexander Shakespear to be an assistant under magistrate and collector of Moorshedabad, until further orders.

18. Mr. C. Graham to officiate as collector of Tipperah. This cancels the appointment of Mr. A. T. Dick, who will continue in his office of magistrate of Rungpore.

Mr. R. P. Harrison to officiate as joint magistrate and deputy collector of West Burdwan (Bancoorah).

Mr. G. C. Fletcher to be an assistant to magistrate and collector of Rajeshahye. Lieut. L. P. D. Eld to be a junior assistant to commissioner of Assam, in room of Lieut. G. E. Law, dec.

Capt. John Butler to officiate as junior assistant to ditto, during absence of Lieut. Sturt, or until further orders.

21. Mr. C. G. Mansel, junior secretary to Government of India and Bengal, in financial department, has this day joined the department.

22. Messrs. E. Latour and A. Ross, writers, reported qualified for the public service by proficiency in two of the native languages.

27. Mr. A. S. Annand, magistrate of Tipperah, to officiate as collector of Tipperah, in addition to his own duties, during absence of Mr. Metcalfe, or until further orders.

Mr. B. H. Cooper to be an assistant to magistrate and collector of Dacca, and to exercise powers described in clause 3, sect. 2, Reg. III. of 1821, in that district.

Mr. H. D. H. Fergusson to be ditto ditto to magistrate and collector of Chittagong, and to exercise powers of joint magistrate and deputy collector in that district. Mr. Edgar F. Latour to be an assistant to joint magistrate and deputy collector

of Malda.

31. Lieut. J. D. Leckie to officiate as senior assistant to political agent in Lower Scinde, during absence of Lieut. E. B. Eastwick on med. cert.

Lieut. C. R. Whitelock, junior assistant to political agent in Lower Scinde, having obtained leave of absence, under med. cert., to proceed to Bombay, made over charge of duties of his office to Lieut. F. Cristall on 6th May.

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Obtained leave of Absence, &c.-May 11. Mr. A. G. Macdonald, for three months. —Mr. F. A. E. Dalrymple, for six months, to China, on med. cert.-19. Mr. M. J. Tierney, for six months, in extension, on med cert.-26. Mr. George Alexander, for six months, in extension of former leave, on med. cert.-Mr. H. W. Deane, for six months, in extension of former leave, on med. cert.-31. Capt. D. A. Malcolm, assistant to resident at Hyderabad, to Madras, for six weeks, on private affairs.

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ECCLESIASTICAL.

Obtained leave of Absence.-May 18. The Rev. F.A. Dawson, chaplain of Agra, for nine months, to the Hills, on med. cert.

MILITARY APPOINTMENTS, PROMOTIONS, &c.

Fort William, May 12, 1841.-25th N.I. Lieut. George Ramsay to be capt. of a company, and Ens. F. W. D. Lloyd to be lieut., from 5th May, 1841, in suc. to Capt. Colin Mc F. Collins, transferred to invalid estab.

May 19.-Infantry. Lieut. Col. and Brev. Col. Ezekiel Barton to be colonel, and Major W. W. Foord to be lieut. col.-21st Regt. N.I. Capt. and Brev. Major W. Simonds to be major, Lieut. and Brev. Capt. J. Dyson to be capt. of a company and Ensign J. Chambers to be lieut., from 15th March, 1841, in suc. to Maj. Gen. (Col.) W. S. Heathcote, dec.

The undermentioned officers to have rank of Capt. by brevet, from 15th May, 1841-Lieut. G. W. Williams, 29th N.I.; Lieut. G. F. Whitelocke, 13th N.I.

Cadet of Infantry James Evans admitted on estab., and prom, to ensign.

The undermentioned placed at disposal of Commander-in-chief:-Brev. Capt. E. D'Arcy Todd, of artillery, from 11th April, 1841; Lieut. Hippesley Marsh, 3d L. C., lately employed with H. M. Shah Shoojah's force, from 15th Feb. 1841.

Lieut. C. S. Reynolds, 49th N.I., who was appointed on 29th July, 1840, to do duty with 2nd Assam Sebundy corps, transferred to Assam Light Infantry Bat.

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