Forest trees, for shelter, ornament and profit

Front Cover
1871 - 247 pages
 

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Contents

I
5
II
10
III
14
IV
17
V
20
VI
24
VII
28
VIII
33
X
38
XI
40
XII
44
XIII
159
XIV
163
XV
169
XVI
175
XVII
230

IX
36
XVIII
239

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Page 154 - Duds and branch/els glabrous ; branches not corky ; leaves obovate-oblong or oval, abruptly pointed, sharply and often doubly serrate (2'-4' long), soft-pubescent beneath, or soon glabrous ; Jlowers in close fascicles ; calyx with 7-9 roundish lobes ; fruit glabrous except the margins ( J' long), its sharp points incurved and closing the notch.
Page 188 - ... other respect peculiar. The wood of the American Larch is superior to any species of Pine or Spruce , and unites all the properties which distinguish the European species , being exceedingly strong and singularly durable.
Page 15 - ... perfectly destitute of vegetation. When violent storms of wind occurred, the surface of these downs was entirely changed ; what were hills had become valleys, and valleys hills. The sand on these occasions was often blown into the interior of the country, actually covering cultivated fields...
Page 54 - MICHAUX says he found the large buckeye, or pavia lutea, in its greatest profusion and expansion in the mountains of the Carolinas and Georgia. He first met with it on the Allegheny mountains in Virginia, near latitude 39. It there towers tc the height of sixty or seventy feet, with a diameter of three or four feet, and is considered as a certain proof of the richness of the land. '' The wood," he says, •' from its softness and want of durability, can subserve no useful purpose.
Page 192 - ... left dry by its fall. This species of alternation is the most trying of all circumstances for the endurance of timber; and accordingly the oaken posts decayed, and were twice renewed in the course of a very few years, while those that were made of the Larch, remained altogether unchanged.
Page 12 - ... the little water that finds its way into their old channels is evaporated by the droughts of summer, or absorbed by the parched earth before it reaches the lowlands ; the beds of the brooks have widened into broad expanses of pebbles and gravel, over which, though in the hot season passed...
Page 109 - Sepals, three; petals, six to nine; stamens, numerous; pistils, numerous; carpels, disposed compactly in spikes, opening by the external angle ; one or twoseeded, permanent ; seeds, berry-like, hanging by an extensile thread.
Page 141 - Bibeirao da Issara is a range of hills, called the Serra da Sussuarana, which are not very high, but covered with masses of loose rocks and stones, with a thick growth of catinga. The country onward to the Giboya, a little stream flowing southward into the Pardo, is covered...
Page 11 - Vast forests have disappeared from mountain spurs and ridges ; the vegetable earth accumulated beneath the trees by the decay of leaves and fallen trunks; the soil of the alpine pastures, which skirted and indented the woods, and the mould of the upland fields, are washed away ; meadows once fertilized by irrigation are waste and unproductive, because the cisterns and reservoirs that supplied the ancient canals are broken, or the springs that fed them dried up...
Page 10 - THERE is good reason to believe that the surface of the habitable earth, in all the climates and regions which have been the abodes of dense and civilized populations, was, with few exceptions, already covered with a forest growth when it first became the home of man.

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