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CHAPTER TEN.

FILLED CHEESE.

[ACT OF JUNE 6, 1896. (29 Stat., 253.)] Sec.

Sec. 1 and 2. Definitions.

12 and 13. Penalties. 3. Special taxes.

14. Destruction of stamps on empty 4. Penalties.

packages. 5. Manufacturers' notice, books, bonds, 15. Scientific tests. etc.

16 and 17. Relative to fines and for. 6,7, and 8. Marks, signs, label, stamps.

feitures. 9 and 10. Tax on filled cheese.

18. Regulations authorized. 11. Imported filled cheese.

19. When act to take effect.

cheese.

filled cheese.

defined.

AN ACT Defining cheese, also imposing a tax upon and regulating the

manufacture, sale, importation, and exportation of "filled cheese." Definition of

SEC. 1. Act of June 6, 1896 (29 Stat., 253). That for the purpose of this Act, the word “cheese” shall be understood to mean the food product known as cheese, and which is made from milk or cream and without the addition of butter, or any animal, vegetable, or other oils or fats foreign to such milk

or cream, with or without additional coloring matter. Definition of

SEC. 2. That for the purposes of this Act certain substances and compounds shall be known and designated as "filled cheese," namely: All substances made of milk or skimmed milk, with the admixture of butter, animal oils or fats, vegetable or any other oils, or compounds foreign to

such milk, and made in imitation or semblance of cheese. Special taxes. SEC. 3. That special taxes are imposed as follows: Manufacturers Manufacturers of filled cheese shall pay four hundred

dollars for each and every factory per annum. Every person, firm, or corporation who manufactures filled cheese for sale shall be deemed a manufacturer of filled cbeese.

Wholesale dealers in filled cheese shall pay two hundred Wholesale and fifty dollars per annum. Every person, firm, or cordealer defined.

poration who sells or offers for sale filled cheese in the original manufacturer's packages for resale, or to retail dealers as hereinafter defined, shall be deemed a wholesale dealer in filled cheese. But any manufacturer of filled cheese who has given the required bond and paid the required special tax, and who sells only filled cheese of his own production, at the place of manufacture, in the original packages, to which the tax paid stamps are affixed, shall not be required to pay the special tax of a wholesale dealer in filled cheese on account of such sales.

Retail dealers in filled cheese shall pay twelve dollars per annum. Every person who sells filled cheese at retail, not

for resale, and for actual consumption, shall be regarded as a Certain sec. retail dealer in filled cheese, and sections thirty-two huntioncs made dred and thirty-two, thirty-two hundred and thirty-three,

.

Retail dealer.

manufac.

thirty-two hundred and thirty-four, thirty-two hundred and thirty-five, thirty-two hundred and thirty-six, thirty-two hundred and thirty-seven, thirty-two hundred and thirtyeight, thirty-two hundred and thirty-nine, thirty-two hun. dred and forty, thirty-two hundred and forty one, thirty-two hundred and forty-three of the Revised Statutes of the United States are, so far as applicable, made to extend to and include and apply to the special taxes imposed by this section and to the persons, firms, or corporations upon whom they are imposed: Prorided, That all special taxes under Taxes dueJuly this Act sball become due on the first day of July in every ing business. year, or on commencing any manufacture, trade, or business on which said tax is imposed In the latter case the tax shall be reckoned proportionately from the first day of the month in which the liability to the special tax commences to the first day of July following.

SEC. 4. That every person, firm, or corporation who car. Penalty for vio. ries on the business of a manufacturer of filled cheese by without baving paid the special tax therefor, as required turer. by law, shall, besides being liable to the payment of the tax, be fined not less than four hundred dollars and not more than three thousand dollars; and every person, firm, or corporation who carries on the business of a wholesale -by wholesale

dealer. dealer in filled cheese without having paid the special tax therefor, as required by law, shall, besides being liable to the payment of the tax, be fined not less than two hundred and fifty dollars vor more than one thousand dollars; and every person, firm, or corporation who carries on the business of a retail dealer in filled cheese without having paid - by retail dealer the special tax therefor, as required by law, shall, besides being liable for the payment of the tax, be fined not less than forty nor more than five hundred dollars for each and every offense.

SEC. 5. That every manufacturer of filled cheese shall Notices, inven. file with the collector of internal revenue of the district tories, and bonds. in which his manufactory is located such notices, inventories, and bonds, shall keep such books and render such Books and rereturns of materials and products, shall put up such signs and affix such number to his factory, and conduct his busi. ness under such surveillance of officers and agents as the Commissioner of Internal Revenue, with the approval of the Secretary of the Treasury, may by regulation require. But the bond required of such manufacturer shall be with Regulations. sureties satisfactory to the collector of internal revenue, and in a penal sum of not less than five thousand dollars; and the amount of said bond may be increased from time to time, and additional sureties required, at the discretion of the collector or under instructions of the Commissioner of Internal Revenue. Any manufacturer of filled cheese Penalty. who fails to comply with the provisions of this section or with the regulations herein authorized, shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor and upon conviction thereof shall be fined not less than five hundred nor more than one thousand dollars.

SEC, 6. That filled cheese shall be packed by the manu. Marks,stampa, facturers in wooden packages only, not before used for that and brands.

turns.

purpose, and marked, stamped, and branded with the words to filled cheese" in black-faced letters not less than two inches in length, in a circle in the center of the top and bottom of the cheese; and in black-faced letters of not less than two inches in length in line from the top to the bottom of the cheese, on the side in four places equidistant from each other; and the package containing such cheese shall be marked in the same manner, and in the same number of places, and in the same description of letters as above provided for the marking of the cheese; and all sales or consignments made by manufacturers of filled cheese to whole

sale dealers in tilled cheese or to exporters of filled cheese Retail dealers shall be in original stamped packages. Retail dealers in to sell only from filled cheese shall sell only from original stamped packages, original packages.

and shall pack the filled cheese when sold in suitable wooden or paper packages, which shall be marked and branded in accordance with rules and regulations to be prescribed by

the Commissioner of Internal Revenue with the approval Penalty.

of the Secretary of the Treasury. Every person who knowingly sells or offers to sell, or delivers or offers to deliver, filled cheese in any other form than in new wooden or paper packages, marked and branded as bereinbefore provided and as above described, or who packs in any package or packages tilled cheese in any manner contrary to law, or who falsely brands any package or affi ses a stamp on any package denoting a less amount of tax than that required by law, shall upon conviction thereof be fined for each and every offense not less than fifty dollars and not more than five hundred dollars or be imprisoned not less than thirty days nor more than one year.

SEC. 7. That all retail and wholesale dealers in filled

cheese sball display in a conspicuous place in his or their Sign.

sales room a sign bearing the words “ Filled cheese sold here” in black-faced letters not less than six inches in length, upon a white ground, with the name and number of the revenue district in which his or their business is conducted; and any wholesale or retail dealer in filled cheese who fails or neglects to comply with the provisions of this

section shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor, and shall Penalty. on conviction thereof be fined for each and every offense

not less than fifty dollars and not more than two hundred dollars.

SEC. 8. That every manufacturer of filled cheese shall securely affix, by pasting on each package containing filled cheese manufactured by him, a label on which shall be printed, besides the number of the manufactory and the district and state in wbich it is situated, these words: “Notice.—The manufacturer of the filled cheese herein contained has complied with all the requirements of the law. Every person is cautioned not to use either this package again or the stamp thereon again, nor to remove the contents of this package without destroying said stamp, under the penalty provided by law in such cases.” Every manufacturer of filled cheese who neglects to affix such label to any package containing filled cheese made by him or sold or offered for sale by or for him, and every person who removes any such label so affixed from any such package,

Label.

can assess tax.

shall be fined fifty dollars for each package in respect to Penalty. which such offense is committed.

SEC. 9. That upon all filled cheese which shall be manu. factured there shall be assessed and collected a tax of one cent per pound, to be paid by the manufacturer thereof; and any fractional part of a pound in a package shall be taxed as a pound. The tax levied by this sertion shall be Tax represent.

ed by coupon represented by coupon stamps; and the provisions of exist-stamps. ing laws governing the engraving, issue, sale, accountability, effacement, and destruction of stamps relating to tobacco and snuff, as far as applicable, are hereby made to Laws made apapply to stamps provided for by this section.

plicable. See sections 3369, p. 245, 3218, p. 103, 3445 and 3446, p. 3399 Revised Statutes. SEC. 10. That whenever any manufacturer of filled cheese sells or removes for sale or consumption any filled cheese upon which the tax is required to be paid by stamps, without paying such tax, it shall be the duty of the Commissioner Commissioner of Internal Revenue, within a period of not more than two years after such sale or removal, upon satisfactory proof, to estimate the amount of tax which has been omitted to be paid and to make an assessment therefor and certify the same to the collector. The tax so assessed shall be in addition to the penalties imposed by law for such sale or removal.

SEC. 11. That all filled cheese as herein defined imported from foreign countries shall, in addition to any import duty Imported filled

cheese. imposed on the same, pay an internal revenue tax of eight cents per pound, such tax to be represented by coupon stamps; and such imported filled cheese and the packages containing the same shall be stamped, marked, and branded, as in the case of filled cheese manufactured in the United States.

SEC. 12. That any person who knowingly purchases or receives for sale any filled cheese which has not been branded or stamped according to law, or which is contained in packages not branded or marked according to law, shall be lia- Penalty. ble to a penalty of fifty dollars for each such offense.

SEC. 13. That every person who knowingly purchases or receives for sale any filled cheese from any manufacturer or importer who has not paid the special tax herein provided for shall be liable, for each offense, to a penalty of Penalty. one hundred dollars and to a forfeiture of all articles so purchased or received, or of the full value thereof.

SEC. 14. That whenever any stamped package contain Stamps to be ing filled cheese is emptied it shall be the duty of the person empty packages. in wbose bands the same is to destroy the stamps thereon; and any person who willfully neglects or refuses so to do shall, for each such offense, be fined not exceeding fifty dollars or imprisoned not less than ten days nor more than six months.

SEC. 15. That the Commissioner of Internal Revenue is authorized to have applied scientific tests, and to decide Scientiic tests. whether any substances used in the manufacture of filled cheese contain ingredients deleterious to health. But in case of doubt or contest his decision in this class of cases may be appealed from to a board hereby constituted for the Appeal board.

ures.

purpose, and composed of the Surgeon-General of the Army, the Surgeon-General of the Navy, and the Secretary of Agriculture, and the decision of this board shall be final in the

premises. Forfeiture. Sec. 16. That all packages of filled cheese subject to tax

under this Act that shall be found without stamps or marks as berein provided, and all filled cheese intended for human consumption which contains ingredients adjudged as herein before provided to be deleterious to the public health, shall

be forfeited to the United States. Fines, penal- SEC. 17. That all fines, penalties, and forfeitures imposed ties, and forfeit.

by this Act may be recovered in any court of competent

jurisdiction. Regulations. SEC. 18. That the Commissioner of Internal Revenue,

with the approval of the Secretary of the Treasury, shall make all needful regulations for the carrying into effect the provisions of this Act.

Regulations, Series 7, No. 22. Relative to filled cheese. When act to SEC. 19. That this Act shall go into effect on the ninetake effect.

tieth day after its passage, and all wooden packages containing ten or more pounds of filled cheese found on the premises of any dealer on and after the ninetieth day succeeding the date of the passage of this Act, shall be deemed to be taxable under section nine of this Act, and shall be taxed, and shall have affixed thereto the stamps, marks, and brauds required by this Act or by regulations made pursuant to this Act; and for the purpose of securing the affixing of the stamps, marks, and brands required by this Act, the filled cheese shall be regarded as having been manufactured and sold or removed from the manufactory for consumption or use on or after the day this Act takes effect; and such stock on hand at the time of the taking effect of this Act may be stamped, marked, and branded under special regulations of the Commissioner of Internal Revenue, approved by the Secretary of the Treasury; and the Commissioner of Internal Revenue may authorize the hoider of such packages to mark and brand the same and to affix thereto the proper tax paid stamps.

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