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to which my book has given rise, I have made no

MR. BOSWELL'S Original Dedication of the answer. Every work must stand or fall by its "Tour to the Hebrides."


MY DEAR SIR,-In every narrative, whether historical or biographical, authenticity is of the utmost consequence. Of this I have been so firmly persuaded, that I inscribed a former work to that person who was the best judge of its truth. I need not tell you I mean General Paoli; who, after his great, though unsuccessful efforts to preserve the liberties of his country, has found an honourable asylum in Britain, where he has now lived many years the object of royal regard and private respect; and whom I cannot name without expressing my very grateful sense of the uniform kindness which he has been pleased to show me.

The friends of Dr. Johnson can best judge, from internal evidence, whether the numerous conversations which form the most valuable part of the ensuing pages are correctly related. To them, therefore, I wish to appeal, for the accuracy of the portrait here exhibited to the world.

As one of those who were intimately acquainted with him, you have a title to this address. You have obligingly taken the trouble to peruse the original manuscript of this " Tour," and can vouch for the strict fidelity of the present publication. Your literary alliance with our much lamented friend, in consequence of having undertaken to render one of his labours more complete, by your edition of Shakspeare, a work which I am confident will not disappoint the expectations of the publick, gives you another claim. But I have a still more powerful inducement to prefix your name to this volume, as it gives me an opportunity of letting the world know that I enjoy the honour and happiness of your friendship; and of this publickly testifying the sincere regard with which I am, my dear sir, your very faithful and obedient servant, JAMES BOSWELL.

London, 20th September, 1785.


By correcting the errours of the press in the former edition, and some inaccuracies for which the authour alone is answerable, and by supplying some additional notes, I have endeavoured to render this work more deserving of the very high honour which the public has been pleased to show it-the whole of the first impression having been sold in a few weeks. J. B.

London, 20th December, 1785.


own merit. I cannot, however, oniit this opportunity of returning thanks to a gentleman who published a " Defence" of my "Journal," and has added to the favour by communicating his name to me in a very obliging letter.

It would be an idle waste of time to take any particular notice of the futile remarks, to many ef which, a petty national resentment, unworthy of my countrymen, has probably given rise; remarks, which have been industriously circulated in the publick prints by shallow or envious caviilers, who have endeavoured to persuade the world that Dr. Johnson's character has been less-ned by recording such various instances of his lively wit and acute judgment, on every topick that was presented to his mind. In the opinion of every person of taste and knowledge that I have conversed with, it has been greatly heightened; and I will venture to predict, that this specimen of the colloquial talents and extemporaneous effusions of my illustrious fellow-traveller will become still more valuable, when, by the lapse of time, be shall have become an ancient; when all those who can now bear testimony to the transcendent powers of his mind shall have passed away, and no other memorial of this great and good man shall remain but the following "Journal," the other anecdotes and letters preserved by his friends, and those incomparable works which have for many years been in the highest estimation, and will be read and admired as long as the English language shall be spoken or understood. J. B. London, 15th August, 1786.

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Part of a translation of Father Paul Sarpi's History of the Council of Trent, ac knowl.

N. B. As this work, after some sheets were printed, suddenly stopped, I know not whether any part of it is now to be found.

Preface, intern. evid.

Life of Father Paul, acknowl. 1739. A complete vindication of the Licenser of

ANIMATED by the very favourable reception which two large impressions of this work have 1 I do not here include his poetical works; for, except had, it has been my study to make it as perfect asing his Latin translation of Pope's Messiah, his Lendon, I could in this edition, by correcting some inac-nal; his Prologue on the opening of Drury late Theatre and his Vanity of Human Wishes, imitated from Javecuracies which I discovered myself, and some by Mr. Garrick, and his Irene, a Tragedy, they are very which the kindness of friends or the scrutiny of numerous, and in general short; and I bave promised a adversaries pointed out. A few notes are added, complete edition of them, in which I shall, with the uimost care, ascertain their authenticity, and illustrate of which the principal object is, to refute misrep- them with notes and various readings.-BoswELL. The resentation and calumny. meaning of this sentence, and particularly of the word To the animadversions in the periodical jour-wrote, "they are not very numerous," which would be excepting, is not very clear. Perhaps Mr. Boswell nals of criticism, and in the numerous publications less obscure.-ED.]

the Stage from the malicious and scan-
dalous aspersions of Mr. Brooke, au-
thour of Gustavus Vasa, acknowl.
Marmor Norfolciense: or an Essay on
an ancient prophetical inscription in
monkish rhyme, lately discovered near
Lynne in Norfolk, by PROBUS BRI-
TANNICUS, acknowl.

Life of Boerhaave, acknowl.

Address to the Reader, intern. evid.
Appeal to the Publick in behalf of the
Editor, intern. evid.
Considerations on the case of Dr. Trapp's
Sermons; a plausible attempt to prove
that an authour's work may be abridged
without injuring his property, acknowl.
1* Address to the Reader in May.

Preface, intern. evid.

Life of Admiral Drake, acknowl.
Life of Admiral Blake, acknowl.
Life of Philip Barretier, acknowl.
Essay on Epitaphs, acknowl.

Preface, intern. evid.

A free translation of the Jests of Hiero-
cles, with an introduction, intern. evid.
Debate on the Humble Petition and Ad-
vice of the Rump Parliament to Crom-
well, in 1657, to assume the title of
King; abridged, methodized, and di-
gested, intern. evid.
Translation of Abbe Guyon's Dissertation
on the Amazons, intern. evid.
Translation of Fontenelle's Panegyrick on
Dr. Morin, intern. evid.

Preface, intern. evid.

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FOR THE GENTLEMAN'S MAGAZINE. 1749. Letter on Fire Works.

Essay on the Account of the Conduct of
the Duchess of Marlborough, acknowl. 1750.
An Account of the Life of Peter Burman,

The Life of Sydenham, afterwards pre-
fixed to Dr. Swan's edition of his works,

Proposals for printing Bibliotheca Harlei-
ana, or a Catalogue of the Library of
the Earl of Oxford, afterwards prefixed
to the first volume of that catalogue, in
which the Latin accounts of the books
were written by him, acknowl.
Abridgement, entitled Foreign History, in-
tern. evid.

Essay on the Description of China from the French of Du Halde, intern. evid. 1743. Dedication to Dr. Mead of Dr. James's Medicinal Dictionary, intern. evid.

Preface, intern. evid.

Parliamentary Debates under the name of Debates in the Senate of Lilliput from [These and several other articles, which are marked with an asterisk, were suggested to Mr. Malone by Mr. Chalmers as probably written by Dr. Johnson; they are, therefore placed in this general list.—ED.]

The RAMBLER, the first paper of which
was published 20th of March this year,
and the last 17th of March, 1752, the
day on which Mrs. Johnson died, ac-

Letter in the General Advertiser to excite
the attention of the publick to the per-
formance of Comus, which was next
day to be acted at Drury-lane playhouse
for the benefit of Milton's grand-daugh-
ter, acknowl.
Preface and Postscript to Lauder's Pam-

phlet, entitled "An Essay on Milton's
Use and Imitation of the Moderns in his
Paradise Lost," acknowl.



Address to the Publick concerning Miss
Williams's Miscellanies.

Life of Cheynel, in the Miscellany called
"The Student," acknowl.

Letter for Lauder, addressed to the Reverend Dr. John Douglas, acknowledging

2 This is a mistake. The last number of the Rambler appeared on the 14th of March, three days before Mrs. Johnson died. See vol. i. p. 89.-MALONE.

his fraud concerning Milton in terms of suitable contrition, acknowl. Dedication to the Earl of Middlesex of Mrs. Charlotte Lennox's "Female Quixote," intern. evid.


* Preface.

Criticism on Moore's Gil Blas.

1753. Dedication to John, Earl of Orrery, of Shakspeare illustrated, by Mrs. Charlotte Lennox, acknowl.

During this and the following year he
wrote and gave to his much loved
friend, Dr. Bathurst, the papers in the
Adventurer, signed T., acknowl.

* Preface.

*Notice of Mr. Edward Cave's death, inserted in the last page of the index. 1754. Life of Edward Cave in the Gentleman's Magazine, acknowl.

* Preface.

1755. A DICTIONARY, with a Grammar and History of the ENGLISH LANGUAGE, acknowl.

An account of an Attempt to ascertain the Longitude at Sea, by an exact Theory of the Variations of the Magnetical Needle, with a Table of the Variations at the most remarkable cities in Europe, from the year 1660 to 1780, acknowl. This he wrote for Mr. Zachariah Williams, an ingenious ancient Welsh gentleman, father of Mrs. Anna Williams, whom he for many years kindly lodged in his house. It was published with a translation into Italian by Signor Baretti. In a copy of it, which he presented to the Bodleian Library at Oxford, is pasted a character of the late Mr. Zachariah Williams, plainly written by Johnson, intern. evid.

1756. An Abridgement of his Dictionary, ackn. Several Essays in the Universal Visitor,

which there is some difficulty in ascer-
taining. All that are marked with two
asterisks have been ascribed to him, al-
though I am confident, from internal
evidence, that we should except from
these "The Life of Chaucer,"
flections on the State of Portugal," and
"An Essay on Architecture." And
from the saine evidence I am confident
that he wrote "Further Thoughts on
Agriculture" and "A Dissertation on
the State of Literature and Authours."
The Dissertation on the Epitaphs, writ-
ten by Pope, he afterwards acknowl-
edged, and added to his "Idler."
Life of Sir Thomas Browne, prefixed to a
new edition of his Christian Morals, ac-

VERSAL REVIEW, which began in


January, 1756, his ORIGINAL ESSAYS


The Preliminary Address, intern, evid. An Introduction to the Political State of Great Britain, intern. evid.

Remarks on the Militia Bill, intern. erid. Observations on his Britannick Majesty's

Treaties with the Empress of Russia and the Landgrave of Hesse Cassel, intern. evid.

Observations on the Present State of Affairs, intern. evid.

Memoirs of Frederick III., King of Prus sia, intern. evid.

In the same MAGAZINE his REVIEWS are of the following books: "Birch's History of the Royal Society :" "Browne's Christian Morals ; " " Warton's Essay on the Writings and Genius of Pope," vol. i.; "Hampton's Translation of Polybius;" "Sir Isaac Newton's Arguments in proof of a Deity ;" "Borlase's History of the Isles of Scil ly ;"" Home's Experiments on Bleaching; ""Browne's History of Jamaica; "Hales on Distilling Sea-Waters, Ventilators in Ships, and curing an ill taste in Milk;" "Lucas's Essay on Waters; ""Keith's Catalogue of the Scottish Bishops;" "Philosophical Transactions," vol. xlix.; " Miscella nies by Elizabeth Harrison;"" Evans's Map and Account of the Middle Colonies in America ;" "The Cadet, a Military Treatise ;” “The Conduct of the Ministry relating to the present War, impartially examined," intern, evid. "Mrs. Lennox's Translation of Sully's Memoirs ; 66 Letter on the Case of Admiral Byng ;"" Appeal to the People concerning Admiral Byng ;*** Hanway's Eight Days' Journey and Essay on Tea;' "Some further particulars in Relation to the Case of Admiral Byng, by a Gentleman of Oxford,” acknowl. Mr. Jonas Hanway having written an angry Answer to the Review of his Essay on Tea, Johnson, in the same collection, made a reply to it, acknowl. This is the only instance, it is believed, when he condescended to take notice of any thing that had been written against him; and here his chief intention seems to have been to make sport. Dedication to the Earl of Rochford of, and Preface to, Mr. Payne's Introduction to the Game of Draughts, acknowl. Introduction to the London Chronicle, an

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Evening Paper, which still subsists with deserved credit, acknowl.

* "Observations on the Foregoing Letter," i. e. A Letter on the American Colonies.

Speech on the Subject of an Address to the Throne after the Expedition to Roche fort; delivered by one of his friends in some publick meeting: it is printed in the Gentleman's Magazine for October, 1785, intern. evid.

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An Essay on the Bravery of the English
Common Soldiers was added to it, when 1765.
published in volumes, acknowl.

1759. Rasselas, Prince of Abyssinia, a Tale, ac-
Advertisement for the Proprietors of the
Idler against certain persons who pirated
those papers as they came out singly in
a newspaper called the Universal Chron-
icle, or Weekly Gazette, intern. evid.
For Mrs. Charlotte Lennox's English Ver-
sion of Brumoy, "A Dissertation on the
Greek Comedy," and the General Con-
clusion of the Book, intern. evid.
Introduction to the World Displayed, a
Collection of Voyages and Travels, ac-

Three Letters in the Gazetteer, concerning
the best plan for Blackfriars-bridge, ac-

1760. Address of the Painters to George III. on
his Accession to the throne, intern. evid.
Dedication of Baretti's Italian and English
Dictionary to the Marquis of Abreu,
then Envoy-Extraordinary from Spain
at the Court of Great Britain, intern.
Review in the Gentleman's Magazine of
Mr. Tytler's acute and able vindication
of Mary Queen of Scots, acknowl.
Introduction to the Proceedings of the
Committee for Clothing the French Pris-
oners, acknowl.

1761. Preface to Rolt's Dictionary of Trade and

Commerce, acknowl.

Corrections and Improvements for Mr.
Gwyn the Architect's pamphlet, entitled
“Thoughts on the Coronation of George
III." acknowl.

1762. Dedication to the King of the Reverend
Dr. Kennedy's Complete System of
Astronomical Chronology unfolding the
Scriptures, 4to edition, acknowl.

Preface to the Catalogue of the Artist's
Exhibition, intern. evid.

1763. Character of Collins in the Poetical Calendar, published by Fawkes and Woty, acknowl.

Dedication to the Earl of Shaftesbury of




1770. 1771.



1774. 1775.


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the Newspapers and Gentleman's Magazine, acknowl.

Part of a Review of Granger's "Sugar Cane," a Poem, in the London Chronicle, acknowl.

Review of Goldsmith's "Traveller," a

Poem, in the Critical Review, acknowl. The Plays of William Shakspeare, in eight volumes, 8vo. with Notes, acknowl.

The Fountains, a Fairy Tale, in Mrs. Williams's Miscellanies, acknowl. Dedication to the King of Mr. Adams's Treatise on the Globes, acknowl. Character of the Reverend Mr. Zachariah Mudge, in the London Chronicle, acknowl.

The False Alarm, acknowl. Thoughts on the late Transactions respecting Falkland's Islands, acknowl. Defence of a Schoolmaster; dictated to me for the House of Lords, acknowl. Argument in support of the Law of Vicious Intromission; dictated to me for the Court of Session in Scotland, acknowl. Preface to Macbean's “Dictionary of Ancient Geography,” acknowl. Argument in favour of the Rights of Lay Patrons; dictated to me for the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland, acknowl.

The Patriot, acknowl.

A Journey to the Western Islands of Scotland, acknowl.

Proposals for publishing the works of

Mrs. Charlotte Lennox, in 3 volumes, 4to. acknowl.

Preface to Baretti's Easy Lessons in Italian and English, intern. evid.

Taxation no Tyranny: an Answer to the Resolutions and Address of the American Congress, acknowl.

Argument on the Case of Dr. Memis ; dictated to me for the Court of Sessions in Scotland, acknowl.

Argument to prove that the Corporation of Stirling was corrupt; dictated to me for the House of Lords, acknowl. Argument in support of the Right of im

mediate and personal Reprehension from the Pulpit; dictated to me, acknowl.

Proposals for publishing an Analysis for the Scotch Celtick Language, by the Reverend William Shaw, acknowl. Dedication to the King of the Posthumous Works of Dr. Pearce, Bishop of Rochester, acknowl.

Additions to the Life and Character of that Prelate, prefixed to those works, acknow!.

Various Papers and Letters in favour of the Reverend Dr. Dodd, acknowl. Advertisement for his Friend, Mr. Thrale, to the Worthy Electors of the Borough of Southwark, acknowl.

First Paragraph of Mr. Thomas Davies's Life of Garrick, acknowl.

1781. Prefaces, biographical and critical, to the Works of the most eminent English Poets; afterwards published with the Title of the Lives of the English Poets, acknowl.

Argument on the importance of the Regis-
tration of Deeds; dictated to me for an
Election Committee of the House of
Commons, acknowl.

On the Distinction between TORY and
WHIG; dictated to me, acknowl.
On Vicarious Punishments, and the great
Propitiation for the Sins of the World by
JESUS CHRIST ; dictated to me, ackn.
Argument in favour of Joseph Knight, an
African Negro, who claimed his Liberty
in the Court of Session in Scotland, and
obtained it; dictated to me, acknowl.
Defence of Mr. Robertson, Printer of the
Caledonian Mercury, against the Society
of Procurators in Edinburgh, for having
inserted in his paper a ludicrous para-
graph against them; demonstrating that
it was not an injurious Libel; dictated
to me, acknowl.

1782. The greatest [part], if not the whole, of a
Reply, by the Reverend Mr. Shaw, to
a person at Edinburgh, of the name of
Clarke, refuting his arguments for the
authenticity of the Poems published by
Mr. James Macpherson as Translations
from Ossian, intern. evid.
1784. List of the Authors of the Universal Histo-
ry, deposited in the British Museum,

and printed in the Gentleman's Magazine for December, this year, acknowl.


Letters to Mrs. Thrale, acknowl. Prayers and Meditations, which he delivered to the Rev. Mr. Strahan, enjoining him to publish them, acknowl. Sermons, left for publication by John Taylor; LL. D. Prebendary of Westminster, and given to the World by the Reverend Samuel Hayes, A. M. intern. evid.

Such was the number and variety of the prose works of this extraordinary man, which I have been able to discover, and am at liberty to mention1; but we ought to keep in mind, that there must undoubtedly have been many more which are yet concealed; and we may add to the atcount, the numerous letters which he wrote, of which a considerable part are yet unpublished. It is hoped that those persons, in whose possession they are, will favour the world with them. JAMES BOSWELL.

1 [This is a strange phrase. What work could it have been that Mr. Boswell was not at liberty to mention ? That there was some peculiar meaning here can hardly be doubted. It perhaps may allude to some publications of a jacobite tendency, written in Johnson's earlier days, and which may have been acknowledged in confidence to Boswell; but this is a mere conjecture. Many of the aticles inserted in the foregoing list on internal evidence (particularly those from the magazines) are of very little importance, and of very doubtful authenticity.—ED-]

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