Page images
PDF
EPUB
[blocks in formation]

XX. BIOGRAPHICAL NOTES ON THE UNIVERSITY PRINTERS

FROM THE COMMENCEMENT OF PRINTING IN CAMBRIDGE
TO THE PRESENT TIME. Communicated by ROBERT
Bowes, Esq.

[January 28, 1884.]

INTRODUCTORY.

THE following pages are the result of an attempt to trace the succession of University printers and to ascertain how far and for how long each printer was actually engaged in the management of the Press. Many of the printers appointed before 1700 appear never to have been so engaged. These were for the most part graduate members of the University holding other offices (Esquire Bedell, Registrary, etc.) and received a small salary. The smallness of this salary (£5 a year, occasionally increased by a gratuity of the same amount) makes it seem probable that the office was looked upon as a sinecure, and that an appointment was made when a vacancy occurred in order to preserve the right of the University to appoint three printers. The printers of the latter class certainly held their office on a different footing, as, for instance, John Hayes was paying £100 a year to the University at the same time that Hugh Martin and Jonathan Pindar were receiving £5 a year from the University

[ocr errors]

My information has been mainly obtained from well-known authorities, such as:

Ames, Typographical Antiquities, 1749; and the second edition by Herbert, 3 vols., 1785–1790 (cited as Ames-Herbert).

Carter, Hist. of the University of Cambridge, 1753 (taken almost entirely from the first edition of Ames).

Nichols, Literary Anecdotes and Literary Illustrations, 17 vols, 1812-1858.

Watt, Bibliotheca Britannica, 4 vols., 1824.

Cooper, Annals of Cambridge, 4 vols., 1841-1852, and later writers. But beside these I have had the advantage of consulting certain sources of evidence, some of which are not so generally accessible, viz.:

1. Documents in the Registry.

2. A Chronological List (MS.) of all documents, entries in the Grace-books, and other material in the Registry relating to the Press, compiled by Mr A. P. Humphry.

3. The Minute-Book of the Curators of the Press, 16961740.

4. The Registers of the Stationers' Company from 1554 to 1640, edited by Edward Arber.

5. The Churchwardens' Books of St Mary the Great, 1583– 1630.

6 6. The Churchwardens' Books of St Edward's, 1625-1670.

7. The Churchwardens' Books and Rate-Books, etc., of St Botolph's, 1646–1743, and Registers of Baptisms, Deaths, etc., 1617-1743.

8. The Additions to Cooper's Annals of Cambridge. These sheets were never published. They were discovered in a grocer's shop, where they were being used as waste-paper, when only three copies could be made up. Of these three copies one is in the University Library, one in the Cambridge Free Library, and the third is in my possession. The sheets are

« PreviousContinue »